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### is $ded^{*}(\kappa)< ded(\kappa)$ consistent?

Hello,
I wonder if anyone knows this.
Definition:
$ded\left(\lambda\right)$ is the supremum of all sizes
of linear orders with a dense subset of size $\lambda$.
$ded^{*}\left(\lambda\right)$ is ...

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**2**answers

691 views

### Is $Ded(\kappa)<Ded(\kappa)^\omega$ consistent?

Hello,
I want to ask if anyone can tells us what is known (consistently) about $Ded(\kappa)$, $\kappa$ an infinite cardinal.
Definition If there is a dense linear order w/o endpoints of size ...

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**1**answer

557 views

### Height of ordered set

In all "constructive" fixed-point theorems for functions on ordered sets that I am aware of, where the fixed point is obtained as the limit of a stationary increasing transfinite sequence, it is ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Probability distributions: The maximum of a pair of iid draws, where the minimum is an order statistic of other minimums?

General question: What is the distribution for the maximum of 2 independent draws from cdf F(x), when we know that the minimum of those same two draws is the kth order statistic of the minimum of n ...

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841 views

### order-preserving question

A B are totally-ordered sets and there exist two maps f and g such that f is a order-preserving injection from A to B and g is a order-preserving injection from B to A.
Q: Are A and B necessarily ...

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**1**answer

574 views

### Which countable linear orders are $\aleph_0$-categorical?

The question is: Which countable linear orders are $\aleph_0$-categorical?
I have a bit of progress on this:
Define a discrete tuple to be a set of elements, ordered discretely, such that if $a$ and ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

629 views

### Converse to Banach’s fixed point theorem for ordered fields?

Suppose $R$ is an ordered field. Call a continuous map $f: R \rightarrow R$ a contraction if there exists $r < 1$ (in $R$) such that $|f(x)-f(y)| \leq r |x-y|$ for all $x,y \in R$ (where $|x| := ...

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**1**answer

2k views

### Number of graphs with a given number of nodes, edges and triangles

Hi. Does anyone know if it is possible to enumerate the set of labeled/unlabeled graphs (loopless, undirected, only one edge between pairs of nodes) having a given number of nodes, edges and ...

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**3**answers

453 views

### way-below relation

Wiki says that an infinite set may be way-below another set.
More precisely, in a power set, pow(S), with subset order and with X and Y subsets of S, does X way-below Y entail that X is finite?
...

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votes

**1**answer

507 views

### Bridge game with only one suit: strategy

This game looks like bridge, but 1- there are only two players Alice and Bob, 2- there is only one suit, whose cards are numbered $1, 2,\ldots,2n$. One deals each player $n$ cards. Therefore Alice ...

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874 views

### Topological sort of partial order into sorted sets

Given a partial order of elements, one can use topological sorting to produce a sorted list of elements. For example, if we have the partial order A->B and A->C, then the possible topological sort ...

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570 views

### Is it reasonable to define `poset homotopy' as a `natural transformation of posets'?

Pausing to speak metaphorically for a bit, I have always thought of partial orders as being something like a simplified version of topological spaces. (In the finite case at least, all topological ...

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**4**answers

831 views

### Universal order type

Every countable order type, such as the countable ordinals, $\mathbb Z$, etc. can be embedded in $\mathbb Q$, so it is universal for countable order types. Is there a universal space for all linear ...

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votes

**0**answers

78 views

### A specific notion between the notions of transversal and system of distinct representatives.

Let $X$ be a set, let $\mathcal{C}$ be a collection of subsets of $X$, and let $x_1, \dots , x_k \in X$. Say that the sequence $\{x_i\}_{i=1\dots k}$ is a sequential transversal (of length $k$) ...

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354 views

### Semilattices with n elements

How many n-element semilattices there are?
For example, for n-element partially ordered set we can figured out, that there are $2^{n*(n-1)}$ possible sets.
And can I find all possible n-element ...

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**1**answer

822 views

### Well ordering of countably branching well founded trees

Hello everybody,
I would like to say, before stating the question, that I'm not a mathematician, and therefore i apologize in advance if the question is trivial, or well-known. I'll try to state it ...

