3
votes
0answers
117 views

Bound for the height of equations defining the singular locus of a variety

Fix positive integers $m, n, d$. In what follows, the height of an algebraic number will mean the absolute multiplicative height. Let $V \subset \bar{\mathbb{Q}}^n$ be an affine algebraic variety ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

First Description of how to Remove Radicals from Equations

Who first described the technique of removing radicals as indicated in the answers to questions Tools for Removing Radicals from Equations and Rewrite sum of radicals equation as polynomial equation ? ...
1
vote
0answers
226 views

A question on partial fraction decompositions

This question concerns a mapping from the poles of a rational function to its partial fraction decomposition coefficients. We assume that the rational function is the inverse of a polynomial of degree ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

Stronger versions of Schwartz-Zippel for random linear subspaces

This is a (self-contained) followup question to http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/380672/analogue-of-the-schwartz-zippel-lemma-for-subspaces. Let $f : \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ be a nonzero ...
3
votes
2answers
320 views

Degrees of factors of polynomial $f(x)=x^q-(ax^2+bx+c)\in \mathbb{F}_q[x]$

I’m facing the problem of factoring polynomials of type $f(x)=x^q-(ax^2+bx+c)\in \mathbb{F}_q[x]$ and the degrees of factors seem to be quite special. For example, according to my experimental results ...
3
votes
0answers
117 views

Question related to the number of rational curves on a hypersurface

The following is from a PhD thesis "Algebraic Circle Method" by Thibaut Pugin, which I am currently reading. Let $k$ be a finite field of order $q$. Let $\mathfrak{X} \subseteq \mathbb{P}^n_k$ be ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

Zeroes of a complex polynomial on a sphere as a manifold

Let $ f \in \mathbb{C}[z_1, \ldots, z_n]$ be a polynomial such that $f'(z) \neq 0$ if $z \neq 0$ ($f'$ means $\left( \frac{\partial f}{\partial z_1}, \ldots, \frac{\partial f}{\partial z_n}\right)$ ). ...
3
votes
0answers
127 views

Number of rational curves on varieties over finite fields

Let $k$ be a finite field. Let $P_r$ be set of degree $r$ binary forms over $k$. We define $$ \mathcal{M}_r = \{ (x_0, ..., x_n) \in P_r^{n+1} : x_0^d + ... + x_n^d = 0 \text{ and the }x_i \text{'s ...
6
votes
0answers
59 views

Bounding volume of cell in complement of zero set

I am given an integer polynomial $f \in \mathbb{Z}[X_1, \ldots, X_n]$ of bounded degree and bounded coefficient size. The polynomial's zero set partitions $\mathbb{R}^n$ into cells. What I am looking ...
5
votes
2answers
260 views

Can we decompose a polynomial into difference of convex polynomials?

Given a multivariate polynomial $p(x_1, ..., x_n)$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$, can we always decompose it into the difference of two convex polynomials? i.e., is there a pair of convex polynomials $f$ and $g$, ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

Irreducibility of a resultant of real and imaginary parts of a characteristic polynomial

The following question is motivated by the study of a stability border for a robust linear time-invariant control system. Let us we have an affine family of $n\times n$ matrices with indeterminate ...
2
votes
1answer
198 views

Powers of linear functions span the space of polynomial functions?

Let $P_n$ be the space of polynomials in $n$ variables over a field of characteristic 0. I'm very sure that the space spanned by powers of linear functions is the whole space $P_n$. Anyone can come ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

Are there any efficient (polynomial time) algorithms for finding if a multivariate quadratic polynomial has a root?

I know that in general, polynomial satisfiability is NP; however, I'm curious to know what work has been done on special classes of polynomials, and in particular quadratic polynomials of multiple ...
1
vote
2answers
264 views

Bounds on the largest root of a polynomial

Consider the following polynomial: $p(x)=x^{3}-(k-1)x^{2}-(2k-1)x+(k-1)^{2}$, where $k \geq 5$ is a fixed parameter. I am trying to find a strong lower bound on the largest root $x_{\max}$ of the ...
0
votes
0answers
136 views

Image of critical points

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic $0$, $f:K^n\rightarrow K^n$ be an algebraic function, that is, $n$ polynomial functions in $n$ variables. Let $S$ be the set of critical points of $f$. If ...
14
votes
1answer
578 views

When is $f(x_1, \dots, x_n)+c$ an irreducible polynomial for almost all constants $c$?

