If it turns out that a problem is equivalent to a known open problem, then the open-problem tag is added. After that, the question essentially becomes, "What is known about this problem? What are some possible ways to approach this problem? What are some ways that people have tried to attack it ...

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1
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1answer
501 views

An open problem on general topology

There is an open problem in this paper: Classes defined by stars and neighbourhood assignments by van Mill and others. Problem 4.8. Is a regular (Tychonoff) star compact space metrizable if it has a ...
6
votes
0answers
333 views

How many values a polynomial map misses?

Let $F$ be a field. For a uni-variate polynomial $f(x)$ over $F$,let $M_f(F)$ denote the number of values that $f$ misses, that is, the cardinality of the subset $F - f(F)$ in $F$. Assume that $f$ is ...
13
votes
1answer
514 views

Randomly switching street lights, in a square city

This is a combinatorics-probability question, best stated however in "recreational" terms. Imagine a $N\times N$ city, meaning that we have $N$ horizontal streets, and $N$ vertical streets. At each ...
11
votes
7answers
972 views

Open problems in the theory of compact quantum groups

What are the important open problems in the theory of compact quantum groups? Or conjectures? Here is an example from An De Rijdt's Ph.D. thesis: Is every compact quantum group with the fusion rules ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

What are the major open problems in design theory nowaday?

I gather that the question whether the Bruck-Chowla-Ryser condition was sufficient used to top the list, but now that that's settled - what is considered the most interesting open question?
16
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2answers
945 views

Center of mass from the abstract point of view, or could the ancient Greeks invent modern analysis?

This is a very open-ended question, which may or may not have a perfect answer, and for which I have a few ideas but nothing like a clear picture. However, I guess it won't hurt to ask to see if ...
21
votes
4answers
1k views

Open problems in Birational Geometry, after BCHM

Rencently a breakthrough was made in the context of the Minimal Model Program by the work of Birkar-Cascini-Hacon-McKernan. They proved that the canonical ring of a smooth or mildly singular ...
7
votes
1answer
464 views

Transcendentality of all irrationals in the Cantor set

Hi, I am a student researcher trying to prove that all irrationals within the Cantor set are transcendental. This is grounded, intuitively, in Cantor set members' being non-normal; since algebraic ...
46
votes
1answer
2k views

A function whose fixed points are the primes

If $a(n) = (\text{largest proper divisor of } n)$, let $f:\mathbb{N} \setminus \{ 0,1\} \to \mathbb{N}$ be defined by $f(n) = n+a(n)-1$. For instance, $f(100)=100+50-1=149$. Clearly the fixed points ...
13
votes
2answers
686 views

Why Donaldson's Four-Six Conjecture?

Simon Donaldson apparently made the following conjecture: Two closed symplectic 4-manifolds $(X_1,\omega_1)$ and $(X_2,\omega_2)$ are diffeomorphic if and only if $(X_1\times ...
30
votes
11answers
2k views

Important open problems that have already been reduced to a finite but infeasible amount of computation

Most open problems, when formalized, naturally involve quantification over infinite sets, thereby obviating the possibility, even in principle, of "just putting it on a computer." Some questions ...
2
votes
2answers
279 views

If all real conjugacy classes are strongly real, then all real irreps are “strongly real”(symmetric), true ?

Question Is true that if all real conjugacy classes of a finite group are strongly real, then all its real irreducible representations (irreps) are "strongly real"(symmetric) ? And vice verse ? ...
7
votes
1answer
580 views

approximate uncertainty principle for finite abelian groups

Edit: we cannot find such an example. It would imply a negative solution to the KS${}_2$ conjecture which has now been proven by Marcus, Spielman, and Srivastava in this paper. In fact, their ...
5
votes
1answer
192 views

A maximal element, where Schur gives a minimal element

Let me recall a result due to I. Schur, which I learnt from F. Goldberg's answer to my MO question Hadamard-like inequalites for positive definite symmetric matrices. If $H$ is a subgroup of $\frak ...
7
votes
0answers
214 views

Why would dim primitive irrep divide size of some conjugacy class ?

From Isaacs et.al. 2005 Conjecture C. Let χ be a primitive irreducible character of an arbitrary finite group G. Then χ(1) divides | clG(g)| for some element g ∈ G. Here, of course, we ...
7
votes
2answers
308 views

Kaplansky's 6th conjecture: dim(Irrep) | dim(algebra) - for semi-simple Hopf algebras

Let $H$ be a semisimple Hopf algebra. One of the Kaplansky's conjectures states that the dimension of any irreducible $H$-module divides the dimension of $H$. In which cases the conjecture is known ...
10
votes
1answer
450 views

Are Galois groups of Q with restricted ramification supposed to be finitely generated?

