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32
votes
3answers
908 views

Is the fixed point property for posets preserved by products?

Recall that a partially ordered set (poset) $P$ has the fixed point property (FPP) if any order preserving function $f:P\longrightarrow P$ has a fixed point. Theorem. Suppose $P$ and $Q$ are posets ...
27
votes
9answers
2k views

How many groups of size at most n are there? What is the asymptotic growth rate? And what of rings, fields, graphs, partial orders, etc.?

Question. How many (isomorphism types of) finite groups of size at most n are there? What is the asymptotic growth rate? And the same question for rings, fields, graphs, partial orders, etc. ...
10
votes
5answers
3k views

infinite permutations

This question is related to this one: Continued fractions using all natural integers. Suppose we have the set of natural numbers $N$ with order and we perform permutation on it. So we obtain the same ...
22
votes
2answers
702 views

How much choice is needed to show that formally real fields can be ordered?

Background: a field is formally real if -1 is not a sum of squares of elements in that field. An ordering on a field is a linear ordering which is (in exactly the sense that you would guess if you ...
4
votes
1answer
219 views

Characterising subsets of the reals as ordered spaces

There are concise and elegant characterisations of the real line as a topological space and as an ordered space in the literature. I am interested in the harder case of characterising subsets of the ...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

Product of posets with Hausdorff interval topology

Given a poset $(P,\leq)$ the interval topology on $P$ is generated by $$\{P\setminus\downarrow x : x\in P\} \cup \{P\setminus\uparrow x : x\in P\},$$ where $\downarrow x = \{y\in P: y\leq x\}$ and ...
3
votes
3answers
171 views

Antichain on $\mathcal{P}(\omega)/fin$ of cardinality $2^{\aleph_0}$?

We define an equivalence relation on $\mathcal{P}(\omega)$: for $x,y\in\mathcal{P}(\omega)$ we say $$x\simeq_{fin} y \text{ iff there is } n \in \omega \text{ such that } x\setminus \{0,\ldots,n\} = y ...
1
vote
1answer
436 views

Compactness and completeness in Gödel logic

The standard proof of the completeness theorem in first-order Gödel logic is based on a first-order countable language. I want to know that is there any proof of the completeness theorem in ...
8
votes
4answers
836 views

Universal order type

Every countable order type, such as the countable ordinals, $\mathbb Z$, etc. can be embedded in $\mathbb Q$, so it is universal for countable order types. Is there a universal space for all linear ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Uniqueness of minimal completions of a partially ordered set

The partially ordered set $(Y,\le)$ is called a superspace of the partially ordered set $(X,\le')$ iff $X\subseteq Y$. $\le'=(\le\cap X^2)$. and a completion of $(X,\le')$ if in addition $~~ 3$. ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

Is every continuous function measurable?

This question has already been asked on Math StackExchange here, but was too old to be migrated, and I think will be more appropriate to MathOverflow. In non-Hausdorff topology it is standard to ...
12
votes
1answer
639 views

Converse to Banach’s fixed point theorem for ordered fields?

Suppose $R$ is an ordered field. Call a continuous map $f: R \rightarrow R$ a contraction if there exists $r < 1$ (in $R$) such that $|f(x)-f(y)| \leq r |x-y|$ for all $x,y \in R$ (where $|x| := ...
7
votes
1answer
276 views

Monotonic maximal chains in a Coxeter group

Let $(W, S)$ be a Coxeter system, and let $T = \bigcup_{w \in W, s \in S} wsw^{-1}$. Associated to every element $t \in T$ is a unique positive root $\alpha_t \in \Phi^{+}$ considered as a vector in ...
6
votes
1answer
417 views

Strictly order preserving maps into the integers

If $P$ and $P'$ are partial orders, a strictly order preserving map from $P$ to $P'$ is an $f:P\to P'$ satisfying that $x\lt y$ implies $f(x)\lt f(y)$ for all $x,y\in P$. An interval in $P$ is a set ...
3
votes
2answers
181 views

Complete sets of incompatible totally ordered down-set in a partially ordered set

Let $(P,\leq)$ be a partially ordered set. A down-set is a set $d\subseteq P$ such that $x\in d$ and $x'\in P, x'\leq x$ imply $x'\in d$. If the down-set is totally ordered, we say it is a totally ...
3
votes
2answers
213 views

When is a filter generated by a (countable) chain?

In any partial order $(P,\leq)$ it is easy to see that every chain generates (i.e., by taking the upwards closure) a filter, and any filter built as a result of the Rasiowa-Sikorski lemma in forcing ...
2
votes
2answers
382 views

Embedding a brouwerian lattice into a boolean lattice

I have already asked a similar question at http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/470704/can-a-brouwerian-lattice-be-extended-into-a-boolean-algebra but have received no answer. Sorry, I ask a ...
6
votes
2answers
134 views

Image of poset with Hausdorff interval topology

Given a poset $(P,\leq)$ the interval topology $\tau_{\text{int}}(P)$ on $P$ is generated by $$\{P\setminus\downarrow x : x\in P\} \cup \{P\setminus\uparrow x : x\in P\},$$ where $\downarrow x = ...
6
votes
1answer
249 views

Is it possible to decide in polynomial time if a poset is a subposet of another which is given ?

I am reading some theory on partial orders and I wonder something which perhaps has a simple answer : Given two partial orders $G_1,G_2$ (by their hasse diagrams), is it possible to know in ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Totally right preorderable groups

Are there any known non-trivial sufficient conditions, or full characterizations, of a totally right-preorderable group? More precisely: totally right-preorderable: has a non-trivial total ...
3
votes
1answer
165 views

Is $\mathcal{P}(\omega)/fin$ with the interval topology a connected space?

Is $\mathcal{P}(\omega)/fin$ with the interval topology a connected space? (You find the definition of $\mathcal{P}(\omega)/fin$ here.) Remark: According to this, the interval topology of ...
3
votes
2answers
104 views

Completion of a single totally ordered down-set

This is a follow-up question to Complete sets of incompatible totally ordered down-set in a partially ordered set. Let $(P,\leq)$ be a partially ordered set such that for every $p\in P$ the set ...
3
votes
2answers
464 views

Cantor theorem on orders

It is "a well-known theorem of Cantor", said Sierpinski (circa 1920), that every countable total order can be imbedded in the rationals, and he proceeds to demonstrate that, assuming the continuum ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Interval topology and order convergence topology

Throughout this post, let $(P,\leq)$ be a poset. The interval topology $\tau_i(P)$ on $P$ is generated by $$\{P\setminus\downarrow x : x\in P\} \cup \{P\setminus\uparrow x : x\in P\},$$ where ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Order-preserving images of $(\mathcal{P}(\kappa),\subseteq)$

Is there a cardinal $\kappa \neq \emptyset$ and a connected poset $P$ of cardinality $\leq \kappa$ such that there is no surjective order-preserving map from $(\mathcal{P}(\kappa),\subseteq)$ onto ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Universal and left-factoring order-preserving maps

Trying to get a different angle for the question Fixed points and universal maps for posets, I want to compare universal maps to a different kind of functions. First recall that for posets $P,Q$ an ...