Spectrum, resolvent, numerical range, functional calculus, operator semigroups. Special classes of operators: compact, Fredholm, dissipative, differential, integral, pseudodifferential, etc.

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45 views

Can a semigroup be defined on a Banach algebra? [on hold]

I simply need to know that how a semigroup of operators (say $\{T(t)\}_{t\geq 0}$) is defined on any Banach algebra (say $X$)? For $(f,g\in X)$ now the so called product is also there i.e. $f.g\in X$. ...
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1answer
102 views

When is a homogeneous polynomial an inner function on the unit torus?

What is the necessary and sufficient condition(s) for a homogeneous polynomial on torus(bidisk) to be an inner function? More precisely I want to know when absolute value of a homogeneous polynomial ...
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25 views

The non-linear operator $A(t)$ [closed]

We already known the theory of linear operator. However, I do not know the properties of these operators depending on one variable . for example the operator has the form: $A(t)$. Any one can give me ...
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32 views

Kernel for projection operators onto the spaces of piecewise linear loops

For every $m\in\mathbb{N}_+$, $k=0,\dots,m-1$, denote $I_{m,k}:=(\frac{k}{m},\frac{k+1}{m})$. Denote $W = H^1(S^1,\mathbb R^{2n})$ = The Hilbert space of $C^1$ maps maps $v(t)$ from the circle to ...
3
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2answers
126 views

Weak convergence implies norm convergence for trace class operators?

It is known that weak convergence implies norm convergence in $\ell^1(\mathbb{N})$, see e.g. here. Because of the typical analogies of the Schatten ideals $C_p \subset B(H)$ (where $H$ is a Hilbert ...
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42 views

Matrix representation of linearized PDE

My motivation for this question is to investigate the linear stability of steady solutions of a nonlinear PDE by computing eigenvalues of the linearized equations. Specifically, I have a function ...
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0answers
69 views

Heat semigroup ultracontractive?

Let $g(x,t)= \frac{1}{(4 \pi t)^{\frac{n}{2}}}e^{\frac{-|x|^2}{4t}}$ be the heat kernel on $\mathbb{R}^{n}.$ Is the standard definition now to say that this heat-semigroup $T(t)(f):=g *f(.,t)$ is ...
42
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2answers
609 views

Can you hear the shape of a drum by choosing where to drum it?

I find the problem of hearing the shape of a drum fascinating. Specifically, given two connected subsets of $\mathbb R^2$ with piecewise-smooth boundaries (or a suitable generalization to a riemannian ...
4
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3answers
148 views

Show that the Laplacian operator on the Heisenberg group is negative

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law $$ (z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right). $$ For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...
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2answers
193 views

Weakly compact operators between Banach spaces

Let $X$ and $Y$ be complex Banach spaces and $B(X,Y)$ be the Banach space of all bounded operators. An operator $T\in B(X,Y)$ is weakly compact if $T(\{ x\in X;\; \| x\| \leq 1\})$ is relatively ...
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1answer
77 views

Pointwise convergence of polynomials to a function on a compact set K that is 1 on some disc D and zero outside D

Motivation of my question: Let $A$ be a bounded selfadjoint operator with spectral measure $E$ and $x$ a vector. Then it is easily seen that the closed linear span of all $A^nx$ ($n\in\mathbb N$) ...
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1answer
90 views

A generalisation of $C_0$-semigroups

A $C_0$-semigroup is a strongly continuous family $\{T(t)\}$ of bounded linear operators on a normed space $X$, indexed in $\mathbb R_+$ and with two additional properties that make it look like an ...
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3answers
675 views

Bibliographic request concerning an article by Bernstein and Robinson

Concerning the article "Bernstein, Allen R.; Robinson, Abraham. Solution of an invariant subspace problem of K. T. Smith and P. R. Halmos. Pacific J. Math. 16 1966 421-431" I am interested in finding ...
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1answer
124 views

How do we know the map is $w^{*}$-continuous?

I am reading a paper by David Blecher, which contains the following: " If $T: Y \to Z$ is a surjective isometric module map between $W^{*}$-modules over $M$, then $T$ is unitary. Also, $T$ is a ...
4
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0answers
93 views

Smooth perturbation of a positive self-adjoint operator with compact resolvent

Consider a one-parameter family $A_t$ of unbounded positive self-adjoint operators with discrete spectrum (for example, one can consider a one-parameter family of Laplacians on a compact Riemannian ...
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2answers
623 views

Can one hear the shape of a drum for operators?

