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### Equivalence relation defined by the existence of a homeomorphism

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a topological space. We assign to $(X,\tau)$ an equivalence relation $\simeq_{(X,\tau)}$ in the following way:
$x\simeq_{(X,\tau)} y$ if and only if there is a homeomorphism ...

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### Example on Non Hausdorff Space [closed]

Consider R with the following topology
τ ={(a,∞):a∈R}∪{∅,R}. Is the topology Hausdorff?

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### Topological spaces $(X,\tau)$ where $|\text{Cont}(X,X)| = |X|$

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a topological space. Let $\text{Cont}(X,X)$ denote the set of continuous functions $f:X\to X$.
What can be said about spaces $(X,\tau)$ where $|\text{Cont}(X,X)| = |X|$? For ...

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**1**answer

98 views

### Is $ {C_{c}}(G) $ a meager subset of $ {L^{2}}(G) $ for a second-countable locally compact Hausdorff group $ G $?

The following problem is a stumbling block in a research project that I am working on:
Problem. Let $ G $ be a second-countable locally compact Hausdorff group with a fixed Haar measure. Is it ...

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**2**answers

508 views

### Co-Hausdorffification

Given a topological space $(X,\tau)$ we can define the "$T_2$-ification" of $X$ by setting $T_2(X,\tau) = X/\simeq$ where $x\simeq y$ in $X$ if and only if for every open neighborhood of $x$ has ...

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**0**answers

95 views

### Is $(\omega+1)^\omega$ with the box topology ultraparacompact?

Let $\omega+1$ be endowed with the interval topology, that is $U\subseteq (\omega+1)$ is open if $U\subseteq\omega$ or $(\omega+1)\setminus U$ is finite. We call $U\subseteq (\omega+1)$ basic if ...

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**1**answer

150 views

### Paracompact zero-dimensional space without clopen partition refinement

If $(X,\tau)$ is a topological space we say that an open cover $\mathcal{U}$ is a clopen partition cover if it consists of disjoint clopen sets. Trivially, every clopen partition cover is locally ...

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316 views

### Sierpinski-like spaces

Let $\mathbb{S}$ be the Sierpinski space, that is $\mathbb{S}$ has $\{0,1\}$ as a base set, and $\tau = \{\emptyset, \{0\}, \{0,1\}\}$ as a topology.
The Sierpinski space $\mathbb{S}$ has the ...

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**0**answers

127 views

### The Hausdorff quotient of totally disconnected space

Let $G$ be a second countable locally compact Hausdorff group and $X$ be a second countable locally compact almost-Hausdorff $G$-space. If $X$ is totally disconnected and the orbit space X/G is ...

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**2**answers

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### “All retracts are closed” as separation axiom

The starting point of this question is the fact that any retract of a $T_2$-space is closed.
Let's say a topological space $(X,\tau)$ is $T_{\textrm{rc}}$ if all retracts of $X$ are closed.
All ...

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310 views

### Infinite topological spaces such that every subset is a retract

Let $X$ be an infinite set and let $(X,\tau)$ be a topological space such that for every non-empty $A\subseteq X$ there is a continuous map $r:X\to A$ such that $r(a) = a$ for all $a\in A$. Does this ...

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votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Hausdorff spaces such that every subset is a retract

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a Hausdorff space such that for every non-empty $A\subseteq X$ there is a continuous map $r:X\to A$ such that $r(a) = a$ for all $a\in A$. Does $\tau$ have to be discrete?

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241 views

### Is the defining bijection for a pullback of topological spaces a homeomorphism?

I work in the category of CGWH spaces enriched over themselves. If a space $P$ is the pullback of $A \rightarrow B \leftarrow C$, then for every space $T$ the canonical map
$$Top(T,P) \rightarrow Top ...

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**1**answer

119 views

### totally disconnected sets and homeomorphisms [closed]

For every totally disconnected perfect subset S in the plane one finds
a homeomorphism of the plane onto itself mapping S onto the ternary Cantor set.
This is an exercise in a book by Engelking and ...

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**0**answers

120 views

### A forked plane continuum

I came up with this question while trying to solve the following MO one:
Does every connected set that is not a line segment cross some dyadic square?
Suppose $C$ is a plane continuum (i.e. a ...

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**1**answer

94 views

### Universality with respect to quotients

Is there an infinite cardinal $\kappa$ for which the following statement (S) true?
(S) : There is a topology $\tau_\kappa$ on $\kappa$ such that for all topological spaces $(X,\tau)$ with $|X|\leq ...

