Questions in which polynomials (single or several variables) play a key role. It is typically important that this tag is combined with other tags; polynomials appear in very different contexts. Please, use at least one of the top-level tags, such as nt.number-theory, co.combinatorics, ...

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3
votes
1answer
189 views

A number array related to colored necklaces and the primes

I stumbled upon entry OEIS-A208535 on the enumeration of certain kinds of colored necklaces and noticed that the integers for the odd prime rows of the table there seem to be given by the Moreau ...
1
vote
1answer
335 views

A question on polynomials

Let $D=\{0,1\}$. Are there infinite values of $n\in \Bbb N$ for which there is a polynomial $p(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)\in \Bbb R[x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n]$ and a rational function $r(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)\in \Bbb ...
0
votes
1answer
233 views

Discriminant of a polynomial in two variables

I want to compute the discriminant of the following polynomial $$ F(X,Y)=X^mY^n+\sum_{i=0}^{m-1}\sum_{j=0}^{n-1}c_{ij}X^iY^j. $$ Here the discriminate means the equation $D(c_{i,j})$ in the variables ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Rational functions and polynomials evaluated on a set of points

Let $S$ be a collection of points on the real line. Let $\{x_i\}_{i=1}^n$ take values in $S$. Consider a polynomial $p(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)$ over $\mathbb R[x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n]$ of degree $d$ which ...
6
votes
1answer
132 views

For a Sum-of-Squares cost functions J(x) is it true that J(x)-j* is also SOS?

For polynomial optimization problems the sum-of-squares theory and Lasserre relaxation hierarchy provides a theoretically handy way of getting the solution. There are also results saying that finite ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

About the maximum degree of multivariate polynomial interpolation

It is well known that in the univariate case, to interpolate $k$ points in $\mathbb{R}$, we need to use a polynomial of degree $k-1$. My question is about multivariate polynomial interpolation in ...
1
vote
0answers
182 views

Rings of algebraic integers as quotients of polynomial rings

The ring of integers $\mathcal{O}_K$ of a number field $K$ is always isomorphic to some ring of the form $\mathbb{Z}[x_1, ..., x_r]/\mathfrak{p}$, where $\mathfrak{p} \subset \mathbb{Z}[x_1, ..., ...
5
votes
1answer
371 views

Why are the angular differences of these random complex polynomial coefficients almost constant?

This is based on მამუკა ჯიბლაძე's (not-)answer here. I guess it is better to make up a new thread for it. Let me repeat the setup here: We consider polynomials whose complex roots are randomly ...
9
votes
0answers
248 views

Reciprocal polynomials with roots off the unit circle

A polynomial is called reciprocal if its coefficients read forwards are the same as those read backward - there is an obvious translation of reciprocal polynomials into cosine polynomials (since a ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

Multivariate polynomial interpolations

I have a multi-variate, continuous function from $R^n$ to $R$, which I can query for its output for any input. I would like to create an interpolation of that function by sampling a subset of the ...
0
votes
0answers
95 views

Algorithm for finding irreducible polynomials in finite field extensions

Let $K(\alpha_1,\ldots,\alpha_n)/K=\tilde{K}/K$ be a finite field extension and suppose we know $\text{irr}(\alpha_1,K)(x),\ldots,\text{irr}(\alpha_n,K)(x)\in K[x]$. Suppose also that we have a basis ...
246
votes
15answers
34k views

Why do roots of polynomials tend to have absolute value close to 1?

While playing around with Mathematica I noticed that most polynomials with real coefficients seem to have most complex zeroes very near the unit circle. For instance, if we plot all the roots of a ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Bound the degree of the generator of polynomial ring

Suppose we are given two polynomial rings $R_1$ and $R_2$ by presenting their generators, $S_1$ and $S_2$, where $S_i$ are finite set of $m_i$ variables, $i.e.$, $S_i\subset ...
48
votes
2answers
1k views

Does one real radical root imply they all are?

Is there an example of an irreducible polynomial $f(x) \in \mathbb{Q}[x]$ with a real root expressible in terms of real radicals and another real root not expressible in terms of real radicals?
5
votes
1answer
232 views

Modular polynomials for elliptic curves point counting

The Schoof-Elkies-Atkin (SEA) algorithm (for counting points on elliptic curves over a finite field) performs computations over polynomials modulo some modular polynomials. Originally the "classical" ...
1
vote
0answers
152 views

On monotonicity of the roots of polynomials

I feel that the question that I am posting is not a general research level question but probably some special form of it where the behaviors of the roots of polynomials are studied. Here is my ...
3
votes
1answer
312 views

Is the identification between symmetric tensors and homogeneous polynomials useful?

