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21
votes
2answers
703 views

Cobordism of orbifolds?

Is it possible to setup classical cobordism theory in the context of orbifolds? For example, let's consider the free abelian group generated by oriented smooth orbifolds and quotient by those which ...
19
votes
3answers
810 views

What tools cannot work for orbifolds?

Consider all of your basic constructions/tools/theorems for manifolds: fundamental group, Euler characteristic, triangulations, orientation, smoothness, bundle structure, cobordisms, etc.. Viewing ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a Chern-Gauss-Bonnet theorem for orbifolds?

There's a Gauss-Bonnet theorem for compact 2-orbifolds(due to Satake, I think), which gives a relation between the curvature of a Riemannian orbifold and the orbifold topology(i.e. taking into account ...
18
votes
4answers
3k views

What is meant by smooth orbifold?

There seems to be some confusion over what the tangent space to a singular point of an orbifold is. On the one hand there is the obvious notion that smooth structures on orbifolds lift to smooth ...
17
votes
5answers
1k views

How should one understand orbifold fundamental groups?

I am studying orbifold fundamental group (or more generally orbifold homotopy groups). In a nutshell, my questions is: what are they intuitively? In what follows I give definitions and more precise ...
16
votes
2answers
508 views

why most of the angles are right

The Coxeter–Dynkin diagrams tell us that in a spherical Coxeter simplex most of the dihedral angles are right. Say among $\tfrac{n{\cdot}(n+1)}2$ dihedral angles we can have at most $n$ angles which ...
13
votes
1answer
683 views

Homotopy theory of topological stacks/orbifolds

Motivation $\newcommand{\T}{\mathscr{T}}$ I have many times found myself saying some variant of the following. Let $\T_g$ be the Teichmüller space of a surface of genus $g$, and $\Gamma_g$ its ...
9
votes
3answers
954 views

Groupoids vs Pseudogroups

(Warning: I'm not an expert in the topic) Let's work in a "geometric" category, for example the category $\mathfrak{Diff}$ of "manifolds" (without the requirements of connectedness and second ...
8
votes
7answers
1k views

Orbifold fundamental group in terms of loops?

In chapter 13 in his notes on 3-manifolds, Thurston defines the orbifold fundamental group to be the group of deck transformations of the universal cover of the orbifold. He also makes a statement ...
8
votes
1answer
991 views

Why isn't the orbifold cohomology of $pt/G$ equal to the cohomology of $BG$?

The classifying space of a group $G$ is given by taking a contractible space $E$ equipped with a free $G$-action, and looking at the quotient, which we dub $BG$. The homotopy type of this space (and ...
8
votes
1answer
553 views

Orbifold fundamental group and configuration space

Hi, I'm not very familiar with (even simple examples of) orbifolds, so my first question is: Let $C_2$ be $\mathbb{C}$ with one cone singularity at 0 of index 2. What is the fundamental group of ...
8
votes
1answer
316 views

tangent bundles of orbifolds

Hello, I want to take a unit $n$-ball $B_n$ and quotient it by some subgroup $G \subset \mathbb{Z}_2^n$. Here is a sketch of the construction: take the obvious inscribed $n$-hypercube of $B_n$; we ...
7
votes
2answers
874 views

Euler characteristic of orbifolds

Hello, Suppose $M$ is a compact oriented smooth manifold and $G$ is a finite group acting on it. Then it is well-known, although I have yet to find a proof or derivation of it, that the (normal ...
7
votes
1answer
280 views

3-orbifolds with a Seifert geometry that are not actually Seifert fibered

It is well-known that Seifert fibered $3$--manifolds are geometric: they admit one of the Thurston geometries $S^2 \times R$, $R^3$, $H^2 \times R$, $S^3$, $Nil$, and $PSL(2,R)$. Furthermore, the ...
7
votes
2answers
427 views

What is a good reference (preferably thorough) for the Derived Category of a scheme/orbifold/stack?

I've sort of circled around the idea of derived categories a few times, read a few introductory papers ("Derived Categories for the working mathematician", e.g.), and feel now that this is something ...
7
votes
1answer
206 views

Duality between orbifold and quasi-Hopf algebra (twisted quantum doubles)

A quick Question: Is there some duality known between the quasi Hopf algebra $D^\omega(H)$ of a finite group $H$ to an orbifold model (such as SU(2)/$G$ or SO(3)/$G$ orbifold of some ...
6
votes
5answers
376 views

A terminological question concerning orbifolds.

