Spectrum, resolvent, numerical range, functional calculus, operator semigroups. Special classes of operators: compact, Fredholm, dissipative, differential, integral, pseudodifferential, etc.

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6
votes
2answers
216 views

Non strictly-singular operators and complemented subspaces

If $T$ is a bounded operator which is not strictly singular, acting on a separable Banach space $X$, can one always find an infinite dimensional, closed and complemented, subspace $Y$ such that $T$ ...
5
votes
1answer
62 views

Continuous section inside a family of rank-varying operators

Good morning everybody, my question is as follows: let $K$ be a compact set and assume $F:K\to L(\mathcal H,\mathbb R^{m+1})$ be a continuous map from the compact set $K$ to the space of linear ...
5
votes
1answer
382 views

A problem in functional calculus

This is embarrassing, I think it must work, but I can't see how to prove it works. If anyone knows enough functional calculus of operators on a Hilbert space to tell me how to do it, I would be very ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

Comparing norms on tensor products of matrices

Given a Hilbert space $H$, let $S_1(H)$ denote the space of trace-class operators on $H$, with the trace-class norm or Schatten 1-norm. That is $$ \Vert T \Vert_1 = \sum_{j\geq 1} |s_j| $$ where ...
12
votes
1answer
420 views

Which nice/deep elaborations on the (operators <-> sheaves) / (endomorphisms <-> objects) theme are there?

A linear operator $T:V\to V$ on a (say) vector space over a field $k$ is just a $k[T]$-module, and may be viewed as the sheaf $\mathscr F_T$ over $\mathbb A^1_k$, with fibre over $\lambda\in k$ equal ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Maximum principle for the heat equation with Dirichlet conditions

Let us consider the Laplacian operator in a domain $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$, with Dirichlet boundary conditions. For all $f\in L^2(\Omega)$, we denote by $S(t)f$ the solution of the equation $$ ...
-3
votes
1answer
166 views

Is :$\frac{\Bbb d}{\Bbb d x}$ a chaotic operator in infinite-dimensional Hilbert space? [closed]

I proposed this question in SE but no answer ,may I have a problem in my question, I would like to know when $\frac{\Bbb d}{\Bbb d x}$ does chaotic operator in Hilbert space ? Let $H$=$L^2(\mathbb ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Domain of fractional powers of operators

Let $A$ and $B$ be non-negative ($(A x, x) \geq 0$ for all $x \in \mathcal{D}(A)$, similarly for $B$) densely defined self-adjoint operators on a Hilbert space $H$. Then the spectral theorem defines ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Equivalence of fractional power of second-order positive differential operator as pseudodifferential operator and a fractional definition

Let $A$ be a second-order differential operator on a closed manifold $M$ satisfying $$(Au,u) \geq 0$$ with $A=-\Delta$ the Laplace-Beltrami the model case. One can define for $s \in (0,1)$ the ...
4
votes
1answer
119 views

Operator on a Banach space

Let $T$ be a continuous operator on a Banach space $V$. Assume there exist $T$-stable finite-dimensional subspaces $V_i$ such that $\bigoplus_{i=1}^\infty V_i$ is dense in $V$, on $V_i$ the operator ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Elliptic regularity of second order pseudos

Let $M$ be a compact manifold. Choose a point $q \in M$. Let $P$ be a second order positive self-adjoint pseudodifferential operator such that $\text{Spec}(P) \subset (0, \infty)$. Also, we know that ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

A question on the Frechet derivative

Suppose the derivative of a functional is given by \begin{equation*} \int_{\Omega}(\vec{v}.\nabla u)|\nabla u|^{p-2} \phi=\int_{\Omega}\nabla.(u\vec{v})|\nabla u|^{p-2} \phi,~\phi\in ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

On the induced norms of stochastic operator and its adjoint operator

The background: when studying the paper published in Automatica named '$H_{\infty}$ control and filtering of discrete-time stochastic systems with multiplicative noise' (volume 37, pp. 409-417), I ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Schatten $p$-classes for small $p$

Suppose $\mathcal H$ is a separable Hilbert space and $T$ is a compact self-adjoint operator on $\mathcal H$. Let $\{e_n\}$ be an orthonormal basis for $\mathcal H$. Fix $1<p<2$. Does ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

Alternating projections and trace preserving maps

Let $\{\Pi_i\}_{i=1}^N$, $\Pi_i\in \mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ be a set of orthogonal projections. By the Von Neumann alternating projection theorem, it holds that $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Reference for measures of commutativity needed

I'm looking for an appropriate measure to quantify the extent to which two matrices commute. In other words, if A and B are two n×n Hermitian matrices, and [A,B]=C. I'd like a function μ:Cn×n→[0,∞) ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Integral kernels of self-adjoint operators [closed]

If the integral kernel $k(x, y)$ of an operator $T : C^\infty_c(M) \to \mathcal{D}'(M)$ is symmetric ($M$ is a compact manifold), then the operator $T$ is symmetric. Is the converse true? That is, ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

What is the trace of this operator in $L^\infty$ (if this question make sense)?

