The open-problems-list tag has no usage guidance.

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### Not especially famous, long-open problems which anyone can understand

Question: I'm asking for a big list of not especially famous, long open problems that anyone can understand. Community wiki, so one problem per answer, please.
Motivation: I plan to use this list ...

**81**

votes

**15**answers

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### Proposals for polymath projects

Background
Polymath projects are a form of open Internet collaboration aimed towards a major mathematical goal, usually to settle a major mathematical problem. This is a concept introduced in 2009 by ...

**60**

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**23**answers

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### Open problems with monetary rewards

Since the old days, many mathematicians have been used to attaching monetary rewards to problems they admit are difficult. Their reasons could be to draw other mathematicians' attention, to express ...

**48**

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**14**answers

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### Important open problems that have already been reduced to a finite but infeasible amount of computation

Most open problems, when formalized, naturally involve quantification over infinite sets, thereby obviating the possibility, even in principle, of "just putting it on a computer."
Some questions ...

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**30**answers

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### Fundamental problems whose solution seems completely out of reach [closed]

In many areas of mathematics there are fundamental problems that are embarrasingly natural or simple to state, but whose solution seem so out of reach that they are barely mentioned in the literature ...

**44**

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**13**answers

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### What are some of the big open problems in 3-manifold theory?

From what I understand, the geometrization theorem and its proof helped to settle a lot of outstanding questions about the geometry and topology of 3-manifolds, but there still seems to be quite a lot ...

**37**

votes

**2**answers

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### Open problems/questions in representation theory and around?

What are open problems in representation theory?
What are the sources (books/papers/sites) discussing this?
Any kinds of problems/questions are welcome - big/small, vague/concrete.
Some estimation ...

**32**

votes

**14**answers

7k views

### Open problems in Euclidean geometry?

Which are some (research level) open problems in Euclidean geometry ?
(Edit: I ask just out of curiosity, to understand how -and if- nowadays this is not a "dead" field yet)
I should clarify a ...

**30**

votes

**8**answers

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### What are some important but still unsolved problems in mathematical logic?

In the past, First order logic and its completeness and whether arithmetic is complete was a major unsolved issues in logic . All of these problems were solved by Godel. Later on, independence of ...

**28**

votes

**8**answers

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### What are some open problems in algebraic geometry?

What are the open big problems in algebraic geometry and vector bundles?
More specifically, I would like to know what are interesting problems related to moduli spaces of vector bundles over ...

**25**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Important open questions in the field of Tropical geometry

What are some of the important unanswered questions in the field of tropical geometry?

**22**

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**4**answers

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### Open problems in Birational Geometry, after BCHM

Rencently a breakthrough was made in the context of the Minimal Model Program by the work of Birkar-Cascini-Hacon-McKernan. They proved that the canonical ring of a smooth or mildly singular ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

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### Open Problems in Algebraic Topology and Homotopy Theory

Some time ago (I see it was initially written before 1999?) Mark Hovey assembled a list of open problems in algebraic topology. The list can be found here. Some of the problems I know about have been ...

**17**

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**11**answers

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### Open Questions in Riemannian Geometry

What are some major open problems in Riemannian Geometry? I tried googling it, but couldn't find any resources.

**17**

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**10**answers

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### Open problems in PDEs, dynamical systems, mathematical physics

(This question might not be appropriate for this site. If so, I apologize in advance. I would have posted to mathstack, but I'm looking for advice from active researchers.)
I am an undergrad in math ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

603 views

### Open problems in Hopf algebras

I couldn't find a list of open problems in Hopf algebras. So my question is the following:
In the theory of Hopf algebras, what are the (big) open problems?
Any kind of problem/question will be ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

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### Open problems in Berkovich geometry

I would like to know if there is a state of the art recent reference on non-archimedean analytic spaces mentioning/listing open problems, conjectures, unresolved questions in the theory (*). I have ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

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### open problems in Seiberg-Witten Theory on 4-Manifolds

What are some of the open problems in Seiberg-Witten Theory on 4-Manifolds.I tried googling but couldn't any. I tried googling it, but couldn't find any resources.The places where I can a survey or ...

**12**

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**10**answers

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### Not especially famous, long-open problems which higher mathematics beginners can understand

This is a pair to
Not especially famous, long-open problems which anyone can understand
So this time I'm asking for open questions so easy to state for students of subjects such as undergraduate ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### *The* open problem in General Relativity?

