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13
votes
4answers
386 views

The limit of edge-midpoint convex polyhedra

    Starting with a convex polyhedron $P_1 \subset \mathbb{R}^3$, replace that with $P_2$, the convex hull of the midpoints of the edges of $P_1$. Continuing this process, we obtain a ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

How to approximate volumes of m-dimensional manifolds with m-dimensional polyhedra

The areas of a sequence of polyhedra approaching a surface need not approach the area of the surface, but there are theorems guaranteeing that this be so. (T. Rado, On the Problem of Plateau, Chapter ...
15
votes
1answer
167 views

Higher dimensional generalization of: Any quadrilateral tiles the plane?

Any (non-self-intersecting) quadrilateral tiles the plane.     (MathWorld image.) Q. What is the strongest known generalization of this statement to higher dimensions? I.e., ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

$\mathcal{H}$-polyhedron under a linear map

Let $P = \{ x \in \mathbb{R}^n \mid Ax \leq b \}$ be a (bounded) polyhedron for $A \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$ and $b \in \mathbb{R}^m$, $n,m > 0$. Moreover, let $M \colon \mathbb{R}^n \to ...
4
votes
2answers
148 views

Build a topological polytope with a specified CW-structure

I am a topologist and not quite familiar with the tools for building a polytope. I would like to build some topological polytope which is an somewhere in between permutohedron and associahedron which ...
4
votes
3answers
202 views

Can anyone suggest a text on polyhedral theory?

Can anyone suggest a text on polyhedral theory? Particularly on increasing the number of faces under projections. 0,1 polytopes
5
votes
2answers
231 views

Put P inside Q! polygons/polyhedra

We have two Polygons/Polyhedra P and Q. Does there exist a polynomial time algorithm to decide if we can put P (using translation and rotation) inside Q or not? First think about the case of which P ...
10
votes
2answers
470 views

Cut and Fold Polyhedron!

I have two convex polyhedra such that their sums of side areas are equal. It is true that I can cut one of them and flatten it on the plane, then fold the flattened polygon to reach the other ...
8
votes
1answer
403 views

Polyhedron not circumscribed about a sphere

Let $P$ be a polyhedron whose faces are colored black and white so that there are more black faces and no two black faces are adjacent. Show that $P$ is not circumscribed about a sphere. My teacher ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Light inside a polyhedron

I have two questions the same as Mostafa's Question: Visibility of vertices in polyhedra Suppose $P$ is a closed polyhedron in space (i.e. a union of polygons which is homeomorphic to $S^2$) and $X$ ...
19
votes
3answers
771 views

Visibility of vertices in polyhedra

Suppose $P$ is a closed polyhedron in space (i.e. a union of polygons which is homeomorphic to $S^2$) and $X$ is an interior point of $P$. Is it true that $X$ can see at least one vertex of $P$? More ...
13
votes
0answers
345 views

Surface area of convex hull [duplicate]

Let Q be the convex hull of a non-convex polyhedron P. Is it true that the surface area of Q is not greater than the surface area of P?
3
votes
2answers
49 views

Enumerating Tri-vertex transitive polyhedra n > 3 faces

How many unique vertex transitive polyhedra exist where each vertex has 3 incident edges for polyhedra with n (= # faces) > 3 ?
13
votes
2answers
558 views

What was the Question that led Euler to his Investigations on Polyhedra?

The question that led Euler to his investigations on graphs is the well-known question related to the seven bridges of Königsberg, and that story is a must in every introduction to graph theory. ...
4
votes
0answers
127 views

Regular cross-sections of a dodecahedron; analogous sections of 4-polytopes

One can intersect a dodecahedron with a plane and obtain an equilateral triangle, a square, a regular pentagon, a regular hexagon, and a regular decagon:             ...
10
votes
0answers
651 views

Making a convex polyhedron with two sheets of paper

Suppose that we have two sheets of paper $S,T$ and that each of $S,T$ is in the shape of a convex quadrilateral. Also, suppose that the length of the perimeter of $S$ equals that of $T$. (Note that ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Seeking criteria for “threadable” pairs of centrosymmetric polyhedra

Let $A$ and $B$ be origin-centered centrosymmetric polyhedra in $\mathbb{R}^3$: "for every point $(x, y, z)$ [...] there is an indistinguishable point $(-x, -y, -z)$." Say that $A$ and $B$ are ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Convex polyhedra jammed in $k$ disjoint holes

For a given convex polyhedron $P \subset \mathbb{R}^3$, I was imagining finding the optimal "fixing" of $P$ in holes (or jamming them in "mud"), which led to the following question. First, scale $P$ ...
29
votes
3answers
3k views

Did ancient mathematicians know Euler's characteristic for convex polyhedra?

