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**42**

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### Transitivity on $\mathbb{N}_0$ — a 42 problem

Let $r(m)$ denote the residue class $r+m\mathbb{Z}$, where $0 \leq r < m$.
Given disjoint residue classes $r_1(m_1)$ and $r_2(m_2)$, let the class
transposition $\tau_{r_1(m_1),r_2(m_2)}$ be the ...

**27**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### When is $S_n \times S_m$ a subgroup of $S_p$?

I asked the following question on math.stackexchange several months ago:
Let $n,m,p>1$ be such that $S_n \times S_m \hookrightarrow S_p$. Does it imply that $p \geq n+m$?
Derek Holt gave a ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Order of products of elements in symmetric groups

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$. Is it true that for any $a, b, c \in \mathbb{N}$ satisfying
$1 < a, b, c \leq n-2$ the symmetric group ${\rm S}_n$ has elements of order $a$ and $b$
whose product has order ...

**20**

votes

**3**answers

662 views

### Is there a way of canonically labelling permutation groups?

When working with large numbers of graphs, a canonical labelling routine is essential as, after the initial cost of canonically labelling each graph, it permits isomorphism checks to be replaced with ...

**15**

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**2**answers

429 views

### Minimal maximal subgroup of the symmetric group

The question is pretty much in the title: What is the maximal subgroup of $S_d$ of maximal index (so minimal size)? A slight variant (I am not sure if it leads to a different answer) is: what if we ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

418 views

### Explicit permutation representation of the Thompson sporadic simple group?

The Thompson group Th of order $90745943887872000$ is one of the sporadic simple groups occurring in the classification of finite simple groups.
Its maximal subgroups are known (see ...

**15**

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**0**answers

641 views

### Groups generated by 3 involutions

Let $r(m)$ denote the residue class $r+m\mathbb{Z}$, where $0 \leq r < m$.
Given disjoint residue classes $r_1(m_1)$ and $r_2(m_2)$, let the class transposition
$\tau_{r_1(m_1),r_2(m_2)}$ be the ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

485 views

### Does O'Nan-Scott depend on CFSG?

My question is in the title. Some context: there are two versions of the O'Nan-Scott theorem. The first, weaker version, is due to O'Nan and Scott (independently) and gives the structure of the ...

**12**

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**0**answers

422 views

### Possible orders of products of 2 involutions which interchange disjoint residue classes of the integers

Definition / Question
Definition: Let $r(m)$ denote the residue class $r+m\mathbb{Z}$, where
$0 \leq r < m$.
Given disjoint residue classes $r_1(m_1)$ and $r_2(m_2)$, let the class transposition
...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### A sum over characters of the symmetric group

Let $C_\mu$ be the size of the conjugacy class in $S_n$ of permutations whose cycletype is the partition $\mu\vdash n$. Let $\chi$ be the characters of the irreducible representations of $S_n$.
Let ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### An easy proof that S(n) does not embed into A(n+1)?

Rotman's book An Introduction to the Theory of Groups (Fourth Edition) asks, on page 22, Exercise 2.8, to show that S(n) cannot be embedded in A(n+1), where S(n) = the symmetric group on n elements, ...

**10**

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**0**answers

321 views

### Solving a set of equations in a finite symmetric group

A standard way to find solutions to a finite set of equations in a finite symmetric group
${\rm S}_n$ is to take the equations as relators of a finitely presented group, to use
the low index subgroups ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

263 views

### Vertex-primitive graphs with two vertices having almost the same neighbourhood

Hypothesis: Let $\Gamma$ be a vertex-primitive graph with two vertices $u$ and $v$ such that $$|N(u) \cap N(v)|=|N(v)|-1$$
Question: Is it true that $\Gamma$ must either be a complete graph or have ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

278 views

### Question about doubly transitive groups with an n-cycle

Let $G$ be a doubly transitive subgroup of $S_n$ which contains an $n$-cycle, and let $G_{12}$ be the subgroup of $G$ consisting of all elements $g\in G$ for which $g(1)=1$ and $g(2)=2$. Then ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

554 views

### partly obscured Rubik's cube

I just came back from a beach which features a large Rubik's cube (2m high). The base of the cube is not visible and the top is not coloured. The four vertical sides are each divided $3\times 3$ into ...