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387 views

### Does this “flipping lexicographic” ordering have a standard name?

I’ve run into the following straightforward variant of lexicographic ordering, and am wondering if it has a standard name. I’ve been calling it the flipping lexicographic ordering, for evident ...

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222 views

### Modern books about orders and algebras on trees

Please help to find books about orders and algebras on trees.
If there is no modern books, please advice good old ones!
I'm more interested in finite trees (my current problem), but infinite ones are ...

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**1**answer

331 views

### Decomposing posets into countably many chains

A conjecture of Galvin's is that the following is possible (which I take to mean that the consistency of the following can be proven relative to the consistency of something like ZFC, or ZFC plus some ...

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191 views

### Of what kind of complemented bounded poset are the structures in my quasi-variety?

I feel that my question is very basic, but, somewhat suprisingly, nobody was able to give me an answer so far:
Let
$\mathbf{M} := \langle \{ 0,1 \}, 0, 1, \leq, \neg \rangle$
be the structure with ...

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601 views

### Given a cardinal k, what's the biggest dense linear order with a dense subset of size k?

It's not hard to show that for any cardinal $\kappa$, there is no dense linear order without endpoints (DLO) of size greater than $2^{\kappa}$ that has a dense subset of size $\kappa$. But one can ...

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512 views

### A problem about posets similar to Suslin's problem

Suslin's problem is:
Given a complete dense linear order without endpoints, if it has the ccc must it be isomorphic to $\mathbb{R}$?
The answer is that it's independent of ZFC. The related ...

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681 views

### Does order isomorphism of linear extensions of two partially ordered sets imply order isomorphism of themselves?

Consider two partially ordered sets $A = \{a< b,a< c\}$, $B=\{x< z,y< z\}$.
Their linear extensions (here we allow equality in linear extensions) for $A, B$ are
$$A_L=\{A_1=\{a< b< ...

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**1**answer

203 views

### Is every countable well-order embeddable in \mathbb{R}? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate:
Order types of positive reals
The title is self-explanatory.

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238 views

### What do you call a lattice whose meet operation preserves disjointness of subsets?

To make my question more precise and compact (and probably more intuitive), let me define the following:
A subset $S$ of a lattice is mutually disjoint if for each $x \in S$, $\bigvee(S - \lbrace x ...

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**0**answers

315 views

### Functoriality of a standard integral domain construction.

The evident forgetful functor from fields to integral domains has a left adjoint, namely the construction of the quotient field for a given integral domain. Another standard construction is taking the ...

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445 views

### Partial word orders on groups

This is a followup question related to this question. Recall that a left-invariant partial order on a finitely generated group $G$ is called a partial word order if for every $a\le b\le c$ we have ...

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286 views

### orders and length functions on finitely generated groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group with the natural word length function ($|x|$ is the length of the shortest word in generators of $G$ representing $x$). We call a partial left invariant order ...

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265 views

### Higher-order dimension in posets: a reference request

Let $P = (X, \le)$ be a partially-ordered set. Then the dimension of $P$ is the minimum number of total orders over $X$ whose intersection yields $P$. Alternately, the dimension of $P$ is the minimum ...

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295 views

### Is this a pre-ordered commutative semigroup?

Motivation
I'm studying an approach to axiomatic thermodynamics based on the notion of commutative semigroup $(S,+)$ with a preorder relation $\to$ on $S$. In other words, $S$ is non-empty set, the ...

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367 views

### a poset with small “cycles”

(a followup to this recent question)
I noticed the following curious property of a poset (which I strongly believe to be a lattice, I'm still trying to prove that...):
Suppose that $z$ is covered by ...

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3k views

### Proving that a poset is a lattice

I discovered experimentally that a certain finite poset (sorry, I cannot give its definition here) seems to be in fact a (non-distributive, non-graded) lattice. The covering relations are reasonably ...

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1k views

### What are examples of ordered fields that do not have the Archimedean Property?

Are the computable numbers one example?

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436 views

### Arithmetic of ordered sets more general than ordinals

Motivation. Having read about infinite time Turing machines and ω-languages, I was thinking about more general notions of languages and “computation time”. Languages over strings of length ...

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2k views

### A principle of mathematical induction for partially ordered sets with infima?

Recently I learned that there is a useful analogue of mathematical induction over $\mathbb{R}$ (more precisely, over intervals of the form $[a,\infty)$ or $[a,b]$). It turns out that this is an old ...

