Operations research, linear programming, control theory, systems theory, optimal control, game theory

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5
votes
5answers
1k views

Application of polynomials with non-negative coefficients

Question 1: Are there any deeper applications (in any field of mathematics) of polynomials (with possibly more than one variable) over the real numbers whose coefficients are non-negative? So far I ...
8
votes
1answer
186 views

Algorithm for matching in the power set lattice

Suppose that we have two probability distributions, $f$ and $g$ on the subsets of a finite set $X$, i.e. $f, g: P(X) \to [0,1]$, with $$ \sum_{A \subseteq X} f(A) = \sum_{A \subseteq X} g(A) = 1. $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
968 views

Sufficient conditions for gradient descent convergence

I have an unconstrained optimisation problem with convex objective function $f(x)$. Suppose I have access only to some function of the gradient $\hat{\nabla}= g(\nabla f)$, and I take gradient steps ...
3
votes
2answers
566 views

Computational complexity of unconstrained convex optimisation

What is known about the relationship between unconstrained convex optimisation and computational complexity? For example, for which optimisation problems and which gradient descent algorithms is one ...
5
votes
0answers
119 views

Minmax problem for polygons

Let $\text{Pol}_n$ be the set of all convex polygons on a plane with $n$ vertices. For $P\in \text{Pol}_n$ denote by $\text{Tr}(P)$ the set of all triangles which vertices are some vertices of $P$. I ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Relations between a set of inner products of vectors

Suppose we have n normalized vectors on an arbitrarily large Hilbert space $|A_1\rangle,\dots,|A_n\rangle$, $\langle A_i|A_i\rangle=1$ for every i. And there're $\frac{n(n-1)}{2}$ inner products ...
7
votes
2answers
309 views

Entropy conjecture for distributions over $\mathbb{Z}_n$

Suppose we have two independent random variables $X$ (with distribution $p_X$) and $Y$ (with distribution $p_Y$) which take values in the cyclic group $\mathbb{Z}_n$. Let $Z = X +Y$, where the ...
3
votes
1answer
271 views

Stronger bound for a modified Lyapunov Equation

In regard to the stability analysis and control properties of the linear system $\dot{x}=Ax$. Consider the solution $P$ of the continuous Lyapunov equation $AP+PA^T+Q=0$, where $A,Q,P \in ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Nearest trio of neighbours for non-intersecting ellipses

Hi, I'm working on a problem which is to find the closest trio of neighbours for a set of arbitrarily placed non-intersecting ellipses. As a new user I'm not allowed to include image tags but I've ...
2
votes
4answers
772 views

Fractals as solution to optimization problem?

What's the scientific reason for fractals being present in nature at such a large scale? Is it perhaps the solution of an optimization problem? For example, would the fractal based shape of certain ...
3
votes
1answer
299 views

What is the minimum of the Frobenius norm in the intersection of positive semidefinite cones?

For scalar variables $x$, we have a simple solution for the following problem. \begin{eqnarray} \min_x&&\alpha(x-a)^2+\beta(x-b)^2 \\\ \mathrm{s.t. }&&x\leq a\\\ ...
0
votes
0answers
270 views

Mathematics of Rectangles

1/i m looking for all stuff relative to Rectangles Set (specialty rectangles with edges parallel to axes of orthonormal 2d space: lets note it $RS$. i found this interesting article A new tractable ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

Integral of a quadratic on a polygon (variations of discrete surfaces)

This question is pretty simple to state: given two linear functions on a polygon, I'm looking for a formula for the integral of their product which depends only on the values at the (unlabelled) edges ...
1
vote
3answers
534 views

An Optimization problem

The following unusual optimization problem came up and I don't know where to begin: Maximize over the real variables $x_1, \dots, x_n$ the sum $$ S = \sum_{r = 1}^n \frac{1}{x_1 + \dots + x_r} $$ ...
3
votes
2answers
235 views

Optimal control problem with control derivative.

I faced to a bit weird control problem, that is minimize cost functional \begin{equation} J(u) = \int_0^Tg(t,x(t),u(t),\dot u(t))dt \end{equation} subject to \begin{equation} \dot x(t) = ...
1
vote
0answers
154 views

Finding a curve of some approximate arc length (with uniform or zero curvature) with a specified distance to a set of points in 3-space

Imagine I define a set of $N$ points in 3-space, $P$, and I would like to define a straight-line or curve, $C$, with uniform or zero curvature, that has some desired distance, $M$, to each of these ...
2
votes
1answer
185 views

Is the following function convex-\cap? How to maximize it?

