**0**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Functional Calculus and Fredholm index

Let $-\Delta: W^{2,2} \subset L^2(\mathbb{S}^2) \rightarrow L^2(\mathbb{S}^2)$. Then it is "easy" to show that $-\Delta $ is self-adjoint. Now, I am looking for closed operators $T$ and $T^*$ of order ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

199 views

### Two-sided ideals of $B(H)$ are hereditary

I seem to recall that (not necessarily closed) two-sided ideals of $B(H)$ are hereditary. Is that true?
If it is, can anyone post a proof/reference?

**1**

vote

**3**answers

313 views

### Decompose the Laplacian

Is there a way to write the negative Laplacian on the 2-sphere as a decomposition of an operator $A$ and its adjoint $A^*$? I am interested in finding such a decomposition, but I could not get one by ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Analytic functions space on Riemann surface

I have some questions about the analytic function space on Riemann surface and distinguished varieties:
Let S be a compact Riemann surface and $\Omega\subset S$ be a domain with piecewise smooth ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

267 views

### Witten index non-trivial in the context of Quantum Mechanics?

Let $H$ be a self-adjoint Hamiltonian and $H$ admits a decomposition into closed operators $D,D^*$, such that we have $H = D^*D$.
I will now consider the one-dimensional case on a compact set:
So ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

231 views

### The closure of all periodic homeomorphisms of circle

Let $X$ be the space of all continuous maps from $S^{1}$ to $S^{1}$. $X$ is equipped with $C^{0}$ topology. Let $Y\subset X$ be the union of all finite order homeomorphisms i.e: all ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

505 views

### What is the idea behind interpolation spaces?

I am working through a text on Numerics for SPDEs and there the concept an interpolation (Hilbert-)space associated to an operator is used. To be specific:
Definition. Let $H$ be an ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### The letters of the word “ART”

Edit: According to the Gelfand duality between topological spaces and commutative $C^{*}$algebras, I add some new tags. So the question is that what is the structure of $ Ext (A,A)$ where $A$ is ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

183 views

### Operator arithmetic-harmonic mean inequality with operator-valued weights

Let $\Lambda_1,\dots,\Lambda_n$ be strictly positive definite operators in the Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^d$. By an operator arithmetic-harmonic mean inequality with weights $\Lambda_i$ I mean the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

269 views

### Domains of raising and lowering operators in QM

Let $H : \operatorname{dom}(H) \subset L^2(\Omega) \rightarrow L^2(\Omega)$, where $dom(H) \subset H^2(\Omega)$, $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}$ should be a bounded open interval(so 1-d setting(!)) and ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Galerkin Projection on Integral Operators

I am looking at a research paper that mentions integral operators (which in this case is brought up in reference to shading equations that are integral operators) and it says that we can create a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Eigenfunctions of an infinite summation operator

I would like to find ALL eigenfunctions to the operator, for $f$ a real function on R+*:
$f \rightarrow \sum_{1}^{\infty} f(nx)$
So to find $f$ such that: $\sum_{1}^{\infty} f(nx) = \lambda f(x)$
...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

303 views

### Geometrical interpretation of a Schrödinger operator

Consider a $2 \times 2$ Hermitian (or symmetric) matrix-valued function
$$g(x) = \{ g_{jk}(x)\}_{j,k=1,2}, \quad x \in \mathbb{R}^{2},$$
such that $0 < m_{-}I \leq g(x) \leq m_{+}I$, for some ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Obstructions for $C^\star$ algebras to contain a $Z^\star$ algebra

As the comment of Andreas Thom indicated here, a separable $C^\star$ algebra $A$ can not contain a $Z^\star$ algebra.(A $Z^\star$ algebra is a $C^\star$ algebra which all elements are zero ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Simple $Z^{*}$ algebra

What is an example of a simple $C^{*}$ algebra which all elements are (two sided or equivalently one sided) zero divisor?