Fix a finite set $S$ of places of $\mathbb Q$. Let $G_{\mathbb Q,S}$ be the Galois group of the maximal extension of $\mathbb Q$ unramified outside S$. I believe that it is an open question whether ...
19
votes
0answers
411 views

The oriented homeomorphism problem for Haken 3-manifolds

Haken famously described an algorithm to solve the homeomorphism problem for the 3-manifolds that bear his name (fleshed out by many others, including Hemion and Matveev who fixed some gaps). But ...
7
votes
0answers
184 views

Is $Q_n(x)=\sigma_{n+1}(x)/\sigma_n(x)$ logarithmically convex on $\mathbf{R}$?

In 1975 J. van de Lune considered the monotony properties of the canonical Riemann Upper and Lower sums for $\int_0^1 t^xdt$, with $x>0$. Writing $\sigma_n(x) := 1^x+2^x+\cdots+n^x$ these sums are ...
5
votes
2answers
247 views

Measures of full Hausdorff dimension for self-affine sets

Consider the iterated function system $T_{1}(x)=(\beta x,\tau y)$, $T_{2}(x,y)=(\beta x+(1-\beta),\tau y+ (1-\tau))$ for $\beta\in(1/2,1)$ and $\tau\in (0,1/2)$ with self affine set ...
4
votes
2answers
677 views

Kronecker's Jugendtraum for real quadratic fields?

Kronecker's Jugendtraum (or Hilbert's 12'th problem) is to find abelian extensions of arbitrary number fields by adjoining `special' values of transcendental functions. The Kronecker-Weber theorem was ...
9
votes
1answer
603 views

The Class Number One Problem for Real Quadratic Fields

An approach to the Gauß class number one problem for imaginary quadratic fields is to determine the integral points on the modular curve $Y_{nonsplit}(n)$ for a suitable $n$. Here follows a quick ...
2
votes
1answer
323 views

S-matrix conjecture: status?

Is the $S$-matrix conjecture still open? I mean the one listed as Problem 7 in this survey.
9
votes
1answer
461 views

Minimizing the excursion of a sum of unit vectors

I have $n$ unit-length vectors $v_i$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$, whose sum is zero: $$ v_1 + v_2 + \cdots + v_n = 0 \; .$$ Now I form the closed polygon $P$ in space by placing them head to tail. So the ...
1
vote
0answers
215 views

Sums of Strongly z-ideals

In the rings of continuous functions,i.e.$(C(X))$ an ideal $I$ is called strongly $z$-ideal if it is an intersection of some maximal ideals of $C(X)$. i.e. $$I=\cap_{\alpha \in A} ...
1
vote
1answer
516 views

A question concerns prime numbers

I have arrived to this conjecture in my work, I am not sure that is true or false. So I would appreciate if someone give a counterexample or prove it. My question: Let n be a non-prime such that n-1 ...
2
votes
0answers
290 views

weak hopf conjecture

Hi: I am thinking of the following problem which is related to weak Hopf conjecture: Let $E$ be the total space of a vector bundle over a compact nonnegatively curved manifold $B$. Let k=the rank ...
15
votes
0answers
394 views

Actions on ℍⁿ generated by torsion elements

Let $n$ be a large integer. I am looking for a cocompact properly discontinuous isometric action on $n$-dimensional Lobachevky space which is generated by elements of finite order. Or equivalently, ...
7
votes
9answers
2k views

Not especially famous, long-open problems which higher mathematics beginners can understand

This is a pair to Not especially famous, long-open problems which anyone can understand So this time I'm asking for open questions so easy to state for students of subjects such as undergraduate ...
34
votes
30answers
4k views

Fundamental problems whose solution seems completely out of reach [closed]

In many areas of mathematics there are fundamental problems that are embarrasingly natural or simple to state, but whose solution seem so out of reach that they are barely mentioned in the literature ...
8
votes
1answer
254 views

Maximal class of simple graphs of order $n$ with mutually distinct numbers of spanning trees

This problem in some ways related to this post. Let $A_n$ be the set of all integers $x$ such that there exist a connected simple graph of order $n$ having precisely $x$ spanning trees. Study the ...
134
votes
79answers
21k views

Not especially famous, long-open problems which anyone can understand

Question: I'm asking for a big list of not especially famous, long open problems that anyone can understand. Community wiki, so one problem per answer, please. Motivation: I plan to use this list ...
25
votes
1answer
1k views

Important open questions in the field of Tropical geometry

What are some of the important unanswered questions in the field of tropical geometry?
43
votes
1answer
993 views

Local structure of rational varieties

I've been asked this question by a colleague who's not an algebraic geometer; we both feel that the answer should be "no", but I don't have a clue how to prove it. Here's the question: let $X$ be a ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

How to Tackle the Smooth Poincare Conjecture

The last remaining problem in this whole "everything is a sphere" business, is the Smooth Poincare Conjecture in dimension 4: If $X\simeq_\text{homo.eq.} S^4$ then $X\approx_\text{diffeo} S^4$. ...
17
votes
1answer
717 views

Does smooth and proper over $\mathbb Z$ imply rational?

