Spectrum, resolvent, numerical range, functional calculus, operator semigroups. Special classes of operators: compact, Fredholm, dissipative, differential, integral, pseudodifferential, etc.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
55 views

Spectrum on an unbounded operator

Consider the operator $T_{c}=-\frac{d}{dx^{2}}+ c x^{2}$ with $c\in C^{*}$, $Re(c)>0$ defined on its domain $D_{c}=\{u\in L^{2}; T_{c}(u)\in L^{2}\}$. Put $c=a+ib$ avec $a>0$ et $b\in R$. ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

The C*-envelope of the algebra of continuous functions on a compact topological space is commutative

In my research in operator theory, specifically in C* algebras and enveloping, I came across this strange footnote in a text (locally published in non English where I study) which states the following:...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

A nice proof that completely bounded (cb) norm of transpose map on $ M_n $ is n

In my research of operator algebras and their connection with machine learning I of course use the well know result: For the map $ tr:M_n \to M_n $ denoting the transpose map of matrices (meaning ...
1
vote
1answer
198 views

When is the sum of complemented subspaces complemented?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Question. Suppose $X_1,...,X_n$ are complemented subspaces of $X$. When is the sum $X_1+...+X_n$ complemented? Further, suppose we know some projections $P_1,...,P_n$ onto $...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

Self-adjointness of the components of the magnetic derivative

On $L^{2}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ define the operator $\Pi_{j} u := (-i\partial/\partial x_{j} - A_{j})u$, where $A_{j} \in L^{2}_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ represents the $j$-th component of the magnetic ...
4
votes
0answers
62 views

I have an embedding $\iota$ between two Hilbert spaces and want to know if $\iota\iota^\ast$ is something simple like an orthogonal projection

I'm reading A Concise Course on Stochastic Partial Differential Equations. In Proposition 2.5.2 the authors define the notion of a cylindrical $Q$-Wiener process $W$. It turns out that $W$ is just a $...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

almost invariant half space for a dual of a restricted operator

Let $X$ be an infinite-dimensional Banach space and $T\in\mathcal{L}(X)$ a continuous linear operator acting on $X$. A closed subspace $Y$ of $X$ is said to be an almost-invariant halfspace (...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Construction of orthonormal basis of the Hilbert space $\mathcal{S}^p_{\mathcal{H}}$ of vectors of $p \in \mathbb{N}$ Hilbert Schmidt operators

Let $(e_j)$ be a orthonormal basis (ONB) of a separable Hilbert space $(\mathcal{H}, \langle\cdot, \cdot\rangle_{\mathcal{H}})$ and $(\mathcal{S_H}, \langle\cdot, \cdot\rangle_{\mathcal{S_H}})$ be the ...
8
votes
2answers
120 views

Equivalence between complex and real operator norms

Consider a real $m\times n$ matrix $A$ and the $p$-norms in $\mathbb{C}^n$ and $\mathbb{C}^m: \|x\|=\left(\sum|x_i|^p\right)^{1/p}$. One defines the real $p$-norm of $A$ as $\|A\|=\sup\frac{\|Ax\|}{\|...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Stability of a linear system and spectrum of the product of two matrices

Let us consider an invertible matrix $\mathbf{A}\in GL_d(\mathbb{R})$ such that all its diagonal entries $\mathbf{A}_{ii}=-1 \; \forall \, i$. My question is the following: Does it always exists a ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

analytic continuation argument

In "Pseudo-spectra, the harmonic oscillator and complex resonances" (login required), the author says Sections $2$ and $3$ of this paper concern the operator $Hf(x)=(-\frac{d^{2}}{dx^{2}}+cx^{2})...
3
votes
0answers
97 views

quasi-nilpotent part of a dual operator

Definitions and notation. Let $X$ be a complex Banach space and $T\in\mathcal{L}(X)$ a continuous linear operator on $X$. We define the quasi-nilpotent part of $T$ as \begin{equation*}H_0(T):=\left\{...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

Convergence of functionals on compact projections on a separable Hilbert space

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space over $\mathbb{C}$, say $\ell_2$ for simplicity. Let $\mathcal{K}(H)$ denote the space of all compact operators on $H$ and $\mathcal{P}(H)$ the set of all finite ...
5
votes
0answers
82 views

Generalized singular numbers and the Haagerup $L^p$ spaces

Let $M$ be a semi-finite von Neumann algebra with a trace $\tau$.Let $S(M)$ be the algebra of all affiliated operators measurable with respect to $M$. The $L^p$ norm on $M$ is given by \begin{...
5
votes
0answers
77 views

Relationship between the Itō formula for a Q-Wiener process and the Itō formula for a cylindrical Wiener process. A question on the trace term

Remark: Even when this question is about stochastic PDEs, it can be answered by someone who has no knowledge about probability theory or PDEs. I'm reading Stochastic Differential Equations in ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

$C(X)$-compact operators and families of compact operators

In this question Operators on Hilbert $C^*$-module and families of Fredholm operators I asked about the relation between being a family of compact operators $F:X \to K(H)$ on Hilbert space $H=\ell^2$ ...
10
votes
5answers
757 views

If two projections are close, then they are unitarily equivalent

Given two projections $p,q\in B(H)$, it is well-known that if $\|p-q\|<1$, then there exists a unitary $u\in B(H)$ with $q=upu^*$. The proof that immediately occurs to me uses comparison of ...
7
votes
0answers
159 views

Fock Space Proof of $(g(x)\phi^4)_2$ Mass Gap?

