Spectrum, resolvent, numerical range, functional calculus, operator semigroups. Special classes of operators: compact, Fredholm, dissipative, differential, integral, pseudodifferential, etc.

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2
votes
2answers
285 views

A question on unbounded operators

Assume that $H$ is a separable Hilbert space. Is there a polynomial $p(z)\in \mathbb{C}[x]$ with $deg(p)>1$ with the following property?: Every densely defined operator $A:D(A)\to ...
3
votes
1answer
270 views

Positive definite quadratic forms on Banach spaces

This is a question about characterizing Hilbert spaces in terms of quadratic forms. Let $X$ be a real Banach space and $E$ a bounded quadratic form on it, it is called positive definite if ...
0
votes
1answer
166 views

Densely-defined unbounded operators with large support

Most densely-defined unbounded linear operators on Hilbert spaces have a very large domain. In fact, for a lot of natural operators the intersection of their domains are still dense. Let us consider ...
2
votes
1answer
209 views

Commutator with Dirichlet Laplacian

Consider the Dirichlet Laplacian $\Delta$ on a compact Riemannian manifold (with boundary). Consider the operator $T = \sqrt{-\Delta}$. My question is: is there any Leibniz/product rule? Can we say, ...
8
votes
1answer
502 views

How much does the absolute value of an operator behave like an absolute value?

Recall that the absolute value of a bounded operator $T$ on a Hilbert space $H$ is the unique positive operator $|T|$ such that $$\||T|x\|=\|Tx\|$$ for all $x\in H$. It can be defined using the ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Extension of a bilinear functional

Does any one know an example of a bilinear functional $B:C(X)\times C(Y)\to {\bf R}$ ($X$ and $Y$ are open subsets of Euclid spaces) which cannot be extended continuously to a measure $\mu:C(X\times ...
4
votes
1answer
192 views

Asymptotic behavior of Schrödinger operators

I am currently dealing with $1$ or at most $2$-dimensional Schrödinger operators on compact domains. A classical result of spectral theory is the Weyl approximations for this operator $H = -\Delta ...
2
votes
1answer
218 views

pick interpolation — why is it symmetric? $\left[\frac{1 - w_i \overline{w_j}}{1 - z_i \overline{z_j}} \right]_{i,j=1}^n \geq 0$ [closed]

I am reading notes on a complex interpolation problem: Let $z_1, \dots, z_n \in \mathbb{D}$ and $w_1, \dots, w_n \in \mathbb{C}$. There exists (bounded holomorphic?) $f \in H^\infty(\mathbb{D})$ ...
5
votes
1answer
179 views

Symplectic Koopmanism

Let $(M, \omega)$ be a $2n$-dimensional symplectic manifold and let $L_2(M,|\omega^n|)$ be the Hilbert space of complex-valued functions on $M$ that are square integrable with respect to the Liouville ...
4
votes
0answers
317 views

Denseness of finite rank operators in $\mathcal{B}(X,Y)$

Let $X$ and $Y$ be Banach spaces and let $\mathcal{B}(X,Y)$ be the space of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$. As noted in the answers to a question on ...
9
votes
2answers
431 views

Continuity of the product map

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra. Is it possible to characterize $A$ for which the product map defined by $$\sum\limits_{i=1}^n a_i\otimes b_i \mapsto \sum\limits_{i=1}^n a_i b_i$$ is continuous with ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

Necessity of coercivity assumption in Minty's theorem

Minty's Theorem states that a bounded, Continuous, monotone and coercive function on a Hilbert space is surjective. A function $f:H\to H$ is called coercive if $$ \lim_{\|x\|\to \infty} \frac{\langle ...
4
votes
0answers
187 views

Adjoint of sum of two operators. Kato-Rellich

Let $A$ be self-adjoint and $B$ be symmetric with $A$-bound less than $1$. By Kato-Rellich, I know that $(A+B)^*=A+B$. Could I also get something like $(A+iB)^*=A-iB$ or is there a counterexample to ...
1
vote
2answers
275 views

Continuous linear functionals in strong operator and $\sigma$-strong topologies

It was mentioned in the comments to http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/517369/comparison-of-strong-operator-and-weak-topologies-on-bh that continuous linear functionals on ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

Differentiable Path of Operators and their Inverses

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separable Hilbert space. Consider a differentiable map $\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}), t \mapsto A(t)$, where $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ is the space of ...
8
votes
2answers
770 views

Mathematical equivalent to ladder operators?

