19
votes
2answers
1k views

The behavior of a certain greedy algorithm for Erdős Discrepancy Problem

Let $N$ be a positive integer. We want to find a completely multiplicative functions f(n) with values $\pm 1$ for $n \le N$ such that the discrepancy $$D=\max_{n \le N} |\{\sum_{i=1}^nf(i)\}|$$ is ...
26
votes
6answers
6k views

How many surjections are there from a set of size n?

It is well-known that the number of surjections from a set of size n to a set of size m is quite a bit harder to calculate than the number of functions or the number of injections. (Of course, for ...
18
votes
3answers
850 views

The probability for a sequence to have small partial sums

The question Let $a_1,a_2,\dots,a_n$ be a sequence whose entries are +1 or -1. Let t be a parameter. My question is to give an estimate for the number of such sequences so that $|a_1+a_2+\dots ...
4
votes
2answers
271 views

Finding the codomain of a monoid homomorphism

We have a monoid M, and a function $f: M \rightarrow \{0, 1\}$. We're promised that this function factors through a (surjective) homomorphism to a finite abelian group (considered as a commutative ...