**4**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### A question on extension of $Z^{*}$ algebras

A $Z^{*}$ algebra is a $C^{*}$ algebra which all elements are(two sided or equivalently one sided) zero divisor.
Are there two $Z^{*}$ algebras $A,B$ such that for every short exact sequence ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### A nilpotency question on $C^{*}$ algebras

What is an example of a $C^{*}$ algebra $A$ with the property that: for every nilpotent(Quasi nilpotent) $a$ and for every $n\in \mathbb{N}$, there is a $b$ with $b^{n}=a$.
To what extent ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### The representation-theoretic nature of an operator resolvent

Consider parameter $s$ in definition of $R(s,A)=(s I - A)^{-1}$ where $A$ is a linear operator in a vector space $X$. When $X$ is over $\mathbb{C}$, then $s$ is thought to be a complex number.
Now ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

188 views

### Applications of composition operators on Sobolev spaces

I wold like to know some examples where composition operators on Sobolev spaces are useful. I'm in the following situation.
$L^1_p(D)$ - homogeneous Sobolev space, in other words space of locally ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

113 views

### Limit-circle and limit-point at endpoints

I was wondering if the following holds:
If you have an ODE $$-y''(x) + q(x) y(x) = \lambda y(x)$$ on a finite interval $(a,b)$ and you know that this equation is limit-circle or limit-point at the ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

186 views

### Schrödinger operators on a sphere

if you have a Schrödinger operator on a sphere ( $\mathbb{S}^2$) $-\Delta_{\theta,\phi} \psi(\theta,\phi) + V(\theta) \psi(\theta,\phi) = E\psi(\theta,\phi),$ where the potential does not depend on ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

85 views

### A Possible characterization of F.D or AF commutative $C^{*}$ algebras

By F.D or AF $C^{*}$ algebra,we mean finite dimensional or approximately finite dimensional $C^{*}$ algebra.
Let $A$ be a unital commutative $C^{*}$ algebra with the property that for every ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

121 views

### Can we define log-convex operators?

Let $I\subset\mathbb{R}$. A function $f:I\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, is said to be log-convex if $\log f$ is convex or equivalently for all $x,y\in I$ and $\alpha\in [0,1]$
$$f(\alpha x+(1-\alpha)y)\leq ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Extending compact operators

Let $X$ be a separable, infinite-dimensional complex Banach space and $Y\subseteq X$ an infinite-dimensional closed subspace. Suppose $K:Y\to X$ is an arbitrary compact operator. I would like to ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

73 views

### Self-adjointness of the components of the magnetic derivative

On $L^{2}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ define the operator $\Pi_{j} u := (-i\partial/\partial x_{j} - A_{j})u$, where $A_{j} \in L^{2}_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ represents the $j$-th component of the magnetic ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

390 views

### What happens if we rotate the kernel of an integral operator?

Given an integral operator $K$ on $L^2(\mathbb R)$ with kernel $k(x, y)$, consider the integral operator $L$ on $L^2(\mathbb R)$, whose kernel has the form $k(\alpha x+\beta y, \gamma x+\delta y)$, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Discrete versus Continuous Hilbert Transform

Let me define the Fourier transform of a function $u$, say in the Schwartz space $\mathscr S(\mathbb R)$ as
$
\hat u(\xi)=\int_{\mathbb R} e^{-2iπ x\cdot \xi} u(x) dx.
$
The Hilbert transform ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Semigroups on Banach Lattice

Let $\{Z(t)\}_{t\geq 0}$ be a semigroup of positive operators on a Banach lattice $X$. I want to show that
$$\int_0^1[Z(1-s)+Z(1+s)]fds-f\in X_+,\quad f\in X_+$$
Where $X_+$ denotes the positive ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

113 views

### Norm of the operator acting on spinor bundle

Please forgive me if the question is too elementary, but however I was unable to manage by myself. The question comes from J.Varilly, H.Figueroa and J. Gracia-Bondia book "Elements of noncommutative ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### How to take this Grassmann integral?

I'm trying to reconstruct and understand what is explained in a paragraph of this paper. I am trying to check if the method they describe actually gives us the Laughlin state. The integral I'm facing ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

88 views

### Reference request on operator matrices [closed]

I'm looking for a reference on linear, bounded, self-adjoint operators defined on the product space, $T:E\times F\to E\times F$ such that
$$Tx = \begin{pmatrix}A & B \\
C & D
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

356 views

### Lecture notes on semi group theory for linear evolution equations

I am reading (or trying to read :)) One parameter semigroups for Linear Evolution equations by Klaus-Jochen Engel and Rainer Nagel. I was wondering if someone was aware of a good set of lecture notes ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

76 views

### Schur norm for self-adjoint operators

If $A$ is a $n \times n$ complex matrix then the Schur norm of $A$ is given by $$ || A||_S := \max_{||B||=1} ||A*B||,$$ where $||. ||$ is the operator norm and $*$ is the Hadamard (entry-wise) ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

