A familly of orthogonal polynomials is a sequence of polynomials in one variable, one in each degree, such that any two of them are orthogonal with respect to some fixed scalar product on the space of polynomials. They are closely related to continued fractions and useful in harmonic analysis. There ...

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Reasons for $\alpha>-\frac{1}{2}$ constraint in texts regarding Gegenbauer polynomials $C^{(\alpha)}_k(x)$

In texts regarding the Gegenbauer polynomials $C^{(\alpha)}_k(x)$, I often see the constraint $\alpha>-\frac{1}{2}$ alongside definitions and identities. I understand that the orthogonality ...
8
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2answers
1k views

Multi-dimensional moment problem

Let $\mu$ be a measure on $\def\r{\mathbb{R}}\r^n$, $1\le n \le \infty$. Given a (finite) multi-index $\bar{i} = (i_1, i_2, \ldots)$, one can define the moment $$ m_{\bar i} = \int x_i^{i_1} x_2^{i_2}...
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81 views

Spectrum of Kernel - Discrete orthogonal polynomials

Trying to solve a problem, I encounter a Kernel of the form $$K(m,n)= e^{-\frac{\beta}{4} (m+n+1)} \frac{2^{2+\frac{m+n}{2}}}{\sqrt{m! n!}} \frac{\sqrt{\pi}}{n-m} \left[ \frac{1}{\Gamma(-m/2)\Gamma(...
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2answers
126 views

Symmetric matrix formula for Gauss-Legendre quadrature

While searching the web, I came across the following algorithm for the Gauss-Legendre quadrature. I wasn't able to find a reference or a proof of my own as to why it works. I'll present it, and the ...
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2answers
411 views

Computing Gauss Legendre Quadrature for Large N

I've been scanning across the web, and haven't found a good method to compute the Gauss Legendre abscissas and weights $\{ x_j, w^j \} _{j=1}^N$ for large $N\in\mathbb{N}$. My question is how to do it,...
10
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1answer
177 views

What are the orthogonal polynomials w.r.t. Maxwell distribution

Is there a way to get a clean presentation of the orthogonal polynomials w.r.t. the Maxwell distribution https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maxwell%E2%80%93Boltzmann_distribution ? If you separate the ...
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4answers
4k views

Visualizing Orthogonal Polynomials

Recently I was introduced to the concept of Orthogonal Polynomials through the poly() function in the R programming language. These were introduced to me in the concept of polynomial transformations ...
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5answers
522 views

Applications of space filling curves

I am seeking articles where a space filling curve has been used as a theoretical application, such as in the study of general orthogonal polynomials.
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0answers
77 views

Octahedron and System of trigonometric equations

Could somebody help me to prove the following? $$\sum_{k=1}^6 \cos(2 \theta_k) (\cos(2\phi_k)-1))=0$$ $$\sum_{k=1}^6 \sin(2 \theta_k) (\cos(2\phi_k)-1))=0$$ $$\sum_{k=1}^6 \cos (\phi_k)=0$$ $$\sum_{k=...
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1answer
88 views

Various limits of the Christoffel Darboux Kernel

In a different thread, we stumbled upon the following question: Given a continuous finite measure $w(x)dx$ on some interval $(a,b)$, $-\infty \leq a <b \leq \infty$, and the set of respective ...
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1answer
153 views

What are the best known bounds on the Hermite polynomials?

