Spectrum, resolvent, numerical range, functional calculus, operator semigroups. Special classes of operators: compact, Fredholm, dissipative, differential, integral, pseudodifferential, etc.

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Sub-matrices with a real spectrum

This question arises from the study of PT-symmetric quantum mechanics. Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ complex-valued matrix with a real spectrum. If $A$ is Hermitian, then any sub-matrix corresponding to ...
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39 views

The composition of a dissipative operator and a positive operator is dissipative?

Consider the following bilinear system on a open and bounded domain $\Omega$ \begin{equation} \left\{\begin{array}{r c l} \displaystyle\frac{dy(t)}{dt} &=& Ay(t)+u(t)By(t)\\ y(0) &...
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40 views

Fredholm operator and automorphism of unit disk

Recently, I came across the following question while studying Fredholm operator. Recall an operator $S$ on a Hilbert space $\mathcal H$ is said to be Fredholm if $Range(S)$ is closed along with both $...
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68 views

Non-strict column diagonally dominant matrix inner product

Let $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ be a normalized non-strict column diagonally dominant matrix, that is: $$a_{j,j} = \sum_{i \ne j} \left|a_{i,j}\right|$$ where $0 \le a_{j,j} \le 1$ and $-1 \le ...
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60 views

Domain of the Stokes operator

Let $\Omega\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be open ($d\in\mathbb N$) $\mathcal D:=C_c^\infty(\Omega)^d$ and $$\mathfrak D:=\left\{\phi\in\mathcal D:\nabla\cdot\phi=0\right\}$$ $\mathcal H:=\overline{\mathfrak ...
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48 views

Who was first to use reproducing kernals in order to try to solve interpolation problems?

I understand that Sarason generalized the interpolation problem by taking it into the operator theoretic setting via reproducing kernels, but whose idea was it to use reproducing kernels such as the ...
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97 views

Bounded operators $T: B(H)\to H$ whose Kernel is a Lie algebra

Assume that $H$ is an infinite dimensional Hilbert space.The space of all bounded operators on $H$ is denoted by $B(H)$.We consider the Lie algebra structure $[T,S]=TS-ST$ on $B(H)$. Is there a ...
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65 views

Spectrum on an unbounded operator

Consider the operator $T_{c}=-\frac{d}{dx^{2}}+ c x^{2}$ with $c\in C^{*}$, $Re(c)>0$ defined on its domain $D_{c}=\{u\in L^{2}; T_{c}(u)\in L^{2}\}$. Put $c=a+ib$ avec $a>0$ et $b\in R$. ...
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81 views

A nice proof that completely bounded (cb) norm of transpose map on $ M_n $ is n

In my research of operator algebras and their connection with machine learning I of course use the well know result: For the map $ tr:M_n \to M_n $ denoting the transpose map of matrices (meaning ...
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136 views

The C*-envelope of the algebra of continuous functions on a compact topological space is commutative

In my research in operator theory, specifically in C* algebras and enveloping, I came across this strange footnote in a text (locally published in non English where I study) which states the following:...
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I have an embedding $\iota$ between two Hilbert spaces and want to know if $\iota\iota^\ast$ is something simple like an orthogonal projection

I'm reading A Concise Course on Stochastic Partial Differential Equations. In Proposition 2.5.2 the authors define the notion of a cylindrical $Q$-Wiener process $W$. It turns out that $W$ is just a $...
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83 views

Construction of orthonormal basis of the Hilbert space $\mathcal{S}^p_{\mathcal{H}}$ of vectors of $p \in \mathbb{N}$ Hilbert Schmidt operators

Let $(e_j)$ be a orthonormal basis (ONB) of a separable Hilbert space $(\mathcal{H}, \langle\cdot, \cdot\rangle_{\mathcal{H}})$ and $(\mathcal{S_H}, \langle\cdot, \cdot\rangle_{\mathcal{S_H}})$ be the ...
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124 views

Equivalence between complex and real operator norms

Consider a real $m\times n$ matrix $A$ and the $p$-norms in $\mathbb{C}^n$ and $\mathbb{C}^m: \|x\|=\left(\sum|x_i|^p\right)^{1/p}$. One defines the real $p$-norm of $A$ as $\|A\|=\sup\frac{\|Ax\|}{\|...
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quasi-nilpotent part of a dual operator

Definitions and notation. Let $X$ be a complex Banach space and $T\in\mathcal{L}(X)$ a continuous linear operator on $X$. We define the quasi-nilpotent part of $T$ as \begin{equation*}H_0(T):=\left\{...
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157 views

Convergence of functionals on compact projections on a separable Hilbert space

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space over $\mathbb{C}$, say $\ell_2$ for simplicity. Let $\mathcal{K}(H)$ denote the space of all compact operators on $H$ and $\mathcal{P}(H)$ the set of all finite ...
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Generalized singular numbers and the Haagerup $L^p$ spaces

