# Tagged Questions

**0**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### When is there a polynomial transformation? [on hold]

First part: given $$\frac{P_1(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)}{P_2(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)}=\frac{P_3(f(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n))}{P_4(f(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n))}|\det (J(f(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)))|$$ where $P_i$ is polynomial ( that ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

102 views

### First Description of how to Remove Radicals from Equations

Who first described the technique of removing radicals as indicated in the answers to questions Tools for Removing Radicals from Equations and Rewrite sum of radicals equation as polynomial equation ? ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

751 views

### Is $x^{n}-x-1$ irreducible?

Is it true that for every $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $x^{n}-x-1$ is irreducible in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$?
The standard irreducibility criteria seem to fail.

**2**

votes

**2**answers

209 views

### irreducible polynomials on the polynomial sequence

I suspect this problem is very famous and it must be studied very well. But I searched in Google and I did not find good reference. I will appreciate any answer and reference for any contribution ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### Literature about metapolynomials

We say that a function $f:\mathbb{R}^k \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a metapolynomial if, for some positive integer $m$ and $n$, it can be represented in the form
$$f(x_1,\cdots , x_k ...

**5**

votes

**7**answers

486 views

### Source for roots of matrix polynomials?

A
matrix polynomial
is a polynomial whose variables are square $n \times n$ matrices,
let's say with entries in $\mathbb{C}$, and with coefficients in $\mathbb{C}$.
I am seeking a source of results on ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### A palindromic polynomial and its derivative have the same number of zeros outside the unit circle. Reference?

I am trying to find the original reference for a lemma attributed to Cohn (as in Schur-Cohn method):
Let $A(z)$ be a palindromic or skew-palindromic polynomial, and denote its derivative by ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

519 views

### “MultiCatalan numbers”

Could anyone provide a reference for the following (sort of) generalization of Catalan numbers: the multinomial coefficient
$$
\binom{2k_1+3k_2+4k_3+...}{k_1+2k_2+3k_3+...,k_1,k_2,k_3,...}
$$
is ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

548 views

### The Icosahedron Equation

$$1728 V^5 + F^3 = E^2 \;.$$
Can anyone point me to a concise, modern derivation and explanation of
the significance of the icosahedron equation, more modern and
concise than Klein's description in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

95 views

### “Symmetric” Polynomial 4-cocycles

It is an old theorem of Heaton's (based on work of Eilenberg and MacLane), that a polynomial 3-cocycle $f(x,y,z)$ which is "symmetric," in the sense that $f(x,y,z)-f(x,z,y)+f(z,x,y)=0$, is always a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

59 views

### Jack symmetric functions and their inner products

I have some questions regarding Jack polynomials. I use the notation of of I.G. Macdonald's book "Symmetric Functions and Hall polynomials".
Let $\Lambda$ be the ring of symmetric functions over ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

113 views

### Special values of continuous q - Hermite polynomials

The continuous $q-$Hermite polynomials are defined by
$${H_{n + 1}}(x|q) = 2x{H_n}(x|q) +( {q^n}-1){H_{n - 1}}(x|q)$$
with initial values ${H_{ - 1}}(x|q) = 0$ and ${H_0}(x|q) = 1.$
Cf. e.g. ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

417 views

### What is the correspondence between combinatorial problems and the location of the zeroes of polynomials called?

(From MSE)
In the wikipedia article on the Italian-born American mathematician and philosopher Gian-Carlo Rota, it is stated that the one combinatorial idea he would like to be remembered for
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Two Different Representations of Multivariate Bernstein Polynomials

In the literature the multivariate Bernstein polynomial of a function $f:[0,1]^m\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is often defined as the following:
$$B_{f,n}(x_1,\dots,x_m)=\sum_{\mathbf{k}\in ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

439 views

### Multivariate Bernstein polynomials for approximation of derivatives.

If I have a $C^\infty$ function $f: [0,1]^n \to \mathbb{R}$ then its Bernstein polynomials
$$
B_m(x) = \sum_{k_1,\dots,k_n=0}^m f\left(\frac{k_1}{m}, \dots, \frac{k_m}{m}\right)
\prod_{i=1}^n ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Riemann zeta function at positive integers and an Appell sequence of polynomials related to fractional calculus

I was exploring some raising and lowering operators related to an infinitesimal generator for fractional integro-derivatives and found an Appell sequence of polynomials, i.e., an infinite sequence of ...