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94 views

### scott continuity, sub additivity

Let $(X, \sqsubseteq_x)$ and $(Y, \sqsubseteq_y)$ be two posets and let $\delta_x:X \to X$ and $\delta_y:Y \to Y$ be two closure operators (monotone, inflationary, idempotent). Then, a monotone ...

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**1**answer

83 views

### Can we build a continuous function from “fibers”/preimages defined over a topological base?

I am looking for some proof insight or literature references for a statement which, if it's actually true, is probably a pretty trivial thing. I hope the question has not been asked here before, and ...

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152 views

### Finite union of closed convex sets is triangulable?

I posted this question on Stackoverflow, but didn't get an answer.
Let $A_1, \ldots, A_k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be closed convex sets. Is the union $\bigcup_{i=1}^k A_i$ triangulable, that is, ...

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324 views

### Topological proof of a result in Logic

I proved the result below using logic. My questions:
Can this theorem be proved by purely topological means?
Do you know any theorems that either can be used to prove the same result, or which give ...

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**1**answer

344 views

### continuous images of open intervals

The well-known Hahn-Mazurkiewicz theorem characterizes those nonempty Hausdorff spaces $X$ that admit a continuous surjection $\alpha: [0, 1] \to X$ from the closed unit interval: it is necessary and ...

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**1**answer

84 views

### Is a weakly separable group always Lindelöf?

By "weakly separable" I mean the notion for uniform spaces used by David Wigner and Lawrence Brown: a uniform space is weakly separable if any uniform cover has a countable subcover. For a topological ...

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### A construction with Hyperspace of continums

Let $X$ be a compact connected metric space. Its hyperspace is denoted by $2^{X}.$ $X$ is considered as a subset of $2^{X}$ via the embedding $x\mapsto \{x\}$. Assume that $f:X\to X$ is a ...

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**1**answer

280 views

### A question about small cardinals related to Michael's Problem

I'm studying some applications of small cardinals related to the Michael's Problem. Recall that we say that a space $X$ is a Michael space if X is a regular Lindelöf space such that $X\times ...

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64 views

### hyperspaces and selection principals

Two things bother me for which I haven't found an answer yet:
1.Is anyone familiar with an example of a topological space $X$, in which the hyperspace $2^X$ with the upper Fell topology is ...

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**1**answer

101 views

### subspace in pseudotopological space

Every topological space gives rise to a pseudotopological space. Conversely, if $X$ is a pseudotopological space then we can define a topology on $X$ such that every filter converging to $x$ in the ...

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**1**answer

423 views

### sets without perfect subset in a non-separable completely metrizable space

Suppose $X$ is a completely metrizable (but not separable) space. Suppose $D$ is a Borel (actually $F_{\sigma}$) subset of $X$. Is there any logical relation between the following statements?
[1] ...

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### Is the limit set of a group action always closed?

Let $G$ be a discrete group acting on a compact metric space $X$. A point $x\in X$ is called a limit point, if there is a base point $x_0\in X$ and an injective sequence $(x_k)_{k\in\mathbb{N}}$ in ...

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**1**answer

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### Nonmetrizable compact totally disconnected spaces without isolated points

Brouwer proved that a topological space is homeomorphic to the Cantor set if and only if
1) it's non-empty,
2) it's compact,
3) it's totally disconnected,
4) it has no isolated points, and
5) ...

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**1**answer

216 views

### Continuous Functions

Is there a pair of continuous surjective functions say $f_1$ and $f_2$ from $\mathbb{Q}$ to itself such that for every $x, y \in \mathbb{Q}$, $f_1^{-1}(x) \cap f_2^{-1}(y)$ is non-empty?

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### Axiomatization of locally compact Hausdorff spaces via compact subspaces

The usual axiomatization of a topological space (in the sense of Bourbaki) goes by declaring certain subsets as being open and such that a few axioms are fulfilled by the family of open subsets.
It ...

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**2**answers

232 views

### An approximate infinite-dimensional fixed point theorem

Given $\epsilon > 0$ and $f : [0, 1]^{\omega} \rightarrow [0, 1]^{\omega}$, can we find $x$ such that $x \in \textrm{Conv}\left( \left\{f(y) : ||y - x||_{\infty} < \epsilon\right\}\right)$?
In ...

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198 views

### A set intersecting the graph of any continuous function in a finite set

New version of the problem I am looking for a characterization of those completely regular and hausdorff spaces $X$ such that the follwing is true:
If $f :X\longrightarrow \Bbb{R}$ is continuous ...