Is there a proof that does not depend on Euclidean methods? Is this a proof? : $V(g)$ can be written as $P+R$ where $P$ is non-negative and $R$ is $N$-bounded (and hence $(H_0+\lambda P)$-bounded). $...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

Convergence in trace

Let $A$ and $B$ be two self-adjoint, positive definite Compact operators on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Further, let $A$ be trace class. Define $C_n \equiv AB(\frac{I}{n} + BAB)^{-1}$. Does $\frac{...
0
votes
0answers
103 views

Convergence of unitary products on a Hilbert space [migrated]

First: I'm sorry for the basic question--I can move it to Math SE if necessary... Let $X$ be a Hilbert space and suppose $\{U_k\}_k$ is a sequence of unitary operators on $X$. Let $\|\cdot\|$ be the ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Operators on Hilbert $C^*$-module and families of Fredholm operators

If $A$ is a $C^*$-algebra, there is a notion of Hilbert $A$-module (which is something like Hilbert space but the inner product takes values in $A$). The standard example is $H_A:=\{(a_n)_{n=1}^{\...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Multivariable Weighted shift and subnormality

I have asked this question in mathstackexchange but didn't get any answer. I hope, I will get my answer here. Let $\mathbb B^m$ denote the Euclidean ball in $\mathbb C^m.$ Does there exist a ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

When is a linear operator on $C^{0,\alpha}(\overline{\Omega})$ a multiplication?

The title says it all, really. Suppose that I have a linear operator $T$ from $C^{0,\alpha}(\bar{\Omega})$ into itself, where $\Omega$ is a smooth bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^d$ (e.g. the unit ball ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Behavior of orbits under small perturbations

Perhaps this question is too easy for mathoverflow, at least this is how it seems, but I got no answer on stackexchange. Suppose $T$ is a bounded linear operator on $l_2$ and $x\in l_2$ is a ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Abstract Wave Equation and Semigroups

If an operator $A$ on a Hilbert space $H$ generates a strongly continuous semigroup, does then the operator $B$ on $H \oplus H$ given by the matrix $$ B := \begin{pmatrix} 0 & \mathrm{id} \\ A &...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

The multiplier algebra of a Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space and its commutant

In my research in the theory of Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Spaces I was concerned with this topic which came up but I could not find a reference on: If $ \mathbb{H} $ is an RKHS and we denote the ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Simplify the expression of $ T^+$ for an unbounded operator $T$?

For a negative unbounded operator $T$, what equals the operator $$ T^+ = \left[\frac{1}{2}(|T| + T) \right]^{**},$$ where $|T|= (T^2)^{1/2}$ and $A^{**} $ is the minimal closed extension of an ...
4
votes
3answers
375 views

What is the group of automorphisms of $l^{\infty}$?

What is the group of automorphisms of $l^{\infty}$? I think it would be the permutations of the integers. Is this right?
1
vote
0answers
79 views

extension for a complex operator

Let be $\lambda>0$. Put $$ L_{\lambda}=\Big[-\frac{\partial^{2}}{\partial z \partial \overline{z}}+\lambda^{2}|z|^{2} +\lambda\Big(\overline{z}\frac{\partial}{ \partial \overline{z}}-z\frac{\...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

positive operator surjectivity

In nonlinear analysis and monotone operator theory it is well known that if the operator $A$ is a maximal monotone and strongly monotone on a real Hilbert space $H$, then $A$ is surjective. This can ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Equivalent ways to study a semilinear parabolic equation as a perturbed abstract Cauchy problem

I am considering the following abstract Cauchy problem on Banach space $X$: \begin{cases} u'(t)=Au(t)+\big(f(t)+Bu(t)\big),&t\in[0,T],\\ u(0)=x_0, \end{cases} Suppose $A$ generates an analyitc ...
4
votes
1answer
260 views

Compact non-nuclear operators

I am not sure if this question makes sense, or if it is trivial, but does there exists an infinite dimensional Banach space (necessarily without the approximation property) such that no compact, non-...
1
vote
0answers
123 views

On isolated points of the approximate point spectrum of a bounded operator

Let $X$ be a complex Banach space and $T$ be a bounded operator acting on $X$. Let $\sigma(T)$ and $\sigma_{ap}(T)$ denote the spectrum and approximate point spectrum of $T$, respectively. Let $\...
2
votes
0answers
135 views

The functional equation $T(x\otimes y)=T(x)\otimes T(y)$ on certain $C^{*}$ algebras

Is there a name for the following property of a $C^{*}$ algebra $A$? $$A \simeq A \otimes A\;\;\; \text{The spatial tensor product}$$ Example of this situation is $A=C(X)$ where $X$ is the ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Does a $W^*$ envelope exist?

