The p-adic-numbers tag has no usage guidance.

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### Rings that inject in all p-adic integers

Denote $p$ a prime number and $\mathbb Z _p$ the ring of $p$-adic integers.
We have a canonical injective ring homomorphism $:\mathbb Z \rightarrow \mathbb Z_p$ for all $p$. But $\mathbb Z$ is not the ...

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### Lemma in Scholze-Weinstein

In the paper "Moduli of $p$-divisible groups" by Scholze and Weinstein (see http://math.bu.edu/people/jsweinst/Moduli/Moduli.pdf), one finds the following claim in Lemma 5.2.7:
Lemma: Let $K$ be a ...

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### $p$-adic orthogonal groups in four variables

Let $p>2$ be prime. By the classification of quadratic forms, there are $8$ pairwise non-equivalent isotropic orthogonal groups in $4$ variables. Is there a concrete classification of orthogonal ...

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### Transcendence of a ratio of p-adic logarithms

Let $p, \ell_1, \ell_2$ be distinct prime numbers, and $x_1, x_2 \in \overline{\mathbf{Q}}^\times$.
If
$$ \frac{\log_p x_1}{\log_p \ell_1} = \frac{\log_p x_2}{\log_p \ell_2}, $$
does it follow that ...

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### Name of some commutative ring akin to $p$-adics

I need help in identifying the naming convention of some commutative ring described below.
Let $p$ be a prime, let $k$ be a positive integer, and let $$\textbf{e} = (e_0,\ldots,e_{k-1})$$ be a list ...

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### What is the value of $p$-adic $\zeta$-function at positive integer point?

$p$-adic zeta function is a $p$-adic interpolation of the Riemann $\zeta$-function for the values $\zeta(1−k)$, $k\ge 1$ (see $p$-adic Numbers, $p$-adic Analysis, and Zeta-Functions by Neal Koblitz) ...

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### Why is every l-adic Galois representation conjugate to one over the l-adic integers? [closed]

Why is every l-adic Galois representation
$$G_{\mathbb{Q}_p}\rightarrow GL_n(\mathbb{Q}_{l})$$
conjugate to one over the l-adic integers?
$$G_{\mathbb{Q}_p}\rightarrow GL_n(\mathbb{Z}_{l})$$

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### In what sense is $\Omega_p$ universal?

In Chapter 3 of the book ''A Course in $p$-adic Analysis'' A.M Robert defines the field $\Omega_p$. He calls the field ''universal'' but doesn't show a universal property. I would have guessed that ...

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### Cycle with integral coefficients from cycle with $\mathbb Z_l$-coefficients

Let $X$ be a $n$-dimensional ($n>2$) smooth projective variety over $k=\bar k$ of positive characteristic. Take a divisor $D\in Pic(X).$ Suppose we know that $\frac{[D]^2}{2}\in H^4(X,\mathbb ...

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### Is $1+T$ a topological generator for $Z_{p}[[T]]$? [closed]

Consider the ring of formal power series $\mathbb{Z}_p[[T]]$ (where $\mathbb{Z}_p$ denotes the ring of $p$-adic integers) with the topology in which a neighborhood basis for $0$ is given by the ideals ...

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### The formal p-adic numbers

The real numbers can be defined in two ways (well, more than two, but let's stick to these for now): as the Cauchy completion of the metric space $\mathbb{Q}$ with its usual absolute value, or as the ...

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### How does the solenoid structure of $\mathbb{A}/\mathbb{Q}$ lift to $PGL(2, \mathbb{A})/ PGL(2, \mathbb{Q})$?

Some papers I am reading talk about an "adelic" object $PGL(2, \mathbb{Q}) \backslash PGL(2, \mathbb{A})$ . This has sparked a lot of confusion since I don't know what such a quotient could mean.
A ...

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### Coverings/Cech cohomology of totally disconnected spaces

For any topological space $X$ we have a natural functor
$\text{Cov}_X \rightarrow \text{Fun}(\pi_1(X),\text{Set})$
from the category of coverings of $X$ to the category of functors $\pi_1(X) ...

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### Simultaneously using the real and 2adic norms

In the book Modern Computer Arithmetic, there is a section that talks about division with remainder and such in a way that exploits the interplay between the real and 2-adic norms; e.g. the linked-to ...

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### Are the p-adics a direct summand of the direct product of the groups $\mathbb{Z}/p^n\mathbb{Z}$?

The p-adic integers $\mathbb{Z}_p$ can be thought of as a subgroup of the direct product group $P = \prod_{n \geq 1} \mathbb{Z}/p^n\mathbb{Z}$. Are they a direct summand of this group? That is, is ...

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### Dihedral extension of 2-adic number field

Sorry if the question is too long and maybe elementary.
I am reading a paper by Hirotada Naito on "Dihedral extensions of degree 8 over the rational p-adic fields". To generate dihedral extension ...