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277 views

### Sequences and pseudocharacter in compact spaces

Is there a consistent example of a compact Hausdorff space $X$ on which the following holds?
i) there is a $Y \in {[X]}^{\aleph_1}$ such that $\psi (Y) = \aleph_1$; and
ii) there is no non-trivial ...

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468 views

### A question about the Stone–Čech compactification of discrete spaces

Let $D(\kappa)$ be the discrete space of cardinality $\kappa$, and $\beta D(\kappa)$ its Stone–Čech compactification.
Is there, for every infinite cardinal $\kappa$, a subset $Y \in [\beta ...

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281 views

### Linearly Lindelöf spaces with Lindelöf degree of uncountable cofinality

Is there a linearly Lindelöf space $X$ with
$\operatorname{cf} (L(X))> \aleph_{0}$
(where $L$ is the cardinal function Lindelöf degree)?
$L(X)$ must be a limit cardinal, like $\aleph_{\omega_{1}}$ ...

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votes

**1**answer

348 views

### Is there a $P$-space linearly Lindelöf and non-Lindelöf?

A completely regular topological space $(X,\tau)$ is a $P$-space, if every $G_\delta$-subset of $X$ is open (i.e $\tau$ is closed under countable intersection).
A topological space $X$ is linearly ...

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**1**answer

135 views

### A space with countable tightness which is not a Fréchet space?

I need a space with countable tightness which is not a Fréchet space. In this space, I am searching for a point with no deleted neighborhood consisting entirely of P-points.
(A P-point is a point $x ...

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481 views

### Can closed compacts in a topological group behave “paradoxically” with respect to unions, intersections, and one-sided translations?

Consider two closed compacts $A$ and $B$ in a topological group $\Gamma$. Let $A'$ be a left translation of $A$ and $B'$ a left translation of $B$:
$A' = aA$,
$B' = bB$.
Suppose it is known that ...

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**1**answer

812 views

### Analysis of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set

Motivation: The Mandlebrot set is a simply connected set with an infinitely complex boundary, but CAN one move from interior to the exterior of this topological space by just crossing over a finite ...

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**1**answer

364 views

### Property of Mrowka

A topological space $X$ satisfies Property $K_1$ (Property of Mrowka) if the closure of the union of arbitrarily many $G_\delta$ sets of $X$ coincides with its sequential closure (the sequential ...

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**1**answer

286 views

### On the cardinality of perfect spaces with the countable chain condition

QUESTION: Does every regular perfect space with the countable chain condition have cardinality bounded above by the continuum? Is this at least true for perfectly normal ccc spaces?
Recall that a ...

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**2**answers

259 views

### Finitely cocomplete categories of compact Hausdorff spaces

Edit: Zhen Lin incisively observes in a comment below that the category of compact Hausdorff spaces is monadic over the category of sets, hence is cocomplete. That answers the first part of question 1 ...

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344 views

### Existence of a Sub-Category of the Category of Topological Spaces

My question start with the following observations:
If you have a finite number of topological spaces $X_1, \dots , X_n$ you can define a space that is the disjoint union of its $\sqcup_{i=1}^n ...

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### Why are quasitopological spaces needed in sheaf theoretic approaches to the h-principle?

Recently I have been learning more about the h-principle and in particular the methods of "continuous sheaves". In many treatments of this I see people using "quasi-topological spaces" and I am trying ...

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### Reference needed: Does pseudo laminated compact subsets of the plane separate the plane?

Hi,
doing my research I found the following problem and I´ll be glad if someone could give a reference.
We say that a compact connected subset $K$ of the plane is psuedo laminated if the following ...

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1k views

### Is $C^{\infty}[0,1]$ or $S$ separable?

I want to know if $C^{\infty}[0,1]$ or $S$ (Schwartz function space) is separable. Can somebody offer me some results or references?
Thank you!

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### Topological characterization of the closed interval $[0,1]$

This question is related to question 92206 "What properties make $[0, 1]$ a good candidate for defining fundamental groups?" but is not exactly equivalent in my opinion. It is even suggested in one ...

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### What are Normal Sets (Fréchet)?

In 1913, LEJ Brouwer started a new approach to give a topologist's definition of the notion dimension ("Über den natürlichen Dimensionsbegriff", Journal für die reine und angewandte Mathematik, 142, ...

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### Compactness of the Hilbert cube without the Axiom of Choice

I am just curious: is there a published proof of the compactness of the Hilbert cube that does not use the Axiom of Choice, or is it well known?