**4**

votes

**1**answer

459 views

### An inequality involving operator and trace norms

Consider two square matrices $A, B \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ and let $\| \cdot\|_1$ and $\|\cdot\|$ be, respectively, the trace norm (the sum of singular values) and the usual operator norm (the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

378 views

### Operators from $L^{\infty}$ to $L^{\infty}$

If $T$ defined as $T(f)(x)=\int K(x,y)f(y)dy$, where $K(x,y)$ is locally integrable, is bounded from $L^{\infty}$ to $L^{\infty}$, how can we show that $\|\int|K(\cdot,y)|dy\|_{L^{\infty}}\le ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

368 views

### Projections in a W*-algebra as a continuous lattice?

A continuous lattice is a complete lattice $L$ in which every element $y$ is equal to $\bigvee${$x \in L \mid x \ll y$} where $x \ll y$ ("x approximates y" or "x is way below y") if for any directed ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### References on countable W*-algebras

In "Operator algebras with a faithful weakly-closed representation" (1955), Kadison describes a countable W*-algebra as a C*-algebra which has a faithful representation as a countably decomposable ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

128 views

### Special kind of operators

Consider an operator $A: H \longrightarrow X$ ($H$ is a Hilbert space and $X$ is a Banach space) that has a representation
$$ A = \sum_{j=0}^\infty a_j \langle \cdot, e_j\rangle \cdot x_j,$$
where ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Absolutely 2-summable operator on a Hilbert space

An bouneded linear operator $A \in L(X, Y)$ (here $X$, $Y$ are Banach spaces) is called absolutely $2$-summable if there exists a $C>0$ such that
$$ \left( \sum_{j=1}^N \| A x_j\|_X^2 \right)^{1/2} ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### On the self-adjoint part of a quasinilpotent operator

Disclaimer: this is not research-level, but I've read some non research-level questions/answers on quasinilpotent operators here, some of them involving renowned users. So I thought I'd give it a try. ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

386 views

### Is there an algebra for divergent series summation operators?

Let $D$ denote a divergent series and let $C$ denote a convergent series.
Furthermore, let $s : $ { Series } $\to$ $\mathbb{C}$ be a regular, linear divergent series operator, which is either one ...

**5**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Is there an analog of determinant for linear operators in infinite dimensions as that of finite dimensions?

I am trying to find out the essence of what a determinant is. Besides, in finite dimensions, determinant is the kind of numerical invariant that determines the invertibility of a linear operator, but ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### A strange equality of the operator E ($Eu_n=u_{n+1}$)

The operator $E$ is defined as $Eu_n=u_{n+1}$.
I encountered a strange equality. when I tried out
Let $u_n$ represent a series such that
$$u_{n+2}=u_{n+1}+u_n. \tag{$\star$}$$
Or
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

199 views

### projection of sobolev spaces onto cones

Consider the Sobolev space $W^{k,p}(\Omega)$ for $k\in \mathbb N$, $p\in [1,\infty]$ and some open domain $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^n$ $^*$. Then it is known that $W^{k,p}(\Omega)$ is an ordered Banach ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### When are two operators simultaneously diagonalisable?

I am reading a paper and they have diagonalised both operators in an equation, on a separable Hilbert space, with respect to the same basis. My question is, when can two operators be simultaneously ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

169 views

### Generator of a generated $C_0$ semigroup.

Consider $C_0$-semigroup $S_t:\mathscr{B(H)} \to \mathscr{B(H)}$ with generator $U$. Now define $P_t:\mathscr{B_1(H)} \to \mathscr{B_1(H)}$ where $P_t(\rho)=S_t\rho S_t^*$. How can I prove $P_t$ to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

581 views

### definition of operator valued integral with spectral measure

I am trying to make sense of some operators that come up on Buchholz and Summers' work on warped convolutions (two works on arxiv: 2008 and 2011).
There, they work on a Hilbert space $H$ and on the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### Fredholm theory on Fr\'echet spaces

Dear everybody,
In my study of the classial Fredholm theory on Banach spaces, I am interested in the corresponding Fredholm theory on Fr\'echet spaces. But it seems to me that there is
little ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Containment of an element to an operator system

This question will probably appeal to people in operator systems theory as it is very much related. However, I'm interested in down-to-earth concrete systems with finite dimensional Hilbert space ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

267 views

### Strongly convergent operator sequence

Let $T_j$ be a sequence of compact operators on a Hilbert space $H$ which converges strongly to the identity, i.e., for each $v\in H$ the sequence
$$
\parallel T_jv-v\parallel
$$
tends to zero. Is it ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Projections in Banach spaces

