# Tagged Questions

Spectrum, resolvent, numerical range, functional calculus, operator semigroups. Special classes of operators: compact, Fredholm, dissipative, differential, integral, pseudodifferential, etc.

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### Hodge de Rham operator and orientability

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. One can consider the exterior algebra bundle $\Lambda(T^*M)$. The sections of this bundle are differential forms, to be noted by $\Omega^k(M)$. One can consider ...
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### Some questions on the nodal geometry of Dirac operators

Let me begin by quoting a well-known result of Christian Baer (see here). The result goes as follows: Theorem (Baer): Consider a connected $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold with Dirac bundle $S$ ...
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### Can you hear the shape of a drum by choosing where to drum it?

I find the problem of hearing the shape of a drum fascinating. Specifically, given two connected subsets of $\mathbb R^2$ with piecewise-smooth boundaries (or a suitable generalization to a riemannian ...
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### Can a semigroup be defined on a Banach algebra? [closed]

I simply need to know that how a semigroup of operators (say $\{T(t)\}_{t\geq 0}$) is defined on any Banach algebra (say $X$)? For $(f,g\in X)$ now the so called product is also there i.e. $f.g\in X$. ...
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### When is a homogeneous polynomial an inner function on the unit torus?

What is the necessary and sufficient condition(s) for a homogeneous polynomial on torus(bidisk) to be an inner function? More precisely I want to know when absolute value of a homogeneous polynomial ...
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### Self-adjointness of the components of the magnetic derivative

On $L^{2}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ define the operator $\Pi_{j} u := (-i\partial/\partial x_{j} - A_{j})u$, where $A_{j} \in L^{2}_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ represents the $j$-th component of the magnetic ...
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### Kernel for projection operators onto the spaces of piecewise linear loops

For every $m\in\mathbb{N}_+$, $k=0,\dots,m-1$, denote $I_{m,k}:=(\frac{k}{m},\frac{k+1}{m})$. Denote $W = H^1(S^1,\mathbb R^{2n})$ = The Hilbert space of $C^1$ maps maps $v(t)$ from the circle to ...
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### An equivalence relation on the space of polynomials in one complex variable

Let $P(z)$ be a polynomial with complex variable $z$. We consider the following distribution for the roots of $P(z)=0$: the distribution is a triple $(n_{1},n_{2},n_{3})$ where these integers are ...
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### Weak convergence implies norm convergence for trace class operators?

It is known that weak convergence implies norm convergence in $\ell^1(\mathbb{N})$, see e.g. here. Because of the typical analogies of the Schatten ideals $C_p \subset B(H)$ (where $H$ is a Hilbert ...
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### Graded structures for simple $C^{*}$ algebras without nontrivial idempotent

Edit(A confession): I just realized that the question is trivial: Since one can easily prove that the convex hull of the spectrum of every nontrivial homogeneous element of a $\mathbb{Z}_{n}$-graded ...
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### Matrix representation of linearized PDE

My motivation for this question is to investigate the linear stability of steady solutions of a nonlinear PDE by computing eigenvalues of the linearized equations. Specifically, I have a function ...
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### Heat semigroup ultracontractive?

Let $g(x,t)= \frac{1}{(4 \pi t)^{\frac{n}{2}}}e^{\frac{-|x|^2}{4t}}$ be the heat kernel on $\mathbb{R}^{n}.$ Is the standard definition now to say that this heat-semigroup $T(t)(f):=g *f(.,t)$ is ...
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### Is there an algebra for divergent series summation operators?

Let $D$ denote a divergent series and let $C$ denote a convergent series. Furthermore, let $s :$ { Series } $\to$ $\mathbb{C}$ be a regular, linear divergent series operator, which is either one ...
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### Fredholm subvector spaces of $B(\mathcal{H})$

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separable Hilbert space with orthonormal base $\{e_i\}\;\;i\in \mathbb{N}$. Definition: We say a subvector space $W\subset B(\mathcal{H})$ is a Fredholm subspace if ...
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### Show that the Laplacian operator on the Heisenberg group is negative

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law $$(z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right).$$ For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...
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### Restriction of a semigroup to a form domain

Say, we have a Hilbert space $H$ with a semibounded self-adjoint operator $A:D(A)\to H$ generating a strongly continuous semigroup $T(t):H\to H$. Is it possible to restrict $T(t)$ to a form domain of ...
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### Noncommutative Poincaré inequalities

This is a question on how (or if) people in the community think about the Poincaré inequality in noncommutative geometry. In geometry, the Poincaré inequality (when it exists) gives a bound on a ...
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### Unital $C^{*}$ algebras which all elements have path connected spectrum

A unital $C^{*}$ algebra is called "Path connected" if the spectrum of all its elements is a path connected subset of $\mathbb{C}$. Is the tensor product of two path connected algebra, a path ...
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### Weakly compact operators between Banach spaces

Let $X$ and $Y$ be complex Banach spaces and $B(X,Y)$ be the Banach space of all bounded operators. An operator $T\in B(X,Y)$ is weakly compact if $T(\{ x\in X;\; \| x\| \leq 1\})$ is relatively ...
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### Bibliographic request concerning an article by Bernstein and Robinson

