The polyhedra tag has no usage guidance.

**34**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Pach's “Animals”: What if the genus is positive?

Janos Pach asked a deep question 23 years ago (1988) that remains unsolved today:
Can every animal—a topological ball in $\mathbb{R^3}$ composed of unit cubes glued face-to-face—be ...

**30**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### Did ancient mathematicians know Euler's characteristic for convex polyhedra?

The formula $V-E+F=2$ is so simple that I can't believe that it was really Euler (or perhaps Descartes) who first observed it (I mean the formula itself in some generality, not necessarily a valid ...

**29**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### About the ratio of the areas of a convex pentagon and the inner pentagon made by the five diagonals

Question : Letting $S{^\prime}$ be the area of the inner pentagon made by the five diagonals of a convex pentagon whose area is $S$, then find the max of $\frac{S^\prime}{S}$.
...

**21**

votes

**3**answers

936 views

### Visibility of vertices in polyhedra

Suppose $P$ is a closed polyhedron in space (i.e. a union of polygons which is homeomorphic to $S^2$) and $X$ is an interior point of $P$. Is it true that $X$ can see at least one vertex of $P$? More ...

**21**

votes

**7**answers

1k views

### What's that shape? Inferring a 3D shape from random shadows

Let $P$ be a bounded, simply connected region of $\mathbb{R}^3$.
$P$ could be a polyhedron, or a smooth shape, or an arbitrary shape;
I'll assume below that $P$ is a (non-degenerate, perhaps ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Building a genus-$n$ torus from cubes

I wonder if this has been studied:
What is the fewest number of unit cubes
from which one can build an $n$-toroid?
The cubes must be glued face-to-face,
and the boundary of the resulting ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

974 views

### Four Dimensional Origami Axioms

What are the axioms of four dimensional Origami.
If standard Origami is considered three dimensional, it has points, lines, surfaces and folds to create a three dimensional form from the folded ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

460 views

### Update to Shephard's “Twenty Problems on Convex Polyhedra”

Forty-three years ago, Geoffrey Shephard published an influential list of open problems
on convex polyhedra.
Progress has been made on several of his problems, and perhaps some have been completely ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

830 views

### Placing points on a sphere so that no 3 lie close to the same plane

Motivation
I am working with arbitrary parallelopiped tilings given by projection from a higher dimensional space. The collection of tiles, and some properties of the higher dimensional space are ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

575 views

### “Derived” polyhedra and polytopes

The notion of derived polygon is natural and leads to remarkable convergence.
Start with a polygon, and replace it by locating a point on every edge
a fraction $\alpha$ between the two endpoints. For ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### Higher dimensional generalization of: Any quadrilateral tiles the plane?

Any (non-self-intersecting) quadrilateral tiles the plane.
(MathWorld image.)
Q. What is the strongest known generalization of this statement to higher dimensions?
I.e., ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

475 views

### The limit of edge-midpoint convex polyhedra

Starting with a convex polyhedron $P_1 \subset \mathbb{R}^3$,
replace that with $P_2$, the convex hull of the midpoints of the edges of $P_1$.
Continuing this process, we obtain a ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

367 views

### Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose all faces have rational areas?

Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose faces all have rational areas?
Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose edges ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

412 views

### 3D models of the unfoldings of the hypercube?

There are (apparently) 261 distinct unfoldings of the 4D hypercube, a.k.a., the
tesseract, into 3D.1
These unfoldings (or "nets") are analogous to the 11 unfoldings of
the 3D cube into the plane.2
...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

589 views

### What was the Question that led Euler to his Investigations on Polyhedra?

The question that led Euler to his investigations on graphs is the well-known question related to the seven bridges of Königsberg, and that story is a must in every introduction to graph theory.
...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### How many vertices/edges/faces at most for a convex polyhedron that tiles space?

I wonder if this problem has already been examined before:
Consider a convex polyhedron that tiles $\mathbb R^3$. What is the maximum of vertices/edges/faces that such a polyhedron can have?
...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

349 views

### Surface area of convex hull [duplicate]

Let Q be the convex hull of a non-convex polyhedron P. Is it true that the surface area of Q is not greater than the surface area of P?