Let $\Omega$ be a closed domain in $\mathbb{R}^N$, and $\lambda$ the corresponding Lebesgue measure. We define in $(L^\infty(\Omega), \Vert \cdot \Vert_\infty)$ the following operator : ...
6
votes
1answer
280 views

An indicator of a planar subset as an element of a tensor product

Denote $I=(0, 1)$, and let $\mu$ be the Lebesgue measure on $I$. Does there exist a function $f$ on $I\times I$ viewed as an element of the space $L^\infty(\mu\times\mu)$ such that $$ f^2=f $$ (that ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Element Analytic, C*-dynamical system

good night... I was looking into the Pedersen Book, $C^{*}$-Algebras and their automorphism groups, and found the definition of analytic elements $x\in A$, where $(A,\alpha)$ is a $C^{*}-$dynamical ...
0
votes
0answers
123 views

Heat asymptotics

Consider a compact manifold $M$ with smooth boundary, with either the Dirichlet or the Neumann boundary conditions. Consider a (time-dependent) open ball $B_t \subset M$. Given a fixed $u \in L^1(M)$, ...
1
vote
2answers
256 views

Is the residual spectrum of every power bounded operator contained in the open unit disk?

$\newcommand{\cH}{\mathcal{H}} \newcommand{\CC}{\mathbb{C}}$ Let $\cH$ be a Hilbert space. A linear operator $T: \cH \to \cH$ is said to be power bounded if $\sup_{n \geq 0} \|T^n\| < \infty$. If ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

On the equality Tr(Af) = Tr(fA)

Consider the Hilbert space $H = L^2(\mathbb{R})$, and a bounded operator $A \in B(H)$ which satisfies: $$ \forall f \in H, \quad Af \text{ is trace class and } Tr(Af) < C \| f \|_{H}, $$ where $f$ ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

On isolated points of the approximate point spectrum of a bounded operator

Let $X$ be a complex Banach space and $T$ be a bounded operator acting on $X$. Let $\sigma(T)$ and $\sigma_{ap}(T)$ denote the spectrum and approximate point spectrum of $T$, respectively. Let ...
0
votes
0answers
88 views

Boundedness of heat semigroup on $L^1(\Omega)$

On a bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary, consider the Laplacian $-\Delta$ with either the Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions. More generally, one can also consider ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Simplifying closed form for Meta Operator

I was consider the set of linear operators: $$O_{a,k} = \frac{f(ax^k) - f(x)}{ax^k - x} $$' Particularly I am looking for the closed forms of the eigenfunctions of this operator, that is the ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Approximating the norm of an operator-valued linear function with operator inputs via a matrix-valued linear function

Let $\mathcal{H}$ and $\mathcal{K}$ be infinite-dimensional Hilbert spaces. Let $B_1, \ldots, B_k \in B(\mathcal{H}).$ Define $L: B(\mathcal{K})^k \rightarrow B(\mathcal{H}\otimes \mathcal{K})$ via ...
4
votes
1answer
144 views

Rellich's theorem from compact resolvent

On a compact Riemannian manifold, we know that the Laplacian $\Delta$ has compact resolvent. In proving this, one typical way is to use Rellich's theorem about the compact embedding of $H^1(M)$ into ...
2
votes
2answers
192 views

compact inclusion of domains of unbounded operators

Let $L$ be a positive self-adjoint operator defined densely on $L^2(M)$ where $M$ is a compact manifold. Also, let $\mathcal{D}(L) \subset H^1(M)$. It is known that $\mathcal{D}(L) \subset ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Create matrix containing values in [0,1] where sum of all diagonals and anti-diagonals is fixed

The problem I am facing sounds at first glance pretty simple. However, as very often, it seems more complicated than I first assumed: I want to calculate a matrix $P = (p_{j,k}) \in \mathbb{R}^{n ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

Contraction semigroup

Let $(X, \mu)$ be a finite measure space and let $A$ be a non-negative self-adjoint operator which generates a contraction semigroup $e^{tA}$ on $L^2(X, \mu)$. If additionally, we have that $e^{tA}$ ...
1
vote
2answers
146 views

Sum of two unbounded self-adjoint operators

Let $A$ and $B$ be two unbounded self-adjoint operators. From this mathoverflow post, for instance, we know that $A + B$ is self-adjoint on $\mathcal{D}(A) \cap \mathcal{D}(B)$ if $A$ and $B$ are ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Does Schatten-p (quasi-)norm satisfy the norm inequality for 0<p<1?