This question got no answer or comments on Math Stackexchange: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/104114/is-the-following-function-convex-cap Let $p=(p_1,\ldots,p_n)$ be a given nondegenerate ...
4
votes
0answers
86 views

Applications of k-medians with moment constraints

Suppose I have a collection of points $p_1,\dots,p_N$ in the plane. In the Euclidean $k$-medians (or $k$-means) problems, our objective is to distribute a set of $k$ points $x_1,\dots,x_k$ in the ...
3
votes
1answer
315 views

Solving for Hamiltonian path with constraints on allowable routes through vertices

Suppose you have a complete graph with N vertexes, with a distinguished vertex $n=1$ ("start"), and you wish to find a route traveling exactly once through each vertex so that the distance along the ...
2
votes
1answer
241 views

Optimization of a Specific Polynomial

I have a polynomial: $$f(x_1 \dots x_n) = \prod_{i=1}^n (c_ix_i + 1) - \frac{1}{2}c_0\sum_{i=1}^nx_i^2$$ Given some values for $c_0 \dots c_n$, I'd like to choose the maximizing values for $x_1 ...
3
votes
2answers
235 views

Analogue of PSD matrices for permanents?

Let's begin with a few observations. Suppose we consider the set of $N\times N$ matrices and consider the matrices with positive determinant. There are several connected components in this set; let ...
0
votes
0answers
118 views

Conic fitting with pseudoinverse technique

I am trying to fit points of an ellipse to my model using pseudoinverse technique described in this paper (it's in section 4.1). I'm sure that my understanding is wrong, please, could you give me ...
1
vote
1answer
252 views

A positive semidefinite programming problem

Dear all, I've got a SDP problem as follows: $\min_{{\bf H}\succeq0}\quad trace({\bf H}) - {\bf a}^{\top}{\bf H}{\bf b}$, where ${\bf a}$ and ${\bf b}$ are two constant vectors. May somebody tell ...
4
votes
2answers
221 views

Lagrangian duality

Suppose we have a primal problem $ \min_x f(x), s.t. h_i(x)=0, $ where $h_i$ are all affine, and $f$ is convex. Then its Lagrangian is $\min_x \max_{z_i} f(x) + \sum_i z_i h_i(x)$ and the dual ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

Proving a variational problem has no solutions

Consider the following integral $ \int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \left( \sqrt{y(x)^2 + y'(x)^2} \left( \ln \left( \frac{\sin(x)}{1 -\cos(x)} \right) + \frac{\pi}{2} \right) + \frac{\pi}{2} y'(x) + 1 ...
3
votes
0answers
216 views

Maximise $L^q$ norm of a vector, for fixed $L^1$ and fixed $L^p$ norms [closed]

Consider a vector $x \in \mathbb R_+^n$ and $p,q \in \mathbb R$ such that $1 < p < q$ We fix $\sum \limits_{i=1}^{n}|x_i| = 1$ and $ \left(\sum \limits_{i=1}^{n}|x_i|^p \right)^\frac{1}{p} = ...
1
vote
1answer
243 views

Minimizing ellipsoid over intersection of ellipsoids

Let's say I want to minimize a quadratic form $\sum_{j=1}^n c_jx_j^2$ (all $c_j$ are positive constants), which corresponds to an $n$ dimensional ellipsoid, over the outer part of the intersection of ...
2
votes
0answers
279 views

Partial feedback linearization (Control theory)

Greetings, I'm trying to understand a theorem about partial feedback linearization from a paper "On the largest feedback linearizable subsystem" by R.Marino (you can find it here: ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Are there intuitive/classically algorithmic analogues to Semidefinite programs on networks?

Many network optimization algorithms, including shortest path, push-relabel, augmenting path, etc, actually have an interpretation in terms of linear programming. A famous application of semidefinite ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Minimum time planar paths under a bound on magnitude of acceleration

On a plane, given initial position (x1,y1), initial velocity (u1,v1), final position (x2,y2), and final velocity (u2,v2), compute the solution to x''= cos(z), y''=sin(z) that has these endpoint ...
1
vote
2answers
165 views

Bound on expression from probability distributions

I came across this issue while trying to combine multiple probability distributions into a single distribution which approximates them all simultaneously. This boils down to maximizing this expression ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Conditions under which a given scheme converges

I'm sorry in advance for how long this question is. Suppose I have a continuous function $f:\mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \Delta_{n-1}$, where we think of the simplex $\Delta_{n-1}$ as the set ...
2
votes
1answer
584 views

Projection exists => Uniformly convex?

Hello, I know that: Let X be a uniformly convex Banach-Space, $a\in X$ and $C\subset X$ closed and convex, then there is a unique $b\in C$ with $\left\Vert a-b\right\Vert=\inf_{x\in C}\left\Vert a-x ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Conditions ensuring extrema are twice continuously differentiable?