The best I could find on the net is this paper, http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0401310.pdf Has this been improved?
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1answer
98 views

Fast Fourier Transforms for non-trigonometric bases

The fast Fourier transform allows decomposition into a sin/cos basis in $N \log(N)$ complexity. Can one generalize the algorithm (or the ideas used) to other bases, e.g. orthogonal polynomial bases ...
2
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0answers
143 views

Orthogonality of Pfaffian polynomials in $SO(2m)$

I've been struggling here to invert some integral equation involving Pfaffians, and it would be very nice if you could shed some light on the problem. Let's go to it. Let $V=\{-1,1\}^{m}$ and $S = \...
4
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0answers
106 views

Christoffel-Darboux type identity

The classical Christoffel-Darboux identity for Hermite polynomials reads $$\sum_{k=0}^n\frac{H_k(x)H_k(y)}{2^k k!}=\frac{1}{2^{n+1} n!}\frac{H_{n+1}(x)H_n(y)-H_n(x)H_{n+1}(y)}{x-y}.$$ I am ...
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1answer
99 views

Reference for the exponential decay of Legendre coefficients

In Short: I look for a reference to the proof that the spectral coefficients in the Legendre (or Jacobi) expansion are of exponential decay rate. Longer: If $p_n$ is the $n$-th Legendre polynomial, ...
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45 views

hypergeometric representation of Hermite $H_n(x)$

The DLMF has a hypergeometric representation for the Hermite polynomial $H_n(x)$ for real $x$, apparently. $$H_n(x)=(2x)^n{}_2F_0\left(\frac{-\tfrac12n;-\tfrac12n+\tfrac12}{};-\frac{1}{x^2}\right)$$ (...
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2answers
184 views

Do we have Karhunen–Loève expansion for White Noise?

Let $W$ be a random process (my White Noise) on $[-1,1]$ such that: $W(t)$ is a normal random variable with mean $0$ and standard deviation $1$ for all $t \in [-1,1]$ $E(W(t)W(s)) = 0$ for all $t, s ...
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1answer
56 views

Upper-bounding the value of a generalized Laguerre polynomial (using recurrence relation?)

I would like to produce an easily-interpretable explicit upper bound (i.e. no unspecified constants) for the function $$ f(n) := L_n^{\left(-n-\frac{d}{2}\right)}\left(-\frac{1}{2}\right), \quad n,d \...
2
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0answers
141 views

Jack symmetric functions and their inner products

I have some questions regarding Jack polynomials. I use the notation of of I.G. Macdonald's book "Symmetric Functions and Hall polynomials". Let $\Lambda$ be the ring of symmetric functions over $\...
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2answers
311 views

Why decompose a function with eigenvectors of Laplace operator? [closed]

On periodic domain, people always use Fourier basis, which eigenvectors of Laplace operator. On sphere, people use spherical harmonics, which also are eigenvectors of Laplace operator. In applied ...
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2answers
173 views

Roots of the Chebyshev polynomials of the second kind

It is known that the roots of Chebyshev polynomials of the second kind, denote it by $U_n(x)$, are in the interval $(-1,1)$. I have noticed that, by looking at the low values of $n$, the roots of $(...
28
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1answer
1k views

Proving the irrationality of $\pi e$ and $\pi / e$

Rather than relying on the consequences of Schanuel's conjecture, I set about using the same ideas Apery had used to construct integer arguments converging fast enough to show $\zeta(3)$ is irrational ...
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71 views

Kostka polynomials in root systems other than A

The q, t - Kostka polynomials $K_{\lambda\mu}(q, t)$ are defined as follows (all notations I do not explain here come from the classical book by Macdonald: Symmetric Functions and Hall polynomials, ...
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1answer
730 views

Pochhammer symbol of a differential, and hypergeometric polynomials

I have a minor result which I'm sure has come up somewhere before but I can't seem to find it. Consider a confluent hypergeometric function of the form $$\newcommand{\ff}{{}_1F_1} \ff(b+k;b;z)\...
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0answers
230 views

Recurrence Formula for Zernike polynomials

I'm not sure if this is research level, so if this result is known, please excuse the intrusion. I am trying to find a relation between solutions of the Laplacian equation in $4$ dimensions and those ...
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0answers
81 views

Summation of an integral involving Laguerre polynomial and Bessel function

In an engineering setting, I reduced my problem to calculating the following sum: $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{n!}{(k+n)!}\left[\int_0^a \left(\frac{x}{u}\right)^kL_n^{(k)}\left(\frac{x^2}{u^2}\right)\...
2
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0answers
63 views

