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### Determining convexity of a polygon from its Fourier coefficients

Consider an $n$-sided polygonal curve in the plane, represented by an ordered set of points $(x_0, x_1, \ldots, x_{n-1})$; line segments connect consecutive points and also $x_{n-1}$ to $x_0$. It is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

54 views

### Constructing a polygon of $n$ facets from a set of positive values representing the length of the facets [closed]

The input of my problem is a set of positive values $a=\{a_1,...,a_n\}$ where $n\geq 3$.
I want to construct an $n$-gon where the lengths of the $n$ facets are the values $a_i$ for $i=1,...,n$.
My ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### Area of an irregular, n-sided, non-intersecting (edges) polygon algorithm

I need to generate an irregular, n-sided polygon of non-intersecting edges (n= 200, for example) with the smallest area possible. The position of the vertex is random and I've tried designing a couple ...

**0**

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**0**answers

282 views

### Geodesic Digons in Reductive Spaces

Consider a naturally reductive homogeneous space $M$ of positive curvature. Is it necessarily the case that there exists a geodesic digon whose interior angles sum to less than $2\pi$? Angles are ...

**12**

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**1**answer

340 views

### Limiting shape for Brillouin zones

Is it true that the limiting shape for Brillouin zones (for any lattice) is a circle?
You can find the definition and the step by step construction of Brillouin zones here. This picture is taken from ...

**-5**

votes

**1**answer

291 views

### Gauss-Wantzel theorem, Fermat primes and solvability of S_n [closed]

Gauss-Wantzel theorem asserts that a polygon with $n$ sides is constructible if and only if $n$ is a product of a power of $2$ and distinct prime Fermat numbers, where the Fermat number of index $k$ ...

**3**

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**4**answers

349 views

### Terminology for polygons

As you may know term "polygon" might mean few different things
and its meaning has to guessed from context.
By some reason I have to use few of these meaning in one place.
So I converge to the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Detect perimetral edges of a polygon [closed]

I'm developing a building editor. Users can draw rooms by adding angles (vertices of the room) with a left click. Clicking on an existing angle closes the room and fills the floor by using the ...

**4**

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**2**answers

353 views

### Geometry, Number Theory and Graph Theory of n-gon, permutation and graph labeling?

Given $n$ and $t$ lengths $ l_i, 1\leq l_1<l_2<\cdots<l_t\leq n-1$, of directed diagonals within an $n$-gon such that $l_1+\cdots+l_t\neq 0 \pmod n)$. Does it exist a directed path within ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

171 views

### Construct polygon/polyhedron containing all points not externally visible w.r.t given polygon/polyhedron?

Is there an algorithm to construct a polyhedron containing all points in space for which there exists no ray to infinite not intersecting a given polyhedron?
In 2D, we could consider polygons. For ...

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votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Angle subtended by the shortest segment that bisects the area of a convex polygon

Let $C$ be a convex polygon in the plane and let $s$ be the shortest line segment (I believe this is called a "chord") that divides the area of $C$ in half. What is the smallest angle that $s$ could ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

391 views

### Which polygons have *simple* periodic billiard paths?

I know (or, rather, believe) that it remains unknown whether every polygon
has a periodic billiard path.
But Masur proved in the 1980's that every rational polygon
(vertex angles rational multiples ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

617 views

### Given a set of 2D vertices, how to create a minimum-area polygon which contains all the given vertices?

Not sure whether this question belongs here or math.stackexchange.
You can assume that all the vertices are unique. The given vertices can be the vertices of the polygon, thus they do NOT have to be ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Measuring the Randomness and Statistics of Convex Polygons

How can I tell, how likely it is, that a given convex polygon with a sufficiently high number of edges is random and, if so, what kind of randomness it is (e.g. white noise)?
What is known about ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Calculating the “Belvedere Hull” of a Simple Planar Polygon

As an informal motivation the problem, imagine a tower with polygonal footprint, that is located in a beautiful landscape, the "Belvedere Hull" is then related to the directions, in which one would ...

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**1**answer

375 views

### Does the boundary of a convex body contain a regular planar pentagon?

How to prove or disprove that the boundary of any convex body in $\mathbb{R}^3$ includes 5 points which form a regular planar pentagon? The following consideration suggests the answer "yes": if we ...

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**0**answers

101 views

### What does this number tell me about a convex lattice polygon?

EDIT: I realized I'd tricked myself by working with a too special case of $f$, the question is now updated (boundary lattice points replaced vertices).
Suppose I have a convex lattice polygon $P$, ...

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votes

**2**answers

594 views

### Determine the boundary points of a set of points [closed]

I have a set of points $S=\{(x_1,y_1),(x_2,y_2),\ldots,(x_n,y_n)\}$. Then how to find the boundary points (which is a subset of $S$) of $S$?
There are methods like convex hull, concave hull and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

89 views

### Intersection points of closed curves inscribed in a convex polygon

Suppose that I have two distinct simple closed curves, $C_1$ & $C_2$, and each is inscribed in a convex polygon, D. By inscribed, I mean tangent to each side of D. In particular, I am most ...

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46 views

### Non-Convex Polygons with “Antipodal Visibility”

by "antipodal visibility" of planar, simple polygons I mean the following property:
if two points $p$ and $q$ on the polygon's boundary divide the polygon's boundary into two polylines of equal ...