The notion of orbifold is quite well established by now. I would like to ask how one should call a point of an orbifold with non-trivial stabilizer? Should one call this a singular point? Of something ...
6
votes
2answers
288 views

how to construct a $C^\infty$ stack from a holomorphic stack

Given a complex manifold, you can `weaken' its structure to give a smooth manifold. Is there an analogous construction that constructs a stack over the category of smooth manifolds from a stack over ...
6
votes
2answers
276 views

Orbifolds vs. branched covers

Forgive me if this is a basic question. I'm just learning about orbifolds, and covering spaces are my happy place for thinking about group actions. If $M$ is a manifold and $G$ is a group acting ...
6
votes
1answer
388 views

Stable homotopy theory of orbifolds

Is there a notion of stable homotopy, spectrum, or a stable homotopy category which corresponds to orbifolds and orbispaces, in the same way that classical stable homotopy theory corresponds to ...
5
votes
1answer
152 views

Orbit spaces of crystallographic groups

In their paper "On Three-Dimensional Space Groups", Conway et al. write Although this paper was inspired by the orbifold concept, we did not need to consider the 219 orbifolds of space groups ...
5
votes
1answer
336 views

Diffeomorphism groups of orbifolds

A lot is known about geometric and topological properties of diffeomorphism groups of surfaces (here, I am mainly thinking about the work of Smale and Eells-Elworthy). Is there anything known for ...
5
votes
3answers
294 views

Smoothness of frame bundle of (global) orbifolds [reference request]

Background Let $(M,g)$ be a riemannian manifold and let $G$ be a finite group acting effectively and isometrically on $M$. Recall that this means that for all $x \in G$, the diffeomorphism ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

hyperbolic orbifolds of small area

Is there a list of 2-dimensional hyperbolic orbifolds obtained from reflection groups (such as the double of a hyperbolic triangle with angles $\pi/p$, etc.) of small area, for instance area smaller ...
4
votes
1answer
336 views

Ramification formula for orbifolds

It's well known for smooth curves that if $\pi:X\to Y$ is a finite map, $K_X=\pi^*K_Y+Ram(\pi)$, this is just the Riemann-Hurwitz formula at the level of line bundles. I've been told that this ...
4
votes
1answer
180 views

Seifert Fibrations and their associated Spectral Sequence

In a somewhat limited setting, a Seifert Fibre Space is a 3-manifold $M$ with a "nice" decomposition into circles (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seifert_fiber_space). That is, $M$ is decomposed into ...
4
votes
2answers
316 views

How to specify a finite group up to inner automorphism?

I want some finite set of data to which I can canoically associate a "group up to inner automorphism", and which can be constructed canoically from a "group up to inner automorphism". I have a few ...
4
votes
1answer
394 views

Intrinsic Characterization of when an orbifold (or more general stack) is effective?

Recall that an orbifold is an etale and proper differentiable stack $X$. Etale means that it admits an etale atlas $M \to X$ from a manifold $M$ (which is to say it is represented by an etale Lie ...
3
votes
1answer
330 views

What is the intuition inertia orbifold (or stack)?

I am studying orbifolds with view towards Chen-Ruan cohomology. I have been struggling with inertia orbifolds but have no intuition about them at this point. I would appreciate your motivating me by ...
3
votes
1answer
509 views

What does the 'V' in 'V-manifold' stand for?

The story of how the name 'orbifold' came about is pretty well-documented, but I can't find any explanation as to why Satake originally named orbifolds 'V-manifolds'. The 'manifold' part is clear ...
3
votes
1answer
519 views

A simple minded Poincare duality for orbifolds?

Suppose $X^n$ is an orientable compact orbifold (without boundary) with stabilisers in codimesnion 2, and $\bar X^n$ is the underlying topological space. We can assume moreover that $X^n$ is a ...
3
votes
2answers
526 views

Spinors on orbifolds

Let $R^{n}$ be a cone over sphere $S^{n-1}$ with the metric $g = dr^2 + r^{2}g[S^{n-1}]$ ($r> 0$). Whether it is true that the cone over $S^{n-1}/Z_{2} = RP^{n-1}$ has twice less parallel spinors, ...
3
votes
1answer
160 views

Does fixing the reparameterization invariance of the string action correspond to some kind of orbifolding?

Does fixing the reparameterization invariance of the string action, for example by choosing the light-cone gauge $$ X^{+} = \beta\alpha' p^{+}\tau $$ $$ p^{+} = \frac{2\pi}{\beta} P^{\tau +} $$ ...
3
votes
0answers
243 views

“Step-by-Step” toric resolution process?