**11**

votes

**2**answers

862 views

### Is the tensor product of polyhedra a polyhedron?

Conventions: A polytope in a finite-dimensional $\mathbb R$-vector space $V$ is defined to be a convex hull of finitely many points in $V$. A polyhedron in a finite-dimensional $\mathbb R$-vector ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

228 views

### Do maximal polyhedra have algebraic volume?

Is it possible to prove that for every $n > 3$ the maximal possible volume of a convex polyhedron having $n$ vertices inscribed in a sphere of unit radius is an algebraic number?
Update: What ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

329 views

### Acute triangulation

Assume that $S$ is a finite 2-dimensional simplicial complex equipped with a metric $d$
such that each triangle is isometric to a plane triangle (so $(S,d)$ is a polyhedral space).
Is it possible ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

575 views

### Cut and Fold Polyhedron!

I have two convex polyhedra such that their sums of side areas are equal. It is true that I can cut one of them and flatten it on the plane, then fold the flattened polygon to reach the other ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

681 views

### Making a convex polyhedron with two sheets of paper

Suppose that we have two sheets of paper $S,T$ and that each of $S,T$ is in the shape of a convex quadrilateral. Also, suppose that the length of the perimeter of $S$ equals that of $T$. (Note that ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

472 views

### When does every point in a polytope lie along a chord between its edges?

Consider the 3-simplex, or tetrahedron, in 3-space. Regardless of the positions of the vertices, every point in the simplex lies on a chord between two non-adjacent edges of the simplex. Or, ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

256 views

### Labeling edges of an icosahedron with sum constraints

The question is inspired by this previous MO question. There it was shown that it's possible to label the edges of a cube by the numbers $\{1,2,\ldots,6,8,9, \ldots, 13\}$ in such a way that:
Three ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What nets fold to polyhedra?

There is a classic (and open) problem asking whether every polyhedron can be unfolded to give a non-overlapping net. The converse problem has been studied asking which polygons can be folded in some ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

307 views

### Complexity of the union of randomly rotated unit cubes

It is a remarkable fact that the union of congrent cubes
has only at most near-quadratic combinatorial complexity,
$O^*(n^2)$ for $n$ cubes, known to be almost tight.
This contrasts with the union of ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

811 views

### On maximal regular polyhedra inscribed in a regular polyhedron

Let T, C, O, D, or I be regular tetrahedron, cube, octahedron, dodecahedron, and icosahedron, respectively. Suppose that the outer polyhedron have edge-length 1.
For example, it's easy to prove that ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

801 views

### Solid angles of a tetrahedron

This is a problem I have had for a while. For a triangle, the side opposite the largest angle has the largest length (and similarly for smallest angle). For a tetrahedron, the question is whether the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

469 views

### Polyhedron not circumscribed about a sphere

Let $P$ be a polyhedron whose faces are colored black and white so that there are more black faces and no two black faces are adjacent. Show that $P$ is not circumscribed about a sphere.
My teacher ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

657 views

### Efficient topological triangulations of non-convex polyhedra

Does every polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$ with $n$ triangular facets have a topological triangulation with complexity $O(n)$?
Suppose $P$ is a non-convex polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$ with $n$ ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

752 views

### Fractal Tiling of Rhombic Dodecahedra

Hello, this is my first question on Math Overflow...
Rhombic dodecahedra can be tiled in 3-space, leaving no gaps. This tiling corresponds to the close-packing of spheres.
Consider a "nucleus" ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

435 views

### Polyhedra that combinatorially shadow a sequence

Let $P$ be a polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
Say that $P$ combinatorially shadows a sequence of natural numbers $S$ if
there is a continuous rotation of $P$ such that its orthogonal-projection
shadows ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

230 views

### Bi-spherical polyhedra

Bicentric polygons have been studied: a polygon all of whose vertices lie on its
circumcirle, and whose incircle is tangent to every edge:
I have not been able to find a comparable literature ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

672 views

### Not quite regular polyhedra

Take a naive interpretation of regular polyhedra:
All vertices (including epsilon ball) congruent
All edges congruent
All faces congruent
We can now find interesting families by removing one ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### Convex Polyhedra Scissors Congruence Problem

I am currently writing a geometry paper "Rectifications of Convex Polyhedra" and I am confused to have discovered what appears to be a remarkable discrete geometric fact:
Conjecture: Let $P$ be a ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### polyhedra with equilateral pentagons faces.