Dear All,
I am absolutely lost in the following problem:
Let $P_s, \: s \in [0,1],$ be a uniformly bounded family of projections (idempotents) in a Banach space $X$ such that $P_s P_t = P_{{\rm ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

260 views

### A doubt about the parts of the spectrum of tensor products

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be any complex Hilbert space of infinite dimensional. By an operator $T$ I mean a linear bounded transformation from $\mathcal{H}$ into $\mathcal{H}$, i.e, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

299 views

### A is a nonnegative matrix; the only principal submatrix having spectral radius above 1 is A itself

Let $\rho(M)$ denote the spectral radius (modulus of the largest eigenvalue) of a square matrix $M$.
I am looking for a characterization or anything else interesting about the set of matrices $A$ ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

393 views

### analogue of a set with n binary operations

So a group is a type of structure with one binary operations that satisfies some list of axioms. A ring is a structure that has two binary operations that satisfy some list of axioms. Do there exist ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

261 views

### Imaginary part of a spectrum

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space, $A$ be a normal bounded operator on $H$ with spectrum $\sigma(A)=\{\lambda\in \mathbb{C}\;|\;A-\lambda Id \text{ is not invertible }\}$. Is ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

349 views

### Functional calculus of unitary matrices and commutator norms: reference request

Suppose we have a normal matrix $A$ and a general matrix $B$.
For a continuous function $f$ on the disk we can find upper-bounds
on $\Vert[f(A),B]\Vert$
in terms of $\Vert[A,B]\Vert$. The more we know
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### Invariant Measures of Markov Chains under Perturbations

This is a more specific version of a question I asked before without much luck. I believe this should be standard perturbation theory, but looking at Kato's book has not helped. Any references would ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### non-closed weak graph limit of symmetric operators

Hi Everyone,
I was recently reading Reed & Simon's functional analysis textbook (the first volume), and it mentions casually on page 294 that weak graph limits of a sequence of symmetric ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

630 views

### Why do we distinguish the continuous spectrum and the residual spectrum?

As we know, continuous spectrum and residual spectrum are two cases in the spectrum of an operator, which only appear in infinite dimension.
If $T$ is a operator from Banach space $X$ to $X$, $aI-T$ ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

613 views

### Convexity of spectral radius of Markov operators, Random walks on non-amenable groups

Let $P_1,P_2$ denote stochastic transition matrices on a countable set $I$.
Consider $P_1,P_2$ as operators on $\ell^2(I)$ given by multiplication.
Question
Under which conditions can we show that ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

704 views

### Can we construct a Hilbert space where the operator following differencial operator is symmetric?

I'd like to know if one can define a pertinent Hilbert space where the operator
$$A_p v := -\frac{1}{2} v" + (vF + v\int_\mathbb{R} Sp + p\int_\mathbb{R} Sv )'$$ is symmetric. Here, $p$ satisfies ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

234 views

### What is the intersection of the closures of left invertible operators and right invertible operators?

From Douglas Zare's answer (see Does $X$ embed in $Y$, and $Y$ embed in $X$, always imply that $X$ isomorphic onto $Y$?), one know that
$$ \overline{G_{l}(X,Y)} \bigcap \overline{G_{r}(X,Y) } = ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

672 views

### Does $X$ embed in $Y$, and $Y$ embed in $X$, always imply that $X$ isomorphic onto $Y$?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be Banach spaces. The notion of the embedded spaces was introduced by D.S. Djordjevic. Say that $X$ embed in $Y$, and write $X \preceq Y$, if there exists a left invertible operator ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

428 views

### The spectrum of a Markov Operator and Invariant Measures

Suppose I have a discrete-time Markov Chain (in an infinite dimensional state space $\Omega$) with Markov operator $P$, a linear operator on the space of bounded measurable functions on $\Omega$. (Or ...