**8**

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**1**answer

375 views

### Center of one-point stabilizer in 2-transitive groups

In this MO question it was mentioned that the following fact seems to be true:
If $G$ is doubly transitive on $X$ and the one-point stabilizer $G_x$ has a
non-trivial center, then $G$ is of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

344 views

### Permutations of prescribed cycle types that multiply to the identity

Suppose that $\lambda_1,\lambda_2,\lambda_3$ are partititions of $n$. When do there exist permutations $\sigma_1,\sigma_2,\sigma_3 \in S_n$ such that
(1) $\sigma_1\sigma_2\sigma_3$ is the identity;
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

408 views

### Maximal subgroups of a certain finite 2-group

The following came up in a problem on reconstruction of digraphs. I determined enough about the answer to satisfy the application completely, but still I am curious to know what the complete solution ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

650 views

### Permutation character of the symmetric group on subsets of certain size

The symmetric group $S_n$ acts on $[n]:=\{1,\ldots,n\}$, thereby inducing an action on the set $$\wp_k(n)=\{\: A\subseteq[n] \::\: \#A=k \:\}$$ of subsets of cardinality $k$, simply by $$(g,A)\mapsto ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### Covering a set with images of a transversal

Let $G$ be a permutation group on a finite set $\Omega$ with orbits $\Omega_1,\ldots,\Omega_k$.
By a transversal we mean a set $\lbrace\omega_1,\ldots,\omega_k\rbrace$ with $\omega_j\in\Omega_j$ for ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

522 views

### Two groups acting on a set.

Suppose we are given a set S of points on which two different groups G and G' (given by sets of generating permutations) act. Is there an efficient algorithm for finding generators the largest pair ...

**6**

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**1**answer

292 views

### Generalization of Frobenius groups

Frobenius group is a transitive permutation group on a finite set, such that no non-trivial element fixes more than one point and some non-trivial element fixes a point.
In other words, if in a ...

**6**

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**1**answer

274 views

### Primitive, non-2-transitive groups with very large orbitals?

Let $G$ be a transitive permutation group on a set $X$ with $n$ elements. Assume that $G$ is primitive, i.e., $G$ preserves no non-trivial partition of $X$. Assume as well that $G$ is not ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### number of maximal subgroups of the symmetric group

What is the asymptotics of the number of the maximal subgroups of $S_n$ (as a function of $n$)? This must be written down somewhere...
EDIT I am actually more interested in the number of conjugacy ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

328 views

### Counting the (additive) decompositions of a quadratic, symmetric, empty-diagonal and constant-line matrix into permutation matrices

Dear community,
I have the following combinatorial question which I will explain in short first and then with some more detail. At the end you will find a very simple example.
Short version
Le $A ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

482 views

### Permutation Group Question

A question about permutation groups: I wonder if someone
who is expert in permutation group theory could answer the
following question.
Let $x \in S_n$ (the symmetric group) be an involution which
...

**5**

votes

**6**answers

452 views

### Transitive permutation groups which all of their proper subgroups are intransitive

Let $G$ be a transitive permutation group on a finite set $\Omega$. It is clear
that if $G$ is regular, then every proper subgroup of $G$ is intransitive. Is
there any other class of groups with this ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

764 views

### Symplectic groups $Sp_{2m}(2)$ as $2$-transitive permutation (i.e. Galois) groups

I am looking for information about the symplectic groups $Sp_{2m}(2)$ as permutation group acting on quadratic forms.
Consider the block matrices
$$e=\begin{pmatrix}0&1\\0&0\end{pmatrix}, ...

**5**

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**2**answers

276 views

### Classification of generously transitive groups

A permutation group $G \lt S_n$ is called generously transitive, if for each $i,j$ there exists a permutation that interchanges them. Is there a reasonable classification of such (finite) groups?

**5**

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**1**answer

102 views

### A sum over characters of $S_{2n}$ and zonal spherical functions of $(S_{2n},H_n)$

The hyperoctahedral group $H_n$ can be seen as the centralizer of the permutation $(12)(34)\cdots (2n-1\,2n)$ in $S_{2n}$. It has $2^nn!$ elements.
The quantities $$ ...

**5**

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**3**answers

478 views

### automorphisms of graphs and finite permutation groups

I am interested in automorphisms of graphs and in using tools from permutation groups (especially such as in Wielandt's text on finite permutation groups, which I have been studying). What are some ...

**5**

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**2**answers

540 views

### Permuting Racked Pool Balls with a Single Break

Given reasonable physical assumptions (on friction, collisions, etc.), would it be possible to "break" in a pool game such that when all the balls come to rest, the only difference is that the racked ...

**5**

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181 views

### Group acting on two different sets, can isomorphisms be computed efficiently?

For the permutation group isomorphism problem, a permutational isomorphism between two permutation groups is sought. A closely related but seemingly easier problem arises, if an isomorphism between ...

**5**

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**1**answer

276 views

### Can every permutation group be realized as the automorphism group of a graph (acting on a subset of the vertices)?

By Frucht's theorem, every finite group can be realized as the automorphism group of a finite undirected graph. Because a permutation group is a finite group, it is clear that every permutation group ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### What is the criterion for a matrix containing vectors and their permutations being invertible?