In page http://loki3.com/poly/isohedra.html around six polyhedra with equilateral pentagons as faces are shown: a pyritohedron, icositetrahedrons... Is there a complete list of this kind of polyhedra? ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Convex deltahedra in higher dimensions

There are eight convex polyhedra whose faces are equilateral triangles, so-called
deltahedra:
(Image from here)
Q. Have the equivalent higher-dimensional ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

121 views

### Uniform Sampling Subject to Linear Equalities and Non-Negativity Constraint

I'm trying to sample uniformly on the intersections of faces of several simplicies, with all coordinates being non-negative. That is, given constraints
$$A\vec{w}=\vec{b} \ \ and \ \ \vec{w} \geq ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

229 views

### Volumes of convex vs non-convex polyhedra with prescribed facets areas

It is known that given a set of Areas $A_f$ and normals $\vec{n}_f$ if $\sum_f A_f \vec{n}_f=0$ exist a unique convex polyhedron with given face areas and normals. (Minkowski theorem - See Alexandrov ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Which -icial sets produce the “standard” representations of symmetric groups?

Suppose you have a system of cell complexes (say, even convex polyhedra) $(P_n)_{n\geqslant0}$ which occur as faces of each other and are used to define the corresponding notion of "$P_*$-set". So ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### Embedding of flat surfaces

Let $S$ be a orientable compact surface with a flat euclidean structure with conical singularities (cf. [T] for instance). Let also $\mathcal P$ be a polyhedral euclidean decomposition of $S$ (with ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

192 views

### Which unfoldings of the hypercube tile 3-space: How to check for isometric space-fillers?

Recently Mark McClure constructed and displayed
the 261 unfoldings of the hypercube (tesseract)
in response to the question,
"3D models of the unfoldings of the hypercube?":
The first 9 unfoldings ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

464 views

### Wrapping a convex polyhedron with string

This is a meta-question, rather than a specific mathematical question.
I am seeking a mathematical definition that captures the following physical idea.
Suppose you have a convex polyhedron $P ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Self-avoiding/reflecting geodesics on a convex surface

Let $S$ be the surface of a convex body embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
For me $S$ is a convex polyhedron,
but I am happy to view $S$ as a smooth body with positive Gaussian curvature
at each point, or ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between edges are rational multiples of $\pi$?

After reading these very interesting questions, I came up with another one:
Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between all pairs of edges meeting ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Constructing a polyhedron of maximal possible volume from given bounds on areas of its faces

Consider $n$ variables $a_1,...,a_n$ ranging over $\mathbb{R}^+$. Suppose we are given $n$ pairs of positive rational numbers $(p_1,q_1),...,(p_n,q_n)$ where each pair imposes bounds on the ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

342 views

### Maximum volume convex body coverable by a unit square

Suppose you are given a single unit square, and you are permitted to cut it into $k$ (connected)
pieces (where $k=1$ means just the square). Your task is to construct the largest volume
convex body ...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

719 views

### Visualizing polyhedra from their 1-skeletons

Except for a few simple cases (typically pyramids and prisms) I find it hard to visualize a polyhedron from its 1-skeleton embedded in the plane, e.g. the hexahedral graph 5, as can be seen here.
...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

257 views

### Put P inside Q! polygons/polyhedra

We have two Polygons/Polyhedra P and Q.
Does there exist a polynomial time algorithm to decide if we can put P (using translation and rotation) inside Q or not?
First think about the case of which P ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

353 views

### Examples of Polyhedra with Large Shadows

Let $P \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be a polyhedron described by $\mathcal{O}(n^{c_1})$ inequalities, where $c_1$ is a constant. Moreover, let $M\colon P \to \mathbb{R}^2$ be a linear mapping. I'm looking ...