WLOG the fan $\Sigma$ of our toric variety $X_{\Sigma}$ is simplicial. (So $X_{\Sigma}$ has at worst orbifold singularities and all cones $\sigma \in \Sigma$ are simplicial). The classical toric ...
3
votes
0answers
188 views

Seek “typical examples” for the structure of spaces with two-sided Ricci bounds

By a 1990 paper of Michael Anderson, the following is true: Theorem. Let the metric space $(X,d,p)$ be a pointed Gromov-Hausdorff limit of a sequence of complete pointed Riemannian manifolds ...
2
votes
2answers
978 views

Are orbifold singularities canonical?

This is a direct consequence of my previous question: Extending group actions on varieties In his answer, inkspot said that group actions can be extended if the variety has ample canonical class and ...
2
votes
2answers
161 views

Topological invariants of toroidal orbifolds

Which are the most powerful topological invariants of toroidal orbifolds? In particular I am looking for topological invariants of two-dimensional toroidal orbifolds such as $T^{2}/Z_{k}\times Z_{k}$ ...
2
votes
4answers
680 views

Quotient Surface of A Hyperelliptic Involution

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic Riemann surface, and let $J$ be the hyperelliptic involution. Then consider the quotient surface $X/ < J > ,$ my question is whether $X/ < J > $ is a Riemann ...
2
votes
4answers
4k views

Cotangent bundle of a differentiable stack

If you ever wanted to construct the tangent bundle of a differentiable stack, it's relatively simple: First, if $\mathbf{X}$ is a stack coming from a Lie groupoid $\mathcal{G}$, you could just say ...
2
votes
2answers
400 views

Branched coverings over orbifolds with reflector lines

It is well known that if $F\to B$ is a $n$-finite branched covering over an orbifold with cone-points then the orbifold Euler's characteristics are related via ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Real weight modular forms as sections of a line bundle

Background: I've been trying to read Baily, Walter L., Jr. The decomposition theorem for V-manifolds. Amer. J. Math. 78 1956 and I have problems with the language used in the paper. Firstly I am ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Can stabilizer groups in an orbifold have global twisting?

Can stabilizer groups in an orbifold have global twisting? For example, consider the two groups $\mathbb Z/3\times\mathbb Z$ and $\mathbb Z/3\rtimes\mathbb Z$ (where $\mathbb ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Properties of the induced map between inertia stacks

Let $\mathcal X$ and $\mathcal Y$ be (separated) Deligne-Mumford stacks. A morphism of stacks $f:\mathcal X \to \mathcal Y$ induces a morphism between inertia stacks $\tilde f:I\mathcal X \to ...
2
votes
0answers
424 views

Thurston's definition of an orbifold

I'm currently trying to understand the definition of an orbifold as expressed in Thurston's Geometry and topology of three manifolds (The definition is in chapter 13 p300). I'm confused about the ...
2
votes
0answers
250 views

Quasi-projective orbifolds and algebraic line bundles

The notion of quasi-projective orbifold is generally accepted to contain at least the following: let $X$ be a (simply-connected) complex manifold, $G$ a group acting on $X$ by biholomorphisms, and ...
1
vote
1answer
193 views

Link of a vertex of a 3-orbifold (link orbifold)

I know the notion of the link of a vertex of a 3-manifold. In his article Geometric structures on low-dimensional manifolds, Suhyoung Choi first defined the notion of "projective triangulation of an ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

Enumerativity of Gromov-Witten invariants of orbifolds

For smooth Deligne-Mumford stacks, there is a well-defined Gromov-Witten theory, see http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0103156.pdf and http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0603151.pdf. Is there some sense, or some ...
1
vote
1answer
788 views

Penner's formula for volume of the Moduli Space

In his paper "Weil-Petersson Volumes" Penner gives the following formula for the integral of a top-dimensional cohomology class $\omega$ on the moduli space $\mathcal M_g^s$ of $s$-punctured riemann ...
1
vote
1answer
176 views

When do maps of ineffective orbifolds descend to their effective part?

If $$f:\mathscr{X} \to \mathscr{Y}$$ is a map between (possibly ineffective) orbifolds (in the sense of differentiable stacks, or orbifold groupoids), does it follow that $f$ induces a map between ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

finite generation of $G$-equivariant holomorphic maps by polynomials?

Let $V$ and $W$ be two complex vector spaces with an action of a finite group $G$. The $G$-equivariant polynomial maps from $V$ to $W$ are finitely generated as a module over the ring of $G$-invariant ...