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14
votes
0answers
276 views

Does every relative curve have a Picard scheme?

More precisely: Let $X \to S$ be a smooth proper morphism of schemes such that the geometric fibers are integral curves of genus $g$. Must the fppf relative Picard functor $\operatorname{\bf ...
5
votes
0answers
85 views

Picard scheme of varieties over imperfect fields

Let $k$ be a field and $X$ a proper $k$-scheme. It is a theorem of Murre and Oort that the Picard functor is representable by a $k$-group scheme $\operatorname{Pic}_{X/k}$ which is locally of finite ...
2
votes
1answer
263 views

On a property of the Grothendieck group of a smooth projective curve

Let $K$ be a complete DVR of characteristic $0$, $X$ a smooth projective curve over $K$. Denote by $K^0(X)$ the Grothendieck group of locally free sheaves on $X$ and by $\mbox{det}$ the natural group ...
1
vote
2answers
121 views

Jacobian of a curve and field extension

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero and $X_K$ a smooth projective curve on $K$. Denote by $\bar{K}$ the algebraic closure of $K$ and $X_{\bar{K}}$ the base change of $X_K$ to $\bar{K}$. Under ...
3
votes
2answers
138 views

Injectivity under flat base change of the Picard group on smooth projective curves

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic $0$, $X_K$ a smooth projective curve over $K$. Denote by $\bar{K}$ the algebraic closure of $K$. The base change morphism $X_{\bar{K}} \to X_K$, induces via the ...
6
votes
1answer
254 views

Picard group generated by effective divisors: counterexample?

Let $X$ be an integral variety defined over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic 0 with finitely generated Picard group $Pic(X)$ and such that $k[X]^\times=k^\times$ (i.e. the only ...
6
votes
2answers
196 views

adjacency matrix of a graph and lines on quartic surfaces

Suppose you are given a smooth quartic surface $X$ in $\mathbb P^3$. I would like to find an upper bound for the number of lines on $X$ in the case that there is no plane intersecting the curves in ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Picard group of infinite direct product of DVRs trivial

Let $R = \prod_{n\in\mathbf{N}}R_n$ be an infinite direct product of discrete valuation rings $R_n$. Why is $\mathrm{Pic}(R) = 0$?
6
votes
0answers
102 views

Picard group of Drinfeld upper half space

Let $K$ be a $p$-adic field and $\Omega^{(n)}_K$ the $n$-dimensional Drinfeld upper half space over $K$ (which is a rigid analytic space over $K$). Is the Picard group of $\Omega^{(n)}_K$ known? ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

divisors on $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ that are trivial on certain $F$-curves

Inside the moduli space of curves $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ one can distinguish two classes of $F$-curves isomorphic to $\mathbb{P}^1$: those of type $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,4}$, and those of ...
1
vote
0answers
185 views

Elegant definition for the scheme parametrizing $g_d^r$'s on a curve

Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve over $k=\bar{k}$, and $Pic^d$ the $d$-part of the Picard group of $X$ (isomorphism classes of line bundles of degree $d$ on $X$). I'd like to define a scheme ...
0
votes
0answers
128 views

Hypersurfaces with Picard group generated by classes of lines on the same plane

For which values of $d$ is the following possible: There exist a smooth hypersurface $X$ in $\mathbb{P}^3$ of degree $d$ with Picard number $d$, containing $d-1$ lines $l_1,...,l_{d-1}$ on the same ...
7
votes
2answers
500 views

$Pic$ of the stack of elliptic curves vs. $Pic$ of the coarse space

There's a natural map $f:\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{1,1}\to \overline{M}_{1,1}\cong \mathbb{P}^1$ from the stack of elliptic curves to the coarse space. Both spaces have $Pic=\mathbb{Z}$ hence ...
6
votes
1answer
238 views

Relatively numerically trivial divisor

Hi, Let $f : X \rightarrow Y$ a projective morphism of quasi-projective algebraic varieties over $\mathbb{C}$. Assume that $X$ is smooth, that $Y$ is normal and that: $$\textbf{R} f_* \mathcal{O}_X ...
6
votes
0answers
481 views

Definition of relative Picard functor

Let $X \to S$ be a morphism of schemes. The relative Picard functor from schemes over $S$ to abelian groups is usually defined by the formula $T \mapsto \text{Pic}(X \times_S T)/\text{Pic}(T)$ (e.g. ...
3
votes
1answer
369 views

Line bundles on a pointless curve

Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve over a field $k$. In chapter 8 of the book Neron Models by Bosch et al., there is a general result (namely Proposition 4) which implies that if $X$ admits a ...
3
votes
2answers
218 views

$Pic(X)/l=0$ in terms of $H^*_{et}(X,\mu_{l^n})$?

I would like to calculate Picard groups of certain schemes over fields; I'm mostly interested in the question whether $Pic(X)$ is infinitely $l$-divisible, i.e. whether $Pic(X)/l=0$, $l$ is a prime ...
3
votes
2answers
484 views

Blowing down -1 curves

After a good look for anything in the way of an explicit example, and harassing the algebraic geometers in the department, I still am unable to find an answer to my question, so any light will be very ...
7
votes
1answer
579 views

Picard group of a singular projective curve

Let $X$ be a singular irreducible projective curve over an algebraically closed field and $\pi : \widetilde{X} \to X$ the normalization morphism. In the book on Neron models by Bosch et al. (I have ...
2
votes
1answer
276 views

Picard/cohomology lattice of surfaces of low degree in $\mathbb P^3$

Let $S_{d>3}\subset\mathbb{P}^3_{\mathbb{C}}$ be a smooth surface of degree $d$. What is known (where to read?) about the Picard/cohomology lattice for small d? e.g. for $d=4$ the cohomology ...
2
votes
0answers
162 views

Is Pic( G((z)) ) = $\mathbb{Z}$?

