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### Universal and left-factoring order-preserving maps

Trying to get a different angle for the question Fixed points and universal maps for posets, I want to compare universal maps to a different kind of functions.
First recall that for posets $P,Q$ an ...

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### Pre-Order induced by continuous functions

I'm an newbie in category theory, but I want use it to solve a pre-order question I encountered in my research:
Let $X$ be a convex&compact subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$. $f,g: X \rightarrow [0,1]$ ...

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### Is the homomorphism poset directed if the codomain is directed?

Let $P,Q$ be partially ordered sets (posets). We consider the set $\text{Hom}(P,Q)$ of order-preserving functions $f:P\to Q$. (We call a function $f:P\to Q$ order preserving if $x\leq y$ in $P$ ...

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### When is the homomorphism poset between posets a lattice?

Let $P,Q$ be partially ordered sets (posets). We consider the set $\text{Hom}(P,Q)$ of order-preserving functions $f:P\to Q$. There is a natural ordering relation on $\text{Hom}(P,Q)$ given by $f\leq ...

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### Unique representability of bounded distributive lattices

Priestley Duality assigns to every bounded distributive lattice $L$ a compact totally order-disconnected topological space $P(L)$, also called a Priestley space.
A poset $(P,\leq)$ is called ...

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### Minor ordering for finite graphs

Let $\mathcal{G}_{<\omega}$ be the set of graphs $G = (V,E)$ such that $V = \{0,\ldots,n\}$ for some $n \geq 0$ and $E \subseteq \mathcal{P}_2(V) = \{\{a,b\} : a,b \in V \textrm{ and } a\neq b\}$. ...

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### Does the category of posets have pushouts and pullbacks? [duplicate]

Let $\mathbf{Poset}$ be the category of partially ordered sets with order-preserving maps. Does $\mathbf{Poset}$ have both pushouts and pullbacks?

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### Uniformizing a relation on ordered sets

Suppose $A$ and $B$ are (complete) ordered sets. Suppose $R\subseteq A\times B$, and
$f(a)=\inf\{b : (a,b)\in R\}$
$g(b)=\inf\{a : (a,b)\in R\}$
then what can we call $f$ and $g$? Perhaps there is ...

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### Order dimension vs topological dimension of a poset

Let $(P,\leq)$ be a partially ordered set (poset). We define the ordering dimension $\textrm{dim}_\textrm{ord}(P)$ of $(P,\leq)$ to be the smallest cardinal $\kappa$ such that there exist a set of ...

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### Classification of countable posets?

Is there a classification of countable posets where between each two comparable elements there is a third element between them?

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### Is every continuous function measurable?

This question has already been asked on Math StackExchange here, but was too old to be migrated, and I think will be more appropriate to MathOverflow.
In non-Hausdorff topology it is standard to ...

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### Is the fixed point property for posets preserved by products?

Recall that a partially ordered set (poset) $P$ has the fixed point property (FPP) if any order preserving function $f:P\longrightarrow P$ has a fixed point.
Theorem. Suppose $P$ and $Q$ are posets ...

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### reduction to np hard ordering problem

I am trying to show a reduction from a problem of ordering problem to an np-hard problem that has approximation poly-time algorithm.
My problem is: I have M auctions and in each auction I have N ...

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### Directed subposet of a poset containing the minimal elements

The following appears naturally in a certain context:
Let $P$ be a graded partially ordered set. Let $M$ be the subset of minimal elements of $P$. Define subsets $E_i$ inductively as follows: First, ...

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### Are there any results on well-quasi-ordering of languages?

There are a number of papers that I can find about well-quasi-orders in formal lnaguage theory, by Kunc, de Luca, D'Alessandro, and Varricchio, among others. I am interested, however, in well-quasi ...

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### Mapping graphs to ordinals

Robertson-Seymour theorem implies that graph minor relation is a well-quasi-ordering, which means (among other things) that this relation can be extended to a well-order, and other result says that ...

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### The category of categories and adjunctions

What is known about the category that has small categories as objects and adjunctions as morphisms? Obviously, it has neither terminal nor initial objects. But what about other kinds of limits? Are ...

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### Can $Ded(\kappa)$ be a supremum?

Definition If there is a dense linear order w/o endpoints of size $\lambda$ with a dense subset of size $\kappa$ then write $D(\kappa,\lambda)$. $Ded(\kappa)=\sup_\lambda \{D(\kappa,\lambda)\}$.
It ...

