Spectrum, resolvent, numerical range, functional calculus, operator semigroups. Special classes of operators: compact, Fredholm, dissipative, differential, integral, pseudodifferential, etc.

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0
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1answer
23 views

Strongly convergent series of bounded self-adjoint operators

Let $A_n$ and $A$ be bounded self-adjoint operators in a Hilbert space, such that $A_n\to A$ strongly. Then it is well known that $(z-A_n)^{-1}\to(z-A)^{-1}$ strongly for each ...
5
votes
3answers
207 views

Invertible operator with countable spectrum

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space and $A$ is an invertible bounded operator on $H$. Can we approximate $A$ with an invertible operator $B$ such that $sp(B)$ is a countable set? Motivation: ...
2
votes
2answers
203 views

A question on unbounded operators

Assume that $H$ is a separable Hilbert space. Is there a polynomial $p(z)\in \mathbb{C}[x]$ with $deg(p)>1$ with the following property?: Every densely defined operator $A:D(A)\to ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Positive definite quadratic forms on Banach spaces

This is a question about characterizing Hilbert spaces in terms of quadratic forms. Let $X$ be a real Banach space and $E$ a bounded quadratic form on it, it is called positive definite if ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Densely-defined unbounded operators with large support

Most densely-defined unbounded linear operators on Hilbert spaces have a very large domain. In fact, for a lot of natural operators the intersection of their domains are still dense. Let us consider ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Commutator with Dirichlet Laplacian

Consider the Dirichlet Laplacian $\Delta$ on a compact Riemannian manifold (with boundary). Consider the operator $T = \sqrt{-\Delta}$. My question is: is there any Leibniz/product rule? Can we say, ...
7
votes
1answer
244 views

How much does the absolute value of an operator behave like an absolute value?

Recall that the absolute value of a bounded operator $T$ on a Hilbert space $H$ is the unique positive operator $|T|$ such that $$\||T|x\|=\|Tx\|$$ for all $x\in H$. It can be defined using the ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Extension of a bilinear functional

Does any one know an example of a bilinear functional $B:C(X)\times C(Y)\to {\bf R}$ ($X$ and $Y$ are open subsets of Euclid spaces) which cannot be extended continuously to a measure $\mu:C(X\times ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Asymptotic behavior of Schrödinger operators

I am currently dealing with $1$ or at most $2$-dimensional Schrödinger operators on compact domains. A classical result of spectral theory is the Weyl approximations for this operator $H = -\Delta ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

pick interpolation — why is it symmetric? $\left[\frac{1 - w_i \overline{w_j}}{1 - z_i \overline{z_j}} \right]_{i,j=1}^n \geq 0$ [closed]

I am reading notes on a complex interpolation problem: Let $z_1, \dots, z_n \in \mathbb{D}$ and $w_1, \dots, w_n \in \mathbb{C}$. There exists (bounded holomorphic?) $f \in H^\infty(\mathbb{D})$ ...
5
votes
1answer
149 views

Symplectic Koopmanism

Let $(M, \omega)$ be a $2n$-dimensional symplectic manifold and let $L_2(M,|\omega^n|)$ be the Hilbert space of complex-valued functions on $M$ that are square integrable with respect to the Liouville ...
4
votes
0answers
147 views

Denseness of finite rank operators in $\mathcal{B}(X,Y)$

Let $X$ and $Y$ be Banach spaces and let $\mathcal{B}(X,Y)$ be the space of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$. As noted in the answers to a question on ...
8
votes
2answers
307 views

Continuity of the product map

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra. Is it possible to characterize $A$ for which the product map defined by $$\sum\limits_{i=1}^n a_i\otimes b_i \mapsto \sum\limits_{i=1}^n a_i b_i$$ is continuous with ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Necessity of coercivity assumption in Minty's theorem

Minty's Theorem states that a bounded, Continuous, monotone and coercive function on a Hilbert space is surjective. A function $f:H\to H$ is called coercive if $$ \lim_{\|x\|\to \infty} \frac{\langle ...
4
votes
0answers
146 views

Adjoint of sum of two operators. Kato-Rellich

Let $A$ be self-adjoint and $B$ be symmetric with $A$-bound less than $1$. By Kato-Rellich, I know that $(A+B)^*=A+B$. Could I also get something like $(A+iB)^*=A-iB$ or is there a counterexample to ...
1
vote
2answers
158 views

Continuous linear functionals in strong operator and $\sigma$-strong topologies

It was mentioned in the comments to http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/517369/comparison-of-strong-operator-and-weak-topologies-on-bh that continuous linear functionals on ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Is the exponential Mathieu operator trace-class?

