The physics tag has no wiki summary.

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### What is the geometric meaning of the third derivative of a function at a point? [closed]

What is the geometric meaning of the third derivative of a function at a point?
This question is now asked on the sister site: ...

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votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Something like mathoverflow in other sciences [closed]

Are the sites similar to mathoverflow in other sciences related to mathematics? statistics, computer science, physics, economics, etc?
Let me explain what I mean by "similar": those are sites devoted ...

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**5**answers

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### Optical methods for number theory?

I found a paper: 'A New Method of Finding the Distribution of Prime Number', saying
We stack discs and annuluses with certain rules then turn on the light to illuminate. The projection of ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

145 views

### Analytic solution of a system of linear, hyperbolic, first order, partial differential equations

In a try to solve a physical problem, I've faced a system of first-order partial differential equations of the form
...

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**0**answers

83 views

### Geometric interpretation of table with permutations and inversions

Let $T(n,k)$ is the number of permutations of numbers $1, ..., n$ and each of the permutations has $k$ inversions. We can consider a table for $T(n,k)$ for some $n$ and $k$. For eg.
$n=1,...,6$, ...

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**0**answers

80 views

### Diffusion equation on mixing of diffusing particles

I am trying to study mixing of diffusing particles like it was done by E. Ben-Naim On the Mixing of Diļ¬using Particles.
The picture below shows the idea how permutations and inversion numbers reflect ...

**67**

votes

**2**answers

104k views

### Perfectly centered break of a perfectly aligned pool ball rack

Imagine the beginning of a game of pool, you have 16 balls, 15 of them in a triangle <| and 1 of them being the cue ball off to the left of that triangle. Imagine that the rack (the 15 balls in a ...

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**9**answers

2k views

### Newton equations, second order equation and (im)possible motions

I am am currently studying Newtonian mechanics from a conceptional and axiomatic point of view. Now, if I am not mistaken, one (but surely not all) statement of Newtons second law about nature is, ...

**23**

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**3**answers

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### How can simple physical “proofs” of mathematical facts be made rigorous?

Mark Levi's The Mathematical Mechanic is a book of examples of how physical reasoning can be used to solve mathematical problems; another couple of examples is in this blog post at Concrete Nonsense. ...

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votes

**1**answer

320 views

### Path integrals for stochastic equations

Does there exist a rigorous mathematical proof for path integral representations given in the physics literature? See for example
http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/9912209v1
For imaginary time rigorous ...

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votes

**4**answers

685 views

### Can the equation of motion with friction be written as Euler-Lagrange equation?

My (non-expert) impression is that many physically important equations of motion can be obtained as Euler-Lagrange equations. For example in quantum fields theories and in quantum mechanics quantum ...

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votes

**3**answers

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### Has the Lie group E8 really been detected experimentally?

A few months ago there were several math talks about how the Lie group E8 had been detected in some physics experiment. I recently looked up the original paper where this was announced,
"Quantum ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

286 views

### A particular contour integral

Mathoverflow,
I'd like to carry out the following integral,
$$f(t) = \int_{- \infty}^{\infty}\frac{-i\Omega e^{i \Omega t}}{1-\sqrt{-i\Omega}\coth(\sqrt{-i\Omega})} d\Omega.$$
Here's what I've ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

309 views

### About using the character formula for $SO(2n)$.

I have known of the following equation for characters of a $SO(2n)$ representation with highest weights $(h_1,...,h_n)$ and for $(t_1,t_2,..,t_n,t_1^{-1},t_2^{-1},..,t_n^{-1})$ being the eigenvalues ...

**2**

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**0**answers

84 views

### The condition of maximality in branching rules of $SO$ group representations

Let the highest weight of a $SO(2n+1)$ representation be given as $(m_1,m_2,...,m_n)$ ($m_1\geq m_2 \geq .. \geq m_n \geq 0$) and the highest weight of a $SO(2n)$ representation be $(s_1,s_2,...,s_n)$ ...