Let $M$ be a semi-finite von Neumann algebra with a trace $\tau$.Let $S(M)$ be the algebra of all affiliated operators measurable with respect to $M$. The $L^p$ norm on $M$ is given by \begin{...
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106 views

almost invariant half space for a dual of a restricted operator

Let $X$ be an infinite-dimensional Banach space and $T\in\mathcal{L}(X)$ a continuous linear operator acting on $X$. A closed subspace $Y$ of $X$ is said to be an almost-invariant halfspace (...
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82 views

Relationship between the Itō formula for a Q-Wiener process and the Itō formula for a cylindrical Wiener process. A question on the trace term

Remark: Even when this question is about stochastic PDEs, it can be answered by someone who has no knowledge about probability theory or PDEs. I'm reading Stochastic Differential Equations in ...
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65 views

$C(X)$-compact operators and families of compact operators

In this question Operators on Hilbert $C^*$-module and families of Fredholm operators I asked about the relation between being a family of compact operators $F:X \to K(H)$ on Hilbert space $H=\ell^2$ ...
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151 views

Convergence in trace

Let $A$ and $B$ be two self-adjoint, positive definite Compact operators on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Further, let $A$ be trace class. Define $C_n \equiv AB(\frac{I}{n} + BAB)^{-1}$. Does $\frac{...
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56 views

Operators on Hilbert $C^*$-module and families of Fredholm operators

If $A$ is a $C^*$-algebra, there is a notion of Hilbert $A$-module (which is something like Hilbert space but the inner product takes values in $A$). The standard example is $H_A:=\{(a_n)_{n=1}^{\...
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Multivariable Weighted shift and subnormality

I have asked this question in mathstackexchange but didn't get any answer. I hope, I will get my answer here. Let $\mathbb B^m$ denote the Euclidean ball in $\mathbb C^m.$ Does there exist a ...
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29 views

When is a linear operator on $C^{0,\alpha}(\overline{\Omega})$ a multiplication?

The title says it all, really. Suppose that I have a linear operator $T$ from $C^{0,\alpha}(\bar{\Omega})$ into itself, where $\Omega$ is a smooth bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^d$ (e.g. the unit ball ...
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93 views

Behavior of orbits under small perturbations

Perhaps this question is too easy for mathoverflow, at least this is how it seems, but I got no answer on stackexchange. Suppose $T$ is a bounded linear operator on $l_2$ and $x\in l_2$ is a ...
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171 views

analytic continuation argument

In "Pseudo-spectra, the harmonic oscillator and complex resonances" (login required), the author says Sections $2$ and $3$ of this paper concern the operator $Hf(x)=(-\frac{d^{2}}{dx^{2}}+cx^{2})...
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112 views

Abstract Wave Equation and Semigroups

If an operator $A$ on a Hilbert space $H$ generates a strongly continuous semigroup, does then the operator $B$ on $H \oplus H$ given by the matrix $$ B := \begin{pmatrix} 0 & \mathrm{id} \\ A &...
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133 views

The multiplier algebra of a Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space and its commutant

In my research in the theory of Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Spaces I was concerned with this topic which came up but I could not find a reference on: If $ \mathbb{H} $ is an RKHS and we denote the ...
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extension for a complex operator

Let be $\lambda>0$. Put $$ L_{\lambda}=\Big[-\frac{\partial^{2}}{\partial z \partial \overline{z}}+\lambda^{2}|z|^{2} +\lambda\Big(\overline{z}\frac{\partial}{ \partial \overline{z}}-z\frac{\...
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positive operator surjectivity

In nonlinear analysis and monotone operator theory it is well known that if the operator $A$ is a maximal monotone and strongly monotone on a real Hilbert space $H$, then $A$ is surjective. This can ...
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68 views

Equivalent ways to study a semilinear parabolic equation as a perturbed abstract Cauchy problem

I am considering the following abstract Cauchy problem on Banach space $X$: \begin{cases} u'(t)=Au(t)+\big(f(t)+Bu(t)\big),&t\in[0,T],\\ u(0)=x_0, \end{cases} Suppose $A$ generates an analyitc ...
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200 views

When is the sum of complemented subspaces complemented?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Question. Suppose $X_1,...,X_n$ are complemented subspaces of $X$. When is the sum $X_1+...+X_n$ complemented? Further, suppose we know some projections $P_1,...,P_n$ onto $...
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379 views

What is the group of automorphisms of $l^{\infty}$?

What is the group of automorphisms of $l^{\infty}$? I think it would be the permutations of the integers. Is this right?
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263 views

Compact non-nuclear operators

I am not sure if this question makes sense, or if it is trivial, but does there exists an infinite dimensional Banach space (necessarily without the approximation property) such that no compact, non-...
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139 views

The functional equation $T(x\otimes y)=T(x)\otimes T(y)$ on certain $C^{*}$ algebras

Is there a name for the following property of a $C^{*}$ algebra $A$? $$A \simeq A \otimes A\;\;\; \text{The spatial tensor product}$$ Example of this situation is $A=C(X)$ where $X$ is the ...
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121 views

Does a $W^*$ envelope exist?

