3
votes
2answers
93 views

Lecture notes on semi group theory for linear evolution equations

I am reading (or trying to read :)) One parameter semigroups for Linear Evolution equations by Klaus-Jochen Engel and Rainer Nagel. I was wondering if someone was aware of a good set of lecture notes ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Left invertible operators of $B(X,Y)$

Suppose that $X$ and $Y$ are Banach spaces. Is $\{f\in B(X,Y):f\ \text{has a left inverse}\}$ an open subset of $B(X,Y)$?
6
votes
3answers
273 views

Invertible operator with countable spectrum

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space and $A$ is an invertible bounded operator on $H$. Can we approximate $A$ with an invertible operator $B$ such that $sp(B)$ is a countable set? Motivation: ...
2
votes
2answers
232 views

A question on unbounded operators

Assume that $H$ is a separable Hilbert space. Is there a polynomial $p(z)\in \mathbb{C}[x]$ with $deg(p)>1$ with the following property?: Every densely defined operator $A:D(A)\to ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Positive definite quadratic forms on Banach spaces

This is a question about characterizing Hilbert spaces in terms of quadratic forms. Let $X$ be a real Banach space and $E$ a bounded quadratic form on it, it is called positive definite if ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Densely-defined unbounded operators with large support

Most densely-defined unbounded linear operators on Hilbert spaces have a very large domain. In fact, for a lot of natural operators the intersection of their domains are still dense. Let us consider ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

Commutator with Dirichlet Laplacian

Consider the Dirichlet Laplacian $\Delta$ on a compact Riemannian manifold (with boundary). Consider the operator $T = \sqrt{-\Delta}$. My question is: is there any Leibniz/product rule? Can we say, ...
7
votes
1answer
251 views

How much does the absolute value of an operator behave like an absolute value?

Recall that the absolute value of a bounded operator $T$ on a Hilbert space $H$ is the unique positive operator $|T|$ such that $$\||T|x\|=\|Tx\|$$ for all $x\in H$. It can be defined using the ...
3
votes
1answer
151 views

Extension of a bilinear functional

Does any one know an example of a bilinear functional $B:C(X)\times C(Y)\to {\bf R}$ ($X$ and $Y$ are open subsets of Euclid spaces) which cannot be extended continuously to a measure $\mu:C(X\times ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

Asymptotic behavior of Schrödinger operators

I am currently dealing with $1$ or at most $2$-dimensional Schrödinger operators on compact domains. A classical result of spectral theory is the Weyl approximations for this operator $H = -\Delta ...
4
votes
0answers
155 views

Denseness of finite rank operators in $\mathcal{B}(X,Y)$

Let $X$ and $Y$ be Banach spaces and let $\mathcal{B}(X,Y)$ be the space of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$. As noted in the answers to a question on ...
9
votes
2answers
369 views

Continuity of the product map

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra. Is it possible to characterize $A$ for which the product map defined by $$\sum\limits_{i=1}^n a_i\otimes b_i \mapsto \sum\limits_{i=1}^n a_i b_i$$ is continuous with ...
4
votes
0answers
149 views

Adjoint of sum of two operators. Kato-Rellich

Let $A$ be self-adjoint and $B$ be symmetric with $A$-bound less than $1$. By Kato-Rellich, I know that $(A+B)^*=A+B$. Could I also get something like $(A+iB)^*=A-iB$ or is there a counterexample to ...
1
vote
2answers
165 views

Continuous linear functionals in strong operator and $\sigma$-strong topologies

It was mentioned in the comments to http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/517369/comparison-of-strong-operator-and-weak-topologies-on-bh that continuous linear functionals on ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Is the exponential Mathieu operator trace-class?

Let $H \psi(x) = -\frac{d^2}{dx^2} \psi(x) - \alpha \cos(x) \psi(x)$ on $[0,2\pi]$ be the Mathieu operator ( according to Mathieu's ODE). My question is: Do we know whether $U(t):=e^{-tH}$ for some ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

Differentiable Path of Operators and their Inverses

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separable Hilbert space. Consider a differentiable map $\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}), t \mapsto A(t)$, where $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ is the space of ...
8
votes
2answers
574 views

Mathematical equivalent to ladder operators?

A powerful method in theoretical physics are ladder operators. They are used in QM to solve problems like the harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom. The idea is to solve with their help the ...
2
votes
0answers
128 views

Predual of a von Neumann algebra in terms of trace class operators

For a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{A} \subseteq \mathcal{B(H)}$ where $\mathcal{B(H)}$ is the space of all bounded linear operators on the Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$, there is a Banach space $ ...
0
votes
0answers
143 views

Can I define Fredholm Index using $\dim \ker ST - \dim \ker TS$?