There are a fair number of papers by Beauville, Laszlo, Sorger, Kumar and others on the geometry of $LG/L^+G = G((z))/G[[z]]$ where $G$ is a simply connected and simple group over $\mathbb{C}$. In ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

$\psi$ class in $\overline{M}_{0,n}$

Basic question, but I found no reference. Is the $\psi$ class the only one which is not a boundary class in the PIcard group of the Deligne-Mumford compactification of $\mathcal{M}_{0,n}$? Or can it ...
3
votes
0answers
197 views

How can one check that two line bundles on $\overline{M}_{0,n}$ coincide?

Let $X$ be the Deligne-Mumford compactification of $\mathcal{M}_{0,n}$. Suppose I have two (big) line bundles $L$ and $L'$ on $X$ and that I want to show that they are the same element of $Pic(X)$. Of ...
7
votes
1answer
390 views

Picard group of $\mathcal{M}_{0,n}$

Let $\mathcal{M}_{0,n}$ be the complement of the boundary of the Mumford-Knudsen compactification of the moduli space of genus zero, n-pointed curves. Is $Pic(\mathcal{M}_{0,n})$ trivial?
3
votes
0answers
259 views

On generators of the Picard group of a projective smooth surface over a finite field

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface over a finite field $k=\mathbb{F}_q$. Let us first review the proof of the finite generation of $Pic(X)$ (notice that the proof is valid for any smooth ...
5
votes
1answer
343 views

What is the Picard group of a Schubert variety in the affine Grassmannian?

I'm not sure I have a lot more to say than the title. Let $G$ be your favorite simple algebraic group over $\mathbb{C}$, and let $$\overline {\mathrm{Gr}}_\lambda= \overline{G(\mathbb{C}[[t]])\cdot ...
7
votes
6answers
2k views

Picard group, Fundamental group, and deformation

One of the most elementary theorems about Picard group is probably $\mathrm{Pic} (X \times \mathbb{A}^n) \cong \mathrm{Pic} X$ and $\mathrm{Pic} (X \times \mathbb{P}^n) \cong \mathrm{Pic} X \times ...
1
vote
0answers
141 views

$G_m$-cohomology of a motif (that corresponds to a stack?)

As in the question For a G-variety, what could one say about the motif of the corresponding simplicial variety I am in the following situation: $G$ is an algerbraic group, and X is a smooth ...
2
votes
0answers
324 views

A motivic complex

By definition, Voevodsky's motivic complex (an object of his $DM^{eff}_-$) is a complex of sheaves with transfers whose cohomology sheaves are homotopy invariant. Now, I consider the complex (of ...
13
votes
1answer
553 views

Is the ring of all cyclotomic integers a Bezout domain?

My previous question about the theorem (apparently due to Dedekind -- thanks, Arturo Magidin!) that the ring $\overline{\mathbb{Z}}$ of all algebraic integers is a Bezout domain got me thinking about ...
3
votes
2answers
507 views

What is ample generator of a Picard group?

First a note of caution: I am a physicist with a rudimentary knowledge of algebraic geometry picked up here and there. So don't assume I know anything besides basic properties of sheaves and try to ...
4
votes
1answer
356 views

An example where $Pic(X) = H^0(k,Pic(\overline{X}))$?

Let $X$ be a geometrically integral smooth projective variety over a number field $k$. Then if $X$ is everywhere locally soluble, we have $Pic(X) = H^0(k,Pic (\overline{X}))$, where $\overline{X}=X ...
5
votes
1answer
677 views

What does the Riemann-Hurwitz formula tell us on the Picard variety

Let $f:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a finite separable morphism of smooth projective integral curves over an algebraically closed field. Then we have a linear equivalence of Weil divisors on $X$: $$ ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

Two questions about finiteness of ideal classes in abstract number rings

Let us say that an abstract number ring is an integral domain $R$ which is not a field, and which has the "finite norms" property: for any nonzero ideal $I$ of $R$, the quotient $R/I$ is finite. (I ...
1
vote
0answers
284 views

Abel-Jacobi map for regular fibered surfaces.

Let $f:C\to S$ be a regular fibered surface where $S=Spec(R)$, $R=dvr$. Assume $C$ has smooth geometrically integral generic fibre $C_K$. We also assume the existence of a section $x\in C(S)$. Let ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Picard groups of non-projective varieties

As far as I know, the main representability result for the relative Picard functor $Pic_{X/k}$, for a noeth. sep. scheme of finite type over a field $k$ is: If $X$ is proper then $Pic_{X/k}$ is ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Torsion-freeness of Picard group

Let $X$ be a complex normal projective variety. Is there any sufficient condition to guarantee the torsion-freeness of Picard group of $X$? One technique I sometimes use is following: If $X$ can be ...
12
votes
6answers
1k views

Seeking Noetherian normal domain with vanishing Picard group but not a UFD

Once again, the question says it all. My motivation is the article on factorization I am writing. I want to explain (as well as to understand!) why for normal Noetherian domains of dimension greater ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Picard Groups of Moduli Problems

First, yes, I've seen Mumford's paper of this title. I'm actually interested in specific ones, and looking for really the most elementary/elegant proof possible. I'm told that for $g\geq 2$ it is ...
4
votes
2answers
619 views

For a line bundle L on a smooth projective variety X, what is meant by Pic^L(X)

Hi everyone, Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over a field $k$ and let $L$ be a line bundle on $X$. I'm reading the article Heights for line bundles on arithmetic varieties and there one ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the right definition of the Picard group of a commutative ring?

This is a rather technical question with no particular importance in any case of actual interest to me, but I've been writing up some notes on commutative algebra and flailing on this point for some ...