**1**

vote

**0**answers

104 views

### Generating $\mathfrak{so}(7)$

Short version: Let $V$ be a 7-dimensional linear space of (real) square matrices. Suppose further that $[V,V]$ (the linear space spanned $[X,Y]$, $X,Y\in V$) is actually a subalgebra isomorphic to $\...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Determinants of octonionic hermitian matrices

For quaternionic hermitian matrices (i.e. quaternionic square matrices $(a_{ij})$ satisfying
$a_{ji}=\bar a_{ij}$) there is a nice notion of (Moore) determinant which can be defined as follows.
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Exceptional symmetric spaces embedded in exceptional Lie group

In Yokota (1959) and Atsuyama (1977) papers one can find embedding of projective space $\mathbb OP^2$ into Lie group $F_4$. Lately I come to following idea to have embedding of all four projective ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Transitivity of $Spin(7)$ in triples of vectors

I have a simple question: transitivity of $Spin(7)$ in triples of orthogonal vectors. Let $Spin(7)\subset SO(8)$ act on $\mathbb{R}^8$, and $e_1,e_2,e_3$, $v_1,v_2,v_3$ be two triples of mutually ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Expressing $SO_8$ element as product of $L_u$ and $R_u$ for unit octonions $u$

Welcome octonions friends !
Long time ago when I travelled through octonion land, I conjectured that every $SO_8$ element can be expressed as product $L_a L_b R_c R_d$ for unit octonions $a$, $b$, $c$...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

60 views

### Does the Cayley-Dickson construction preserve isomorphism of quaternion algebras?

I posted this on math.stackexchange to no avail, so I hope it's appropriate to post here despite that it might not be research-level. I expect the answer to this is well-known to people studying non-...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

199 views

### Looking for Severi varieties

Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $0$, and let $\mathbb{O}$ be the Cayley algebra over $K$. Let
$$
\mathfrak{J}_{3}=\{A\in\mathcal{M}_{3}(\mathbb{O}):A\text{ is Hermitian}\},
...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### Pseudo-holomorphic curves in the six-sphere

Equip $S^6$ with the almost complex structure coming from the cross product on $\mathbb R^7$ (i.e. the product on the pure imaginary octonions). What is known about the psudo-holomorphic curves in ...

**49**

votes

**1**answer

948 views

### Is there an octonionic analog of the K3 surface, with implications for stable homotopy groups of spheres?

The infamous K3 surface has many constructions in many fields ranging from algebraic geometry to algebraic topology. Its many properties are well known. For this question I am really interested in the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

228 views

### Action of G_2 on certain 7x7 skew-symmetric matrices

I have been working with something related to Goldman bracket for $G_2$ gauge group. There I have something like "$\text{Tr}(M_{\gamma}O_i)$", where $M_{\gamma}$ is a monodromy which takes value in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

84 views

### Cayley Subspaces in a Calibrated 8-Space

Suppose we are given $(\mathbb{R}^8,\Phi)$, where $\Phi$ is the self-dual 4-form that defines $Spin(7)\subset SO(8)$ (Cayley calibration, see Notes on the Octonians, page 23). Now some 4-subspaces $V$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

157 views

### $Spin(7)$ as stabilizer of a $4$-form revisited

For a better understanding of this question, please see the question and answer here.
In $Spin(8)$ there are plenty of copies of $Spin(7)$; consider, for instance, the antiimage of $SO(7)<SO(8)$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### Octonions product: inversion in the right and identity in the left

Once octonions product is studied, together with the relations with $Spin(8)$ and $SO(8)$ geometry (see for instance Robert Bryant's notes), one realises that the key fact bringing all the phenomena ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

267 views

### $Spin(7)$ as stabilizer of a $4$-form

According to Bryant's work on special holonomy groups, $G_2\subset SO(7)$ may be defined as the group preserving the following 3-form:
$\phi_0=\mathrm{d}x_{123}+\mathrm{d}x_{145}+\mathrm{d}x_{167}+\...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

123 views

### How can the Cayley table for the elements of basis of a Cayley-Dickson algebra be summarized in an algebraic expression?

One would be able to construct a Cayley table that has all $e_i$ elements of the basis of algebra $A$ where $0<i<\dim A$ such that $e_0=1$, $e_1=i$, $e_2=j$ and so on. I'm looking for an ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### Decomposition of $S^7=Spin(7)/G_2$

The seven sphere can be written as the reductive space $S^7=Spin(7)/G_2$. Has the decomposition $Spin(7)=G_2\times S^7$ been calculated somewhere; maybe in terms of Cayley numbers?

**4**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Grunsky-Motzkin-Schoenberg formula

I found this formula in Brian McCartin's interesting book "Mysteries of the equilateral triangle" http://www.kettering.edu/news/mysteries-equilateral-triangle and it looks as follows:
Suppose that $...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

788 views

### Octonions and the Fano plane.

Does the Fano plane mnemonic for octonion multiplication have any deeper meaning?
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/FanoPlane.svg
The symmetry group of the Fano plane is PSL(2,7), ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Filling in a rational orthogonal matrix given one row

Quick version: given natural $n$ and a row of $n$ integers such that the sum of the squares is another square, call it $m^2.$ For $n=5,6,7$ is it always possible to fill in the rest of an $n$ by $n$ ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

881 views

### The octonions on a bad day

We can define the algebra of quaternions $\mathbb H$ over any field $k$, and depending on the arithmetic of $k$ it is either a division algebra or a matrix algebra.
We can also define the algebra of ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Realizing proper pure octonions as conjugates

Let us take the octonions as having all integer coefficients and the multiplication table at BAEZ
We have a standard conjugation operator with $\bar{1} = 1$ and $\bar{e_i}= - e_i,$ extend by ...