# Tagged Questions

**1**

vote

**2**answers

192 views

### Ideals generated by two elements in the polynomial ring of two variables over a field

Let $k$ be a field. For example, $k=\mathbb{Q}$ or $\mathbb{Z}/p$, $p$ prime.
Let $k[x,y]$ be the polynomial ring.
Let $f,g\in k[x,y]$.
Let the ideal $I=(f,g)$ be the ideal of $k[x,y]$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

85 views

### Given a multivariate polynomial with even degree, can we find its tightest convex polynomial 'envelop'?

To be specific, given a multivariate polynomial function $f: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ with even degree $2d$, can we construct a convex polynomial function $g$, such that:
$\forall ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

226 views

### Total degree of a polynomial

Let $\mathsf{F,G}\in\Bbb R[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ be minimum multivariate polynomials of least total degree $\mathsf{degF}$, $\mathsf{degG}$ such that, given unequal $a,b\in\Bbb R$,
$$\mathsf{F(p)}=a, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### Bounds on degree from bounds on derivatives

Let $f(x)\in \Bbb R[x]$ and $r(x)\in\Bbb R(x)$. Supposing we have information about the values taken by $f(x)$ and $g(x)$ in certain intervals and also can bound their derivatives in these intervals, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

40 views

### local bernstein type inequality for multivariate polynomials

Let's say $p(x_1,...,x_n)$ is an n-variate degree d homogenous polynomial. Assume $U \subset S^{n-1}$ and $ vol(U) > 0 $ is there any Bernstein type inequality saying
$$ \max_{x \in U , y \in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Polynomial approximation on affine varieties [migrated]

Let $V,W \subseteq \mathbb{A}^n$ be two affine varieties over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic zero and let $a,b\in k$.
Q: Can we find a polynomial $f \in k[X_1,...,X_n]$ such ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

897 views

### Does this recursion preserve monotonicity? (was: A nice problem that I am unable to solve)

I have a nice problem which is related to algebra and polynomials or even operator theory. I would be very grateful if any of you could solve it. Here is the problem: Consider the function $f_0(x) ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

302 views

### Examples of polynomials $x_1(t), x_2(t)$ such that $(x_1(t))^4 + (x_2(t))^4$ has a double root

Are there examples of polynomials $x_1(t), x_2(t) \in \mathbb{Q}[t]$ of equal degree at least one, with $\gcd(x_1(t), x_2(t)) = 1$, such that the sum $(x_1(t))^4 + (x_2(t))^4$ is divisible by the ...

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votes

**0**answers

148 views

### When is the Locus of Equi-modular points of two monic polynomials with integer coefficients contained in the unit disk?

If $\lambda_{1}(z)$ and $\lambda_{2}(z)$ are two monic polynomials (relatively prime) with integer coefficients and $$\Gamma=\lbrace z \rm{\ s.t.\ } |\lambda_{1}(z)|=|\lambda_{2}(z)|\rbrace,$$ when is ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

75 views

### Integrating a barycentric monomial over a simplex

Are there standard formulas for the integral over a simplex of a monomial in the barycentric coordinates? Can someone supply a reference? I think I have seen such formulas, but I am unable to find ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### $S_k(x+y)-S_k(x)-S_k(y)$ where $S_k$ is symmetric polynomial

Let $S_k$ be the $k$-th elementary symmetric polynomial of $n$ variables. How can I rewrite $$S_k(x+y)-S_k(x)-S_k(y)$$ by just using $x,y,S_1,S_2,\cdots S_{k-1}$ where $x=(x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_n)$ and ...

**14**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Proofs of the Chevalley-Warning Theorem

A well known proof of the Chevally-Warning Theorem is the one listed on wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chevalley%E2%80%93Warning_theorem
Are there any other proofs of this, or ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

249 views

+100

### Generalization of proposition of Granville related to abc conjecture

Related to this question.
For polynomial $f$, let $rad(f)$ denote the radical of $f$,
the product of irreducible factors.
Suppose that $G(x,y) \in \mathbb{C}[x,y]$ is homogeneous
without any ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

161 views

### How to handle a polynomial whose roots exhibit obvious symmetry

I've got a sequence of polynomials, and for each of them the roots obviously follow a definite pattern. Here are the roots of the 34th one
All others have their roots arranged in a similar ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

218 views

### Proof that image of a polynomial map is a cone

Consider the nonlinear mapping $\phi: \mathbb R^{2 \times 2} \to \mathbb R^3$ given by $X \mapsto \begin{pmatrix} x_{11} x_{21} \\ x_{11} x_{22} + x_{21} x_{12} \\ x_{12}x_{22} \end{pmatrix}$.
I ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

109 views

### Zeros of Polynomial with decreasing coefficients [closed]

If $n_1<n_2<n_3\cdots<n_m$ are positive integers. Does the polynomial $a_0+a_1z^{n_1}+a_2z^{n_2}+\cdots+a_mz^{n_m}$ satisfying
$$ 0<a_0\leq a_1\leq \cdots\leq a_m $$ has all its zeros ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

222 views

### Orthogonal polynomial under linear transformation

Let $M_n(x) = x^n$ be the standard monomials. The binomial formula allows one to expand $M_n(ax+b)$ as a linear combination of $M_k(x)$, for $k \leq n$, giving
$$
M_n(ax+b) = (ax+b)^n = \sum_{k=0}^n ...