A powerful method in theoretical physics are ladder operators. They are used in QM to solve problems like the harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom. The idea is to solve with their help the ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Operators from $\ell_\infty$

It is well-known that non-weakly compact operators from $\ell_\infty$ into any Banach space act as isomorphisms on some subspace of $\ell_\infty$ isomorphic to $\ell_\infty$. I have a question in this ...
2
votes
0answers
269 views

Predual of a von Neumann algebra in terms of trace class operators

For a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{A} \subseteq \mathcal{B(H)}$ where $\mathcal{B(H)}$ is the space of all bounded linear operators on the Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$, there is a Banach space $ ...
0
votes
0answers
163 views

Can I define Fredholm Index using $\dim \ker ST - \dim \ker TS$?

$X$, $Y$ are Banach spaces. Let $S \in L(X, Y)$, $T \in L(Y, X)$, where $L(X, Y)$ denotes the Banach algebra of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$. If we have that $Id_Y - ST \in \mathbb{K}(Y)$ ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Solvability of an integral equation

Is it possible to find $f,g\in L^2[(0,1)\times(0,1)]$ such that $$\log|x-y|=\int_0^1f(x,t)g(t,y)dt\:\:\:\forall x,y\in(0,1).$$
1
vote
0answers
171 views

If an upper semicontinuous multivalued map is compact on a set, is it compact on the boundary as well?

I have stumbled upon the following problem during my research: Let $X$ and $Y$ be Banach spaces, $K\subset X$ nonempty, $F:\overline{K}\rightarrow 2^{Y}$ an upper semicontinuous multivalued map with ...
1
vote
1answer
243 views

A property of groups of operators

Let $X$ be a Banach space. We consider the evolution equation: $$x'(t)=Ax(t), \ \ \ \ \ \ \ t\in \mathbb{R},$$ where $A$ is a bounded operator. I know that if $X=\mathbb{R^n}$ and $A$ is a matrix, ...
15
votes
4answers
913 views

Who first used the multiplication operator version of spectral theory

This is another history question. Hilbert phrased the spectral theorem in terms of resolutions of the identity. While this remained the form of Stone and von Neumann, they did also have the ...
-2
votes
1answer
70 views

On a characterization of some subsets [closed]

Let $X$ be a Banach space. $A$ is a linear closed and densely defined operator and $S$ is a bounded invertible operator. What' s the relation between $\sigma_{e,S}(\lambda S - A)$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

Nuclear vs Integral operators on Hilbert spaces

Consider the Hilbert space $L_2=L_2[0,1]$. Is it true that for each nuclear (trace-class) operator on $L_2$ there exists a function $K\in L_1(L_2)$ such that $$Tf = \int\limits_0^1 K(s) f(s) ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Moments of the position operator and wavepacket spreading

I've noticed that when papers in mathematical physics concern themselves with the rate at which a wavepacket spreads, they almost always try to bound the moments of the position operator (the operator ...
9
votes
1answer
355 views

A version of von Neumann inequality

Assume that $X,Y,Z$ are three commuting operators acting in a Hilbert space $H$. Assume also that they satisfy following properties: 1) $\|Z\| \le 1$, i.e. $Z$ is a contraction; 2) For any complex ...
3
votes
2answers
275 views

Existence for ODE in Banach space (accretive operators and Crandall-Liggett)

There is a theory of mild solutions $u \in C^0(0,T;X)$ where $X$ is a Banach space for equations of the form $$\frac{du}{dt} + Au = f$$ where $A$ is an accretive nonlinear operator under some ...
4
votes
0answers
119 views

Noncommutative Poincaré inequalities

This is a question on how (or if) people in the community think about the Poincaré inequality in noncommutative geometry. In geometry, the Poincaré inequality (when it exists) gives a bound on a ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

What is the logarithmic derivative of an (intertwining) operator?

The constant term of the Eisenstein series (for an adele group $GL_2$, say) contains an intertwining operator, often written as $M(s)$. In the form given in Gelbart-Jacquet's Corvallis paper, for ...
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0answers
164 views

A “coarse” version of position operator and its properties

I am wondering if someone has ever studied the following operator in the context of quantum mechanics: $$Q : L^2(\mathbb{R}) \to L^2(\mathbb{R})$$ $$(Q f)(x) := s(x) f(x),$$ where $s(x)$ is the ...
5
votes
0answers
119 views

When is an inner derivation a Fredholm operator?

Let $\mathcal{B}(H)$ denote the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space $H$. I'm interested in inner derivations acting on the Schatten ideals $L^p\subseteq\mathcal{B}(H)$ (defined by ...
0
votes
0answers
118 views

What are the properties of this linear operator?