**8**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Polynomials all of whose roots are rational

I have two questions about the class of integer-coefficient polynomials all of whose roots are rational.
I asked this at MSE, but it attracted little interest (perhaps because it is not interesting!)
...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Application of polynomials with non-negative coefficients

Question 1: Are there any deeper applications (in any field of mathematics) of polynomials (with possibly more than one variable) over the real numbers whose coefficients are non-negative? So far I ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Giant Rat of Sumatra singularity

I would be grateful for explanations of the issues raised in any
of these three questions, or pointers to the relevant literature
(now updated with answers):
How did a particular singularity come ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

493 views

### The word problem in the ring of polynomials

This question must be well known but I cannot find it in the literature.
Question: What is the computational complexity of the word problem in a subring of the ring of polynomials in $n\ge 1$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

645 views

### Polynomials are dense in weighted $L^2$ space

Hi,
It seems to be a common knowledge that the polynomials $x^n$ are dense in $L^2$ spaces with various probability weights, such as the gamma distribution weight ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

666 views

### What is known about zero-sets of Schur polynomials?

Consider a set S of partitions not containing the empty partition (I would be happy with, say, all the partitions of size less than k, except for the empty one).
Let $U_\lambda^{(r)}$ be the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

564 views

### quartic diagonal as a sum of squares of quadratic forms

I would appreciate if someone can point out to the literature related to characterizing the set of all different ways to write real quartic diagonal $\sum \limits_{k=1}^n x_k^4, x \in \mathbb{R^n}$ as ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

441 views

### Characteristic polynomials for $K$-Bonacci numbers: what's their name?

Fibonacci numbers are defined by the recurrence relation
$f_{n+2}=f_{n+1}+f_{n}$ and
Tribonacci numbers by
$f_{n+3}=f_{n+2}+f_{n+1}+f_{n}$
One can define, in general, K-Bonacci numbers as
...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

334 views

### How large (small) can be the measure of a set where a polynomial takes small values ?

A $n$-th degree polynomial has precisely $n$ roots. So it is natural to ask the question
how large ( and small) can be the measure of a set where a polynomial takes small values ?
This, and other ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### Lines of best fit for the zeros and for the critical points of a univariate polynomial

I have a short note recently accepted to American Math. Monthly but it is all too easy
and surely is a rediscovery.
The result is that the
Lines of best fit for the zeros and for the critical points ...

**-3**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Factorizing polynomials of several variables (in a different perespective)

I am looking for factorization of polynomials of several variables in the way outlined below.
Consider a second degree polynomial of two variables over the complex numbers.
"P(x,y) = Ax^2 + Bxy + ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

399 views

### Is a polynomial group law on $\mathbb{R}^n$ automatically nilpotent?

I was told that a polynomial group law on (all of) $\mathbb{R}^n$ gives automatically a nilpotent (Lie, of course) group.
Is it true? Where can I find a proof?
A counterexample for open subsets of ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Variants of Eisenstein irreducibility

In his article where he stated what we know as Eisenstein's irreducibility criterion (which actually was first proved by Schönemann, as was Scholz's reciprocity law and Hensel's Lemma), he ...

**8**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### English reference for a result of Kronecker?

Kronecker's paper Zwei Sätze über Gleichungen mit ganzzahligen Coefficienten apparently proves the following result that I'd like to reference:
Let $f$ be a monic polynomial with integer ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

502 views

### Variant of binomial coefficients

I've recently come across a variant of the binomial polynomials, and I'm curious if anyone has seen these before. If so, I'd love a reference, a name, etc.
First recall the following. If z is a ...