The formula $V-E+F=2$ is so simple that I can't believe that it was really Euler (or perhaps Descartes) who first observed it (I mean the formula itself in some generality, not necessarily a valid ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Polyhedra with minimal edge length

Given a fixed volume and fixed surface area I would like to construct polyhedra that minimize the total length of the edges. This seems like a straight-forward problem to solve by brute force for ...
15
votes
2answers
519 views

“Derived” polyhedra and polytopes

The notion of derived polygon is natural and leads to remarkable convergence. Start with a polygon, and replace it by locating a point on every edge a fraction $\alpha$ between the two endpoints. For ...
7
votes
0answers
101 views

Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between edges are rational multiples of $\pi$?

After reading these very interesting questions, I came up with another one: Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between all pairs of edges meeting ...
8
votes
1answer
129 views

Convex deltahedra in higher dimensions

There are eight convex polyhedra whose faces are equilateral triangles, so-called deltahedra:        (Image from here) Q. Have the equivalent higher-dimensional ...
6
votes
0answers
74 views

Constructing a polyhedron of maximal possible volume from given bounds on areas of its faces

Consider $n$ variables $a_1,...,a_n$ ranging over $\mathbb{R}^+$. Suppose we are given $n$ pairs of positive rational numbers $(p_1,q_1),...,(p_n,q_n)$ where each pair imposes bounds on the ...
25
votes
3answers
955 views

About the ratio of the areas of a convex pentagon and the inner pentagon made by the five diagonals

Question : Letting $S{^\prime}$ be the area of the inner pentagon made by the five diagonals of a convex pentagon whose area is $S$, then find the max of $\frac{S^\prime}{S}$. ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

A question about rational convex cone

Edit: Fix a lattice $N = \mathbb{Z}^n$ and let $N_{\mathbb{R}} = N \otimes \mathbb{R}$. Let $C(S)$ be a strongly convex rational cone in $N_{\mathbb{R}}$ generated by a finite set $S \subset N$, with ...
5
votes
1answer
124 views

Embedding of flat surfaces

Let $S$ be a orientable compact surface with a flat euclidean structure with conical singularities (cf. [T] for instance). Let also $\mathcal P$ be a polyhedral euclidean decomposition of $S$ (with ...
3
votes
3answers
448 views

Intersection of Polyhedra

I'm writing a collision detection algorithm, and so far I've been using Joseph O'Rourke's book "Computational Geometry in C" as reference. It outlines an algorithm to determine whether a point is ...
7
votes
0answers
195 views

Bi-spherical polyhedra

Bicentric polygons have been studied: a polygon all of whose vertices lie on its circumcirle, and whose incircle is tangent to every edge:   I have not been able to find a comparable literature ...
3
votes
0answers
133 views

Tetrahedra passing through a hole

Assume a plane $P\subset\mathbb R^3$ has a hole $H$, and that the hole is topologically a compact disc. Being so, $P\setminus H$ does not separate the space. A regular tetrahedron $\sigma^3$ (of ...
2
votes
1answer
295 views

Finding the vertices of a convex polyhedron from a set of planes

I'm new to computational geometry and advanced mathematics in general here so bear with me. I've spent a decent amount of time attempting to figure out this problem and I just can't find a solution. ...
8
votes
3answers
642 views

On maximal regular polyhedra inscribed in a regular polyhedron

Let T, C, O, D, or I be regular tetrahedron, cube, octahedron, dodecahedron, and icosahedron, respectively. Suppose that the outer polyhedron have edge-length 1. For example, it's easy to prove that ...
9
votes
2answers
211 views

Do maximal polyhedra have algebraic volume?

Is it possible to prove that for every $n > 3$ the maximal possible volume of a convex polyhedron having $n$ vertices inscribed in a sphere of unit radius is an algebraic number? Update: What ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Equiprojective polyhedra

Seeing Garabed Gulbenkian's question (which was inspired by Joel Hamkins' question), reminds me of an analogous problem which I believe remains open, and which some might find intriguing. Define an ...
5
votes
1answer
225 views

Standard (special) spines and hyperbolic structure on 3-manifolds

My question relates to constructing angled triangulations or hyperbolic triangulations for $3$--manifolds. Briefly, an angle triangulation can be considered as an assignment of a real number (called ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

Criteria to decide whether a subset of the boundary complex of a polyhedron is a manifold?

