**13**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Periodic orbits and polynomials

There are two simple and classic enumerations that still I'm puzzled about. Let's start with a simple counting problem from a well-known dynamical system.
fact 1 Consider the "tent map" ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

304 views

### Link between the hairy ball theorem and the fundamental theorem of algebra

I read in the book "Concepts of modern mathematics" by Ian Stewart that it was possible to proof the fundamental theorem of algebra using the hairy ball theorem (complete reference to the page is in ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Polynomial roots in the ring extension

Let $R$ be a ring with identity (not necessarily commutative) and $R[x]$ be a ring of polynomials over $R$. We say that a ring $S$ is an extension of $R$ if there is a subring $\tilde{R}$ in $S$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

26 views

### Lowest upper bound of resultant [on hold]

Given two polynomials $f(x)=X^N+1$ and $g(x)= \sum_{i=0}^{N-1} s_i x^i$, where $s_i$'s are $\eta$-bit integers, let $res=resultant(f(x),g(x))$.
What is the upper bound of $\log_2 res$?.
Below my ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

53 views

### Is the restriction of a graded automorphism of a polynomial ring to a polynomial subring linearizeable?

Let $k$ be a field and let $A=k[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ be a polynomial algebra over $k$, and let $B\subset A$ be a graded subalgebra that is itself a polynomial ring, i.e. $B=k[f_1,\dots,f_m]$ for some ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Sections of a linear system splitting as a product of degree one polynomials

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a hypersurface of degree $d$ and with multiplicities $m_1,...,m_k$ at $p_1,...,p_k\in\mathbb{P}^n$ general points.
Let $S\subseteq |\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^n}(d)|$ be ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### When a ring is a polynomial ring?

In the paper (2.11) the authors show that if $k^*$ is a separable algebraic extension of $k$ and $x_1,x_2, \ldots, x_n$ are indeterminates over $k^*$ and a normal one dimensional ring $A$ with $k ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### Multimodal property of polynomial logistic distribution

Let $P(x)$ be a polynomial (of an odd degree $n$) strictly increasing on $(-\infty, +\infty).$
Then $F(x)=\displaystyle \frac{1}{1+\exp\{-P(x)\}}$ is a distribution function of a polynomial logistic ...

**-6**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### Algebra question [closed]

An investor started out with a certain amount of money. He invested a quarter of the amount in portfolio A and the rest in portfolio B. At the end of the investment period, portfolio A had a gain of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Result of Larsen and Lunts on rationality of power series with coefficients in a free abelian group

Let $G$ be a free abelian group (not necessarily finitely-generated) and $F$ be the fraction field of the group ring of $G$. Let $\Theta$ be the set of power series in $F[[t]]$ such that each nonzero ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

88 views

### Why polynomial $\psi^\top(t) A^{-1} \psi(t)$ attains maximum on $[-1, 1]$ at $t = \pm 1$, where $\psi_k(t) = t^k$?

Problem. Let $\psi(t) = (1, t, t^2, \ldots, t^{p-1})^\top$ - a polynomial basis.
Suppose there is a matrix
$$
A = \int_{-1}^1 \psi(t) \psi^\top(t) dt, \ \text{i.e. } \ A_{ij} = [2 \, | \, i+j] ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

161 views

### Mahler measure of a totally positive, expanding algebraic integer

Consider a degree-$d$ algebraic integer $\alpha$ all of whose conjugates (including itself) are real numbers greater than 1. Its Mahler measure $M(\alpha)$ is simply equal to the norm $N(\alpha)$. ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

338 views

### Injectivity of a multivariate homogeneous polynomial mapping

Consider the mapping
$$ \Psi: \mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R^5, \\
\Psi(x) = \begin{pmatrix} x_1 \\ x_2 \\ x_1^2 \\ x_1 x_2 \\ x_2^2 \end{pmatrix}.$$
Which are the matrices $A \in \mathbb R^{m \times 5}$ ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

710 views

### Detecting if a polynomial is a Pfaffian

Given an explicit polynomial, is there any kind of trick/algorithm to check whether it is a pfaffian of a matrix with linear entries?
The pfaffian can be defined as $\sqrt{{\rm det}(A) } $ when $A$ ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

570 views

### Sort-of Converse of Kolmogorov Zero-One Theorem

Let $(\Omega, \mathscr F, \mathbb P)$ be a probability space. The Kolmogorov Zero-One Theorem states that
Suppose we have independent random variables $X_1, X_2, ...$. Then $\forall \ A \in ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

378 views

### How do the roots of a polynomial change when another polynomial is added?

I need to obtain an analytical solution to an equation of the following form:
$$
(x-a)(x-b)(x-c)=d(x-e)(x-f),
$$
where $a$, $b$, $c$, $d$, $e$, and $f$ are known numbers and $x$ is the variable.
Of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Average nastiness of a Newton polytope