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### When do two lattices have the same stabilizer in the diagonal torus?

This is moved from MSE, where I asked and didn't receive an answer (see http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1145151/lattices-in-mathbbq-pn-with-the-same-stabilizer)
Let $T$ be the diagonal torus ...

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### Automorphisms of $\mathbb C_p$

I am looking for a non-trivial automorphism $\sigma$ of $\mathbb C_p$ such that $\sigma(\mathbb Q_p)\subset\mathbb Q_p$.
If $\mathbb C_p$ were spherically complete, then by Hahn-Banach theorem, that ...

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### Can every finite abelian $p$-group with duality pairing be written as cokernel of a symmetric matrix over the $p$-adic integers?

Let $G$ be a finite abelian $p$-group (where $p$ is a prime). Suppose there exists a symmetric bilinear map $\delta\colon G\times G\to \mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z}$ such that the induced map $g\to\langle ...

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### Finiteness of the set of $\mathbb{Q}_p$-rational periodic points

The statement I am concerned with is this:
Let $\varphi : \mathbb{P}^r_{\mathbb{Z}_p} \to \mathbb{P}^r_{\mathbb{Z}_p}$ be a morphism of degree higher than one. Then the set of ...

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### Weil index computation, p-adic integral

The following peculiar p-adic integrals have arisen in my work, and I would be interested if anyone can see how to tackle them.
Let $F$ be a $p$-adic field, $\mathfrak{o}$ its ring of integers, ...

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### Converting p-adic to decimal [closed]

Is it possible to convert irrational p-adic numbers to a standard number? Rationals and negative rationals are relatively straightforward, but is there a way to know that for instance $\ldots ...

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### Computing a projection of a $p$-adic plane curve

Given a prime $p$ and a polynomial equation $f(x,y)=0$ with rational coefficients, I would like to obtain a precise description of the set of all numbers $y\in\mathbb Q_p$ such that the equation has a ...

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### Do $r$-th root Harmonic numbers ever sum to integers?

None of the Harmonic numbers $H_n = \sum_{k=1}^n 1/k$ are integers for $n>1$
(e.g., this MSE question and answer).
Q. Define the $r$-th root Harmonic number $H_n^{1/r} = \sum_{k=1}^n ...

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### is there a p-adic implicit function theorem?

I am trying to find a good reference for a version of the implicit function theorem over $p$-adic manifolds. None of the texts I have consulted ( including "$p$-adic numbers, $p$-adic analysis, and ...

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### Iwasawa logarithm and analytic continuation

I am reading Number Theory vol. 1 by Henri Cohen (among other things) and I am curious about the Iwasawa logarithm. Let $\mathbb{C}_p$ be the completion of the algebraic closure of $\mathbb{Q}_p$.
...

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### Absolutely irreducible p-adic representation of the absolute Galois group of Q_p

Let $p$ be a prime number, $\mathbb{Q}_p$ the field of $p$-adic numbers, $G_p$ the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}_p$ and $V$ a finite dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{Q}_p$. Assume we are ...

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### Transcendental numbers in the p-adic rationals $\mathbb Q_p$ [closed]

I know that there are uncountably infinite transcendentals over $\mathbb Q$ in $\mathbb Q_p$. What i want to ask is if there is a way to determine whether a transcendental over $\mathbb Q$ lays in ...

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### Trace of n-th root of unity in cyclotomic extension of p-adic rationals

Let $n\in\mathbb N$ and $p$ be any prime. Denote by $\mathbb Q_p$ the $p$-adic numbers. For a field extension $L/K$ denote by $Tr_{L/K}$ the corresponding trace function.
Let $\zeta_n$ be a primitve ...

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### convergence in Z-hat; modulo prime power

The following problem appears in Lenstra's Galois Theory for Schemes (p 14, Ex 1.16).
Let $b\in\mathbb Z_{\ge0}$. Define the sequence $(a_n)_{n=0}^\infty$
by $a_0=b, a_{n+1}=2^{a_n}$. Prove that ...

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### What is $p$-adic Fourier series?

Q1: Can we define Fourier series for a function $\mathbb{Z}_p\to \mathbb{Q}_p$?
Q2: There are (in a real case) Bernoulli polynomials which have the most simple Fourier expansion:
...

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### a question about a result in Bushnell-Henniart book 'the local Langlands conjecture for GL(2)'

This might be a easy question, but I couldn't get the point.
Let $F$ be a p-adic field, $\bar{F}$ a separable algebraic closure of $F$. Set $\Omega_F=Gal(\bar{F}/F)$. Use $F_{\infty}\subset \bar{F}$ ...

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### maximal abelian extension of quadratic extension of $\mathbb Q_p$

I read this article "Local class field theory via Lubin-Tate theory" http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0606108v2.pdf. And I want to find the maximal abelian extensions for quadratic extensions of $\mathbb ...