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votes

**2**answers

397 views

### Deriving the Mercator projection algorithm

The standard model of Mercator projection shows a cylinder wrapped around a spherical earth eg Wiki.
Many sites describe the resulting square map like this:
"...spherical Mercator maps use an extent ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

249 views

### In the topos-theoretic interpretation of Physics by Isham & Doering what role does intuitionistic logic play? [closed]

I've asked this question on Physics.SE but was advised to ask it here.
Isham & Doering have written a series of papers exploring how to ground physics in topoi. Now the internal logic of topoi is ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

357 views

### A question on chiral rings and geometry of the vacuum bundle

I am reading "Mirror Symmetry" by Hori et al, and have a question on Chap.17 (Chiral rings and geometry of the vacuum bundle). On p.425 the authors say
Consider the path-integral on the ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

472 views

### An algebraic approach to the thermodynamic limit $N\rightarrow\infty$?

In physics one studies quite often the thermodynamic limit or what we call the $N\rightarrow \infty$ behavior of a system of $N\rightarrow\infty$ particles. This is of particular relevance in the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

353 views

### Dimensional regularization in odd dimensions

I am not quite sure that my question below is appropriate for this site, probably it should be addressed to the physical commutity. But I hope that some (mathematical) physicists do attend MO. I have ...

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**23**answers

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### A soft introduction to physics for mathematicians who don't know the first thing about physics

There have been similar questions on mathoverflow, but the answers always gave some advanced introduction to the mathematics of quantum field theory, or string theory and so forth. While those may be ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### What is the relationship between complex time singularities and UV fixed points?

In this paper it is described how the turbulent kinetic energy spectrum and the flatness (a measure for intermittency) are governed by the position of the (dominant) singularities of the solutions of ...

**23**

votes

**6**answers

4k views

### Explanations for mathematicians, about the falsifiability (or not) of string theory [closed]

Like many other mathematicians, I think string theory very attractive. This theory has wonderfully influenced many new topics in mathematics (I myself have worked on one of them), but it's not the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

540 views

### Derivation of Bessel functions

I am writing a summary on a work on Fluid Dynamics that develops irrotational flow states that appear to interact amongst each other according to the equations of Electromagnetism ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

548 views

### What is the “fundamental theorem of invariant theory” ?

The basic question I guess can be formulated as - given two integers $N_f$ and $N_c$ what are the ways in which the fundamental and the anti-fundamental representations of $U(N_f)$ be combined to get ...

**16**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Angle Maximizing the Distance of a Projectile

It is well-known that to maximize the horizontal distance traveled by a projectile fired from the ground at a given speed, one should fire it at a $45^\circ$ angle. What's less-known, though not too ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

808 views

### Is there an observer dependent mathematics? [closed]

Is there any field of mathematics that deals with the role of the observer? E.g., some formulation in which a set is changed, in some unspecified way, when it is observed? Or maybe some philosophy of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Three body problem with point interactions

I've studied the HVZ theorem for the three body problem interacting with regular potentials. I'd like to extend this result to the three body problem with point interactions (delta potentials).
Is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Solvable models in quantum mechanics

Is there anyone who studied on the book "Solvable Models In Quantum Mechanics" by Albeverio? I don't succed in understanding the proof of page 116 about the eigenvalues of the Hamiltonian with point ...

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votes

**2**answers

304 views

### Translation of an article

I need to read this article
"On the spectrum of an energy operator for atoms with fixed nuclei in subspaces corresponding to irriducible representations of permutation groups"
authors:G.Zhislin, A. ...

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vote

**1**answer

309 views

### Proof of generalized Cauchy formula

I would like to know if there is a proof for the identity used in the superconformal index of 4d ${\cal N}=2$ gauge theory. In the paper by Rastelli el al, it was discovered that Eq. (10) is equal to ...

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**2**answers

405 views

### Permuting Racked Pool Balls with a Single Break

Given reasonable physical assumptions (on friction, collisions, etc.), would it be possible to "break" in a pool game such that when all the balls come to rest, the only difference is that the racked ...

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**2**answers

571 views

### What do correlation functions compute in CFT?

I would like to understand what correlation functions compute in Conformal Field Theory in mathematics. Let me begin with basic definitions. We define a free boson field $\phi(z)$ as a formal power ...