Hermite interpolation

I need a help to my problem, I would be grateful if anyone could help. Let $\epsilon \in [0,1]$ and for an integer $n$ we consider a set of nodes $T_n={t_0,t_1,....t_n}$. We define the function $f(x)...
3
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1answer
284 views

The asymptotic behavior of hypergeometric function around -1

Recently, in studing some specific orthogonal polynomials on unit circle, I was lead to study the asymptotic behavior of the following hypergeometric function at the neighberhood of $-1$: $$ f_n(e^{...
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2answers
435 views

Orthogonal polynomial under linear transformation

Let $M_n(x) = x^n$ be the standard monomials. The binomial formula allows one to expand $M_n(ax+b)$ as a linear combination of $M_k(x)$, for $k \leq n$, giving $$ M_n(ax+b) = (ax+b)^n = \sum_{k=0}^n \...
3
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1answer
141 views

Orthogonal polynomials with respect to the lognormal distribution

I am currently doing some inspection on the orthogonal polynomials with respect to the lognormal distribution. Does anyone already work on that or know some cool references? All the best, Pierre-O.
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1answer
742 views

Why are all these families of polynomials finally log-concave?

This started when I was examining certain families of unimodal polynomials, i.e. $\sum_{k=0}^n a_kx^k$ where $a_0\le a_1\le\cdots \le a_k\ge\cdots \ge a_n$. (Notation: in the following, the $a_k$ ...
3
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0answers
69 views

Fourier coefficients of positive polynomials

Let $p(x) \geq 0$ be a positive polynomial on the hypersphere ($x \in S^{n-1}$) satisfying $\int_{S^{n-1}} p(x) = 1$. Writing $p(x) = \sum_{j=0}^s p_j(x)$ where $p_j(x) = \sum_m p_{jm} s_{jm}(x)$ with ...
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95 views

Bounds on the smallest eigenvalue of a Hankel matrix

Let $H=H_n$ be a positive definite Hankel matrix of size $n$ with $\lambda_n$ is it's smallest eigenvalue. What bounds are known on $\lambda_n$ in terms of the entries on $H$. I can see some results ...
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0answers
125 views

A “nice” Orthogonal Basis for Translation Invariant Symmetric Polynomials

It is going to be a rather long question, so I will first state it and then try to explain and motivate it. Take $\Lambda_n $ as the graded ring of symmetric polynomials of a field $F$ in $n$ ...
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118 views

Evaluation of Macdonald Polynomials at $x_1=x_2=…=x_n = h$

This question is related to my previous question (here). Let $P_\lambda$(q,t) be the Macdonald polynomials with partition $\lambda$. Let $\Lambda$ denote the ring of symmetric functions over the ...
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2answers
224 views

How do I Calculate :$\int_{0}^{1}x^{k}\psi(x)dx$ where $k\geq 3$ is an integer?

How do I Calculate, if possible, in terms of well-known constants the integral : $\int_{0}^{1}x^{k}\psi(x)dx$ , where $k\geq 3$ is an integer ? note: $\psi(x)$ is digamma function. Any help would ...
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4answers
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How does this relationship between the Catalan numbers and SU(2) generalize?

This is a question, or really more like a cloud of questions, I wanted to ask awhile ago based on this SBS post and this post I wrote inspired by it, except that Math Overflow didn't exist then. As ...
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0answers
53 views

Growth of average first derivative of orthogonal polynomials

Let $L_k(t)$ be the Legendre polynomials normalized so that $$\int_{-1}^1 L_k(t)^2\,\frac{1}{2}\,dt = 1.$$ With a few identities (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legendre_polynomials), one can show that ...
5
votes
1answer
610 views