Given a Newton polytope $P$ inside the $d$-scaled simplex ( i.e $\alpha \in P \implies | \alpha |=d $ ), then we define the following quantity:
$$ P(x)= \left( \sum_{\alpha \in P} ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

942 views

### About irreducible trinomials

This question was inspired by this one. For every $n>m>0$ consider the polynomial $p_{m,n}=x^n-x^m-1$.
For which $m,n$ is $p_{m,n}$ irreducible over $\mathbb Q$?
In particular, if $m$ is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### Determinant of a certain Vandermonde matrix

Is there a closed form expression for the determinant of the $n\times n$ Vandermonde-type matrix
$$A = \left(\begin{array}{}
1&g_1 & x_1&g_1 x_1 & x_1^2&g_1 x_1^2 & \cdots ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### How to embed $S^2\mathbb{C}^2$ into $S^2S^3\mathbb{C}^2$ and get the ideal of the twisted cubic?

Let $X:=x^3$, $Y:=x^2y$, $Z:=xy^2$ and $W:=y^3$ be the 4 independent generators of $S^3\mathbb{C}^2$, and observe that the kernel of the natural epimorphism (total symmetrisation)
$$
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### Why $f_1,f_2,f_3$ don't have a common factor? [migrated]

Let $p(x,y)$ and $q(x,y)$ are polynomials in $x,y\in \mathbb{R}$. ($p,q\ne0$) $p$ and $q$ are coprime to each other
,($\frac{{\partial p}}{{\partial x}}=p_x$,$\frac{{\partial p}}{{\partial y}}=p_y$)
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### minimal polynomial for a graph

I wonder if there is any result relating the degree $d$ of the minimal polynomial of a directed finite graph to any of its topological features - such as its diameter, or any other similar 'natural' ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

108 views

### Values of Bernoulli polynomials at roots of unity

I am wondering if there are any nice results on the values of Bernoulli polynomials at roots of unity, besides those at 1 or -1.

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Is it true that; $\frac{{\partial f}}{{\partial x}}$ and $\frac{{\partial f}}{{\partial y}}$ don't have a common factor? [migrated]

Let $f(x,y) = ({x^2} + {y^2})p{(x,y)^2} - q{(x,y)^2}$ and where $p(x, y)$ and $q(x, y)$ are real polynomials.
Is it true that;
$\frac{{\partial f}}{{\partial x}}$ and $\frac{{\partial f}}{{\partial ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

375 views

### regular polygon question

Let $a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n$ be distinct points on the complex plane $\mathbb{C}$ and $L$ be a circle in $\mathbb{C}$ such that
$$f(z):=\sum_{i=1}^n|z-a_i|^{2n-2}$$
is constant on $L.$ Could somebody ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### system of complex equations

I am working on a system of complex equations The question is the following:
Let $a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_N\in \mathbb{C}$ such that
$$\sum_{j=1}^N \sum_{q=0}^{N-1-k} {N-1 \choose q} {N-1 \choose k+q} ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Christoffel-Darboux type identity

The classical Christoffel-Darboux identity for Hermite polynomials reads
$$\sum_{k=0}^n\frac{H_k(x)H_k(y)}{2^k k!}=\frac{1}{2^{n+1} n!}\frac{H_{n+1}(x)H_n(y)-H_n(x)H_{n+1}(y)}{x-y}.$$
I am ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### Comparing product of positive affine functions over integers

Problem
Let $f_i: \mathbb Z^n \mapsto \mathbb Z$ and $g_i: \mathbb Z^n \mapsto \mathbb Z$ affine functions and $\mathcal D \subseteq \mathbb Z^n$ a set on which they are all positive. Let $P$ and $Q$ ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

153 views

### $L^{\infty}$ polynomial approximation

In short: For a given smooth or continuous function, how can we obtain the best $L^{\infty }$ approximating polynomial?
Jackson (1911) proved that there is a best approximating polynomial in the ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

635 views

### Why can the general quintic be transformed to $w^5-5\beta w^3+10\beta^2w-\beta^2 = 0$?

The quintic can be transformed to the one-parameter Brioschi quintic,
$$w^5-10\alpha w^3+45\alpha^2w-\alpha^2 = 0\tag1$$
This form is well-known for its connection to the symmetries of the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Non-zero coefficients of primitive polynomials

Let $R$ be the finite field with $q$ elements, and let $m,n\in \mathbb{N}$
be positive integers $\geq 2$. I want to prove that there exists a primitive
polynomial $$F(x) = ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

535 views

### Does anyone know this sequence of polynomials?

A referee on a paper of mine showed me the following recurrence for polynomials $P_{n,k}\in\mathbb Q[q,q^{-1}]$ for $n\geq 0$ and $0\leq k\leq n/2$.
\begin{align}
P_{0,0}&=1\\
\text{for $n\geq ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### An operator derived from the divided difference operator $\partial_{w_0}$

