The physics tag has no usage guidance.

**11**

votes

**2**answers

575 views

### Number theory and physics

I was following some lectures by Edward Frenkel about Langlands correspondence. He was describing some analogies between number theory and theoretical physics (Mirror symmetry). At some point ( my ...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

24 views

### calorimetry - thermodynamics [on hold]

The end of a rod is in thermal contact with a vessel containing a mixture of ice and water .If steady state heat flow through the rod is 140 W ,
determine how many grams of ice that melts in 1 minute ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

328 views

### Mathematics of Chiral Rings

Let $A$ be a graded vector space, and suppose that two commuting differentials $d_1$ and $d_2$ of degree +1 act on $A$, such that $A$ equipped with either is a chain complex.
We now construct $C(A)$, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Generating Functional for the Dirac Field, equivalence of expressions

As with the Klein-Gordon field, we can alternatively derive the Feynman rules with the free Dirac theory by means of a generating functional. In analogy with the scalar field theory where $Z[J]$ is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

51 views

### Computational Physics or Pure Math Modules for Theoretical Physics [closed]

I'm beginning my university course in Theoretical Physics next week and we have been asked to choose our modules.
We have compulsory modules in Physics, Vector Algebra and Dynamics. But we also have ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

234 views

### Unusual generalization of the law of large numbers

I have seen in physical literature
an example of application of a very unusual form of the law of large numbers. I would like to understand how legitimate is the use of it, whether there are ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Applications of set theory in physics

In the introduction of the paper "Links between physics and set theory", the following quote of Eris Chric is stated:
"Set theory perhaps is too important to be left just to ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Approximation of the effective resistance on Cayley graph

Let $\Gamma$ be a finitely generated group, and denote by $G$ the Cayley graph of $\Gamma$. Denote by $d_R$ the resistance distance metric on this graph. The resistance distance metric between the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### reference for higher spin - not gravitational nor stringy

Other than the papers of Berends, Burgers and van Dam, are there any papers that study the general case of deforming a free field theory with higher spin fields to be interactive?

**33**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### Companion to theoretical physics for working mathematicians

In the Princeton Companion to Mathematics one reads that even pure mathematicians should know some theoretical physics and applied mathematics. What are some well-organized comprehensive companions to ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

393 views

### What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism?

What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism?
Is the Sp(2) doublet the ghost, antighost pair?
Introductory accounts of this subject seem to be hard to find. I would appreciate a reference for someone who ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Interpretation for a condition in fluid dynamics

I have been working with some mathematical models in biology and fluid mechanics. My problem is about
the interpretation of a condition that I found for a vector
representing the velocity of a fluid. ...

**26**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### When exactly and why matrix multiplication became a part of undergraduate curriculum?

The story about Heisenberg inventing matrices and matrix multiplication in 1925 is very well known and well documented. Few weeks later Born and Jordan picked this and recognized the matrix ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### A hyperbolic partial differential equation (wave-like) with variable-dependent coefficient and possibly singular in one variable

First, I beg your pardon since the title of the question is a bit confusing I guess. I'm working on a physical equation of the wave-like form. Explicitly, it reads
...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### What are the formula of representation of quasicrystals and the law or mechanism of the formation [closed]

I vaguely recall that formula of representation of quasicrystals is relevant to tiling plane,and tiling plane without period is relevant to recursiveness, and do not know the mechanism or physics ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Sites for seeking possible collaborations

As a material scientist, I have recently constructed algorithms for solving ground state of arbitrary cluster interactions models and prepared publications in the field of physics and material ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

335 views

### Gauge-theoretic formulation of Maxwell equations [duplicate]

Does any one know how to write the Maxwell equations as an equation on a principal $U(1)$-bundle?
In Freed & Uhlenbeck's Instantons and Four manifolds, the authors claim that the Maxwell ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

469 views

### Helmholtz equation Poynting vector integral

The Maxwell's equation for harmonic time dependent field in vacuum is
\begin{align}
\nabla \times B + i\omega E &= 0\\
\nabla \times E - i\omega B &= 0 \\
\nabla \cdot B &= 0 \\
\nabla ...