For a functional $J[y]=\int_{a}^{b}F(t,y,y')dt$, are there any conditions that ensure extrema over the class of piecewise continuously differentiable functions are all in $C^2[a,b]$?
4
votes
1answer
416 views

An optimization problem involving sum of binomial coefficients upto some value

I would like to minimize $f(s, n, \epsilon)$ with respect to $s$ where $$f(s,n,\epsilon) = \left( 1 + \frac{n}{2^s} \right)\frac{1}{s} \sum_{k=0}^{\lfloor s\epsilon \rfloor} {s \choose k}~.$$ Note ...
2
votes
1answer
370 views

minimizing functions over simple matrix inequalities

I'm wondering if anything is known about minimizing convex, not necessarily linear functions subject to "simple" matrix equalities. To be precise, consider the following example: $min \Sigma x_i ln ...
4
votes
0answers
156 views

Is it possible to solve the argument maximization problem $\arg\max_x \langle x,l \rangle −f_1(x)−f_2(x)$ via convex duality?

I am attempting to solve the argument maximization problem $$\arg\sup_x \{ \langle x,l \rangle − f_1(x)−f_2(x) \} \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (1)$$ where the functions $f_1$ and $f_2$ are concave but ...
4
votes
2answers
460 views

Algorithm for the intersection of a vector subspace with a cone of non-negative vectors

Hi, I would like to know whether there is some more effective way of how to compute an intersection of a vector subspace of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ with a cone of vectors with non-negative entries than the ...
1
vote
2answers
647 views

How to use DFT to solve this minimization problem?

This is a problem when I'm reading a paper. Equation: $min\{\sum_p(S_p-I_p)^2+\beta((\partial_xS_p-h_p)^2+(\partial_yS_p-v_p)^2) \} $ where $S,I,h,v$ are all $M*N$ matrices and p stands for every ...
10
votes
1answer
503 views

Complexity of a weirdo two-dimensional sorting problem

Please forgive me if this is easy for some reason. Suppose given $S$, a set of $n^2$ points in $\mathbb{R}^2$. I want to choose a bijective map $f$ from $S$ to the set of lattice points in $\lbrace ...
3
votes
1answer
226 views

Unique matrix satisfying a system of equations

Assume I have a $n\times n$ positive semidefinite matrix $G$ of rank $p$ satisfying a set of $np - p(p-1)/2$ equations $v^T_jGv_j = 1$, $j = 1 \ldots np - p(p-1)/2$ for some given vectors $v_j$. It is ...
0
votes
0answers
202 views

L1-regularized Least Squares on a matrix with Toeplitz Blocks (not block-Toeplitz)

I am trying to speed up a sparse signal recovery algorithms. My sensing matrix is a set of Toeplitz Blocks, M = [T1,T2,T3,...,Tk] The objective is min ||Mx - b||_2^2 + ||x||1 What I'm actually ...
4
votes
1answer
621 views

Maximize sum of largest eigenvalues

Consider the following optimization problem: $\max_{\lambda_j(X)}\sum_{j=1}^n d_j\lambda_j(X)$ subject to $v_j^TXv_j \leq 1, X \geq 0$. $d_j$ are such that $d_1 \geq d_2 \geq \ldots \geq d_k > ...
6
votes
1answer
260 views

Constructing a hypersurface with given outer normals

Pick a point on each of the positive half-axes in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Put a (unit-norm?) vector at each of the n points. (a) Is there a hypersurface in the orthant $\mathbb{R}^n_+$ going through these n ...
1
vote
0answers
114 views

Minimizing an entropylike expression with a quadratic constraint

Let '$\{X_i\}$' be a set of n positive integers, and fix k to be a positive integer. I am interested in finding the set of solutions to the pair of inequalities: '$\displaystyle \sum_{i=1}^n X_i ...
3
votes
1answer
315 views

Mathematical Programming with other Algebras than Linear

Linear Programming is strongly entwined with linear algebra, as are many of its generalizations under the heading of mathematical programming / convex optimization. What analogies are there for ...
0
votes
1answer
230 views

Nonlinear constraint and product of variables

I have been asked to add to an existing linear programming model several constraints dealing with ratios among continuous decision variables. An example ratio constraint would be like: $x_1*x_2 - ...
1
vote
2answers
625 views

Quadratic problem solving with absolute value constraint

Hello, I have been trying to solve a problem of the form : $\max_x\quad -\tfrac{1}{2}x^TAx + b^Tx - C\sum_i |x_i|$ without the C term it is a simple quadratic problem, but I haven't been able to ...
2
votes
1answer
232 views

Linear and Isometric Automorphism Groups of the PSD Cone

Let $S_+$ be the cone of psd matrices ($n\times n$ real symmetric positive semidefinite matrices). This cone is a metric space induced from the inner product $\langle A,B\rangle = tr (AB)=tr(BA)$. ...
0
votes
0answers
385 views

Decomposing max-convolution of sum of functions ?

Hello. $R, F_1, F_2, F_3$ are random (not-convex, not-concave) 2D matrices of size 100x100. $R$ is a linear combination of $F_1, F_2, F_3$. Explicitly, $R = w_1 F_1 + w_2 F_2 + w_3 F_3$ where ...