0
votes
0answers
111 views

When is there a polynomial transformation? [on hold]

First part: given $$\frac{P_1(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)}{P_2(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)}=\frac{P_3(f(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n))}{P_4(f(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n))}|\det (J(f(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)))|$$ where $P_i$ is polynomial ( that ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Generalization of the Hermite-Beihler-Kakeya Theorem (2)

This is a follow up to the questions posed in Generalization of the Hermite-Bielher-Kakeya Theorem. Here is an interesting follow up to those comments. Firstly we remark that: $f(x)+g(x)\cdot w$ is ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

Under what conditions does the Mittag-Leffler function ${E_{\alpha ,1}}(z),(0 < \alpha < 1)$ has no real zero?

I want to know under what conditions does the Mittag-Leffler function ${E_{\alpha ,1}}(z),(0 < \alpha < 1)$ has no real zero, where ${E_{\alpha ,1}}(z) = \sum\limits_{k = 0}^\infty ...
2
votes
1answer
519 views

Absolute convergence of logarithm of polynomial with positive coefficient ($\ln G(z) = \sum\limits_{i = 0}^\infty {{q_i}{z^i}} $)

Special problem: Let $G(z)$ be a probability generating function(pgf, the $z$ can be seen as real number or complex number), that is $$G(z) = \sum\limits_{i = 0}^\infty {{p_i}{z^i}} ,(\left| z ...
10
votes
1answer
268 views

Minimize norm of a polynomial around a circle (count the solutions)

I already posted this question at MSE here, but as it received no significative feedback for a while I cross-post it here. I also noticed a related question here on MO (which does not answer my ...
3
votes
0answers
208 views

The Poisson-kernel in the plane and polynomials

Let \begin{align*} p(z) & = \ \prod_{j = 1}^{n} (z - z_j) \, ; \ |z_j| \ = \ 1 \\ & = \ \prod_{j = 1}^{l+1} (z - z_j)^{M_j} \end{align*} be a non-constant complex polynomial with ...
3
votes
2answers
338 views

The holomorphic version of Galois theory

We identify the space of polynomials of degree n with $\mathbb{C}^{n+1}-\mathbb{C}^{n}$, that is an $n+1$ tuple $(a_{n},a_{n-1},\ldots,a_{0})$ with $a_{n} \neq 0$ is identified with $p(z)=a_{n}z^{n} ...
17
votes
4answers
756 views

Distribution of roots of complex polynomials

I generated random quadratic and cubic polynomials with coefficients in $\mathbb{C}$ uniformly distributed in the unit disk $|z| \le 1$. The distribution of the roots of 10000 of these polynomials are ...
28
votes
1answer
1k views

Zeros of polynomials with real positive coefficients

The following problem arose in collaborative work with Subhro Ghosh: Question: To any polynomial $P_n(z)=\sum_{i=0}^n a_i z^i =a_n \prod_{i=1}^n(z-z_i)$, attach the empirical measure of zeros ...
8
votes
1answer
500 views

Polynomial with all zeros on a circle and many real coefficients

On a circle (or a line) $\Omega$ in the complex plane that is not symmetric w.r.t. the real axis, choose $n\ge5$ distinct points $z_1,...,z_n$ and consider the polynomial ...
12
votes
0answers
245 views

Are the zeros of Tutte polynomials dense in $\mathbb C^2$?

For the chromatic polynomials of graphs we have two nice theorems which describe the behavior of their zeros: Thomassen proved that the set of real zeros of all chromatic polynomials is the union of ...
5
votes
1answer
311 views

Integer polynomials mapping the unit disk into itself

Is there a complete characterization of those integer polynomials, that is $P\in{\mathbb Z}[X]$, such that $P(D)\subset D$, where $D$ is the unit disk ? At least, $P(X)=\pm X^k$ works, when ...
0
votes
0answers
431 views

Possible application of Rouche's theorem to aproblem of complex roots of polynomials

The following holds: Let $P(x)$ be a polynomial in one variable $x$ of degree $3$ with complex coefficients such that a) $$ P(-1)=P(1)=0 $$ Then b) the formal derivative $P^{'}(x)$ has a root in ...
34
votes
4answers
2k views

The maximum of a polynomial on the unit circle

Encouraged by the progress made in a recently posted MO problem, here is a "conceptually related" problem originating from a 2003 joint paper of Sergei Konyagin and myself. Suppose we are given $n$ ...
7
votes
2answers
360 views

Bivariate polynomials with special properties

I recently came across some polynomials with some remarkable properties. A polynomial $P(u,v) \in \mathbb{R}[u,v]$ in 2 variables is remarkable if the set of solutions to the system ...
0
votes
1answer
232 views

Average compared with discrete average for some $\lbrace -1,1 \rbrace$ polynomials

Let $k>0$ be a positive integer. Set $n=4k.$ Let $R(t)$ be a polynomial of degree $n-1$ with coefficients in $\lbrace -1,1 \rbrace$. Consider the discrete average $$ D(n,R) = ...
9
votes
1answer
501 views

on common fixed points of commuting polynomials (and rational functions)

By the Ritt's classification, for any pair of commuting polynomials (i.e. $f(g(z))=g(f(z))$) over $\mathbb C$ there is a common fixed point of them. My questions are: Is that true that this can be ...
12
votes
2answers
453 views

Can the unit complex 1-dimensional disc be embedded isometrically into complex euclidean space?

Let $D$ denote the unit complex 1-dimensional disc, together with the hyperbolic metric $h_D=\frac{4dz\wedge d\bar{z}}{(1-|z|^2)^2}$of curvature $-1$. By Nash's embedding theorem, we can always embed ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Minimizing the modulus of a polynomial around a circle

I'm probably missing something elementary here, but I guess the only way to be sure is to ask here. Now, I have encountered a situation where given an nth-degree polynomial $p_n(z)$ with complex ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Pointers for direct proof of extension of the Descartes Rule of Signs to complex polynomials?

The following describes an extension of the Descartes Rule of Signs to polynomials with complex coefficients. First, I need to define the notion of a "sweep"... Given a complex polynomial p(z) := c0 ...
9
votes
1answer
866 views

How to best distribute points on two concentric circles?

An N-subset $\{x_1,\dots,x_N\}$ of a compact set $X\subset \mathbb R^d$ is called a set of Fekete points (named after Michael Fekete) if it maximizes the product $$\prod_{1\le k<j\le ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

bounding roots of a polynomial with Rouche's Theorem

Suppose f(z) = z^n - k [ z^(n-1) + ... + z + 1 ] where n is a positive integer and k is a real constant such that nk<1. I have shown that a root of this ...
3
votes
1answer
552 views

Bernstein inequality for multivariate polynomial

Let $P$ be a polynomial in $k$ variables with complex coefficients, and $\deg P=n$. If $k=1$ then there is Bernstein's inequality:$||P'||\le n||P||$, where $||Q||=\max_{|z|=1} |Q(z)|$. So, are there ...