Suppose $f(x)$ is a function which satisfies the following condition: $$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty G(2k)\frac{x^{2k}}{(2k)!}$$ Where the generating function $G(x)$ is a "natural" or "discrete-analytic" ...
5
votes
1answer
137 views

A question about uniformly bounded semigroups

Let $A$ be an unbounded linear operator of domain $D(A)$ defined on a Banach space $X$. Suppose that $A$ generates a $C_0$-semigroup $T(t)$ which is uniformly bounded. I would like to know if there ...
0
votes
2answers
520 views

Spectral decomposition of compact operators

Let T be a compact operator on an infinite dimensional hilbert space H. I am proving the theorem which says that $Tx=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{\lambda}_{n}\langle x,x_{n}\rangle y_{n}$ where ($x_{n}$) is an ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

Comparison between operators

I have found the following two concepts: $\bullet$ Let $L$ be a linear operator in a Hilbert space $H$. The operator $B$ is said to be $L$-compact if $D(L)\subset D(B)$ and for any ...
0
votes
2answers
94 views

Does positivity preserve compactness? [closed]

Suppose $A$ and $B$ are operators on a (separable) Hilbert space $H$ and $A \leq B$. Is it true that if $B$ is compact then $A$ is compact too? If not, could you please show a counterexample?
2
votes
2answers
269 views

Lower bounds for norms of commutators

For various reasons I became interested in bounds on the norm of commutators of operators. For instance, if $B(H)$ is the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space, one may ask for a lower bound ...
1
vote
2answers
223 views

Characterisation of compact operators

It is known (and easy) to prove that if $T: H\longrightarrow H $ is compact, where $H$ is a Hilbert space, then for any orthonormal basis $ e_n $ we have $||Te_n||\longrightarrow 0$. My question is ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Characterisation of adjoint operators

Let $X$ be a Banach space and $X^*$ denote his dual space. Then, it is well-known that if $T$ is a bounded linear operator on $X$, then $T^*$ is a bounded linear operator on $X^*$. My question is the ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Strong relative boundedness argument for the annihilation operator

Could someone please explain to me how to prove that the creation operator $a^*=-\frac{d}{dx} +x$ is the adjoint of the annihilation operator $a=\frac{d}{dx} + x$ in $L^2(\mathbb{R})$? I would guess ...
1
vote
1answer
147 views

Is this operator trace class?

Let $T:H\to H$ be a compact operator on a complex Hilbert space. Assume that $$ \sup_{(e_j)}\sum_j\left|\langle Te_j,e_j\rangle\right|<\infty, $$ where the supremum extends over all orthonormal ...
3
votes
1answer
150 views

Integral representation of the resolvent of a semigroup

Let $T(t)$ be a $C_{0}$-semigroup with the generator $A$. Now, does the so called integral representation of the resolvent $$ (\lambda - A)^{-1} = \int_{0}^{\infty} e^{-t\lambda}T(t) dt $$ hold for ...
5
votes
1answer
208 views

Self-adjoint operator

Assume that $B$ is a self-adjoint operator and $\alpha\in(0,1)$. I need a reference for the following equality $$B^{-\alpha}=\frac{\sin\alpha \pi}{\pi}\int_0^\infty ...
7
votes
1answer
214 views

Is there a nice “minimum” of two symmetric operators?

Let $A$ and $B$ be two bounded symmetric positive operators in Hilbert space, such that $A-B$ is trace class. If needed, $A$ and $B$ may be assumed reasonably "small", let's say, Hilbert-Schmidt. ...
0
votes
1answer
228 views

Does Hilbert Transform commute with Function Multiplication modulo Compact on $L^p(R)$?

Define Hilbert Transform (HT) as the convolution with the function $1/x$. E. Stein proves in his book Singular Integrals and Differentiability Properties of Functions that HT, when understood as a ...
0
votes
1answer
147 views

Showing there is a unique spectral measure

All the books I have seen have proved that, for a normal bounded operator $T$, there is a unique spectral measure $E$ such that $\int_{\sigma(T)}^{}\lambda\,dE=T$ by first proving in it for a general ...
3
votes
1answer
302 views

When is the bound in Riesz-Thorin Interpolation Theorem attained?

Let me recall the statement of Riesz-Thorin theorem (see also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riesz%E2%80%93Thorin_theorem). Theorem (Riesz-Thorin): Let $(X,\mu)$ and $(Y,\nu)$ be $\sigma$-finite ...
5
votes
1answer
198 views

Is irreducibility sufficient for uniqueness of invariant distribution for a Feller Semigroup?

Let $(T_t)$ be a strongly continuous semigroup of positive operators on $C(K)$, where $K$ is a compact space. Assume also that $T_t1 =1 $ for every $t\geq 0$. (This is also called a Feller Semigroup.) ...
10
votes
3answers
276 views

Does the generator of a 1-parameter group of Banach space isometries know which elements are entire?

Let $X$ be a complex Banach space. Let $(\sigma_t)_{t \in \mathbb{R}}$ be a 1-parameter group of linear isometries of $X$ which is strongly continuous i.e. $t \mapsto \sigma_t(x)$ is continuous for ...