0
votes
0answers
118 views

When is there a polynomial transformation? [on hold]

First part: given $$\frac{P_1(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)}{P_2(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)}=\frac{P_3(f(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n))}{P_4(f(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n))}|\det (J(f(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)))|$$ where $P_i$ is polynomial ( that ...
1
vote
0answers
102 views

First Description of how to Remove Radicals from Equations

Who first described the technique of removing radicals as indicated in the answers to questions Tools for Removing Radicals from Equations and Rewrite sum of radicals equation as polynomial equation ? ...
14
votes
1answer
751 views

Is $x^{n}-x-1$ irreducible?

Is it true that for every $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $x^{n}-x-1$ is irreducible in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$? The standard irreducibility criteria seem to fail.
2
votes
2answers
209 views

irreducible polynomials on the polynomial sequence

I suspect this problem is very famous and it must be studied very well. But I searched in Google and I did not find good reference. I will appreciate any answer and reference for any contribution ...
5
votes
1answer
216 views

Literature about metapolynomials

We say that a function $f:\mathbb{R}^k \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a metapolynomial if, for some positive integer $m$ and $n$, it can be represented in the form $$f(x_1,\cdots , x_k ...
5
votes
7answers
486 views

Source for roots of matrix polynomials?

A matrix polynomial is a polynomial whose variables are square $n \times n$ matrices, let's say with entries in $\mathbb{C}$, and with coefficients in $\mathbb{C}$. I am seeking a source of results on ...
4
votes
1answer
184 views

A palindromic polynomial and its derivative have the same number of zeros outside the unit circle. Reference?

I am trying to find the original reference for a lemma attributed to Cohn (as in Schur-Cohn method): Let $A(z)$ be a palindromic or skew-palindromic polynomial, and denote its derivative by ...
6
votes
1answer
519 views

“MultiCatalan numbers”

Could anyone provide a reference for the following (sort of) generalization of Catalan numbers: the multinomial coefficient $$ \binom{2k_1+3k_2+4k_3+...}{k_1+2k_2+3k_3+...,k_1,k_2,k_3,...} $$ is ...
4
votes
4answers
548 views

The Icosahedron Equation

$$1728 V^5 + F^3 = E^2 \;.$$ Can anyone point me to a concise, modern derivation and explanation of the significance of the icosahedron equation, more modern and concise than Klein's description in ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

“Symmetric” Polynomial 4-cocycles

It is an old theorem of Heaton's (based on work of Eilenberg and MacLane), that a polynomial 3-cocycle $f(x,y,z)$ which is "symmetric," in the sense that $f(x,y,z)-f(x,z,y)+f(z,x,y)=0$, is always a ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Jack symmetric functions and their inner products

I have some questions regarding Jack polynomials. I use the notation of of I.G. Macdonald's book "Symmetric Functions and Hall polynomials". Let $\Lambda$ be the ring of symmetric functions over ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Special values of continuous q - Hermite polynomials

The continuous $q-$Hermite polynomials are defined by $${H_{n + 1}}(x|q) = 2x{H_n}(x|q) +( {q^n}-1){H_{n - 1}}(x|q)$$ with initial values ${H_{ - 1}}(x|q) = 0$ and ${H_0}(x|q) = 1.$ Cf. e.g. ...
6
votes
3answers
417 views

What is the correspondence between combinatorial problems and the location of the zeroes of polynomials called?

(From MSE) In the wikipedia article on the Italian-born American mathematician and philosopher Gian-Carlo Rota, it is stated that the one combinatorial idea he would like to be remembered for ...
0
votes
0answers
91 views

Two Different Representations of Multivariate Bernstein Polynomials

In the literature the multivariate Bernstein polynomial of a function $f:[0,1]^m\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is often defined as the following: $$B_{f,n}(x_1,\dots,x_m)=\sum_{\mathbf{k}\in ...
2
votes
2answers
439 views

Multivariate Bernstein polynomials for approximation of derivatives.