I'm reading the paper by ANGELIKA ROHDE AND ALEXANDRE B. TSYBAKOV, ESTIMATION OF HIGH-DIMENSIONAL LOW-RANK MATRICES. And in the paper, they provide an inequation of the Schatten-p (quasi-)norm, ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Diffusion semigroup generated by Laplacian

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold and $\Delta$ denote the Laplacian on it. Also assume that the spectrum of $-\Delta$ lies inside $[a, \infty)$. Let $P_t, t > 0$ denote the diffusion ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

Domain of $A^{1/2}$ on $L^2(\mathbb{T}^2)$

Let $A$ be a densely defined unbounded self-adjoint operator defined on $L^2(\mathbb{T}^2)$, where $\mathbb{T}^2$ stands for the 2-torus. It is known that $A$ is positive, that is, $\langle Au, ...
0
votes
1answer
298 views

Operator theory of the Hessian

How can I learn more about the operator theory of the Hessian? The Hessian of a function $u : \Omega \rightarrow \mathbb R$ over a domain $\Omega \subseteq \mathbb R^n$ is the matrix of second ...
12
votes
1answer
564 views

Are “most” operators on an infinite-dimensional complex Banach space “diagonalizable”?

This is true for finite-dimensional spaces: the diagonal operators on a finite dimensional complex vector space form contain a dense open set and the nondiagonalizable operators have measure 0. To be ...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

Sobolev spaces on compact manifolds

Let us consider a self-adjoint elliptic pseudodifferential operator $P \in OPS^2$ on a compact manifold $M$ such that $spec(P) \subset (0, \infty)$. Is the norm $(Pu, u)^{1/2}$ on $H^1(M)$ equivalent ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Recursive formula for symbol of resolvent on noncompact manifold

On a compact Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ without boundary it was shown (by R. Seeley) how to define the complex power of an elliptic classical pseudodifferential operator $A$ of positive order $m$: ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

Domain of square root of a self-adjoint positive operator [closed]

Let $A \geq 0$ be a densely defined self-adjoint positive operator on a Hilbert space $H$ obtained by Friedrichs extension, and let $Q$ be the densely defined quadratic form associated to $A$, that ...
2
votes
1answer
265 views

Existence of a projection operator onto subspace of Hilbert space

Let $V \subset H$ be Hilbert spaces with a continuous, compact and dense imbedding. Let $\{w_j\}_j \subset V$ be a basis of $V$ and of $H$ (so finite linear combinitions are dense) which is not ...
3
votes
1answer
187 views

A Poincare-Type Inequality and its generalization

Let $f(\theta)$ be a fixed positive $2\pi-$periodic $C^1$ function on $\mathbb{R}$ with $$\int_0^{2\pi}f(\theta)\cos\theta d\theta=\int_0^{2\pi}f(\theta)\sin\theta d\theta=0,$$ Does for any ...
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Stability of a linear system and spectrum of the product of two matrices

Let us consider an invertible matrix $\mathbf{A}\in GL_d(\mathbb{R})$ such that all its diagonal entries $\mathbf{A}_{ii}=-1 \; \forall \, i$. My question is the following: Does it always exists a ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Non-closability of an operator

Let $a$ be a positive continuous function nowhere differentiable on $[0,1]$. The operator $T$ in $H:=L^2(0,1)\oplus L^2(0,1)$ defined by $$T(u_1,u_2) := (u_1' + au_2',0)$$ on $\textrm{Dom} \,T := ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Composition of spectral measures

Let $f: \mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be a measurable function, $H$ some Hilbert space and $$ f_E := \int_{\mathbb{R}} f dE$$ for some spectral measure $E$. Now, my question is: When do we have ...
0
votes
0answers
107 views

Anticommuting operators with positive properties

Which classes of $M\in \mathsf M_k(\Bbb R)^{n\times n}$ admit solutions $N\in \mathsf M_k(\Bbb R)^{n\times n}$ such that $$(M\otimes N+N\otimes M)(u\otimes u)=0$$ forall $u\in \mathsf D_k(\Bbb ...
1
vote
0answers
114 views

A continuous choice of invertible elements

Let $A$ be a simple unital $C^{*}$ algebra with invertible elements $G(A)$. Assume that $A^{*}$ is its dual space, which is equipped with the weak star topology. Is there a continuous map ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Asymptotic behaviour of eigenvalues

If you look at $-\Delta + q$ on the sphere in $\mathbb{R}^3$ for example and $||q|| < \infty,$ is there a way to asymptotically describe the behaviour of the eigenvalues? Probably they behave ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Solution of non-linear Fredholm (Hammerstein) equation with non-degenerate kernel and reciprocal non-linearity

I have asked this question at MSE but got no response. I have rephrased it so that anyone who knows operator theory and integral equations could help me out... I faced a problem in physics which is a ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Hilbert scales of covariance operators

Assume we have 2 covariance operators(positive definite trace class) $S$ and $T$ on Hilbert space $\mathcal H$ with corresponding eigenpairs $\{e_j,\lambda_j\}$ and $\{f_j,\lambda_j\}$. Assume that ...