Let $\mathcal{P} \subseteq \mathbb{R}^d$ be a convex polyhedron. Let $K$ be a subset of the boundary complex of $\mathcal{P}$. (Perhaps $K$ could be defined in terms of a system of linear ...
8
votes
1answer
271 views

Complexity of the union of randomly rotated unit cubes

It is a remarkable fact that the union of congrent cubes has only at most near-quadratic combinatorial complexity, $O^*(n^2)$ for $n$ cubes, known to be almost tight. This contrasts with the union of ...
6
votes
2answers
190 views

Volumes of convex vs non-convex polyhedra with prescribed facets areas

It is known that given a set of Areas $A_f$ and normals $\vec{n}_f$ if $\sum_f A_f \vec{n}_f=0$ exist a unique convex polyhedron with given face areas and normals. (Minkowski theorem - See Alexandrov ...
1
vote
1answer
216 views

non-convex Polytope definition

I have a simple question. I read that given a vector space $N_{\mathbb{R}}$ over $\mathbb{R}$, we can define a convex polytope in the following way: $$P:= \Big\{ \sum_{u\in S} \mu_u u \,\Big| \, ...
15
votes
1answer
337 views

Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose all faces have rational areas?

Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose faces all have rational areas? Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose edges ...
2
votes
2answers
327 views

Polyhedra Classification

The following is inspired by this question. From time to time I search the web for tables of polyhedra, but without much success. Part of the problem is that there are many non-equivalent questions ...
8
votes
3answers
502 views

Solid angles of a tetrahedron

This is a problem I have had for a while. For a triangle, the side opposite the largest angle has the largest length (and similarly for smallest angle). For a tetrahedron, the question is whether the ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

Convex Polyhedra with Largest Constant Dihedral Angle for Given Number of Faces

Which $20$ faced convex polyhedron has the largest constant dihedral angle? Which $24$ faced convex polyhedron has the largest constant dihedral angle? Also, what about $30$ or $32$ faced polyhedra? ...
4
votes
3answers
481 views

Visualizing polyhedra from their 1-skeletons

Except for a few simple cases (typically pyramids and prisms) I find it hard to visualize a polyhedron from its 1-skeleton embedded in the plane, e.g. the hexahedral graph 5, as can be seen here. ...
8
votes
1answer
376 views

Polyhedra that combinatorially shadow a sequence

Let $P$ be a polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Say that $P$ combinatorially shadows a sequence of natural numbers $S$ if there is a continuous rotation of $P$ such that its orthogonal-projection shadows ...
10
votes
2answers
760 views

Is the tensor product of polyhedra a polyhedron?

Conventions: A polytope in a finite-dimensional $\mathbb R$-vector space $V$ is defined to be a convex hull of finitely many points in $V$. A polyhedron in a finite-dimensional $\mathbb R$-vector ...
2
votes
2answers
411 views

Dilogarithm, tetrahedrons, and hyperbolic space

The Bloch-Wigner function $D(z)$, gives the volume of a ideal tetrahedron in hyperbolic space $\mathbb H3$, where z is the cross-ratio (z1,z2,z3,z4) parametrizing the tetrahedron in $\mathbb CP1$. ...
2
votes
2answers
245 views

Surface of a Ideal Tetrahedron in Hyperbolic Space H3

The hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^3$, has a boundary $\mathbb{CP}^1$. A ideal tetrahedron in $\mathbb{H}^3$, is a tetrahedron, where the four vertices are on the boundary $\mathbb{CP}^1$. The four ...
1
vote
2answers
429 views

Does Euler's formula imply bounds on the degree of vertices in a 3-polytopal graph?

A corollary of Euler's formula tells us that the edge-vertex graph of every convex 3-polyhedron must have a face with either 3, 4, or 5 edges, using an argument about the average degree of vertices. ...
1
vote
1answer
191 views

Polar duality and -1 [closed]

We define the polar dual of a polytope $P$ as the set $$\{x\in \mathbb{R}^n: x \cdot a\geq -1 \text{ for all } a\in P\}$$ Why do we require $-1$ instead of $-2$ or any other constant?