I know that an operator algebra $A$ has a "minimal" $C^*$-algebra $C$ containing $A$, which is known as the $C^*$ envelope of $A$. The existence of such a minimal $C^*$-algebra generated by $A$ (a ...
2
votes
0answers
136 views

Infinitesimal generator and stationarity

The following question is bothering me. I think it is probably known but I cannot find any reference... Let $(X_t)$, $(Y_t)$, $(Z_t)$ denote 3 Feller processes with respective infinitesimal ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

A problem from Sakai's book on derivations on C(K) and differential structure on K

In his book, Operator Algebras in Dynamical Systems, at page 59 Sakai poses the following question. Problem: Let K be a compact space and suppose that C(K) has a non-zero closed *-derivation. Then ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Unconditionally $p$-converging operators on $L_{1}[0,1]$

Let $1\leq p<\infty$. We say that an operator $T:X\rightarrow Y$ is unconditionally $p$-converging if $T$ takes a weakly $p$-summable sequence to a norm null sequence. Question: Is every ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

What equals $\ker[(A-\lambda I)^+]$ for a negative unbounded operator $A$?

We have the following result: $\{ E_{\lambda}; \, -\infty <\lambda < + \infty\}$ is a spectral family, where $E_{\lambda}$ is the projection of $H$ onto the null space $\mathscr N \left(A_\...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

Are Ritt operators mean ergodic?

In the following, $T$ is a bounded operator on a Banach space $X$. $T$ is called "power bounded" if $\sup_{n\in \mathbb N}\|T^n\|<\infty$; $T$ is called "mean ergodic" if the Cesàro sums $\frac{1}...
5
votes
0answers
88 views

Spectra of Dirac operators

1. Suppose that $M$ is a spin manifold. The spin structure of $M$ is not uniquely defined: in other words, $M$ may have many nonequivalent spin structures. For each choice of spin structure there is ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Strongly continuous semigroups and symbols of pseudo differential operators

I am considering the Cauchy IVP for the evolution equation $$u_t + \Psi u =0$$ where $\Psi$ is a linear pseudo differential operator with symbol $\widehat{\Psi}\left(\underline{\xi}\right)$. The ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Specific type operators and basic sequences

Let $s$ be the space of rapidly decreasing sequences, i.e. $s=\{\xi=(\xi_j)_j\colon\,\,\sup_j|\xi_j|j^n<\infty\,\,\text{for all}\,\,n\in\mathbb{N}\}$ and $s'$ its topological dual, i.e. $s'=\{\eta=(...
4
votes
0answers
40 views

Chord-arc property of n-tuples of commuting operators

Assume that we have an $n$-tuple $S^0=(S^0_1,\dots,S^0_n)$ of commuting operators in a Hilbert space $H$ and another such an $n$-tuple $S^1$. Is it possible to connect these two $n$-tuples by a ...
4
votes
2answers
192 views

On the possibility of extending the Sz.-Nagy dilation theorem for multiple contraction operators on Hilbert spaces

I am presently doing research concerned with operator algebras and operator theory and I thought to write here in the hopes of seeking expert advice on an idea I had here. The classic Sz.-Nagy ...
1
vote
2answers
219 views

Density of sets whose image is dense

This is probably easy, but I can't think of an answer. Assume $X$ is a Banach space and $A$ is a (not assumed closed) subspace of $X$. Let $T:X \to X$ be a bounded linear operator, which is also ...
5
votes
2answers
187 views

Help in understanding result from publication on operator theory

in my research on dilations of contractions on Hilbert spaces and manifolds I have come across this nice publication concerning the classic Sz-Nagy theorem on the Arxiv by Levy and Shalit which states ...
3
votes
2answers
549 views

Are Hilbert-Schmidt operators on separable Hilbert spaces “Hilbert Schmidt” on the space of Hilbert Schmidt Operators?

Let's consider a separable Hilbert space $(\mathcal H, \langle\cdot, \cdot\rangle_{\mathcal H})$ with Norm $||\cdot||_{\mathcal H} := \langle\cdot, \cdot\rangle^{1/2}_{\mathcal H},$ orthonomal basis $(...
7
votes
1answer
195 views

Is this a characterization of commutative $C^{*}$ algebras?

Assume that $A$ is a $C^{*}$ algebra with self adjoint elements $A_{sa}$. Assume that for all $a,b\in A$ we have $$ab\in A_{sa} \iff ba \in A_{sa}$$ Is $A$ necessarily a commutative ...
52
votes
2answers
862 views

Can you hear the shape of a drum by choosing where to drum it?

I find the problem of hearing the shape of a drum fascinating. Specifically, given two connected subsets of $\mathbb R^2$ with piecewise-smooth boundaries (or a suitable generalization to a riemannian ...