Questions in which polynomials (single or several variables) play a key role. It is typically important that this tag is combined with other tags; polynomials appear in very different contexts. Please, use at least one of the top-level tags, such as nt.number-theory, co.combinatorics, ...

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0
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0answers
18 views

Is polynomial chaos expansion interesting to surrogate surface?

I'm currently studying polynomial chaos. I want to use it for approximate surfaces but i'm not sure it's possible ? My surface is recursively defined like this : $$ F(x,t) = \underset y \sum ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Must the radical of polynomial evaluated at integers be small enough at least once?

Basically I am interested if the radical of polynomial evaluated at integers can be small enough at least once. Let $f \in \mathbb{Z}[x], \deg(f)>1$ be squarefree. For integer $a$ and $f(a) \ne 0$ ...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

Operator connected with Hermite polynomials

For $n \geq 1$, define the following operator $M_n$ on the ring of all polynomials with real coefficients. $$M_n P(x) = nP(x)^2 - x \int_0^x (P'(t))^2 \, \mathrm{d}t$$ Monomials $x^k$ are mapped to $n ...
16
votes
1answer
436 views

$f(x)$ is irreducible but $f(x^n)$ is reducible

Does there exist an irreducible polynomial $f(x)\in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ with degree greater than one such that for each $n>1$, $f(x^n)$ is reducible (over $\mathbb{Z}[x]$)?
0
votes
0answers
58 views

irreducibility of $x^m-g(y)$

Let $g(y)\in \mathbb{C}[y]$, $ m\in \mathbb{Z}_{ge 2}$. Is there some results on the irreducibility of $x^m-g(y) in $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$?
0
votes
0answers
109 views

Simultaneous root of polynomials — must it exist by continuity? [closed]

Suppose we have $n$ polynomials in $n$ variables $p_1, \dots, p_n$ and $n$ scalars $y_1, \dots, y_n$ which are in the range $[0,1]$. These polynomials have all positive coefficients. We want to find a ...
3
votes
0answers
114 views

Bound for the height of equations defining the singular locus of a variety

Fix positive integers $m, n, d$. In what follows, the height of an algebraic number will mean the absolute multiplicative height. Let $V \subset \bar{\mathbb{Q}}^n$ be an affine algebraic variety ...
1
vote
0answers
137 views

Continuous dependence of the roots of a polynomial on its coefficients

In their article "The roots of a polynomial vary continuously as a function of the coefficients" Gary Harris and Clyde Martin give a topological proof of the well-known theorem that the roots of a ...
6
votes
1answer
324 views

Integer valued polynomial through some points with rational coordinates

I asked this question on MSE about 5 months ago, but, even after offering a bounty, I didn't receive any answer, I hope this question isn't too easy for MO. If we have a set of points $(x_i,y_i)$ ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

First Description of how to Remove Radicals from Equations

Who first described the technique of removing radicals as indicated in the answers to questions Tools for Removing Radicals from Equations and Rewrite sum of radicals equation as polynomial equation ? ...
1
vote
0answers
221 views

A question on partial fraction decompositions

This question concerns a mapping from the poles of a rational function to its partial fraction decomposition coefficients. We assume that the rational function is the inverse of a polynomial of degree ...
1
vote
0answers
280 views

When is a cubic polynomial a cube? [closed]

I've been researching cubes and I'm trying to solve this Diophantine equation over the integers. $$ax^3 + bx^2 + cx + d = y^3$$where a, b, c, d are parameters for a given $n$. For example, for $n = ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Decomposition of polynomials with three variables

We use $\bigtriangleup _i$ to denote either multiplication or addition. Suppose we have a polynomial $P(x,y,z)$ over some algebraic closed field such that: There are $Q(x), W_1(x,y),W_2(x,z)$ ...
6
votes
4answers
721 views

Proofs of the Chevalley-Warning Theorem

A well known proof of the Chevally-Warning Theorem is the one listed on wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chevalley%E2%80%93Warning_theorem Are there any other proofs of this, or ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Is $\mathbb R[x,y]_+$ countably generated as a quadratic module?

Let $\mathbb R[x,y]_+$ denote the set of positive polynomials in two variables. My problem can be stated as follows: Does there exist a countable set $M\subseteq \mathbb R[x,y]_+$ such that ...
8
votes
1answer
320 views

Gaps between roots of trigonometric polynomials

[Cross-posted from Math.SE because I got no responses there.] Given a polynomial in $e^{\mathrm{i}k t}$ of the form $$ p(t) = \sum_{-n\leq k\leq n} c_k e^{\mathrm{i}k t} $$ with $\bar c_{-k} = c_k$, ...
9
votes
2answers
416 views

Can there be a power basis for a totally real field of high degree?

A number field $K$ is said to have a power basis if there is an $\alpha \in K$ such that the full ring of integers $O_K$ is the $\mathbb{Z}$-linear span of ...
14
votes
1answer
725 views

Is $x^{n}-x-1$ irreducible?