If I have a $C^\infty$ function $f: [0,1]^n \to \mathbb{R}$ then its Bernstein polynomials $$ B_m(x) = \sum_{k_1,\dots,k_n=0}^m f\left(\frac{k_1}{m}, \dots, \frac{k_m}{m}\right) \prod_{i=1}^n ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Riemann zeta function at positive integers and an Appell sequence of polynomials related to fractional calculus

I was exploring some raising and lowering operators related to an infinitesimal generator for fractional integro-derivatives and found an Appell sequence of polynomials, i.e., an infinite sequence of ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Polynomials all of whose roots are rational

I have two questions about the class of integer-coefficient polynomials all of whose roots are rational. I asked this at MSE, but it attracted little interest (perhaps because it is not interesting!) ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Application of polynomials with non-negative coefficients

Question 1: Are there any deeper applications (in any field of mathematics) of polynomials (with possibly more than one variable) over the real numbers whose coefficients are non-negative? So far I ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Giant Rat of Sumatra singularity

I would be grateful for explanations of the issues raised in any of these three questions, or pointers to the relevant literature (now updated with answers): How did a particular singularity come ...
11
votes
1answer
493 views

The word problem in the ring of polynomials

This question must be well known but I cannot find it in the literature. Question: What is the computational complexity of the word problem in a subring of the ring of polynomials in $n\ge 1$ ...
4
votes
1answer
645 views

Polynomials are dense in weighted $L^2$ space

Hi, It seems to be a common knowledge that the polynomials $x^n$ are dense in $L^2$ spaces with various probability weights, such as the gamma distribution weight ...
8
votes
2answers
666 views

What is known about zero-sets of Schur polynomials?

Consider a set S of partitions not containing the empty partition (I would be happy with, say, all the partitions of size less than k, except for the empty one). Let $U_\lambda^{(r)}$ be the ...
4
votes
1answer
564 views

quartic diagonal as a sum of squares of quadratic forms

I would appreciate if someone can point out to the literature related to characterizing the set of all different ways to write real quartic diagonal $\sum \limits_{k=1}^n x_k^4, x \in \mathbb{R^n}$ as ...
1
vote
3answers
441 views

Characteristic polynomials for $K$-Bonacci numbers: what's their name?

Fibonacci numbers are defined by the recurrence relation $f_{n+2}=f_{n+1}+f_{n}$ and Tribonacci numbers by $f_{n+3}=f_{n+2}+f_{n+1}+f_{n}$ One can define, in general, K-Bonacci numbers as ...
6
votes
2answers
334 views

How large (small) can be the measure of a set where a polynomial takes small values ?

A $n$-th degree polynomial has precisely $n$ roots. So it is natural to ask the question how large ( and small) can be the measure of a set where a polynomial takes small values ? This, and other ...
2
votes
0answers
110 views

Lines of best fit for the zeros and for the critical points of a univariate polynomial

I have a short note recently accepted to American Math. Monthly but it is all too easy and surely is a rediscovery. The result is that the Lines of best fit for the zeros and for the critical points ...
-3
votes
2answers
2k views

Factorizing polynomials of several variables (in a different perespective)

I am looking for factorization of polynomials of several variables in the way outlined below. Consider a second degree polynomial of two variables over the complex numbers. "P(x,y) = Ax^2 + Bxy + ...
13
votes
1answer
399 views

Is a polynomial group law on $\mathbb{R}^n$ automatically nilpotent?

I was told that a polynomial group law on (all of) $\mathbb{R}^n$ gives automatically a nilpotent (Lie, of course) group. Is it true? Where can I find a proof? A counterexample for open subsets of ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Variants of Eisenstein irreducibility

In his article where he stated what we know as Eisenstein's irreducibility criterion (which actually was first proved by Schönemann, as was Scholz's reciprocity law and Hensel's Lemma), he ...
8
votes
6answers
1k views

English reference for a result of Kronecker?

Kronecker's paper Zwei Sätze über Gleichungen mit ganzzahligen Coefficienten apparently proves the following result that I'd like to reference: Let $f$ be a monic polynomial with integer ...
2
votes
3answers
502 views

Variant of binomial coefficients

I've recently come across a variant of the binomial polynomials, and I'm curious if anyone has seen these before. If so, I'd love a reference, a name, etc. First recall the following. If z is a ...