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### Profinite completion of a partial order

In Johnstone's Stone Spaces it is proved that the category of profinite partial orders is (equivalent to) the category of ordered Stone spaces (also called Priestley spaces) and that the obvious ...

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### Finite lattices whose number of join-irreducibles does not exceed its height

In a finite distributive lattice $L$ one has $height(L) = |J(L)|$ i.e. the size of the largest chain equals the number of join-irreducible elements.
Briefly, this follows by arranging the subposet ...

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### Equality-preserving embeddings of finite trees

For finite trees $T_{1}$ and $T_{2}$ labelled by elements of some infinite set $S$, (we may assume that $S=\mathbb{N}$ without loss of generality), we define an equality-preserving embedding $f$ to be ...

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### Status of Barany's conjecture?

One of Barany's most intriguing conjectures is about the $f$-vectors of convex polytopes. It asks:
Let $P$ be a convex $d$-polytope. Is it always true that $f_k \geq \min(f_0, f_{d-1})$?
A ...

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### Examples of groups such that order isomorphism of the subgroups of $G\times G$ and $H\times H$ does not imply isomorphism of $G$ and $H$

Let $G$ and $H$ be groups, $\operatorname{Sub}(G\times G)$ be the set of all subgroups of $G\times G$ and $\operatorname{Sub}(H\times H)$ be the set of all subgroups of $H\times H$. Assume there ...

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### Embedding a linearly ordered free monoid into a linearly ordered group

A linearly ordered (shortly, l.o.) monoid is a triple $\mathbb M = (M, \cdot, \le)$ for which $(M, \cdot)$ is a (multiplicatively written) monoid and $\le$ is a total order on $M$ such that $xy < ...

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### Combinatorial design for minimization problem over binary strings

Suppose the cost of a binary string $B$ of length $k$ is the number of $1$s that occur before the last $0$. For example, $1110$ has cost 3 while $0111$ has cost 0. Now suppose you can choose $k$ ...

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### Linearly ordered set arithmetic: reference request

A lot has been written about the arithmetic of ordinal numbers. However, we can also do arithmetic with linearly ordered sets.
Question. Is there an article or book where I can learn the basics of ...

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### An equivariant Hahn Embedding Theorem?

The Hahn Embedding Theorem asserts that for any (linearly) ordered abelian group $\Lambda$, there exists a linearly ordered indexing set $\Omega$ such that $\Lambda$ admits an order-preserving group ...

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### Which linearly ordered sets have the property that their completion is equipotent with their powerset?

As is well-known, ZFC proves the equipotency of $\mathbb{R}$ and $\mathcal{P}(\mathbb{Q}).$ Is there a nice characterization of those linearly ordered sets $L$ which, like $\mathbb{Q}$, have the ...

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### Monotonic sequence (edited) [closed]

For any two n-dim vector $v$ and $v'$ define $v\leq v'$ iff for each $1\leq i\leq n$, $v_i\leq v_i'$.
Suppose further that the entry of vectors can only take values from $m$ distinct values $\{a_1, ...

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### existence of more distributive Boolean lattices

Are there a Boolean lattice $(X,\le)$ and a nonempty collection $(a_{ij})_{i\in I,j\in J}\subseteq X$ such that
$$\bigvee_{i\in I}\bigwedge_{j\in J}{a_{ij}}\ne \bigwedge_{f:I\to J}\bigvee_{i\in ...

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### Compactness and completeness in Gödel logic

The standard proof of the completeness theorem in first-order Gödel logic is based
on a first-order countable language. I want to know that is there any proof of the completeness theorem in ...

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### Characterizing Inf and Sup sets

Suppose $X$ is a set. Let $\Xi$ be the set of all pairs $(\mathcal A,\mathcal B)$ such that
$$\mathcal A, \mathcal B \subseteq \mathcal P(X)$$
and for some partial order $\le$ on $X$, $\mathcal A$ is ...

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### Reference for statement that almost every $n$-element partial order has trivial automorphism group

I'm looking for a reference for the statement that almost every partial order on $n$ elements has trivial automorphism group. I've been told that this is a folklore result. Does anyone know of a ...

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### First-order Peano Axioms and order-completeness of $\mathbb{N}$ [closed]

Definition: An ordered set is order-complete if any nonempty subset with an upper bound, has a lowest upper bound or supremo.
Notation: We denote the system of first-order Peano Axioms (along with ...