**6**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Optical methods for number theory?

I found a paper: 'A New Method of Finding the Distribution of Prime Number', saying
We stack discs and annuluses with certain rules then turn on the light to illuminate. The projection of ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

470 views

### Analytic solution of a system of linear, hyperbolic, first order, partial differential equations

In a try to solve a physical problem, I've faced a system of first-order partial differential equations of the form
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Geometric interpretation of table with permutations and inversions

Let $T(n,k)$ is the number of permutations of numbers $1, ..., n$ and each of the permutations has $k$ inversions. We can consider a table for $T(n,k)$ for some $n$ and $k$. For eg.
$n=1,...,6$, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Diffusion equation on mixing of diffusing particles

I am trying to study mixing of diffusing particles like it was done by E. Ben-Naim On the Mixing of Diﬀusing Particles.
The picture below shows the idea how permutations and inversion numbers reflect ...

**74**

votes

**2**answers

108k views

### Perfectly centered break of a perfectly aligned pool ball rack

Imagine the beginning of a game of pool, you have 16 balls, 15 of them in a triangle <| and 1 of them being the cue ball off to the left of that triangle. Imagine that the rack (the 15 balls in a ...

**14**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Can the equation of motion with friction be written as Euler-Lagrange equation, and does it have a quantum version?

My (non-expert) impression is that many physically important equations of motion can be obtained as Euler-Lagrange equations. For example in quantum fields theories and in quantum mechanics quantum ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

374 views

### A particular contour integral

Mathoverflow,
I'd like to carry out the following integral,
$$f(t) = \int_{- \infty}^{\infty}\frac{-i\Omega e^{i \Omega t}}{1-\sqrt{-i\Omega}\coth(\sqrt{-i\Omega})} d\Omega.$$
Here's what I've ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

359 views

### Path integrals for stochastic equations

Does there exist a rigorous mathematical proof for path integral representations given in the physics literature? See for example
http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/9912209v1
For imaginary time rigorous ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### The condition of maximality in branching rules of $SO$ group representations

Let the highest weight of a $SO(2n+1)$ representation be given as $(m_1,m_2,...,m_n)$ ($m_1\geq m_2 \geq .. \geq m_n \geq 0$) and the highest weight of a $SO(2n)$ representation be $(s_1,s_2,...,s_n)$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

348 views

### About using the character formula for $SO(2n)$.

I have known of the following equation for characters of a $SO(2n)$ representation with highest weights $(h_1,...,h_n)$ and for $(t_1,t_2,..,t_n,t_1^{-1},t_2^{-1},..,t_n^{-1})$ being the eigenvalues ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

323 views

### In the topos-theoretic interpretation of Physics by Isham & Doering what role does intuitionistic logic play? [closed]

I've asked this question on Physics.SE but was advised to ask it here.
Isham & Doering have written a series of papers exploring how to ground physics in topoi. Now the internal logic of topoi is ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

406 views

### A question on chiral rings and geometry of the vacuum bundle

I am reading "Mirror Symmetry" by Hori et al, and have a question on Chap.17 (Chiral rings and geometry of the vacuum bundle). On p.425 the authors say
Consider the path-integral on the ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

521 views

### An algebraic approach to the thermodynamic limit $N\rightarrow\infty$?

In physics one studies quite often the thermodynamic limit or what we call the $N\rightarrow \infty$ behavior of a system of $N\rightarrow\infty$ particles. This is of particular relevance in the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

562 views

### Dimensional regularization in odd dimensions

I am not quite sure that my question below is appropriate for this site, probably it should be addressed to the physical commutity. But I hope that some (mathematical) physicists do attend MO. I have ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### What is the relationship between complex time singularities and UV fixed points?