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### 2-adic Logarithm and Resistance of n-dimensional Cube

Resistance across opposite vertices of n-dimensional cube with each edge at one ohm resistance is
$$R_n=\sum_{k=0}^{n-1}\frac1{(n-k){n\choose k}}=\frac1n\sum_{k=1}^{n}\frac1{{n-1\choose k}}.$$
The ...

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### structure of norm one group for quadratic extension of p-adic fields

Let $F$ be a p-adic field (finite extensions of $\mathbb{Q}_p$ for some prime $p$), and $E/F$ be a quadratic extension. Use $\sigma$ to denote the nontrivial element in the Galois group $Gal(E/F)$. ...

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### $(\varphi, \Gamma)$-modules of finite height

Maybe the answer to my question is obvious.
Let $p$ be a prime $\geq 3$. Let $D$ be an étale $(\varphi, \Gamma)$-module over $A_{\mathbb{Q}_p} = \{ \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} a_n X^n \, \vert \, a_n \in ...

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### Torelli-like theorem for K3 surfaces on terms of its étale cohomology

Is there a proof of a Torelli-like Theorem for a K3-surface over any field (non complex) in terms of its etale or crystalline cohomology?
For example: If $K\ne \mathbb{C} $ and $X\rightarrow ...

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### If a unitsquare is partitioned into 101 triangles, is the area of one at least 1%?

Update: The answer to the title question is not necessarily, as pointed out by Tapio and Willie. I would be more interested in lower bounds.
Monsky's famous and amazingly tricky proof says that if we ...

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### Reference for Ostrowski's 1916 Theorem?

I am looking for the original reference for Ostrowski's theorem of 1916 that the only valuations on the rational numbers are the trivial, Archimedean, and p-adic valuations.
...

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### Algebraic $p$-adic integers mod $p$

In studying the papers of Abbes and Saito on ramification theory in the imperfect residue field case, I come to the following questions. Let $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_p\supset\mathbb{Q}{}^{t}_p\supset ...

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### Trivial p-adic measures

I am looking at p-adic distributions, and in this case p-adic measures. To say that $\mu$ is a distribution means that the arguments of $\mu$ are compact open subsets of $\mathbb{Z}_p$, $\mu$ is ...

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### p-adic Lie theory

It is well known that exponential map in $C^{n\times n}$ will cover all non-sigular matrix $GL(n,C)$, which is a basic fact in Lie group and lie algebra theory, whether it is true for p-adic cases.
...

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### Differences in tree picture of ${\bf Q}_p$, $\overline{{\bf Q}_p}$, ${\bf C}_p$, $\Omega_p$

I was discussing the tree picture of ${\bf Z}_p$ and ${\bf Q}_p$ and mentioned that the idea can be extended to ${\bf C}_p$, with the caveat that the tree is no longer locally finite (as the value ...

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### the definition of pro-infinitesimal thickenings

Let $R$ be a ring and $A$ and $R$-algebra. A pro-infinitesimal thickening of $R$ is a pair $(D, \theta)$ such that $\theta: D \rightarrow R$ is surjective and $D$ is separated and complete for the ...

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### Why is this a lattice?

Why is $\text{SL}_3(\mathbf{Z}[1/2])$ a lattice in $\text{SL}_3(\mathbf{R})\times\text{SL}_3(\mathbf{Q}_2)$? Discreteness is pretty clear, but why finite covolume? I understand why ...

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### Poincare pairing and polarization of Hodge structure. Kuga-Satake construction.

If $X$ is a K3 surface over the complex (algebraic) then I wonder if the poincare pairing induces a polarization on the Hodge structure $H^2(X,\mathbb Z)$? The point is that I see that when ...

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### Newton Method in $p$-adic case

The Newton Method over $\mathbb{R}$ has the property that the precision is doubled (under some continuous differentialbe assumption) in each iteration. For the ring $\mathbb{Z}_p$ of $p$-adic ...

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### Ring of Witt vectors and p-adics

This is probably an easy question, but I'm not able to figure it out.
Are the following the same:
Field of fractions of the ring of Witt vectors over the algebraic closure of $\mathbb{F}_p$
...

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### Does the equation $1 + 2 + 3 + \dots = -\frac{1}{12}$ have a natural $p$-adic interpretation?

Consider the equation
$$1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + \cdots = - \frac{1}{12},$$
"proved" by Ramanujan Euler. One correct way to interpret this is that $\zeta(-1) = - \frac{1}{12},$ where $\zeta(s) = \sum_{n = ...

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### Etale cohomology in the $p$-adic setting

Can we hope for application of Etale cohomology techniques in proving results concerning semialgebraic subsets of $\mathbb{Q}_p^n$?
Recall that semialgebraic subsets are obtained from $p$-adic ...