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votes

**1**answer

91 views

### orthotropic materials solution of boundary value problems

What are the methods or approaches for the analytical solutions of boundary value problems in the theory of elasticity for orthotropic materials?

**5**

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**2**answers

871 views

### Homotopy $\pi_4(SU(2))=Z_2$

I am a physics student, recently I read a paper using Homotopy $\pi_4(SU(2))=Z_2$, I guess mathematicians have some visualization or explanation of this result. So I come here ask for help.
...

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votes

**1**answer

456 views

### Impact of LHC on math ? [closed]

LHC (Large Hadron Collider) "... remains one of the largest and most complex experimental facilities ever built". May be it is even the most complex project in humankind's history(?).
Such projects ...

**22**

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**11**answers

2k views

### What kind of Lagrangians can we have?

In any physics book I've read the Lagrangian is introuced as as a functional whose critical points govern the dynamics of the system. It is then usually shown that a finite collection of ...

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vote

**1**answer

406 views

### David Hilbert on Complex Multiplication [closed]

I have tried vainly to understand the significance of the following statement attributed to David Hilbert:
The theory of complex multiplication is not only the most beautiful part of mathematics ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

525 views

### Higgs mechanism from a deformation quantization point of view

Is it possible to describe the Higgs mechanism from a deformation quantization point of view? How would one do it? Are there aspects of the Higgs mechanism and Higgs particle which one may see clearer ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

253 views

### Distribution of random vectors

Two positive numbers $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are given. We are going to describe a process of choosing a random vector on the unit sphere $S$ in $\mathbb R^3$ (given by $x^2+y^2+z^2=1$).
A vector $u\in ...

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votes

**2**answers

679 views

### Quantum mechanics basics [closed]

Hello. I'm thinking about where does the basic quantum mechanics things comes from. I mean the forms of operators and a Shroedinger equation. The more intuitive explanation is better.
To get forms of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

325 views

### Why is the physical space equivalent to $\mathbb{R}^3$ [closed]

I am trying to understand what would be the logical reasons behind our assumption that our physical space is equivalent to $\mathbb{R}^3$ or 'physical straight line' is equivalent to $\mathbb{R}$.
...

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votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What is the current state of the mathematics of Higgs fields?

Topical. I know there are good mathematical theories in which "Higgs" is used, in a geometrical sense. Would someone care to explain?
To clarify, I'd like to know about Higgs bundles on Riemann ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### How the spin value is related to mathematical nature of the field?

Fields are one of the following: scalars, vectors, spinors or some Lie algebra elements, right? And it's often said that scalars are spin-0 and vectors are spin-1. So, what's idea of correspondence ...

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votes

**3**answers

561 views

### Best book for learning sensor fusion, specifically regarding IMU and GPS integration.

I have posted this in MathOverflow because the subject is primarily Math related.
I have a requirement of building an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) from the following sensors:
Accelerometer
...

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vote

**0**answers

225 views

### Bosonic String Theory

I would like clarification of 26 dimensional Bosonic String Theory. A definition would be, that this is free bosons compactified on a torus and orbifolded by a 2-point reflection group (or ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

787 views

### Singular K3 — mathematical meaning?

There's a very interesting text by Cumrun Vafa called Geometric Physics.
Here I'm particularly interested in Chapter 4, where we take a Calabi-Yau manifold presented as a degenerating fibration:
...

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votes

**1**answer

975 views

### Self-tightening knot

Is there a way, for some finite L>1, to tie two pieces of rope together, such that any finite force is not enough to pull them apart?
The type of rope I have in mind is something like cylindrical ...

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**0**answers

214 views

### Simple question on the foundations of spin foam formalism

To make it simple, take the spin foam formalism of ($SU(2)$) 3D gravity. My question is about the choice of the data that will replace the (smoothly defined) fields $e$ (the triad) and $\omega$ (the ...

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**6**answers

2k views

### Perpetuum Mobile

In 2 hours after posting this, I realized that preserving Liouville measure solves the problem completely. Sorry for disturbing...
Construction of perpetuum mobile:
Consider room with mirror walls ...