Does smooth and proper over $\mathbb Z$ imply rational? I think someone told me that this is a standard conjecture. Is it a widely held? held at all? Did someone in particular make this conjecture? ...
45
votes
2answers
2k views

vector balancing problem

I believe the solution posted to the arXiv on June 17 by Marcus, Spielman, and Srivastava is correct. This problem may be hard, so I don't expect an off-the-cuff solution. But can anyone suggest ...
1
vote
0answers
154 views

Entropy of Bernoulli walks on semi-groups.

Consider the Fibonacci semi-group $<L,R|LRR=RLL>$ with a Bernoulli walk $P(R)=p, P(L)=1-p$. Is the entropy $H(p)$ an unimodal function with maximum at p=0.5? Is this true for all finitely ...
15
votes
0answers
1k views

Open problems/questions in representation theory and around ?

What are open problems in representation theory ? What are the sources (books/papers/sites) discussing this ? Any kinds of problems/questions are welcome - big/small, vague/concrete. Some estimation ...
3
votes
0answers
150 views

What is the status of the subadditivity problem for analytic capacity?

Hi, Here is another question that concerns analytic capacity. For a compact set $K$ in the plane, define the analytic capacity of $K$ by $$\gamma(K):=\sup|f'(\infty)|,$$ where the supremum is taken ...
15
votes
2answers
731 views

Minimal graphs with a prescribed number of spanning trees

As its long ago since Erdős died and mathoverflow is the second best alternative to him (for discussing personal problems), I'd like to start a fruitful discussion about the following problem ...
11
votes
2answers
644 views

Interesting result on the Euler-Maschroni constant - what is the background?

Today I entered the following expression in maple: $$a_i = H_{10^i} - ln(10^i) - \gamma$$ Here $H_j$ equals $\sum_{k=1}^{j} 1/k$ and $\gamma$ is the Euler-Mascheroni constant. When I computed $a_n$ ...
4
votes
1answer
404 views

When is the norm of all positive operators on an ordered Banach space determined by their values on the positive cone?

I'm trying to investigate the interplay between the norm and cone of positive elements in ordered Banach spaces. In particular, I would like a nice characterization of when the norm of a positive ...
23
votes
0answers
923 views

Is S^2 x S^4 a complex manifold?

As observed by Calabi a long time ago, the manifold $S^2\times S^4$ admits an almost-complex structure (obtained by embedding it in $\mathbb{R}^7$ and using the octonionic product), which however is ...
-1
votes
1answer
2k views

On Odd Perfect Numbers

Hi all. My question today will be regarding what I consider to be a "stumbling block" while trying to research odd perfect numbers. Let $N = {q^k}{n^2}$ be an odd perfect number with Euler prime ...
1
vote
0answers
386 views

Reference Request - Jakob Weisblat's “The Search for the Odd Perfect Number” [closed]

Hi All! I am currently trying to locate an online copy of Jakob Weisblat's paper titled "The Search for the Odd Perfect Number". I could only get hold of the abstract: "A perfect number is a number ...
1
vote
0answers
337 views

Can someone help me in a proof about Kolakoski sequence? [closed]

Hello everyone. I am not a mathematician but recently I was thinking about one of Kimberling's questions he posted here: http://faculty.evansville.edu/ck6/integer/index.html , i.e the question I asked ...
29
votes
1answer
890 views

Example of a compact Kähler manifold with non-finitely generated canonical ring?

A celebrated recent theorem of Birkar-Cascini-Hacon-McKernan and Siu says that the canonical ring $R(X)=\oplus_{m\geq 0}H^0(X,mK_X)$ of any smooth algebraic variety $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$ is a finitely ...
8
votes
1answer
361 views

Die-rolling Hamiltonian cycles

Let $R$ be a rectangular region of the integer lattice $\mathbb{Z}^2$, each of whose unit squares is labeled with a number in $\lbrace 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 \rbrace$. Say that such a labeled $R$ is ...
12
votes
2answers
569 views

Are acyclic subcomplexes of finite contractible 2-complexes contractible?

Let $Y$ be a contractible finite simplicial 2-complex. Let $X$ be an acyclic subcomplex of $Y$ (i.e. $X$ connected, $H_1(X)=0$, $H_2(X)=0$). Is $X$ contractible? (Equivalently, is $\pi_1(X)$ ...