Is it true that for every $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $x^{n}-x-1$ is irreducible in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$? The standard irreducibility criteria seem to fail.
2
votes
0answers
74 views

Existence of roots of high order polynomial over finite fields

I want to solve the following question: Consider a polynomial $f(x)=a_0+a_1*x^{e_1}+a_2*x^{e_2}+\cdots+x^{e_m}\in F_p[x]$ where $p$ is a prime such that $\log(p)\sim m$ and $e_m\sim 2^m$, I want to ...
12
votes
3answers
389 views

Existence of solutions of a polynomial system

Fix $k \in \mathbb{N}$, $k \geq 1$. Let $p \in [0,1]$ and $x = (x_0, \ldots, x_k)$ be a $(k+1)$-dimensional real vector, and define $$S(p,x) = -x_0^2 + \sum_{i=0}^k {k \choose i} p^i (1 - p)^{k - i} ...
4
votes
0answers
208 views

Polynomial dynamical systems

The question is somewhat related to the theory of permutation polynomials. Let $\mathbb{F}_p$ be a finite field of $p$ elements ($p$ is prime) and $\mathcal{V} = \mathbb{F}_p^2 = \{ (t_1,t_2)\::\: ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Fitting a quadratic using regression when the y-intercept needs to be 0 [closed]

I'm trying to fit a quadratic $a_0 + a_1x + a_2x^2$ by Polynomial Regression: $$ \begin{pmatrix} n & \Sigma x_i & \Sigma x_i\\ \Sigma x_i & \Sigma x_i^2 & \Sigma x_i^3\\ \Sigma ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

Estimate maximal coefficient of a polynomial from a circle containing all roots

Suppose I have a polynomial $$ p(x)=\sum_{i=0}^n p_ix^i. $$ For simplicity furthermore assume $p_n=1$. As it is well known we may use Gershgorin circles to give an upper bound for the absolute ...
5
votes
0answers
207 views

Factors of the polynomial $X^n-a$

I am interested in the polynomial $X^n-a$ in $\mathbb{Q}[X]$, for some $a\in \mathbb{Q}^*$, and would like to know the irreducible factors of it. Is there something in the literature which gives a ...
2
votes
0answers
158 views

Computing the chromatic polynomial of graph modulo $x-3$

The chromatic polynomial of graph $P(G,x)$ is univariate polynomial which counts the number of colorings of $G$ with $x$ colors for natural $x$. Graph is not $k$ colorable iff $P(G,k)=0$. The ...
7
votes
1answer
237 views

Families of quintics in $\mathbb{Q}[x]$ with Galois group $A_5$

Theorem. The Galois group of a quintic polynomial $f\in\mathbb{Q}[x]$ is $A_5$ if and only if its discriminant is a rational square and its Weber sextic resolvent has no rational root. Question. What ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

seeking reference on a theorem about sufficient conditions for an entire function with real coefficients to have only real zeros

I am seeking reference(s) on the following theorem about sufficient conditions for an entire function with real coefficients to have only real zeros. Theorem: Let $f_n(z)=\sum_0^n a_m z^m$ (with ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Truncation error in Padè approximants

Suppose only the following data are known about a rational function $R(x)=P(x)/Q(x)$ (for $P,Q$ polynomials): (a) the degree of $P$ is $\leq m$ and the degree of $Q$ is $\leq n$; (b) the first $k$ ...
2
votes
2answers
207 views

irreducible polynomials on the polynomial sequence

I suspect this problem is very famous and it must be studied very well. But I searched in Google and I did not find good reference. I will appreciate any answer and reference for any contribution ...
6
votes
0answers
159 views

Find a symmetric polynomial with a projection divisible by a known polynomial

Consider the polynomial $Q$, a homogeneous quartic in seven variables: $$ Q(R, s_1, s_2, s_3, s_4, d_1, d_2) = \\ ...
1
vote
0answers
193 views

R[[X]] flat as a R[X]-module?

I assume $R[X]\rightarrow R[[X]]$ is not flat in general, but I was wondering if any conditions on a commutative ring $R$ are known such that $R[[X]]$ is flat as a $R[X]$-module. Would $R$ noetherian ...
4
votes
0answers
34 views

What is the probability of interpolating the Tutte polynomial of a planar graph from the values at the two hyperbolas?