Let $f\in \mathbb C[x_1, \dots, x_n]$, $n\ge 1$, be a non-constant polynomial. Consider the polynomial $f+t\in \mathbb C[t, x_1,\dots, x_n]$. This is an irreducible polynomial in $\mathbb C(t)[x_1, ...
7
votes
0answers
449 views

Getting a bound via polynomial equations

When studying the existence problem of power residue deference sets, I came across the following system of polynomial equations over $\mathbb{C}$, \begin{cases} ...
2
votes
1answer
311 views

About the practice of Bernstein-Kushnirenko theorem

The following refers to common roots of bivariate polynomial equations and, in particular to the quim's and auniket's comments. The BKK theorem (cf. arXiv:0812.4688. Theorem 5.4) asserts that if we ...
3
votes
0answers
114 views

Elliptic curves and quasi-self-reciprocal polynomials

I am reading Shoichi Kihara's On the rank of the elliptic curve $y^2=x^3+k, II$ [Proc. Japan Acad. Ser. A Math. Sci. Volume 72, Number 10 (1996), 228-229] which is available here ...
5
votes
1answer
313 views

Is an ideal generated by multilinear, irreducible, homogeneous polynomials of different degrees always radical?

I asked this question on math.se and someone even put a bounty on it, yet there was no answer. Hence, I am asking here. Assume $\Bbbk$ to be a field of characteristic zero. Definition. A ...
3
votes
0answers
134 views

Basis of multivariate polynomials with a specified set of roots

I'm studying certain polynomials of 2 complex variables, say x and y. These polynomials have roots at the non-negative integers, that is both $x$ and $y$ have to be $x,y \in \mathbb{N}$ ...
7
votes
3answers
371 views

How few terms may appear in a polynomial with given (cyclotomic) roots and nonnegative coefficients?

Given $W \subset \mathbb C$, let $S_W$ be the set of polynomials in $\mathbb R[x]$ that vanish on $W$ and have only nonnegative coefficients. Warm-up question: It's clear that if $W$ contains a ...
1
vote
1answer
306 views

Is there a quick way to find all roots of a real polynomial with multiple variables?

If I am asked to find the roots of a polynomial of one variable, I will use a computer to estimate the eigenvalues of its companion matrix. Now suppose I'm given a real polynomial of multiple ...
7
votes
2answers
188 views

Finding a low-degree polynomial vanishing on half the zeroes of a polynomial system

Let $f(x)$ be a real polynomial of degree $2d$ without real roots. Let the complex roots be $z_1$, $\bar{z_1}$, $z_2$, $\bar{z_2}$, ..., $z_d$, $\bar{z_d}$ with $z_i$ in the upper half plane. Let ...
4
votes
0answers
160 views

Pair of two-variable polynomial equations of high order

I have the following pair of equations to be solved for two variables $\rho$ and $D$ resulting from a certain Maximum Likelihood Estimation for a time series $X_n > 0$, $n=0, \ldots, N+1$ with $N ...
4
votes
4answers
542 views

The Icosahedron Equation

$$1728 V^5 + F^3 = E^2 \;.$$ Can anyone point me to a concise, modern derivation and explanation of the significance of the icosahedron equation, more modern and concise than Klein's description in ...
1
vote
2answers
319 views

Existence of non-trivial solution to non linear polynomial system

I need to find conditions for the existence of non-trivial solutions to a multivariable polynomial system in two cases: The first case: $f1: a_1x^2+a_2xy+a_3y^2+a_4z^2=0$ $f2: ...
2
votes
0answers
165 views

Reducing a System of Polynomial Equations

I am currently writing a program in SAGE which computes Nilpotent Orbit Varieties for an Algebraic Geometry research project and I have reduced my problem to the following: Consider a system of ...
7
votes
4answers
493 views

Minimal representation of a polynomial as a linear combination of squares

Given a polynomial of degree $2n$ over $\mathbb{Q}$, how to represent it as a linear combination (with rational coefficients) of squares of polynomials of degree at most $n$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ such ...
1
vote
1answer
548 views

common roots of bivariate polynomial equations

Let $f(x,y)=0$ and $g(x,y)=0$ be bivariate polynomial equations where the polynomials have the same degree, say, $N\geq 3$. Furthermore, both of them have the same terms but different coefficients. ...
0
votes
1answer
189 views

Zeros of compositions of polynomials and derivatives

Suppose we have polynomials $f$ and $g$ over a field $F$ and for some $a\in F$ we know $(x-a)^m$ divides $f\circ g$, i.e. $f\circ g$ has a zero of order $m$ at $a$. Then we have that $(x-a)^{m-n}$ ...
6
votes
3answers
413 views

What is the correspondence between combinatorial problems and the location of the zeroes of polynomials called?

(From MSE) In the wikipedia article on the Italian-born American mathematician and philosopher Gian-Carlo Rota, it is stated that the one combinatorial idea he would like to be remembered for ...
1
vote
1answer
230 views

Homogenous polynomials as sum or differences of squares and symmetric polynomials

I seem to recall that a general homogenous real polynomial $P$ of even degree in $n$ variables, $n\geq 3,$ cannot always be expressed as $P(x_1,\dotsc,x_n)=\sum_j a_j Q_j^2(x_1,\dotsc,x_n)$ where $a_j ...
7
votes
1answer
354 views

Constructive proof of “Projective implies proper”

For every ring $A$, the structural morphism of schemes $\pi_A : {\bf P}^n_{A} \to {\rm Spec}{A}$ is a closed map. The usual proof of this fact is not constructive : given equations of a closed subset ...
5
votes
3answers
894 views

Is there any theorem like implicit function theorem in $\mathbb{Q}$ ?