In this paper it is described how the turbulent kinetic energy spectrum and the flatness (a measure for intermittency) are governed by the position of the (dominant) singularities of the solutions of ...

**26**

votes

**6**answers

5k views

### Explanations for mathematicians, about the falsifiability (or not) of string theory [closed]

Like many other mathematicians, I think string theory very attractive. This theory has wonderfully influenced many new topics in mathematics (I myself have worked on one of them), but it's not the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

967 views

### Derivation of Bessel functions

I am writing a summary on a work on Fluid Dynamics that develops irrotational flow states that appear to interact amongst each other according to the equations of Electromagnetism ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

744 views

### What is the “fundamental theorem of invariant theory” ?

The basic question I guess can be formulated as - given two integers $N_f$ and $N_c$ what are the ways in which the fundamental and the anti-fundamental representations of $U(N_f)$ be combined to get ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

911 views

### Is there an observer dependent mathematics? [closed]

Is there any field of mathematics that deals with the role of the observer? E.g., some formulation in which a set is changed, in some unspecified way, when it is observed? Or maybe some philosophy of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Three body problem with point interactions

I've studied the HVZ theorem for the three body problem interacting with regular potentials. I'd like to extend this result to the three body problem with point interactions (delta potentials).
Is ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

612 views

### Deriving the Mercator projection algorithm

The standard model of Mercator projection shows a cylinder wrapped around a spherical earth eg Wiki.
Many sites describe the resulting square map like this:
"...spherical Mercator maps use an extent ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

312 views

### Translation of an article

I need to read this article
"On the spectrum of an energy operator for atoms with fixed nuclei in subspaces corresponding to irriducible representations of permutation groups"
authors:G.Zhislin, A. ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

274 views

### Solvable models in quantum mechanics

Is there anyone who studied on the book "Solvable Models In Quantum Mechanics" by Albeverio? I don't succed in understanding the proof of page 116 about the eigenvalues of the Hamiltonian with point ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

350 views

### Proof of generalized Cauchy formula

I would like to know if there is a proof for the identity used in the superconformal index of 4d ${\cal N}=2$ gauge theory. In the paper by Rastelli el al, it was discovered that Eq. (10) is equal to ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

793 views

### What do correlation functions compute in CFT?

I would like to understand what correlation functions compute in Conformal Field Theory in mathematics. Let me begin with basic definitions. We define a free boson field $\phi(z)$ as a formal power ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

509 views

### Permuting Racked Pool Balls with a Single Break

Given reasonable physical assumptions (on friction, collisions, etc.), would it be possible to "break" in a pool game such that when all the balls come to rest, the only difference is that the racked ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### orthotropic materials solution of boundary value problems

What are the methods or approaches for the analytical solutions of boundary value problems in the theory of elasticity for orthotropic materials?

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Homotopy $\pi_4(SU(2))=Z_2$

I am a physics student, recently I read a paper using Homotopy $\pi_4(SU(2))=Z_2$, I guess mathematicians have some visualization or explanation of this result. So I come here ask for help.
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

472 views

### Impact of LHC on math ? [closed]

LHC (Large Hadron Collider) "... remains one of the largest and most complex experimental facilities ever built". May be it is even the most complex project in humankind's history(?).
Such projects ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

446 views

### David Hilbert on Complex Multiplication [closed]

I have tried vainly to understand the significance of the following statement attributed to David Hilbert:
The theory of complex multiplication is not only the most beautiful part of mathematics ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

316 views

### Distribution of random vectors

Two positive numbers $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are given. We are going to describe a process of choosing a random vector on the unit sphere $S$ in $\mathbb R^3$ (given by $x^2+y^2+z^2=1$).
A vector $u\in ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

550 views

### Higgs mechanism from a deformation quantization point of view

Is it possible to describe the Higgs mechanism from a deformation quantization point of view? How would one do it? Are there aspects of the Higgs mechanism and Higgs particle which one may see clearer ...