The Tutte polynomial is a bivariate polynomial with positive integer coefficient which is a graph invariant and can be defined recursively. Evaluating it is $\#P$-complete even when restricted to ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Closed-for expression for Newton-Girard symmetric polynomials with 0/1 variables

There are $n$ Bernoulli $s_i\in\left\{0,1\right\}$, $i=1,...,n$ with equal marginals $\Pr(s_i=1)=\theta$ $\forall i$ so that E$(s_i)=\theta$. Their standardized mean deviations are \begin{equation*} ...
5
votes
0answers
151 views

The equation $f(x)=f(a^n)^k$ always has a solution in $\mathbb{Q}$ [closed]

Fix two positive integers $a,k\ge2$, and let $f\in\mathbb{Z}[x]$ be a nonconstant polynomial. Suppose that for all sufficiently large positive integers $n$, there exists a rational number $x$ ...
-1
votes
1answer
82 views

derivatives and uniformly convergence [closed]

Let $f$ be a function of a real variable expandable in power series on $\mathbb R$: there exists a sequence $(a_n)_{n\in\mathbb N}$ of reals such that for all $x\in\mathbb R$, one has ...
4
votes
0answers
106 views

The closures in $C^0(\mathbb C,\mathbb C)$ of the set of integer valued polynomials

This question is closely related to the thread The closures in $C^0(\mathbb R,\mathbb R)$ of the set of integer valued polynomials, resp, of polynomials with integer coefficients. (Recall that a ...
3
votes
1answer
184 views

Polynomial without roots in a ring

Let $A$ be a commutative ring which is not an integral domain. I try to find a polynomial $P$ of $A[X]$ such that $d°P = 1$ and $P$ admits no root in any ring $B$ such that $A$ is a subring of $B$.
5
votes
1answer
215 views

Literature about metapolynomials

We say that a function $f:\mathbb{R}^k \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a metapolynomial if, for some positive integer $m$ and $n$, it can be represented in the form $$f(x_1,\cdots , x_k ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Unimodular triangulation and Ehrhart polynomials

Let $P$ be a convex lattice polytope. Then it has a polynomial Ehrhart function. I am interested in what can be said about the Ehrhart polynomial when $P$ has any of the properties is integrally ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

polynomial with rational coefficients [closed]

Do you think that the following statement is true? Do you have any idea about the proof? Let $\; f(x) \in \mathbb{C}[x]$ be a polynomial. If $f(n) \in \mathbb{Z}$ for an infinite number of $n \in ...
3
votes
0answers
92 views

Discriminant polynomial generalizing the usual discriminant

I wonder if anybody has seen the following natural polynomial. Given a monic univariate polynomial $P(z)$ of degree $N$, denote its roots by $z_1,..., z_N$. Now form a new polynomial $Q(z)$ of ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Roots of modified polynomials

Consider the following two polynomials: $$ g=x^3 - x^2 - (c + 2)x + c $$ and $$ h=x^3 - x^2 - cx + c $$ The roots of $h$ are $1$ and $\pm \sqrt{c}$. I am interested in obtaining the roots of $g$, ...
14
votes
2answers
511 views

Number of zeros of a polynomial in the unit disk

Suppose $m$ and $n$ are two nonnegative integers. What is the number of zeros of the polynomial $(1+z)^{m+n}-z^n$ in the unit ball $|z|<1$? Some calculations for small values of $m$ and $n$ ...
5
votes
7answers
477 views

Source for roots of matrix polynomials?

A matrix polynomial is a polynomial whose variables are square $n \times n$ matrices, let's say with entries in $\mathbb{C}$, and with coefficients in $\mathbb{C}$. I am seeking a source of results on ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

Stronger versions of Schwartz-Zippel for random linear subspaces

This is a (self-contained) followup question to http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/380672/analogue-of-the-schwartz-zippel-lemma-for-subspaces. Let $f : \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ be a nonzero ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Lagrange Interpolation and integer polynomials

Suppose that there is a polynomial $P$ with integer coefficients such that $P(x_i)=y_i$ for $i=1,\ldots,n$. Is it true that the result of Lagrange interpolation through the data $(x_i,y_i)$ is a ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Generalization of the Hermite-Beihler-Kakeya Theorem (2)

This is a follow up to the questions posed in Generalization of the Hermite-Bielher-Kakeya Theorem. Here is an interesting follow up to those comments. Firstly we remark that: $f(x)+g(x)\cdot w$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
133 views

The gcd of coprime polynomials evaluated at integers

Let $p(x),q(x)$ be coprime squarefree polynomials with integer coefficients. For integer $n$ is $\gcd(p(n),q(n))$ bounded by an absolute constant? In case the answer is negative what is the fastest ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Find a common expression (parameterized by y = 1/2, 1 and 2) uniting three (rational) polynomials in k [closed]

I am seeking a common "simple" expression (preferably/presumably a sum of products of linear factors, or sum of products of low-degree factors) uniting the three polynomials (parameterized by ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

Sextic resolvent has no rational root

An irreducible quintic $f(x)\in\mathbb{Q}[x]$, is solvable by radicals if and only if its sextic resolvent $\theta_f (y)=(y^3+py^2+qy+r)^2-2^{10}\Delta(f)y$ has a rational root ($\Delta$ is the ...