Consider the matrix $A\in\mathbb{R}^{m\times 2m}$. Let any arbitrary choice of $m$ columns of $A$ be linearly independent. Together with a permutation $P\in\mathcal{P_{2m}}$, one can build the matrix ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Minimum word length for an unusual set of generators of the symmetric group

Problem. Let $n\geq 2$ and let $T$ be the set of all permutations in $S_n$ of the form
$$t_k:=\prod_{1\leq i\leq k/2}(i,k-i) \qquad \hbox{for $k=3,4,\ldots,n+1$}.$$
Find the least integer ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### Hyperoctahedral group acting on a special permutation

Let $[n]=\{1,...,n\}$ and $[\hat n]=\{\hat 1,...,\hat n\}$. Realize the hyperoctahedral group $H_n$ as the centralizer of the permutation $(1\hat 1)\cdots (n \hat n)$. It has $2^n n!$ elements.
Let ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### How hard is it to compute the diameter and the growth function of a finite permutation group of small degree?

Let $G \leq {\rm S}_n$ be a finite permutation group, and let
$S = \{g_1, \dots, g_k\}$ be a generating set for $G$ which is closed
under inversion and which does not contain the identity.
The growth ...

**5**

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**0**answers

106 views

### Uniqueness of the direct product decomposition of inclusions of finite groups

This post is a generalization of Uniqueness of the direct product decomposition of finite groups.
Here we look inclusions of finite groups $(H \subset G)$ instead of just finite groups.
Definition: ...

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118 views

### Information about permutation character from local action

Let $G$ be a finite permutation group acting transitively, but not regularly, on a set $V$. Let $H$ be the stabilizer of some point $v\in V$, and suppose that $H$ acts 2-transitively on one of its ...

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**2**answers

784 views

### Transitive subgroup of $S_p$ containing a $p$-cycle and a double transposition

Let $p$ be a prime other than 5 or 7. Are $A_p$ and $S_p$ the only subgroups of $S_p$ that contains a $p$-cycle and a double transposition?
As for $p = 5$, the dihedral group $D_{10}$ contains a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

294 views

### polycirculant conjecture

By the polycirculant conjecture, every vertex-transitive graph is a polycirculant graph (D. Marusic 1981 and D. Jordan 1988).
There are two papers that claim to prove this conjecture:
1. A. Golubchik, ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

168 views

### Maximal order of a metacyclic transitive permutation group of degree $n$

What is the maximal order $f(n)$ of a metacyclic (metacyclic group is the extension of a cyclic group by a cyclic group) transitive permutation group of degree $n$? It can be easily proved that ...

**4**

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**1**answer

406 views

### Generalization of a property of $A_n; n\geq 5$

Let $H$ and $K$ be two proper non-trivial subgroups of the
alternating group $A_n; n\geq 5$.
Then there exists a maximal subgroup $M$ of $A_n$
such that $H\not\leq M$ and $K\not\leq M$.
To see this
...

**4**

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**1**answer

253 views

### Doubly primitive groups with simple socle

The classification of doubly transitive groups with simple socle is
known. A good account of such classification can be found for example
in this paper:
Cameron, Peter J. Finite permutation groups ...

**4**

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**2**answers

238 views

### Palfy's theorem for nilpotent groups?

P. P. Palfy proved that a primitive solvable subgroup of $S_n$ has order bounded by $24^{-1/3} n^{3.24399\dots}$ (in: Pálfy, P. P.
A polynomial bound for the orders of primitive solvable groups.
J. ...

**4**

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**1**answer

246 views

### Cardinals of transitive permutation groups acting on $\{1,\dots,n\}$

Is there a nice description of all divisors of $n!$ which can be realized as cardinals of permutation groups acting transitively on $\{1,\dots,n\}$?
A necessary condition is of course that such a ...

**4**

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**1**answer

289 views

### automorphism group of orbital graphs

Let $G$ be a transitive group on $\Omega$. Every orbits of $G$ on its natural action on $\Omega\times\Omega$ is called an orbital of $G$ on $\Omega$. For each orbital $\Delta$ of $G$ on $\Omega$, the ...

**4**

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**0**answers

125 views

### Application of finding shortest paths on Cayley graphs

For a fixed integer number $m$, Consider Cayley graph defined by all m-cycles in Symmetric group $Sym(n)$.
I know that for $m=2$,
there are some applications of finding shortest paths (or distance ...

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128 views

### Young Tableau Box Correlations

Let $T$ be a uniformly random Standard Young Tableau (SYT) of shape $\lambda=(\lambda_1,\cdots,\lambda_k)$ with $|\lambda|=n$. Let $T_{ij}$ denote the value in box $(i,j)$. I'm interested in what can ...