The general question: Given an $n$-dimensional vector space $V$ over a field $k$, there exists an identification $$\mathrm{Sym}^d(V) \sim k[x_1, \dots, x_n]_d$$ between the space of symmetric order ...
1
vote
0answers
105 views

Puzzling CAS-detected factorization by cyclotomic polynomials [closed]

If one factorizes by CAS the expression $$x^{\frac{m(m+1)}{2}}\prod_{k=1}^m(x^k+(\frac{1}{x})^k)$$ a puzzling perfect factorization seems to be possible for all natural values of $m$. E.g. for ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

using polynomials as lower / upper bound?

I'm interested in the question of given a differentiable and bounded function $f(\vec{x})$ (over a single variable or multiple variables, over a bounded domain $D$), finding a pair of polynomials ...
10
votes
1answer
681 views

Ways to show a system of polynomial equations has no solution

I came across the following system of polynomial equations on $X_1,\dots,X_{m-2}$: $$ \begin{cases} 2X_{2s}+\sum\limits_{t=1}^{2s-1}(-1)^tX_tX_{2s-t}=0,\quad s=1,\dots,\frac{m}{2}-1,\\ ...
0
votes
1answer
226 views

Decomposition of symmetric homogeneous polynomials

Can every symmetric polynomial of degree $r$ in $d$ variables that has no constant term be written as a sum of the $r$th powers of linear polynomials in $d$ variables and a homogeneous polynomial of ...
17
votes
2answers
559 views

Stability of real polynomials with positive coefficients

Say that a polynomial in an indeterminate $x$ with real coefficients of degree $d$ has positive coefficients if each of the coefficients of $x^d,\ldots,x^1,x^0$ is (strictly) positive. For $f$ a ...
2
votes
2answers
411 views

Looking for ways how to calculate $\Phi_n(i)$

$Φ_n(1)$ and $Φ_n(−1)$ for the cyclotomic polynomials are well-known. I am now looking for $$Φ_n(i)$$ and/or $$Φ_n(−i)$$ with i the complex unit. At this moments my endeavours result in intricate ...
1
vote
0answers
209 views

Solving polynomials of arbitrary degree

Is there any analogue of the method for expressing roots of polynomials of degree 5 with elliptic and η-functions that generalizes to polynomials of degrees n>5? More specifically: does there exist ...
4
votes
1answer
358 views

q-th powers and roots of polynomials

Let $p,q,r$ be integers with $r\ge2$; let $f$ be a polynomial of the form $f(X) = g((X+1)^r)$, which is not a $q$-th power. Let $\omega$ be a $p$-th root of unity. Prove or disprove that the ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Must the radical of polynomial evaluated at integers be small enough at least once?

Basically I am interested if the radical of polynomial evaluated at integers can be small enough at least once. Let $f \in \mathbb{Z}[x], \deg(f)>1$ be squarefree. For integer $a$ and $f(a) \ne 0$ ...
5
votes
0answers
165 views

Operator connected with Hermite polynomials

For $n \geq 1$, define the following operator $M_n$ on the ring of all polynomials with real coefficients. $$M_n P(x) = nP(x)^2 - x \int_0^x (P'(t))^2 \, \mathrm{d}t$$ Monomials $x^k$ are mapped to $n ...
1
vote
2answers
123 views

Results for resolution of equations in polynomial ring

Is there any reference for resolution of equations in a polynomial ring, such as $x^2+y^2=z^2$ in $\mathbb{C}[t]$? Thanks!
20
votes
1answer
715 views

$f(x)$ is irreducible but $f(x^n)$ is reducible

Does there exist an irreducible polynomial $f(x)\in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ with degree greater than one such that for each $n>1$, $f(x^n)$ is reducible (over $\mathbb{Z}[x]$)?
2
votes
0answers
135 views

Irreducibility of $x^m-g(y)$

Let $g(y)\in \mathbb{C}[y]$, $ m\in \mathbb{Z}_{\ge 2}$. Are there some results on the irreducibility of $x^m-g(y)$ in $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$?
4
votes
0answers
127 views

Bound for the height of equations defining the singular locus of a variety

Fix positive integers $m, n, d$. In what follows, the height of an algebraic number will mean the absolute multiplicative height. Let $V \subset \bar{\mathbb{Q}}^n$ be an affine algebraic variety ...
1
vote
0answers
193 views

Continuous dependence of the roots of a polynomial on its coefficients

In their article "The roots of a polynomial vary continuously as a function of the coefficients" Gary Harris and Clyde Martin give a topological proof of the well-known theorem that the roots of a ...
7
votes
1answer
397 views

Integer valued polynomial through some points with rational coordinates

I asked this question on MSE about 5 months ago, but, even after offering a bounty, I didn't receive any answer, I hope this question isn't too easy for MO. If we have a set of points $(x_i,y_i)$ ...
7
votes
2answers
447 views

How to solve such an optimization problem

I encounter the following optimization problem, but I can't solve it. Given $N$ variables satisfying $0 \leq x_1 \leq x_2 \leq x_3 \leq ... \leq x_N \leq 1$ and an integer $K$ no large than $N$, find ...
5
votes
1answer
240 views

Does $ \text{mult}(R / I) = d_{1} \cdots d_{r} $ imply that $ (f_{1},\ldots,f_{r}) $ is an $ R $-regular sequence?