319 views

### Can the boundedness of $A^2$ imply the boundedness of $A$?

Given an operator $A \in \mathcal L(B)$, $B$ being a Banach space, I came across the following question: assume $\mathrm{dom}(A)=\mathrm{range}(A)$, $\mathrm{dom}(A)$ dense in $B$.
Under which ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Left invertible operators of $B(X,Y)$

Suppose that $X$ and $Y$ are Banach spaces. Is $\{f\in B(X,Y):f\ \text{has a left inverse}\}$ an open subset of $B(X,Y)$?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

51 views

### Strongly convergent series of bounded self-adjoint operators

Let $A_n$ and $A$ be bounded self-adjoint operators in a Hilbert space, such that $A_n\to A$ strongly. Then it is well known that $(z-A_n)^{-1}\to(z-A)^{-1}$ strongly for each ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

609 views

### Homotopy groups of Fredholm operators

If $X$ is separable complex Hilbert space and $\mathcal{F}$ the topological space of Fredholm operators on $X$, then it is well-known, that
$$ \pi_0(\mathcal{F}) = \mathbb{Z}\, , $$
i.e. the connected ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

490 views

### Invertible operator with countable spectrum

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space and $A$ is an invertible bounded operator on $H$. Can we approximate $A$ with an invertible operator $B$ such that $sp(B)$ is a countable set?
Motivation:
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Invertible unbounded linear maps defined on a Hilbert space

It is well-known that, assuming the axiom of choice, there are unbounded linear maps defined not only on a dense subset but on all of Hilbert space. Is it possible that such a map is invertible?

**2**

votes

**2**answers

276 views

### A question on unbounded operators

Assume that $H$ is a separable Hilbert space.
Is there a polynomial $p(z)\in \mathbb{C}[x]$ with $deg(p)>1$ with the following property?:
Every densely defined operator $A:D(A)\to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### Positive definite quadratic forms on Banach spaces

This is a question about characterizing Hilbert spaces in terms of quadratic forms. Let $X$ be a real Banach space and $E$ a bounded quadratic form on it, it is called positive definite if ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Densely-defined unbounded operators with large support

Most densely-defined unbounded linear operators on Hilbert spaces have a very large domain. In fact, for a lot of natural operators the intersection of their domains are still dense.
Let us consider ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Commutator with Dirichlet Laplacian

Consider the Dirichlet Laplacian $\Delta$ on a compact Riemannian manifold (with boundary). Consider the operator $T = \sqrt{-\Delta}$. My question is: is there any Leibniz/product rule? Can we say, ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

450 views

### How much does the absolute value of an operator behave like an absolute value?

Recall that the absolute value of a bounded operator $T$ on a Hilbert space $H$ is the unique positive operator $|T|$ such that $$\||T|x\|=\|Tx\|$$ for all $x\in H$. It can be defined using the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Extension of a bilinear functional

Does any one know an example of a bilinear functional $B:C(X)\times C(Y)\to {\bf R}$ ($X$ and $Y$ are open subsets of Euclid spaces) which cannot be extended continuously to a measure $\mu:C(X\times ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Asymptotic behavior of Schrödinger operators

I am currently dealing with $1$ or at most $2$-dimensional Schrödinger operators on compact domains. A classical result of spectral theory is the Weyl approximations for this operator
$H = -\Delta ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### pick interpolation — why is it symmetric? $\left[\frac{1 - w_i \overline{w_j}}{1 - z_i \overline{z_j}} \right]_{i,j=1}^n \geq 0$ [closed]

I am reading notes on a complex interpolation problem:
Let $z_1, \dots, z_n \in \mathbb{D}$ and $w_1, \dots, w_n \in \mathbb{C}$. There exists (bounded holomorphic?) $f \in H^\infty(\mathbb{D})$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Symplectic Koopmanism

Let $(M, \omega)$ be a $2n$-dimensional symplectic manifold and let $L_2(M,|\omega^n|)$ be the Hilbert space of complex-valued functions on $M$ that are square integrable with respect to the Liouville ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

295 views

### Denseness of finite rank operators in $\mathcal{B}(X,Y)$

Let $X$ and $Y$ be Banach spaces and let $\mathcal{B}(X,Y)$ be the space of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$. As noted in the answers to a question on
...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

427 views

### Continuity of the product map

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra.
Is it possible to characterize $A$ for which the product map defined by
$$\sum\limits_{i=1}^n a_i\otimes b_i \mapsto \sum\limits_{i=1}^n a_i b_i$$
is continuous with ...