Let $H \psi(x) = -\frac{d^2}{dx^2} \psi(x) - \alpha \cos(x) \psi(x)$ on $[0,2\pi]$ be the Mathieu operator ( according to Mathieu's ODE). My question is: Do we know whether $U(t):=e^{-tH}$ for some ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

Differentiable Path of Operators and their Inverses

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separable Hilbert space. Consider a differentiable map $\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}), t \mapsto A(t)$, where $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ is the space of ...
8
votes
2answers
566 views

Mathematical equivalent to ladder operators?

A powerful method in theoretical physics are ladder operators. They are used in QM to solve problems like the harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom. The idea is to solve with their help the ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Operators from $\ell_\infty$

It is well-known that non-weakly compact operators from $\ell_\infty$ into any Banach space act as isomorphisms on some subspace of $\ell_\infty$ isomorphic to $\ell_\infty$. I have a question in this ...
2
votes
0answers
116 views

Predual of a von Neumann algebra in terms of trace class operators

For a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{A} \subseteq \mathcal{B(H)}$ where $\mathcal{B(H)}$ is the space of all bounded linear operators on the Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$, there is a Banach space $ ...
0
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0answers
139 views

Can I define Fredholm Index using $\dim \ker ST - \dim \ker TS$?

$X$, $Y$ are Banach spaces. Let $S \in L(X, Y)$, $T \in L(Y, X)$, where $L(X, Y)$ denotes the Banach algebra of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$. If we have that $Id_Y - ST \in \mathbb{K}(Y)$ ...
0
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0answers
53 views

A theorem of Lalesco on Trace-Class operators

There is this necessary and sufficient condition for nuclreaity of integral operators due to S.Chang and Lalesco that states : $$T_K \in\mathcal{S}_1\:\iff\:\exists K_1,K_2\in L^2([a,b]\times[a,b])\: ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Solvability of an integral equation

Is it possible to find $f,g\in L^2[(0,1)\times(0,1)]$ such that $$\log|x-y|=\int_0^1f(x,t)g(t,y)dt\:\:\:\forall x,y\in(0,1).$$
1
vote
0answers
56 views

If an upper semicontinuous multivalued map is compact on a set, is it compact on the boundary as well?

I have stumbled upon the following problem during my research: Let $X$ and $Y$ be Banach spaces, $K\subset X$ nonempty, $F:\overline{K}\rightarrow 2^{Y}$ an upper semicontinuous multivalued map with ...
1
vote
1answer
229 views

A property of groups of operators

Let $X$ be a Banach space. We consider the evolution equation: $$x'(t)=Ax(t), \ \ \ \ \ \ \ t\in \mathbb{R},$$ where $A$ is a bounded operator. I know that if $X=\mathbb{R^n}$ and $A$ is a matrix, ...
16
votes
4answers
687 views

Who first used the multiplication operator version of spectral theory

This is another history question. Hilbert phrased the spectral theorem in terms of resolutions of the identity. While this remained the form of Stone and von Neumann, they did also have the ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

On a characterization of some subsets

Let $X$ be a Banach space. $A$ is a linear closed and densely defined operator and $S$ is a bounded invertible operator. What' s the relation between $\sigma_{e,S}(\lambda S - A)$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Nuclear vs Integral operators on Hilbert spaces

Consider the Hilbert space $L_2=L_2[0,1]$. Is it true that for each nuclear (trace-class) operator on $L_2$ there exists a function $K\in L_1(L_2)$ such that $$Tf = \int\limits_0^1 K(s) f(s) ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Moments of the position operator and wavepacket spreading

I've noticed that when papers in mathematical physics concern themselves with the rate at which a wavepacket spreads, they almost always try to bound the moments of the position operator (the operator ...
9
votes
1answer
295 views

A version of von Neumann inequality

Assume that $X,Y,Z$ are three commuting operators acting in a Hilbert space $H$. Assume also that they satisfy following properties: 1) $\|Z\| \le 1$, i.e. $Z$ is a contraction; 2) For any complex ...
-4
votes
1answer
255 views

I need following books (soft copies) [closed]

I know this is not the place to ask for such help, but I cant find these books in my country and not even on line and the shipping is very expensive. If someone out there have any of these books (soft ...
3
votes
2answers
149 views

Existence for ODE in Banach space (accretive operators and Crandall-Liggett)

There is a theory of mild solutions $u \in C^0(0,T;X)$ where $X$ is a Banach space for equations of the form $$\frac{du}{dt} + Au = f$$ where $A$ is an accretive nonlinear operator under some ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Noncommutative Poincare inequalities

This is a question on how (or if) people in the community think about the Poincare inequality in noncommutative geometry. In geometry, the Poincare inequality (when it exists) gives a bound on a ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

What is the logarithmic derivative of an (intertwining) operator?