**14**

votes

**5**answers

844 views

### How far is a set of vectors from being orthogonal?

Given some vectors, how many dimensions do you need to add (to their span) before you can find some mutually orthogonal vectors that project down to the original ones?
Or, more formally...
Suppose ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

202 views

### The Dunkl intertwining operator $V_k$ on $C(\mathbb{R}^d)$

The Dunkl intertwinig operator $V_k$ on $C(\mathbb{R}^d)$ is defined by:
$$V_k f(x)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^d}f(y)d\mu_x(y),$$
where $d\mu_x$ is a probability measure on $\mathbb{R}^d$ with support in the ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

454 views

### Inequality of von Neumann for more than two contractions

Good morning,
I'm doing the Master 2 Practice at the University of Toulouse 3, France, on the spectral Nevanlinna-Pick interpolation, via operator theory. This problem leads to study the symmetrized ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

328 views

### Invariant subspaces for compact restrictions

Suppose $Y$ is a closed hyperplane in $X$, so we can write $X=Y\oplus[x_0]$. Let $y_n$ be a normalized basis of $Y$. Define an operator $S:Y\to Y\oplus[x_0]$ by $Sy_n=\alpha_ny_n+\beta_nx_0$, for any ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

192 views

### Perturbing upper-semi Fredholm operators

Let $T\colon X\to X$ be an upper-semi Fredholm operator acting on a $B$-space $X$ (the range of $T$ is closed and kernel is finite-dimensional) with complemented range. Suppose $S\colon X\to X$ is ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

333 views

### Extension of weakly compact operators from $\ell_1$ into $c_0$

Is every weakly compact operator from $\ell_1$ into $c_0$ extendible
to any larger space? Equivalently, is every weakly compact operator from $\ell_1$ into $c_0$ extendible to $\ell_\infty$?

**1**

vote

**2**answers

222 views

### The operator preseving two disjoint dense operator ranges invariant

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separable infinite dimensional Hilbert space. Suppose that $\mathcal{H}_0\subset\mathcal{H}$ which is a dense proper subspace is the range of some bounded linear operator $T$. ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

534 views

### Decomposition of an integral operator into a composition

I've been musing about the following question for a while now. Given an integral operator $G$ defined by
$$ (Gf)(x) = \int_0^1 G(x,u) f(u)\,du $$
Is it possible to decompose this into two separate ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### Second adjoint operators on non quasi-reflexive Banach spaces

I am interested in 'algebraic-density'-type properties of second adjoint operators in the algebra of bounded operator on a second dual of a Banach space. Incidentally, I have a problem with ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

340 views

### eigenspinors of Dirac operator

$M$ compact manifold. Let $\lambda$ be an eigenvalue for the Dirac operator of multiplicity greater than 2. I'm interested in showing the existence of two linearly independant eigenspinors $u$ and $v$ ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

659 views

### Quasi-nilpotent trace class operators as limits of nilpotents

In as yet unwritten work with T. Figiel and A. Szankowski we make an observation in a Banach space context that for Hilbert spaces reduces to:
If $T$ is a quasi-nilpotent (i.e., has only $0$ in its ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

741 views

### Decomposition of positive definite matrices.

It is known that a $n^2 \times n^2$ positive semidefinite matrix $A$ cannot always be written as a finite sum
$$
A=\sum_{j} B_j \otimes C_j
$$
with $B_j$ and $C_j$ positive semidefinite matrices (of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

187 views

### A specific projection and compactness on the Bargmann-Fock space

Let $F_2$ be the Bargmann Fock space defined as the space of entire functions $f$ on $\mathbb{C}$ such that \begin{align*} \int_{\mathbb{C}} |f(z)|^2 e^{- |z|^2} dA(z) \end{align*} ($dA$ is just ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### relation between SOT-convergence of T and T'

I am trying to prove or to break the following statement (I assume that the statment is correct):
Assumptions: Let $H$ be a Hilbert-space (or more generally a reflexive space) and $T\in ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

372 views

### Is the space of Hankel operators complemented in B(H)?

Let $H$ be $\ell^2({\mathbb N})$ and let $S:H\to H$ be the unilateral forward shift, so that $S^*S=I\neq SS^*$. Then a bounded operator $T:H\to H$ is Hankel if and only if it satisfies $TS=S^*T$.
Let ...

**27**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### tr(ab)=tr(ba), part 2.

This is a Banach space version of Andre Henriques' question
Trace Question
for Hilbert spaces. Let $a:X\to Y$ and $b:Y\to X$ be bounded linear operators between Banach spaces s.t. $ba$ and $ab$ ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### When is an integral transfrom trace class?

Given a measure space $(X, \mu)$ and a measurable integral kernel $k : X \times X \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$, the operator
$$ K f(\xi) =\int_{X} f(x) k(x,\xi) d \mu(x),$$
the operator $K$ is Hilbert ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

569 views

### Sum of two closed operators closable

I found this question on another forum, and after processing it a bit, I didn't find a good answer. The question is:
Is the sum of two closed operators closable? If not, give an example of two ...