Q. Is there a single, clear mathematical question that has emerged as
the open problem in General Relativity?
I ask this on the ~100th anniversary of Einstein's (4-page!) 1915 paper,
"Die ...

**11**

votes

**7**answers

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### Open problems in the theory of compact quantum groups

What are the important open problems in the theory of compact quantum groups? Or conjectures?
Here is an example from An De Rijdt's Ph.D. thesis: Is every compact quantum group with the fusion rules ...

**11**

votes

**7**answers

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### Open problems in continued fractions theory

I propose to collect here open problems from the theory of continued fractions. Any types of continued fractions are welcome.

**10**

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**10**answers

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### Statements reliant on conjectures

There are lots of statements that have been conditionally proved on the assumption that the Riemann Hypothesis is true.
What other conjectures have a large number of proven consequences?

**10**

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**4**answers

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### What are the major open problems in design theory nowaday?

I gather that the question whether the Bruck-Chowla-Ryser condition was sufficient used to top the list, but now that that's settled - what is considered the most interesting open question?

**10**

votes

**1**answer

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### List of Whitehead-like Problems

Whitehead problem is a rather well known problem:
Suppose that $G$ is an abelian group and $\mathrm{Ext}^1(G,\Bbb Z)=0$, is $G$ free?
It wasn't long before it was proved that if $G$ is ...

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votes

**3**answers

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### Motivation and unsolved problems of TQFT

I have been studying topological quantum field theory by mainly reading the Turaev's book.
I'd like to know if there are unsolved problems that motivate mathematicians to study TQFT, like Riemann's ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

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### What are some open problems regarding elliptic curves in finite fields?

I accept that my question seems so vague and broad, and I already looked into some similar questions in MO. But I would like to learn specifically about some open problems and conjectures regarding ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

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### List of open problems of formal languages [closed]

As we know, there are some open problems of formal languages. I am wondering if there is a somehow complete list of open problem of formal languages. If there isn't such a list, can we make it one as ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

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### Open problems in hyperplane/subspace arrangements?

What are some open problems in hyperplane/subspace arrangements, preferably of the combinatorial algebraic topology kind, and where can one read about them? That is, where are they discussed, and ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

320 views

### Open problems about CMC hypersurfaces with symmetries?

Recently, Andrews and Li announced a complete classification of CMC ($H=const.$) tori in $S^3$, confirming a conjecture of Pinkall and Sterling. Their main result is that any such torus is ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

385 views

### Open Problems for Undergraduates [closed]

Suppose:
I am a 'problem-solver' rather than a 'theory-builder'
I am an undergraduate student
I have a passion for solving mathematical problems
The homework I get is not satisfying (in the sense ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

765 views

### Open problems in sub-Riemannian geometry

What are some open problems in sub-Riemannian geometry?
I am interested especially in problems concerning connections and curvature, but any contribution is welcomed.

**4**

votes

**1**answer

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### Open questions on (finite) tensor categories

I would like to know about problems on (finite) tensor categories. I have read Etingof´s notes from his course at MIT. I have a question:
There exists any reference where I can find an open problem ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

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### Open problems in Banach spaces, universality

I have gathered a list of universality problems in Banach spaces which have been solved:
1.The non existence of a separable reflexive space universal for the class of separable reflexive spaces.
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

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### Reduction argument from a general vertex set V(G) to a prime power in Prof. Keevash's proof on the Existence of Designs

The proof flow of the paper "On the Existence of Designs" by Prof. Keevash as I understand it is the following:
-- Reduction from the general case to $V = \mathbb{F}_{p^a}$ (Lemma 6.3)
-- Covering ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

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### Open problems in compressed sensing

What are the main open problems in compressed sensing?
I am interested in theoretical as well as in numerical point of view.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

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### Open problems books [closed]

As the title might indicate , I would like to look for recommendations for mathematical book that present open problems in depth with commentary.
The only book of this type that I've come across is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

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### Newer list of open problems in model theory

In the book Model Theory by C. C. Chang and H. J. Keisler, there is a list of open problems in model theory. More exactly, this list is called "Open problems in classical model theory" (on page 597, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

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### Are there any interesting open questions having to do with submodularity, specially in the intersection of theoretical machine learning? [closed]

I was interested in knowing about open research topics related with sub modularity, specially within its intersection with theoretical machine learning (and related topics).
It seems to me that much ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

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### Known and unknown about Ramanujan's tau function

What is a good reference for open problems relating to the Ramanujan tau function?
I know about Lehmer's conjecture. I know the following reductions of the problem: the smallest counterexample must ...