I know that an operator algebra $A$ has a "minimal" $C^*$-algebra $C$ containing $A$, which is known as the $C^*$ envelope of $A$. The existence of such a minimal $C^*$-algebra generated by $A$ (a ...
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27 views

A problem from Sakai's book on derivations on C(K) and differential structure on K

In his book, Operator Algebras in Dynamical Systems, at page 59 Sakai poses the following question. Problem: Let K be a compact space and suppose that C(K) has a non-zero closed *-derivation. Then ...
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137 views

Infinitesimal generator and stationarity

The following question is bothering me. I think it is probably known but I cannot find any reference... Let $(X_t)$, $(Y_t)$, $(Z_t)$ denote 3 Feller processes with respective infinitesimal ...
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167 views

Unconditionally $p$-converging operators on $L_{1}[0,1]$

Let $1\leq p<\infty$. We say that an operator $T:X\rightarrow Y$ is unconditionally $p$-converging if $T$ takes a weakly $p$-summable sequence to a norm null sequence. Question: Is every ...
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57 views

What equals $\ker[(A-\lambda I)^+]$ for a negative unbounded operator $A$?

We have the following result: $\{ E_{\lambda}; \, -\infty <\lambda < + \infty\}$ is a spectral family, where $E_{\lambda}$ is the projection of $H$ onto the null space $\mathscr N \left(A_\...
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1answer
43 views

Simplify the expression of $ T^+$ for an unbounded operator $T$?

For a negative unbounded operator $T$, what equals the operator $$ T^+ = \left[\frac{1}{2}(|T| + T) \right]^{**},$$ where $|T|= (T^2)^{1/2}$ and $A^{**} $ is the minimal closed extension of an ...
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Are Ritt operators mean ergodic?

In the following, $T$ is a bounded operator on a Banach space $X$. $T$ is called "power bounded" if $\sup_{n\in \mathbb N}\|T^n\|<\infty$; $T$ is called "mean ergodic" if the Cesàro sums $\frac{1}...
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Spectra of Dirac operators

1. Suppose that $M$ is a spin manifold. The spin structure of $M$ is not uniquely defined: in other words, $M$ may have many nonequivalent spin structures. For each choice of spin structure there is ...
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Specific type operators and basic sequences

Let $s$ be the space of rapidly decreasing sequences, i.e. $s=\{\xi=(\xi_j)_j\colon\,\,\sup_j|\xi_j|j^n<\infty\,\,\text{for all}\,\,n\in\mathbb{N}\}$ and $s'$ its topological dual, i.e. $s'=\{\eta=(...
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85 views

Strongly continuous semigroups and symbols of pseudo differential operators

I am considering the Cauchy IVP for the evolution equation $$u_t + \Psi u =0$$ where $\Psi$ is a linear pseudo differential operator with symbol $\widehat{\Psi}\left(\underline{\xi}\right)$. The ...
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Chord-arc property of n-tuples of commuting operators

Assume that we have an $n$-tuple $S^0=(S^0_1,\dots,S^0_n)$ of commuting operators in a Hilbert space $H$ and another such an $n$-tuple $S^1$. Is it possible to connect these two $n$-tuples by a ...
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195 views

On the possibility of extending the Sz.-Nagy dilation theorem for multiple contraction operators on Hilbert spaces

I am presently doing research concerned with operator algebras and operator theory and I thought to write here in the hopes of seeking expert advice on an idea I had here. The classic Sz.-Nagy ...
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222 views

Density of sets whose image is dense

This is probably easy, but I can't think of an answer. Assume $X$ is a Banach space and $A$ is a (not assumed closed) subspace of $X$. Let $T:X \to X$ be a bounded linear operator, which is also ...
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189 views

Help in understanding result from publication on operator theory

in my research on dilations of contractions on Hilbert spaces and manifolds I have come across this nice publication concerning the classic Sz-Nagy theorem on the Arxiv by Levy and Shalit which states ...
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552 views

Are Hilbert-Schmidt operators on separable Hilbert spaces “Hilbert Schmidt” on the space of Hilbert Schmidt Operators?

Let's consider a separable Hilbert space $(\mathcal H, \langle\cdot, \cdot\rangle_{\mathcal H})$ with Norm $||\cdot||_{\mathcal H} := \langle\cdot, \cdot\rangle^{1/2}_{\mathcal H},$ orthonomal basis $(...
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Is this a characterization of commutative $C^{*}$ algebras?

Assume that $A$ is a $C^{*}$ algebra with self adjoint elements $A_{sa}$. Assume that for all $a,b\in A$ we have $$ab\in A_{sa} \iff ba \in A_{sa}$$ Is $A$ necessarily a commutative ...