My qeustion is that, is there any theorem like implicit function theorem in $\mathbb{Q}$ ? More precisely, let $p(\bar{x},\bar{y})$ be in $\mathbb{Z}[\bar{x},\bar{y}]$ such that in $\mathbb{Q}$, for ...
2
votes
0answers
278 views

Solving 3D equation system (inverse-projecting a triangle)

Please, how is the equation system below named exactly (to search further literature)? Does it have an analytical solution? If it doesn't, then what could be the fastest numerical method for it ...
12
votes
4answers
534 views

Partitions of $\mathbb{R}^d$ by implicit polynomial equations

Given a polynomial $p(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_d)$ in $d$ variables, with maximum degree $k$, what is the maximum number of components of $\mathbb{R}^d$ minus $p(\ldots)=0$? In other words, into how many ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

When is P(x)-Q(y) irreducible?

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field (in my application, it is characteristic zero, but this probably doesn't matter so much), and let $P: k \to k$, $Q: k \to k$ be polynomials of one variable. ...
5
votes
1answer
213 views

Convexity of a specific semialgebraic set

I have an engineering problem which maybe resolved with semi-definite programming optimization. I have a set which I would like to know if is convex: Being $m \in \mathbb{R}^+$ a positive real ...
7
votes
1answer
542 views

distinct zero points for polynomial

I met an interesting phenomenon. Suppose $f(z)=\frac{1}{p(z)}$ where p(z) is a polynomial in $\mathbb{C}[z] $. If there exists a $ k \in \mathbb{N} $ and $ k>1 $ such that after you take $k$-th ...
11
votes
2answers
430 views

Can any numerical polynomial be a Hilbert polynomial of something?

is it true that any numerical polynomial , i.e. $f(t)\in \mathbb Q[t], f(n)\in\mathbb Z\ \forall n\in\mathbb Z\ $ can be presented as Hilbert polynomial of some variety?
2
votes
1answer
214 views

Are there polynomials (almost) all of whose intersection numbers are divisible by some integer?

I've been playing around with some basic intersection theory, and I've wondered the following: For every two integers $n$ and $m$, and complex numbers $a_1,...,a_n$, are there polynomials ...
3
votes
1answer
287 views

Are there n polynomials for which all intersection multiplicities are at least m?

I don't know whether this is known or not, but I was thinking of the following problem. Let $n$ and $m$ be natural numbers. Are there $n$ polynomial $f_1,...,f_n\in \mathbb{C}[x]$, such that all of ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Maximal ideals in a polynomial ring over the real numbers.

Let $\mathbf{R}$ be the field of real numbers. What are the generators of the maximal ideals of the polynomial ring $\mathbf{R}[x_1, ... , x_n]$? If instead of $\mathbf{R}$ one considers the field ...
2
votes
2answers
346 views

Algorithm for checking existance of real roots for Polynomials in more than one variable

Is there a way to determine exactly (without the use of approximation methods) whether $p\in \mathbb{R}[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ has real-valued solutions. Algorithms based on Sturm's theorem seem to be ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

Given a polynomial f, can there be more than one constant c such that every root of f(x)-c is repeated?

The question Let $f$ be a nonconstant polynomial over $\mathbb{C}$. Let's say that a point $c \in \mathbb{C}$ is unusual for $f$ if every root $x$ of $f(x) - c$ is repeated. Can $f$ have more than ...
0
votes
1answer
312 views

Degree of a real algebraic variety and regular morphisms

I'm reading Fulton's "Intersection theory", which i need for some applied needs. And i have two questions on general definition of degree used in Fulton. 1)Let us we have a real algebraic variety ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Roots of bivariate polynomials

A bivariate polynomial of degree $m+n$ is, $ p(x,y) = \sum_{k=1}^n\sum_{j=1}^m a_{jk}x^ky^j$ where $a_{mn}\neq0$ and $a_{jk}\in\mathbb{R}$ for $1\leq j\leq m$, $1\leq k\leq n$. I would like to ...
1
vote
1answer
349 views

two polynomials

If $p,q:\mathbb R^3\rightarrow\mathbb R$ are two polynomials, such that $\{p=0\}\cap\{q=0\}$ is two-dimensional, does it follow that $p$ and $q$ have a common factor? (I believe it does.) How to prove ...
8
votes
2answers
666 views

What is known about zero-sets of Schur polynomials?

Consider a set S of partitions not containing the empty partition (I would be happy with, say, all the partitions of size less than k, except for the empty one). Let $U_\lambda^{(r)}$ be the ...