M. Kac in his famous paper "Can one hear the shape of a drum?" asked whether one can "hear" the area of the ambient domain by looking at the spectral picture. Although he was not the first who came up ...
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1answer
82 views

Approximation of the central support

Let $(M,\tau)$ be a tracial von Neumann algebra, i.e. a unital subalgebra $M=M''\subset \mathbb{B}(H)$; a finite (faithful) trace $\tau: M\to \mathbb{C}$ (faithful means that $\tau(x^*x)=0$ ...
4
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1answer
127 views

Invariant subspaces are reducing subspaces in $L^2(\mu)$; where $\mu$ is a singular measure w.r.t Lebesgue measure

I have already posted this question on math.stackexchange but didn't get any answer. I hope this is the right place to ask this question. Recently I was reading a book "Operator Function and system" ...
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0answers
71 views

One-parameter group of unitary operators and Core

Question : For what condition on $V$ (we can take it smooth, bounded, whatever necessary), the one-parameter unitary group $U(t)$ associated to the seladjoint operator $A=-\Delta+V$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ ...
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70 views

Holomorphic natural bundles and operators

I am wondering up to what extent the classical theory of (smooth) natural bundles and natural operations extends to the holomorphic setting. After a quick thought, I've gone through the standard ...
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54 views

Spectral theory of Bochner integral operators

Consider the following (somewhat simplified) situation. Let $\mathcal{H}$ be separable Hilbert space and $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ the Banach algebra of bounded linear operators acting on ...
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1answer
86 views

The monotone operator in $BV$ space

I am considering the following minimizing problem: $$ \min_{u\in BV(\Omega)}\{\frac12\|u-u_0\|_{L^2}^2 + |u|_{TV(\Omega)}\} $$ where $u_0\in BV(\Omega)$, $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^2$ is open bounded, ...
3
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1answer
134 views

comparing norms of tensor product of two Hilbert spaces

Suppose $H_1$ and $H_2$ are two Hilbert spaces with dimension $n$ and $m$, for $ x \in H_1 \otimes H_2$ consider $$\|x\|_\pi = \inf \left\{ \sum_{i=1}^n \|a_i\| \|b_i\| : x = \sum_{i} a_i \otimes b_i ...
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0answers
39 views

Factorization of the Fokker-Planck semigroup

I have posted this question on stackexchange over four month ago, but didn't get an answer: "In the classical theory of Markov processes, the Fokker-Planck semigroup $\{T_t:t\ge 0\}$ can be factored ...
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1answer
99 views

Comparison between spectra

Let $G$ be a normal operator with compact resolvent on a Hilbert space $H$ such that ${\rm ker}(G) \neq {0}$. Further let $P$ be the orthogonal projection onto ${\rm ker}(G)$, and let $G_{0}:=G+P$. ...
3
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1answer
124 views

$M_Λ(A) → A ⊗ M_Λ(C)$

I saw this in here. Let $A$ be a Banach algebra, and let $\Lambda$ be a non-empty set. We denote by $M_\Lambda(A)$ be the set of $\Lambda\times\Lambda$ matrices $(a_{ij})_{i,j\in\Lambda}$ with entries ...
3
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222 views

Graded structures for simple $C^{*}$ algebras without nontrivial idempotent

Edit(A confession): I just realized that the question is trivial: Since one can easily prove that the convex hull of the spectrum of every nontrivial homogeneous element of a $\mathbb{Z}_{n}$-graded ...
4
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1answer
136 views

Is the sum of spectral projections a projection?

Let $T$ be a closed operator on a Hilbert space with discrete spectrum. Then for $\{\lambda_1,...\lambda_n\}\in\sigma(T)$ one can define the spectral projections ...
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183 views

Eigenvalues of a certain product of matrices with special structure

Let $d$ and $c$ be positive integers and $q = dc$. Let $G$ be a $q$-by-$q$ positive semi-definite real matrix with eigenvalues all $\le 1$, and define the $q$-by-$2q$ matrix $A = ...
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1answer
64 views

Norm of derivative of rank one projector

I asked this question on math.stack but I got no answer, so I try here. Let $\phi(t)$ be a solution for the nonlinear Schroedinger equation\begin{equation} ...
3
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1answer
254 views

Connections to physics, geometry, geometric probability theory of Euler's beta integral (function)

Euler"s integral for the beta function $B(s,\alpha) = $ (with $x = 1$) $$ \frac{(s-1)!(\alpha-1)!}{(s+\alpha-1)!} x^{s+\alpha-1} = \int_0^\infty t^{s-1}\; H(x-t) \; (x-t)^{\alpha-1} dt = \int_0^x ...
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0answers
40 views

How to define Biharmonic operator for second order sobolev spaces

I am studying an article Link of Article. There author assumes that $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$, $ N>4 $ . Some where in the paper we have $$ \Delta^2 (\cdot) - \frac{\lambda}{|x|^4} (\cdot) : ...
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0answers
102 views

Homomorphic Commutator? Equation

So I was considering the following functional equation: Given $H :\Bbb{C}^2 \rightarrow \Bbb{C} $ find $\theta: \Bbb{C}^2 \rightarrow \Bbb{C}$ such that $$ \theta(H(a,b), H(c,d)) = H(\theta(a,c), ...
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0answers
50 views