**26**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### The resultant and the ideal generated by two polynomials in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$

I was asked the following question by a colleague and was embarrassed not to know the answer.
Let $f(x), g(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ with no root in common. Let $I = (f(x),g(x))\cap \mathbb{Z}$, that is, ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

547 views

### Counterexample to Proposition of Granville related to abc conjecture

Looks like there is counterexample to Proposition related to
abc conjecture. Confusion is likely.
From RATIONAL AND INTEGRAL POINTS ON QUADRATIC TWISTS OF A GIVEN HYPERELLIPTIC CURVE, Andrew ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Small polynomial roots modulo prime powers

Let $f(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ have no rational roots,
$n>1,q=p^n$ for prime $p$.
Let $r$ be the smallest root of $f(x)=0$ modulo $q$.
Smallest mean smallest absolute value when lifted
to the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

260 views

### Find all possible rational values of a parametric quartic such that it is reducible

Description: Given the following parametric quartic polynomial
$y^4 - 28 z y^3 - 14 (656 - 328 z + 83 z^2) y^2 +
4 z (-20464 + 10232 z + 3409 z^2) y +
91 (62208 - 62208 z + 41504 z^2 - 12976 z^3 ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

575 views

### homogeneous polynomials over a finite field

Let $P(x_1, \ldots , x_n)$ be a homogeneous polynomials over a finite field with $q$ elements. Is there any way to count all the roots of $P$?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Polynomial generated with primitive element modulo p

This question is equivalent to the question "Normal basis in cyclotomic number fields" that I asked recently. I am posing this question because maybe in this format somebody can have an answer:
Let ...

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vote

**2**answers

149 views

### Algorithm for fast factorization of polynomial over $\mathbb Z$ or over $\mathbb F_p$

I want to fast decompose polynomial over ring of integers (original polynomial has integer coefficients and all of factors have integer coefficients) and also over ring of integers modulo prime ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

74 views

### Moment problem for discrete distributions

Let $x_1, \dots, x_N \in \mathbb R$ and consider the discrete distribution $\mu := \frac{1}{N} \sum_{i=1}^N \delta_{x_i}$, where $\delta_x$ denotes the Dirac measure, i.e. for any measurable set $B ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### Represent matrix immanants using Schur functions

For each irreducible character $\chi^\lambda$ of the symmetric group $S_n$, the immanant of an $n\times n$ square matrix $A$ is defined as
\begin{equation*}
d_\lambda(A) := \sum_{\sigma \in S_n} ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

303 views

### Find a polynomial not in any ideal generated by polynomials of total degree $o(n)$

Is there an explicit nontrivial (= not a constant) polynomial $p \in \mathbb{C}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$ such that, for any ideal $I \not= \mathbb{C}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$ generated by $f_1, f_2, \ldots, f_m$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### If a polynomial $p(z)$ omits a value, then $p(z)-\dfrac{(1-e^{i\psi})}{n}zp^{\prime}(z)$ also omits that value

Suppose that a polynomial $p(z)$ of degree $n$ does not assume the value $w$ for $|z|<1$, that is $p(z)\neq w$ for $|z|<1.$ Show that $p(z)-\dfrac{(1-e^{i\psi})}{n}zp^{\prime}(z)\neq w$ for ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Prove or disprove an inequality concerning zeros of a polynomial

If a polynomial $p(z)$ of degree $n$ with zeros $z_1,z_2,\cdots,z_n$ assumes maximum at $w$ on $|z|=1.$ Prove or disprove that the Harmonic mean of $|z_k-w|,$ $k=1,2,\cdots,n$ is greater or equal to ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Real Zeros - tail estimate

Given a random polynomial with Gaussian coefficients, the Kac-Rice formula tells us what the expected number of real zeros is (for more on this, see the excellent paper of Edelman and Kostlan in the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### About distinct eigenvalues of a graph

if a graph with adjacency matrix $A$ and Laplacian $L$ has $k$ distinct eigenvalues then does this fact naturally help define or prove existence of a polynomial $p$ of degree $k-1$ such that ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

239 views

### Root criterion for polynomial over number fields

It's well known that if $\alpha $ is a rational root to an integer coefficient polynomial, then its denominator divides the leading coefficient and its numerator divides the constant term. I'm asking ...