$X$, $Y$ are Banach spaces. Let $S \in L(X, Y)$, $T \in L(Y, X)$, where $L(X, Y)$ denotes the Banach algebra of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$. If we have that $Id_Y - ST \in \mathbb{K}(Y)$ ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

If an upper semicontinuous multivalued map is compact on a set, is it compact on the boundary as well?

I have stumbled upon the following problem during my research: Let $X$ and $Y$ be Banach spaces, $K\subset X$ nonempty, $F:\overline{K}\rightarrow 2^{Y}$ an upper semicontinuous multivalued map with ...
1
vote
1answer
230 views

A property of groups of operators

Let $X$ be a Banach space. We consider the evolution equation: $$x'(t)=Ax(t), \ \ \ \ \ \ \ t\in \mathbb{R},$$ where $A$ is a bounded operator. I know that if $X=\mathbb{R^n}$ and $A$ is a matrix, ...
16
votes
4answers
694 views

Who first used the multiplication operator version of spectral theory

This is another history question. Hilbert phrased the spectral theorem in terms of resolutions of the identity. While this remained the form of Stone and von Neumann, they did also have the ...
9
votes
1answer
297 views

A version of von Neumann inequality

Assume that $X,Y,Z$ are three commuting operators acting in a Hilbert space $H$. Assume also that they satisfy following properties: 1) $\|Z\| \le 1$, i.e. $Z$ is a contraction; 2) For any complex ...
3
votes
2answers
154 views

Existence for ODE in Banach space (accretive operators and Crandall-Liggett)

There is a theory of mild solutions $u \in C^0(0,T;X)$ where $X$ is a Banach space for equations of the form $$\frac{du}{dt} + Au = f$$ where $A$ is an accretive nonlinear operator under some ...
1
vote
0answers
145 views

A “coarse” version of position operator and its properties

I am wondering if someone has ever studied the following operator in the context of quantum mechanics: $$Q : L^2(\mathbb{R}) \to L^2(\mathbb{R})$$ $$(Q f)(x) := s(x) f(x),$$ where $s(x)$ is the ...
5
votes
0answers
106 views

When is an inner derivation a Fredholm operator?

Let $\mathcal{B}(H)$ denote the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space $H$. I'm interested in inner derivations acting on the Schatten ideals $L^p\subseteq\mathcal{B}(H)$ (defined by ...
5
votes
1answer
116 views

A question about uniformly bounded semigroups

Let $A$ be an unbounded linear operator of domain $D(A)$ defined on a Banach space $X$. Suppose that $A$ generates a $C_0$-semigroup $T(t)$ which is uniformly bounded. I would like to know if there ...
0
votes
2answers
277 views

Spectral decomposition of compact operators

Let T be a compact operator on an infinite dimensional hilbert space H. I am proving the theorem which says that $Tx=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{\lambda}_{n}\langle x,x_{n}\rangle y_{n}$ where ($x_{n}$) is an ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Comparison between operators

I have found the following two concepts: $\bullet$ Let $L$ be a linear operator in a Hilbert space $H$. The operator $B$ is said to be $L$-compact if $D(L)\subset D(B)$ and for any ...
2
votes
2answers
192 views

Lower bounds for norms of commutators

For various reasons I became interested in bounds on the norm of commutators of operators. For instance, if $B(H)$ is the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space, one may ask for a lower bound ...
1
vote
2answers
203 views

Characterisation of compact operators

It is known (and easy) to prove that if $T: H\longrightarrow H $ is compact, where $H$ is a Hilbert space, then for any orthonormal basis $ e_n $ we have $||Te_n||\longrightarrow 0$. My question is ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Characterisation of adjoint operators

Let $X$ be a Banach space and $X^*$ denote his dual space. Then, it is well-known that if $T$ is a bounded linear operator on $X$, then $T^*$ is a bounded linear operator on $X^*$. My question is the ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Is this operator trace class?

Let $T:H\to H$ be a compact operator on a complex Hilbert space. Assume that $$ \sup_{(e_j)}\sum_j\left|\langle Te_j,e_j\rangle\right|<\infty, $$ where the supremum extends over all orthonormal ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Integral representation of the resolvent of a semigroup

Let $T(t)$ be a $C_{0}$-semigroup with the generator $A$. Now, does the so called integral representation of the resolvent $$ (\lambda - A)^{-1} = \int_{0}^{\infty} e^{-t\lambda}T(t) dt $$ hold for ...
5
votes
1answer
195 views

Self-adjoint operator

Assume that $B$ is a self-adjoint operator and $\alpha\in(0,1)$. I need a reference for the following equality $$B^{-\alpha}=\frac{\sin\alpha \pi}{\pi}\int_0^\infty ...
6
votes
1answer
196 views

Is there a nice “minimum” of two symmetric operators?