We define the multiplicity of an $ R $-module $ M $ of dimension $ d > 0 $ to be $$ \text{mult}(M) \stackrel{\text{df}}{=} \text{LC}(P_{M}) \cdot (d - 1)!, $$ where $ P_{M} $ denotes the Hilbert ...
1
vote
0answers
114 views

First Description of how to Remove Radicals from Equations

Who first described the technique of removing radicals as indicated in the answers to questions Tools for Removing Radicals from Equations and Rewrite sum of radicals equation as polynomial equation ? ...
3
votes
0answers
319 views

A question on partial fraction decompositions

This question concerns the mapping from the poles of a rational function to the coefficients of its partial fraction decomposition. In general, this mapping is not injective. I want to identify some ...
1
vote
0answers
325 views

When is a cubic polynomial a cube? [closed]

I've been researching cubes and I'm trying to solve this Diophantine equation over the integers. $$ax^3 + bx^2 + cx + d = y^3$$where a, b, c, d are parameters for a given $n$. For example, for $n = ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Decomposition of polynomials with three variables

We use $\bigtriangleup _i$ to denote either multiplication or addition. Suppose we have a polynomial $P(x,y,z)$ over some algebraic closed field such that: There are $Q(x), W_1(x,y),W_2(x,z)$ ...
14
votes
6answers
2k views

Proofs of the Chevalley-Warning Theorem

A well known proof of the Chevally-Warning Theorem is the one listed on wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chevalley%E2%80%93Warning_theorem Are there any other proofs of this, or ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Is $\mathbb R[x,y]_+$ countably generated as a quadratic module?

Let $\mathbb R[x,y]_+$ denote the set of positive polynomials in two variables. My problem can be stated as follows: Does there exist a countable set $M\subseteq \mathbb R[x,y]_+$ such that ...
8
votes
1answer
441 views

Gaps between roots of trigonometric polynomials

[Cross-posted from Math.SE because I got no responses there.] Given a polynomial in $e^{\mathrm{i}k t}$ of the form $$ p(t) = \sum_{-n\leq k\leq n} c_k e^{\mathrm{i}k t} $$ with $\bar c_{-k} = c_k$, ...
10
votes
2answers
542 views

Can there be a power basis for a totally real field of high degree?

A number field $K$ is said to have a power basis if there is an $\alpha \in K$ such that the full ring of integers $O_K$ is the $\mathbb{Z}$-linear span of ...
15
votes
1answer
896 views

Is $x^{n}-x-1$ irreducible?

Is it true that for every $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $x^{n}-x-1$ is irreducible in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$? The standard irreducibility criteria seem to fail.
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Existence of roots of high order polynomial over finite fields

I want to solve the following question: Consider a polynomial $f(x)=a_0+a_1*x^{e_1}+a_2*x^{e_2}+\cdots+x^{e_m}\in F_p[x]$ where $p$ is a prime such that $\log(p)\sim m$ and $e_m\sim 2^m$, I want to ...
12
votes
3answers
455 views

Existence of solutions of a polynomial system

Fix $k \in \mathbb{N}$, $k \geq 1$. Let $p \in [0,1]$ and $x = (x_0, \ldots, x_k)$ be a $(k+1)$-dimensional real vector, and define $$S(p,x) = -x_0^2 + \sum_{i=0}^k {k \choose i} p^i (1 - p)^{k - i} ...
4
votes
0answers
231 views

Polynomial dynamical systems

The question is somewhat related to the theory of permutation polynomials. Let $\mathbb{F}_p$ be a finite field of $p$ elements ($p$ is prime) and $\mathcal{V} = \mathbb{F}_p^2 = \{ (t_1,t_2)\::\: ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Fitting a quadratic using regression when the y-intercept needs to be 0 [closed]

I'm trying to fit a quadratic $a_0 + a_1x + a_2x^2$ by Polynomial Regression: $$ \begin{pmatrix} n & \Sigma x_i & \Sigma x_i\\ \Sigma x_i & \Sigma x_i^2 & \Sigma x_i^3\\ \Sigma ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

Estimate maximal coefficient of a polynomial from a circle containing all roots

Suppose I have a polynomial $$ p(x)=\sum_{i=0}^n p_ix^i. $$ For simplicity furthermore assume $p_n=1$. As it is well known we may use Gershgorin circles to give an upper bound for the absolute ...
6
votes
0answers
234 views

Factors of the polynomial $X^n-a$

I am interested in the polynomial $X^n-a$ in $\mathbb{Q}[X]$, for some $a\in \mathbb{Q}^*$, and would like to know the irreducible factors of it. Is there something in the literature which gives a ...