**36**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### What polygons can be shrunk into themselves?

Let's call a polygon $P$ shrinkable if any down-scaled (dilated) version of $P$ can be translated into $P$. For example, the following triangle is shrinkable (the original polygon is green, the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### Most Regularity of a Polygon

Conseider $n$ electrons in an empty sphere. What structure do they make?
This question have two cases: (i) if electrons should be sit on the boundry of sphere (one can suppose that the boundry of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Find shift direction for min overlap area of 2 polygons

I have 2 arbitrary polygons (concave or convex) with certain overlap.
Now there is some relative shift between these 2 polygons (vector s with a constant length).
I want to find the direction of s ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Shrink polygon to a specific area by offsetting

I have a 2D polygon that I want to shrink by a specific offset (A) to match a certain area ratio (R) of the original polygon. Is there a formula or algorithm for such a problem? I am interested in a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### What is the median area of a random n-gon inside a unit square?

A square is bounded by the coordinates (0,0), (0,1), (1,0) and (1,1). Random x and y coordinates are chosen in the interval [0,1] for each of the n points. The n points are then randomly connected to ...

**3**

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**1**answer

284 views

### What is the shape of the convex $n$ -gon which gives the maximum of a function?

Supposing that the length of every edge of the convex $n$-gon $P_1P_2$$\cdots$$P_n$ is 1, what is the shape of the $n$-gon which gives the maximum of the following function $B_n$? ...

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**1**answer

475 views

### What is the shape of the $n$-gon which gives the maximum of a function?

What is the shape of the $n$-gon $P_1P_2\cdots P_n$ which gives the maximum of $A_n$? The quantity $A_n$ is defined by
$$ A_n = \frac{{\sum_{i\lt{j}\le{n}}{\lvert P_i ...

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**1**answer

512 views

### Algorithms for covering a rectilinear polygon using the same multiple rectangles

Sorry for the crossing-posting: original post is here
All angles of the polygon (representing a room) are right. It may be convex or concave. Use rectangles of the same size (representing a sensor ...

**2**

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**1**answer

209 views

### Determining A valid Convex Hexagon given The length of Six sides

Suppose We are given the length of all six sides of a Convex Hexagon. How can we tell whether it's valid or Not ? that means can we tell whether it's area is positive or not ?

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12k views

### How to find overlap between two convex hulls, along with the overlap area

I have two boundaries of two planar polygons, say, B1 and B2 of polygons P1 and P2 (with m and n points in Boundaries B1 and B2). I want to find out if the polygons overlap or not. If they overlap, ...

**3**

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**2**answers

296 views

### cyclic polygons & trigonometry

I posted this question to stackexchange, where it's generated some comments but no progress toward answering it. I'm going to say somewhat more here than I did there.
At one vertex of a pentagon ...

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**1**answer

3k views

### Determine if you can build a polygon from segments [closed]

Is there a way to determine whether it is possible to build a polygon from given n segments?
Maybe triangle inequality generalized?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

233 views

### Polar interpretation of convexity

Let $C$ be a convex polygon in the plane containing the origin, and let $r(\theta)$ for $\theta\in[0,2\pi)$ be a parametrization of its boundary. Is there a condition on $r$ that is equivalent to (or ...

**2**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Quadrilateral from 4 random points

Given 4 random points in 2D, how do I compute the area of the quadrilateral formed by the points?
I'm aware of formulae giving the area when I know the sides a,b,c,d and the diagonals p & q.
But ...

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votes

**2**answers

7k views

### Partitioning a polygon into convex parts

I'm looking for an algorithm to partition any simple closed polygon into convex sub-polygons--preferably as few as possible.
I know almost nothing about this subject, so I've been searching on Google ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

6k views

### Get a point inside a polygon

I have a 2D polygon of arbitrary geometry. I need to find any point that is inside of that polygon. Taking the center won't work, because the polygon might not be convex. Is there a way to quickly ...

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votes

**1**answer

511 views

### Using mirrors to make a non-convex polygon visible from a fixed interior point

Take a point $A$ inside a non-convex polygon $P$. Is it always possible to place a finite set of mirrors given by straight segments (not necessarily along the boundary of $P$, any position inside $P$ ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

919 views

### Is there a simple criterion to determine if two parallelograms intersect?

Assume we are given two parallelograms in the plane. How can I check if their intersection is nonempty?
Note that I do not need to actually find the intersection.

**5**

votes

**1**answer

595 views

### Elementary problem about triangles inside a convex polygon

Let P be a convex polygon with area A(P), and to each side of P, attach the largest area triangle possible that lies entirely within P. Must the sum S(P) of the areas of these triangles always satisfy ...

**27**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Nonconvex manhole covers

One common reason given for the circularity of manhole covers is that they can't fall through the manhole. For convex manhole covers, this property is equivalent to having constant width — if ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

5k views

### Compute the Centroid of a 3D Planar Polygon

Given a list of 3D coordinates that define the surface( Point3D1, Point3D2, Point3D3, and so ...

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12k views

### Dividing a square into 5 equal squares

Can you divide one square paper into five equal squares?
You have a scissor and glue. You can measure and cut and then attach as well. Only condition is You can't waste any paper.

**5**

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**2**answers

355 views

### Heaviest Convex Polygon

Suppose we have an arbitrary function $f : \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}$. For any subset $s \subseteq \mathbb{R}^2$, we can define $g_f(s)$ as the integral* of $f$ over the region $s$. Suppose ...