Some main definitions and basic facts of divided differences:
In the symmetric group $S_n$, let $s_i$ denote the adjacent transposition $(i,i+1),i\in \{1,2,\cdots,n-1\}.$ Since $S_n$ is generated by ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### One of the coefficients of $P(x)$ has absolute value $\geq |\alpha(\alpha-1)|$

Let $P \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ be a polynomial with non-negative coefficients and degree $k$.
Let $\alpha \leq -2$ be an integer such that:
$P(\alpha) \equiv 0 (mod (\alpha^{k+1} -1))$ and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Polars of algebraic curves and surfaces

I asked this on Math.StackExchange, but received no response, so trying here ...
A paper I'm reading says the following ...
With homogeneous coordinates $\mathbf{x} = [x,y,z,w]$, let ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Carlitz factorials and Euler-like series

Let $q$ be a power of a prime $p$. For every $i\in\mathbb N$, one denotes $D_i=\prod_{\substack{h\in\mathbb F_q[T]\text{ monic}\\\deg h=i}}\limits h$. For $n\in\mathbb N$, write ...

**18**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Given a polynomial f, can there be more than one constant c such that every root of f(x)-c is repeated?

The question
Let $f$ be a nonconstant polynomial over $\mathbb{C}$. Let's say that a point $c \in \mathbb{C}$ is unusual for $f$ if every root $x$ of $f(x) - c$ is repeated. Can $f$ have more than ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

63 views

### Prime ideal ramified in extension if and only if certain polynomial divides another one?

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $ \neq 2$, and let $f \in k[T]$ be a polynomial of degree $\ge 1$ which is square free. Let $K$ be the quadratic extension $k(T)(\sqrt{f})$ of $k(T)$. I know that ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

420 views

### The coefficient of a specific monomial of the following polynomial

Let the real polynomial
$$f_{a,b,c}(x_1,x_2,x_3)=(x_1-x_2)^{2a+1}(x_2-x_3)^{2b+1}(x_3-x_1)^{2c+1},$$
where $a,b,c$ are nonnegative integers.
Let $m_{a,b,c}$ be the coefficient of the monomial ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

239 views

### Why is solving polynomial systems NP hard?

Solving polynomial systems is known to be a NP hard problem; however it is not completely clear to me where this complexity comes from.
My interest is in the case of systems of multivariate ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### Uniform limit of m-homogeneous polynomials over compact subsets of a Banach Space

I am trying to solve problem 1.2.A from Mujica's book "Complex Analysis in Banach Spaces".
We denote by $\mathcal{P}_a(^mE;F)$ the space of all $m-$homogeneous polynomials from $E$ into $F$, i.e, the ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

391 views

### Solving polynomial systems with homotopy. Where is the bottleneck?

I have a polynomial system with $n+k$ unknowns ($n+k$ can be greater than 8), that is known to have a limited number of isolated solutions.
I want to solve this system numerically, but if I plug it ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

515 views

### How many isolated roots can a polynomial in $z$ and $\overline{z}$ have?

This is probably well-known by I can't find it now online. My guess is that if the degree is $n$ then it's $2n$ but it's just a hunch.
EDIT:
This is an edited version. Before I asked about roots ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Sign of bivariate polynomial evaluated over two algebraic numbers

I would like to compute the sign of a bivariate polynomial $f$ evaluated over two algebraic numbers $a$, $b$. The numbers are in "isolating interval representation" meaning that each one is defined by ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

180 views

### Isolating roots of polynomial system

I would like to isolate the regions which contain the roots of a system of two bivariate cubic polynomials.
I thought I would project the solutions onto $x$ and $y$ axis by means of resultant ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

181 views

### Weyl Groups as Galois groups

I am looking for explicit examples (for all positive integers $n \ge 5$) of degree $2n$ even polynomials $f(x)=h(x^2)$ over the field $\mathbb{Q}$ of rational numbers such that the Galois groups of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Extremum of the cyclic sum of polynomial ratios (same degree)

I've noticed a few times (probably nothing new) that cyclic sums (assuming $x, y, z > 0$) like:
$\frac{x^2+y^2}{yz} + \frac{y^2+z^2}{zx} + \frac{z^2+x^2}{xy}$,
where in each of the 3 ratios, all ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### A representation problem on graphs

Given adjacency matrix $A\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ of a graph denote $A(y,z)$ to be matrix where $0$ is replaced by $z$ and $1$ by $1-z$ on the non-diagonals (replace diagonals by $y$). Denote the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### A question about divided differences

I want to ask a question about divided differences.
Let $n\equiv0,1 \pmod 4$ is a positive integer. We know that for any polynomial $f\in \mathbb{Z}[x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_n]$,
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Reducible polynomial compositions

Let $f(x)$ be a polynomial of degree $n\geq 2$ with integer coefficients. Then there always exists a polynomial $g(x)$ such that $f\circ g(x)$ is reducible. Namely, let $g(x)=f(x)+x$; then $f\circ ...