3
votes
0answers
75 views

Orthogonal basis for the multilinear polynomials with zero “trace”

We say that a multilinear polynomial $P(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ in $n$ commuting variables over $\mathbb{R}$ has zero trace if $$ \frac{d}{dt} P(t,\ldots,t) = 0. $$ Equivalently, $$ \left(\sum_{i=1}^n ...
22
votes
4answers
2k views

How does this relationship between the Catalan numbers and SU(2) generalize?

This is a question, or really more like a cloud of questions, I wanted to ask awhile ago based on this SBS post and this post I wrote inspired by it, except that Math Overflow didn't exist then. As ...