How many groups of size at most n are there? What is the asymptotic growth rate? And what of rings, fields, graphs, partial orders, etc.?
Question. How many (isomorphism types of) finite groups of size at most n are there? What is the asymptotic growth rate? And the same question for rings, fields, graphs, partial orders, etc. ...
Background: a field is formally real if -1 is not a sum of squares of elements in that field. An ordering on a field is a linear ordering which is (in exactly the sense that you would guess if you ...
Every countable order type, such as the countable ordinals, $\mathbb Z$, etc. can be embedded in $\mathbb Q$, so it is universal for countable order types. Is there a universal space for all linear ...
If $P$ and $P'$ are partial orders, a strictly order preserving map from $P$ to $P'$ is an $f:P\to P'$ satisfying that $x\lt y$ implies $f(x)\lt f(y)$ for all $x,y\in P$. An interval in $P$ is a set ...
Are there any known non-trivial sufficient conditions, or full characterizations, of a totally right-preorderable group? More precisely: totally right-preorderable: has a non-trivial total ...
It is "a well-known theorem of Cantor", said Sierpinski (circa 1920), that every countable total order can be imbedded in the rationals, and he proceeds to demonstrate that, assuming the continuum ...
In any partial order $(P,\leq)$ it is easy to see that every chain generates (i.e., by taking the upwards closure) a filter, and any filter built as a result of the Rasiowa-Sikorski lemma in forcing ...