The motivation of Weyl-Titchmarsh function

Given a second linear differential operator, $(Hf)(x)=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}(x)+V(x)f(x)$, where $V$ is a bounded and real valued function, $f$ lies in $L^2(\mathbb{R})$. For an $z$ with $Im(z)\neq ...
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1answer
59 views

Introducton books for ‎$\frak{E}_p(I)$

Are there any good books different from abstract harmonic analysis by hewitt to study ‎$\frak{E}_p(I)$. where ‎$\frak{E}_p(I)$ is: ‎Let $I$ be an arbitrary index set‎. ‎For each $i\in I$ let $H_i$ ...
6
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1answer
159 views

Hodge de Rham operator and orientability

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. One can consider the exterior algebra bundle $\Lambda(T^*M)$. The sections of this bundle are differential forms, to be noted by $\Omega^k(M)$. One can consider ...
3
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0answers
38 views

Reference request: derivative of trace of heat operators with respect to a parameter

I hope that the following question is appropriate to ask here as it is not exactly research or original Mathematics but rather an enquiry for a reference or "standard method of proof": Suppose we are ...
4
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1answer
105 views

Restriction of a semigroup to a form domain

Say, we have a Hilbert space $H$ with a semibounded self-adjoint operator $A:D(A)\to H$ generating a strongly continuous semigroup $T(t):H\to H$. Is it possible to restrict $T(t)$ to a form domain of ...
4
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1answer
220 views

Fredholm subvector spaces of $B(\mathcal{H})$

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separable Hilbert space with orthonormal base $\{e_i\}\;\;i\in \mathbb{N}$. Definition: We say a subvector space $W\subset B(\mathcal{H})$ is a Fredholm subspace if ...
6
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1answer
482 views

An equivalence relation on the space of polynomials in one complex variable

Let $P(z)$ be a polynomial with complex variable $z$. We consider the following distribution for the roots of $P(z)=0$: the distribution is a triple $(n_{1},n_{2},n_{3})$ where these integers are ...
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0answers
74 views

Generating a series representation for the inverse of the operator $f(f)$

I was considering the following problem: Suppose you are given a function $u: C \rightarrow C$, find a function $g$ such that $g(g) = u$ (Let's assume that such a function exists). And by "find", I ...
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1answer
93 views

Sum of two surjective operators

It is well-known that the sum of two surjective operators isn't (in general) a surjective operator (for example consider $A+(-A)$). When it happens that the sum of two surjective operators is still ...
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0answers
99 views

Algorithm for finding eigenfunctions

I have an $ L^2(\mathbb{R}) $ operator that looks like $$ \Omega = \int \partial\phi(a, b)\ \ |b, a\rangle \langle b, a |, $$ where $ \langle x | a, b \rangle = f_a(x - b) e^{x^2/2} $ and $ f_a \in ...
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33 views

Behavior of fundamental solution for parabolic equation on non compact complete riemannian manifold

Suppose that M is a complete noncompact Riemannian manifold. What is the necessary and sufficient condition that an operator on $L^{2}(M)$ comes from a smooth kernel that itself and all of the its ...
2
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1answer
101 views

Infinite Determinant between different Hilbert Spaces

It is well-known, that if $A = \mathrm{id} + S$ is a bounded operator on a separable Hilbert Space $H$ with $S$ trace-class, then there is a well-defined notion of determinant, e.g. in terms of the ...
4
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2answers
399 views

$C^{*}$ algebras which do not admit nontrivial idempotent morphism

In this question which I flag it as a community wiki, I search for a big list of $C^{*}$ algebras(and a big list of criterions) which do not admit a non trivial idempotent $C^{*}-$morphism. I ...
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1answer
90 views

examples of completely positive order zero maps to demonstrate a theorem

I'm interested explicit examples which can be used to demonstate the theorem: Theorem: Let $A$ and $B$ $C^*-$algebras and $\phi:A\to B$ be a completely postive map of order zero. Set ...
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98 views

Fock Space Proof of $(g(x)\phi^4)_2$ Mass Gap?

Is there a proof that does not depend on Euclidean methods? Is this a proof? : $V(g)$ can be written as $P+R$ where $P$ is non-negative and $R$ is $N$-bounded (and hence $(H_0+\lambda P)$-bounded). ...
6
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0answers
127 views

Is there a quotient of $c_0$ without the approximation property?

The famous example of Enflo of a Banach space without the approximation property is actually a subspace of $c_0$. Is there a quotient of $c_0$ without the approximation property? This would follow if ...
6
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2answers
292 views

Non strictly-singular operators and complemented subspaces

If $T$ is a bounded operator which is not strictly singular, acting on a separable Banach space $X$, can one always find an infinite dimensional, closed and complemented, subspace $Y$ such that $T$ ...