Concerning the article "Bernstein, Allen R.; Robinson, Abraham. Solution of an invariant subspace problem of K. T. Smith and P. R. Halmos. Pacific J. Math. 16 1966 421-431" I am interested in finding ...
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### Pointwise convergence of polynomials to a function on a compact set K that is 1 on some disc D and zero outside D

Motivation of my question: Let $A$ be a bounded selfadjoint operator with spectral measure $E$ and $x$ a vector. Then it is easily seen that the closed linear span of all $A^nx$ ($n\in\mathbb N$) ...
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### A generalisation of $C_0$-semigroups

A $C_0$-semigroup is a strongly continuous family $\{T(t)\}$ of bounded linear operators on a normed space $X$, indexed in $\mathbb R_+$ and with two additional properties that make it look like an ...
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### How do we know the map is $w^{*}$-continuous?

I am reading a paper by David Blecher, which contains the following: " If $T: Y \to Z$ is a surjective isometric module map between $W^{*}$-modules over $M$, then $T$ is unitary. Also, $T$ is a ...
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### Can one hear the shape of a drum for operators?

M. Kac in his famous paper "Can one hear the shape of a drum?" asked whether one can "hear" the area of the ambient domain by looking at the spectral picture. Although he was not the first who came up ...
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### Smooth perturbation of a positive self-adjoint operator with compact resolvent

Consider a one-parameter family $A_t$ of unbounded positive self-adjoint operators with discrete spectrum (for example, one can consider a one-parameter family of Laplacians on a compact Riemannian ...
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### Approximation of the central support

Let $(M,\tau)$ be a tracial von Neumann algebra, i.e. a unital subalgebra $M=M''\subset \mathbb{B}(H)$; a finite (faithful) trace $\tau: M\to \mathbb{C}$ (faithful means that $\tau(x^*x)=0$ ...
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### Invariant subspaces are reducing subspaces in $L^2(\mu)$; where $\mu$ is a singular measure w.r.t Lebesgue measure

I have already posted this question on math.stackexchange but didn't get any answer. I hope this is the right place to ask this question. Recently I was reading a book "Operator Function and system" ...
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### One-parameter group of unitary operators and Core

Question : For what condition on $V$ (we can take it smooth, bounded, whatever necessary), the one-parameter unitary group $U(t)$ associated to the seladjoint operator $A=-\Delta+V$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ ...
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### Holomorphic natural bundles and operators

I am wondering up to what extent the classical theory of (smooth) natural bundles and natural operations extends to the holomorphic setting. After a quick thought, I've gone through the standard ...
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### Spectral theory of Bochner integral operators

Consider the following (somewhat simplified) situation. Let $\mathcal{H}$ be separable Hilbert space and $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ the Banach algebra of bounded linear operators acting on ...
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### A question on extension of $Z^{*}$ algebras

A $Z^{*}$ algebra is a $C^{*}$ algebra which all elements are(two sided or equivalently one sided) zero divisor. Are there two $Z^{*}$ algebras $A,B$ such that for every short exact sequence ...
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### The monotone operator in $BV$ space

I am considering the following minimizing problem: $$\min_{u\in BV(\Omega)}\{\frac12\|u-u_0\|_{L^2}^2 + |u|_{TV(\Omega)}\}$$ where $u_0\in BV(\Omega)$, $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^2$ is open bounded, ...
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### A problem in functional calculus

This is embarrassing, I think it must work, but I can't see how to prove it works. If anyone knows enough functional calculus of operators on a Hilbert space to tell me how to do it, I would be very ...
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### On isolated points of the approximate point spectrum of a bounded operator

Let $X$ be a complex Banach space and $T$ be a bounded operator acting on $X$. Let $\sigma(T)$ and $\sigma_{ap}(T)$ denote the spectrum and approximate point spectrum of $T$, respectively. Let ...
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### Norm of derivative of rank one projector

I asked this question on math.stack but I got no answer, so I try here. Let $\phi(t)$ be a solution for the nonlinear Schroedinger equation ...
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### Rellich's theorem from compact resolvent

On a compact Riemannian manifold, we know that the Laplacian $\Delta$ has compact resolvent. In proving this, one typical way is to use Rellich's theorem about the compact embedding of $H^1(M)$ into ...
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Euler"s integral for the beta function $B(s,\alpha) =$ (with $x = 1$) $$\frac{(s-1)!(\alpha-1)!}{(s+\alpha-1)!} x^{s+\alpha-1} = \int_0^\infty t^{s-1}\; H(x-t) \; (x-t)^{\alpha-1} dt = \int_0^x ... 0answers 40 views ### How to define Biharmonic operator for second order sobolev spaces I am studying an article Link of Article. There author assumes that \Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N,  N>4  . Some where in the paper we have$$ \Delta^2 (\cdot) - \frac{\lambda}{|x|^4} (\cdot) : ...
Given a Hilbert space $H$, let $S_1(H)$ denote the space of trace-class operators on $H$, with the trace-class norm or Schatten 1-norm. That is $$\Vert T \Vert_1 = \sum_{j\geq 1} |s_j|$$ where ...