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950 views

### When does a Galois connection induce a topology?

Let $(X,\leq)$ and $(Y,\leq)$ by partially ordered sets. Recall that a(n antitone) Galois connection between $X$ and $Y$ is a pair of order-reversing maps
$\Phi: X \rightarrow Y, \ \Psi: Y ...

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213 views

### not sure what these basic FO symbols mean [closed]

I know some basic logic symbols, but i'm not sure what this formula means:
Fragment:
http://i35.tinypic.com/14jt1n9.png
Full paper:
http://www.newton.ac.uk/preprints/NI07003.pdf
in particular, what ...

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194 views

### An elegant formulation for typed sets

Fix a poset $T$, which we'll think of as a set of "types," interpreting $a \leq b$ as "$a$ is more general than $b$." Construct a category of TSet as follows.
Objects: Pairs ($X$, $\tau : X ...

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417 views

### Fraissé limit of the finite linear orderings

Hodges in his Shorter Model Theory promises to show "in what sense the finite linear orderings 'tend to' the rationals rather than, say, the ordering of the integers" (p. 160). After going through his ...

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553 views

### The poset of k-small downward-closed subposets of a poset P is k-filtered when k is a regular cardinal?

Let $\kappa$ be a cardinal, and let $P$ be a poset. Let $\mathcal{P}_\kappa(P)$ denote the poset of $\kappa$-small subposets of $P$ and let ...

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196 views

### Finite categories and partial orders

I'm studying category theory for the first time in a very succint book for computer scientists (I'm not actually a computer scientist, I'm a physicist, but my interest in cat theory is related to ...

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**0**answers

178 views

### How linearly independent are the obvious combinatorial invariants of a Bruhat interval?

Let $[u, v]$ be a Bruhat interval in some Coxeter group. Let $I$ be the set of all Bruhat intervals. I am interested in functions $I \to \mathbb{Z}$ which are invariant under poset isomorphisms. ...

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269 views

### Monotonic maximal chains in a Coxeter group

Let $(W, S)$ be a Coxeter system, and let $T = \bigcup_{w \in W, s \in S} wsw^{-1}$. Associated to every element $t \in T$ is a unique positive root $\alpha_t \in \Phi^{+}$ considered as a vector in ...

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**1**answer

433 views

### Any further applications of Freudenthal's 1936 Spectral Theorem ?

Seemingly completely forgotten, back in 1936, the Dutch mathematician Freudenthal, quite well known at the time, proved his so called Spectral Theorem, see chapter 6 in Luxemburg & Zaanen : Riesz ...

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836 views

### Subposets of small Dushnik-Miller dimension

The Dushnik–Miller dimension of a partial order $(P,{\leq})$ is the smallest possible size $d$ for a family ${\leq_1},\ldots,{\leq_d}$ of total orderings of $P$ whose intersection is ${\leq}$, ...

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**0**answers

170 views

### Vector-valued valuations on lattices

There's a fair amount of work on valuations on (modular) lattices, by which I mean functions $v : \mathcal{L} \rightarrow R$ that satisfy the modular expression
$$v(x) + v(y) = v(x \wedge y) + v(x ...

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1k views

### Explicit ordering on set with larger cardinality than R

Is it possible to construct (without using Axoim of Choice) a totally ordered set S with cardinality larger than $\mathbb{R}$?
Motivation: A total ordering is often called a “linear ordering”. I have ...

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664 views

### What is the minimal size of a partial order that is universal for all partial orders of size n?

A partial order $\mathbb{B}$ is universal for a class $\cal{P}$ of partial orders if every order in $\cal{P}$ embeds
order-preservingly into $\mathbb{B}$.
For example, every partial order
...

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1k views

### Cyclic order relation in Zn

The ring Zn:={0,1,..,n-1} under addition and multiplication modulo n.
Suppose a,b,c,x $\in$ Zn are nonzero and the cyclic order R(a,b,c) holds, then under what conditions does R(ax,bx,cx) hold ?

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784 views

### Order types of positive reals

Suppose one has a set $S$ of positive real numbers, such that the usual numerical ordering on $S$ is a well-ordering. Is it possible for $S$ to have any countable ordinal as its order type, or are the ...