**0**

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**0**answers

44 views

### Determinant of a Vandermonde matrix of roots of monic polynomial with integer coefficients [migrated]

Let $p(x)=\sum_{i=1}^n a_ix^i$ with $a_i$ an integer for all $i$ and $a_n=1$ such that $p(x)$ has only real roots, and let $\lambda_1,\ldots,\lambda_n$ be the $n$ roots of this polynomial. Then the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### Uniqueness of the maximum derivative of a rational function

This may seem like an elementary question, but bear with me; you'll find that it is actually quite hard. Consider the function
$$f(x)=\frac{a_nx^n}{\sum_{i=0}^n a_ix^i}$$
with all $a_i\geq 0$ and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

50 views

### Reference for multivariate orthogonal polynomials

I want to learn about multivariate orthogonal polynomials. Is there a good textbook/survey that you could suggest? I need to see common examples like Jack's polynomials etc .. and also general ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

137 views

### polynomials with similar maxima-minima

Assume $p$ and $q$ are n-variate degree d, homogeneous polynomials. Define $ |p|_{\infty}= \max_{x \in S^{n-1}} |p(x)|$
$D(p)=\{ x \in S^{n-1} : p(x)= |p|_{\infty} \}$
$E(p)=\{x \in S^{n-1} : p(x)= ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### t-linked extension

Let $A\subseteq B$ be an extension of commutative integral domains. the extension is t-linked if it satisfies the following property:
If P is a finitely generated ideal of A such that $P^{-1}=A$ than ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Find all possible rational values of the parameter of a parametric cubic such that it is reducible

Description: Given the following parametric cubic polynomials ${E}^{3}
- 15\, {\beta}_{\pm}\, {E}^{2} - 3 \left({71\, {\beta}_{\pm}^{2} + 352\, {\beta}_{\mp}}\right) E
+ 135\, {\beta}_{\pm} ...

**9**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Two questions about discriminants of polynomials in Q[x]

Suppose $f \in \mathbb{Q}[x]$ is monic, with roots $\alpha_{1},\dots,\alpha_{n}$. Define the discriminant of $f$ to be the number $ \Delta = \Pi_{i<j} (\alpha_{i} - \alpha_{j})^2$. Let $D(f) = ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

245 views

### Constructive Proof to Show that Algebraic Numbers are Algebraically Closed

EDIT2: After reading some papers, I think the question can best be rephrased as "How can the minimal polynomial for a polynomial with algebraic coefficients be calculated. I have seen papers and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

359 views

### Sum of two squares and implication of Bunyakovsky conjecture

Bunyakovsky's conjecture states that a polynomial with integer
coefficients takes infinitely many prime values at integers,
unless this is impossible for trivial reasons.
Let $a_1(x), a_2(x), a_3(x), ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### Permutation polynomials mod $p$ of the form $(x+1)^n-x^n$

Among some permutation polynomials I've been studying, $f(x)=(x+1)^n-x^n$ is one of the polynomials that I cannot grasp.
Question : For a given odd prime $p$, how can we find every positive ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

570 views

### Sum of consecutive cubes

I'm investigating when the sum of $n$ consecutive cubes equals a cube, i.e., for which $n$ does
$$\sum_{i=0}^{n-1} (k+i)^3 = k^3 + (k+1)^3 + \cdots + (k+n-1)^3 = Y^3 $$
have nontrivial solutions ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Periodic points in C^2

I came up with a problem which is similar to the following quesitons:
Consider a map: $f(x,y)=(y^2-2,xy-2)$. It is seems that the number of periodic points of given period is bounded.
I want to ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

194 views

### Fixed points of self maps

Given $m$ points on $S^n$, is there an explicit polynomial self $1-1$ map of minimum degree $f:S^n\rightarrow S^n$ that fixes only these $m$ points? Can we say something about symmetry group of $f$ if ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Is there a ``Ladner's Theorem" for the PH-vs-PSPACE scenario?

Like a statement of the kind, ``If the Polynomial Hierarchy (PH) $\neq$ PSPACE then there exists $L \in PSPACE \backslash PH$ which is not PSPACE-complete"?
Or is there something else that states ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

58 views

### On a reciprocal of Ostrowski theorem on Newton polytopes and factorization

$\newcommand\KK{\mathbb{K}}$Let $\KK$ be any field and $f\in\KK[x_1,\dotsc,x_n]$ be a polynomial. Its support $S_f$ is the set $\{(e_1,\dotsc, e_n) : x_1^{e_1}\dotsb x_n^{e_n}$ has a nonzero ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

800 views

### Probability of coprime polynomials

Given positive integer $N$, we choose $m_1, m_2, n_1, n_2$ independently and with equal probabilities from $\{0,1,\ldots,N\}$, and let
$f_1 = x^{m_1} + (1+x)^{n_1}$ and $f_2 = x^{m_2} + (1+x)^{n_2}$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

38 views

### About convex combinations of real-stable multivariable complex polynomials

Say $f: \mathbb{C}^{n+1} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ is a real stable multivariable polynomial on the variables $(z,w_1,w_2,...,w_n)$. (a "real-stable" polynomial is one which has no zeroes in the open ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

75 views

### About preserving real-rootedness of multivariable polynomials

Say $f_i(z_1,z_2,..,z_m)$ are polynomials real rooted in the $z$s for a bunch of polynomials indexed by $i$. When can one say that $\sum_{i} p_i f_i(z_1,z_2,..,z_m)$ is also real rooted?
If ...