Integral of a product of Laguerre polynomials

In order to estimate the non linear term in a particular PDE, I have to decompose $L_k^\alpha(x)^3\cdot x^{-\delta}$ (with $0<\delta<\alpha+1$) into a basis consisting of Laguerre polynomials $...
5
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1answer
183 views

Orthogonal basis for the multilinear polynomials with zero “trace”

We say that a multilinear polynomial $P(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ in $n$ commuting variables over $\mathbb{R}$ has zero trace if $$ \frac{d}{dt} P(t,\ldots,t) = 0. $$ Equivalently, $$ \left(\sum_{i=1}^n \frac{\...
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0answers
83 views

q-Hermite polynomials

It is well known that the q-Hermite polynomials defined by $$H_n(\theta; q)= \sum\limits_{k=0}^n \frac{(q;q)_n}{(q;q)_k(q;q)_{n-k}}e^{i(n-2k)\theta}$$ are orthogonal in $\theta \in [0, \pi]$ with ...
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1answer
70 views

Generating function for products of laguerre polynomials?

In a quantum physics context, I would like to evaluate $S=\sum_{n=0}^\infty z^n\cos(\pi L_n(x))$ for $z<1$. I found generating functions for squares of Laguerre polynomials but not for any higher ...
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1answer
118 views

Equality cannot hold unless $x \in \{-1,1\}$ and/or Wronskian is not zero [closed]

By playing around with assoc. Legendre polynomials, I arrived at $$((l+1)+m) (P_l^m(x))^2+((l+1)-m)(P_{l+1}^m(x))^2 = 2(l+1)x P_l^m(x)P_{l+1}^m(x).$$ Now, I want to show that we don't have equality ...
8
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0answers
210 views

Littlewood-Richardson coefficients for Jack symmetric functions

Let $\Lambda$ be the algebra of symmetric functions over $\mathbb{Q}(\alpha)$. We define a scalar product $\langle \cdot,\cdot\rangle_\alpha$ on $\Lambda$ by setting $\langle p_\mu,p_\nu\rangle_\...
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1answer
386 views

The Largest Root of Associated Laguerre Polynomial

The Laguerre polynomial $L_n(x)$ is the solution to the Laguerre differential equation \begin{equation*} x\,y'' + (1 - x)\,y' + n\,y = 0. \end{equation*} The associated Laguerre polynomial $L_n^\...
2
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1answer
199 views

Chebyshev polynomials factoring uniformly modulo all primes

Consider the Chebyshev polynomial of the first kind $T_n(x)$ and its factorization in $\mathbb F_p$ for a given prime $p$. Most often, this factorization is not uniform (meaning that the irreducible ...
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vote
4answers
1k views

Functions orthogonal to x^n

I would like to ask if there are any set of functions $u_n(x)$ which is orthogonal to $x^n$? i.e.: $\int_0^1 x^n u_m(x) dx = \delta_{n,m}$ Edit: For clarification, this question asked for all non-...
4
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3answers
2k views

Finding a recursion for a sum of Legendre polynomials

The polynomial $a_n(x):=P_n(x)-\frac{n-1}{n}P_{n-2}(x)$ where $P_n(x)$ is a Legendre polynomial came up while I was investigating methods for estimating the error in Gaussian quadrature. I am ...
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0answers
65 views

How to find out if a given sequence of orthogonal polynomials belongs to the Askey scheme?

I am studying some classes of orthogonal polynomials and want to find out which of them belong to the Askey scheme. To give a simple example consider the polynomials $${p_n}(x,r) = \sum\limits_{k = 0}...
11
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0answers
255 views

Ratio of entries of A and log A where A is a triangular matrix

Consider triangular matrices $A = \left( {a(n,k)} \right)$ of arbitrary order with $a(n,k) = 0$ if $n + k$ is odd and $a(n,n - 2k) = \frac{{n!}}{{k!(n - 2k)!}}\frac{{(m + n - k - 1)!}}{{(m + n - 1)!}}$...