Let $A$ and $B$ be two bounded symmetric positive operators in Hilbert space, such that $A-B$ is trace class. If needed, $A$ and $B$ may be assumed reasonably "small", let's say, Hilbert-Schmidt. ...
0
votes
1answer
152 views

Does Hilbert Transform commute with Function Multiplication modulo Compact on $L^p(R)$?

Define Hilbert Transform (HT) as the convolution with the function $1/x$. E. Stein proves in his book Singular Integrals and Differentiability Properties of Functions that HT, when understood as a ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

Showing there is a unique spectral measure

All the books I have seen have proved that, for a normal bounded operator $T$, there is a unique spectral measure $E$ such that $\int_{\sigma(T)}^{}\lambda\,dE=T$ by first proving in it for a general ...
7
votes
1answer
248 views

Realisation of noncommutative torus

One of the most basic examples in noncommutative geometry is the so called noncommutative torus to be denoted by $\mathbb{T}_{\theta}$. As far as I know, there are several equivalent constructions of ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

When is the bound in Riesz-Thorin Interpolation Theorem attained?

Let me recall the statement of Riesz-Thorin theorem (see also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riesz%E2%80%93Thorin_theorem). Theorem (Riesz-Thorin): Let $(X,\mu)$ and $(Y,\nu)$ be $\sigma$-finite ...
5
votes
1answer
136 views

Is irreducibility sufficient for uniqueness of invariant distribution for a Feller Semigroup?

Let $(T_t)$ be a strongly continuous semigroup of positive operators on $C(K)$, where $K$ is a compact space. Assume also that $T_t1 =1 $ for every $t\geq 0$. (This is also called a Feller Semigroup.) ...
9
votes
3answers
204 views

Does the generator of a 1-parameter group of Banach space isometries know which elements are entire?

Let $X$ be a complex Banach space. Let $(\sigma_t)_{t \in \mathbb{R}}$ be a 1-parameter group of linear isometries of $X$ which is strongly continuous i.e. $t \mapsto \sigma_t(x)$ is continuous for ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

Examples of special isometries

Are there examples of (distinct) Hilbert spaces $H_1$=$(H,\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle_1)$, $H_2 $=$(H,\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle_2)$ and a linear operator $V: H_1\to H_2$ such that $V^n: H_1\to H_2$ is ...
4
votes
0answers
50 views

Strictly convex renormings making power bounded operators into contractions

Let $X$ be a Banach space and let $T$ be a power bounded linear operator on $X$ (i.e. $\sup_{n\ge0}\|T^n\|_{op}<\infty$). We can of course define an equivalent norm $\|\cdot\|'$ on $X$ so that ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Constant in Maximal sobolev regularity

We know the following evolution equation \begin{equation} \left\{ \begin{array}{llc} v_t=A v+f,\\ v(0)=0. \end{array} \right. \end{equation} $A$ generates a bounded analytic semigroup on a Banach ...
5
votes
2answers
192 views

Is a semigroup always an exponential?

Let $H$ be a Banach space, $\mathscr{B}(H)=\{T:H\to H: \text{where $T$ is a bounded linear operator}\}$, and $S:[0,\infty)\to \mathscr{B}(H)$, a map with the following properties: $$ S(0)=I, \quad ...
0
votes
0answers
111 views

Dyadic approach to Marcinkiewicz interpolation for Lorentz Spaces

In Exercise 21, in a note by professor Terrence Tao on his own blog http://terrytao.wordpress.com/2009/03/30/245c-notes-1-interpolation-of-lp-spaces/ Exercise 21 Suppose we are in the situation ...
5
votes
1answer
216 views

definition of accretive operator

A relation T with domain and range in a Hilbert space is said to be accretive if the transformation $ (T − \lambda)/(T + \bar \lambda\ ) $ with domain and range in the Hilbert space is contractive for ...
5
votes
0answers
195 views

Essential unitary equivalence

Let us agree that heuristic meaning of the word "essential" is: up to compact operator. There is clear notion of unitary equivalent operators. What is the proper notion of two operators being ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Rational homogenous functions

I'm interested in the set $\mathcal{S}$ of rational functions $F \colon \mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}$ verifying: \begin{align} \Delta F=0 \quad \text{et} \quad F(\lambda x)= \lambda^d F(x) \quad d \in ...