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### Semitransitive relations

By a digraph, let us mean an ordered pair $(X,r)$ with $r : X \times X \rightarrow B,$ where $X$ is a set and $B = \{\mathrm{False}, \mathrm{True}\}.$
Then supposing $\mathbb{X} =(X,r)$ is a digraph, ...

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### A categorical analogue of Debreu's independent factors theorem

Background
A major question in Decision Theory is that of the cardinal meaning of a utility function. That is, given a set $X$, a utility function $u:X\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ represents the choices ...

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### Has the single sorted case of formal concept analysis been investigated?

A formal context in formal concept analysis is a triple $K = (G, M, I)$ where $G$ is a set of objects, $M$ is a set of attributes and the binary relation $I \subset G \times M$ shows which objects ...

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### name for a subset of a binary relational structure which is “closed downward”?

Let $X$ be a set and suppose that $R$ is a binary relation on $X$. Suppose further that $S\subseteq X$ has the property that whenever $y\in S$ and $xRy$ ($x\in X$), then also $x\in S$. Does such an ...

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### Uniqueness of minimal completions of a partially ordered set

The partially ordered set $(Y,\le)$ is called a superspace of the partially ordered set $(X,\le')$ iff
$X\subseteq Y$.
$\le'=(\le\cap X^2)$.
and a completion of $(X,\le')$ if in addition
$~~ 3$. ...

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### Example involving partially ordered Abelian groups

Definition 1:
Let $(G,\leq)$ be a nonzero partially ordered Abelian group with order unit $u$. (Recall that $u\in G$ is a order unit if, for every $g\in G$, there exists $N\in\mathbb N$ such that ...

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### Is any order bounded continuous linear functionals a difference of positive continuous functionals?

Let $B$ be a Banach space and $K$ a closed proper cone in $B$ such that the induced partial order makes $B$ a vector lattice. Let $K'=\{x^*\in B':\langle x^*, x\rangle\geq 0\ \forall x\in K\}$ the ...

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### An order type $\tau$ equal to its power $\tau^n, n>2$

(This is a re-post of my old unanswered question from Math.SE)
For purposes of this question, let's concern ourselves only with linear (but not necessarily well-founded) order types.
Recall that:
...

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### Totally right preorderable groups

Are there any known non-trivial sufficient conditions, or full characterizations, of a totally right-preorderable group?
More precisely:
totally right-preorderable: has a non-trivial total ...

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### Expected size of $k$-th layer of a POSET

Is this known?
What is the expected width of the $k$-th layer (anti-chain layer) of a $d$-dimensional partially ordered set of $n$ elements formed by product of $d$ random linear orders chosen from ...

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### Proving equivalence of a tree-based version of Countable Choice for families of finite sets

In this paper by Good and Tree, the following result is mentioned without proof as part of Proposition 6.5:
Each of the following statements imply those beneath it.
The countable union of ...

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### Counting a type of self-dual poset

An exercise in Stanley's Enumerative Combinatorics (Chapter 3, ex. 8) asked for an example of a finite self-dual poset, (i.e. there is a bijection $f: P\to P$ such that $s\le t \Longleftrightarrow ...

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### Does every locally finite acyclic directed set embed into a linear order locally isomorphic to the integers? (Edit: extend, not merely embed.)

Let $S=(S,\prec)$ be a set together with an acyclic binary relation, generally nontransitive. $S$ is locally finite if, for every element $x\in S$, the sets $\{w|w\prec x\}$ ("direct past of $x$") ...

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### Does every countably infinite interval-finite partial order embed into the integers?

A partially ordered set $(S,\le)$ is called interval finite if the open intervals $(x,z):=\{y|x\le y\le z\}$ are finite for all choices of $x,z$ in $S$. An embedding $(S,\le)\rightarrow(S',\le')$ of ...

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### Linear order extensions on (nonabelian) groups

If $G$ is a group with a (left) linear order, does every (left) partial order on $G$ extend to a (left) linear order?
The answer is affirmative on abelian groups, where being torsion-free is ...

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### Conditions for a group to be lattice-ordered

Given a set $S$ with a group operation $\cdot$ and a lattice ordering $\leq$, I wish to know when we can say that $\cdot$ preserves $\leq$, i.e. $(x\vee y)z=xz\vee yz$ and similarly for meets.
...