The constant term of the Eisenstein series (for an adele group $GL_2$, say) contains an intertwining operator, often written as $M(s)$. In the form given in Gelbart-Jacquet's Corvallis paper, for ...
1
vote
0answers
145 views

A “coarse” version of position operator and its properties

I am wondering if someone has ever studied the following operator in the context of quantum mechanics: $$Q : L^2(\mathbb{R}) \to L^2(\mathbb{R})$$ $$(Q f)(x) := s(x) f(x),$$ where $s(x)$ is the ...
5
votes
0answers
105 views

When is an inner derivation a Fredholm operator?

Let $\mathcal{B}(H)$ denote the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space $H$. I'm interested in inner derivations acting on the Schatten ideals $L^p\subseteq\mathcal{B}(H)$ (defined by ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

What are the properties of this linear operator?

Suppose $f(x)$ is a function which satisfies the following condition: $$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty G(2k)\frac{x^{2k}}{(2k)!}$$ Where the generating function $G(x)$ is a "natural" or "discrete-analytic" ...
5
votes
1answer
115 views

A question about uniformly bounded semigroups

Let $A$ be an unbounded linear operator of domain $D(A)$ defined on a Banach space $X$. Suppose that $A$ generates a $C_0$-semigroup $T(t)$ which is uniformly bounded. I would like to know if there ...
0
votes
2answers
275 views

Spectral decomposition of compact operators

Let T be a compact operator on an infinite dimensional hilbert space H. I am proving the theorem which says that $Tx=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{\lambda}_{n}\langle x,x_{n}\rangle y_{n}$ where ($x_{n}$) is an ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Comparison between operators

I have found the following two concepts: $\bullet$ Let $L$ be a linear operator in a Hilbert space $H$. The operator $B$ is said to be $L$-compact if $D(L)\subset D(B)$ and for any ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Does positivity preserve compactness? [closed]

Suppose $A$ and $B$ are operators on a (separable) Hilbert space $H$ and $A \leq B$. Is it true that if $B$ is compact then $A$ is compact too? If not, could you please show a counterexample?
2
votes
2answers
187 views

Lower bounds for norms of commutators

For various reasons I became interested in bounds on the norm of commutators of operators. For instance, if $B(H)$ is the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space, one may ask for a lower bound ...
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vote
2answers
203 views

Characterisation of compact operators

It is known (and easy) to prove that if $T: H\longrightarrow H $ is compact, where $H$ is a Hilbert space, then for any orthonormal basis $ e_n $ we have $||Te_n||\longrightarrow 0$. My question is ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Characterisation of adjoint operators

Let $X$ be a Banach space and $X^*$ denote his dual space. Then, it is well-known that if $T$ is a bounded linear operator on $X$, then $T^*$ is a bounded linear operator on $X^*$. My question is the ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Strong relative boundedness argument for the annihilation operator

Could someone please explain to me how to prove that the creation operator $a^*=-\frac{d}{dx} +x$ is the adjoint of the annihilation operator $a=\frac{d}{dx} + x$ in $L^2(\mathbb{R})$? I would guess ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Is this operator trace class?

Let $T:H\to H$ be a compact operator on a complex Hilbert space. Assume that $$ \sup_{(e_j)}\sum_j\left|\langle Te_j,e_j\rangle\right|<\infty, $$ where the supremum extends over all orthonormal ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Integral representation of the resolvent of a semigroup

Let $T(t)$ be a $C_{0}$-semigroup with the generator $A$. Now, does the so called integral representation of the resolvent $$ (\lambda - A)^{-1} = \int_{0}^{\infty} e^{-t\lambda}T(t) dt $$ hold for ...
5
votes
1answer
195 views

Self-adjoint operator

Assume that $B$ is a self-adjoint operator and $\alpha\in(0,1)$. I need a reference for the following equality $$B^{-\alpha}=\frac{\sin\alpha \pi}{\pi}\int_0^\infty ...
6
votes
1answer
195 views

Is there a nice “minimum” of two symmetric operators?

Let $A$ and $B$ be two bounded symmetric positive operators in Hilbert space, such that $A-B$ is trace class. If needed, $A$ and $B$ may be assumed reasonably "small", let's say, Hilbert-Schmidt. ...