**1**

vote

**1**answer

130 views

### Control a linear system to the kernal space of the output matrix.

Consider the following controllable and observable linear system
$$\dot x=Ax+Bu, y=Cx,$$
where $x\in \mathbb{R}^n, u\in \mathbb{R}^m, y\in \mathbb{R}^p$.
The observability of $(A,C)$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Approximating solutions to minima of the discrete Lagrangian

I have been stuck on this problem for a week and I'm not sure whether or not it is hard or I'm just missing something obvious.
General gist of the problem
I have a variational problem on a ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

165 views

### What is the dual of an semidefinitely representable (SDR) cone?

The Question
Let $V\simeq \mathbb{R}^r$ be an $r$-dimensional vector space with the usual Euclidean inner product.
Let $\mathcal K\subset V$ be a cone defined as
$$
\mathcal K=\Big\{x\in ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### Multiple Number Partitioning / “Multiprocessor Scheduling”

Consider the well-known Number Partitioning / "Multiprocessor Scheduling Problem": You want to partition a set $S$ of objects (jobs) $i$ with weights $w_i$ (process time) into subsets $S_k$ (e.g. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### Maximal probability of “infinitely often” over MDP

Let us consider a Markov Decision Process (MDP) with a Borel state space $X$. Often, the optimization problems over MDP involve optimization of some objectives dependent on the reward function
$$
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Sufficiency of stationary policy for negative stochastic dynamic programming

Consider a Markov Decision Process with Borel state space $X$ and Borel action space $U$, like the one defined in the book "Stochastic Optimal Control: Discrete-time case" by Bertsekas and Shreve. All ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### Avoiding epsilon in mixed integer linear and quadratically constrained programs

I would like to represent the following constraint as MILP constraint where $x \in [a, b]$ with fixed $a, b \in \mathbb{R}$ and $y \in \lbrace 0, 1 \rbrace$.
$(x = 0 \wedge y = 1) \vee (x \neq 0 ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

659 views

### Symplectic block-diagonalization of a real symmetric Hamiltonian matrix

Given a $2n\times 2n$ real, symmetric, Hamiltonian matrix $W$ (anticommutes with the symplectic metric), is there an orthogonal, symplectic matrix $R$ such that $R^\top WR$ is block-diagonal?
Being ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### Generalization of the equilateral triangle?

I consider points in the two-dimensional plane.
An equilateral triangle is a set of three points in the plane which are equidistant.
Suppose now I have $n$ points $x_1,...,x_n$. What is the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

352 views

### for what arguments the function reaches maximum?

Hi,
What is the maximum of the following function?:
$f(x_i,w_i)=\frac { \sum w_i}{ \sum \frac {w_i}{x_i} } - \frac{ 1 - \prod \left ( 1 - w_{i}\right )}{ 1 - \prod \left ( 1 - \frac{w_{i}}{ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Optimal Control

Consider the optimal control problem with an optimal trajectory $x^*(t)$ and an initial point $(x_1^0,x_2^0)$
\begin{equation}
\begin{split}
\dot{x}=A x + Bu
\\\
J=\int^\infty_0(x_2^2+\epsilon u^2)dt
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

235 views

### Riemannian metric on a space of “not-quite-smooth” (hyper)surfaces?

Apologies if the title's a bit vague; I'll try to explain everything below, and please let me know if I should clarify anything.
I've been looking for a while at variational problems on polytopes. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Upper bound concerning Snell envelope

Consider, on a filtred probability space $ \left (\Omega, \mathcal F, \mathbb F , \mathbb P \right )$ where $ \mathbb F = \left(\mathcal F_ t \right )_ {t\geq 0}$ is filtration satisfying the usuual ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

312 views

### Probability density that minimizes the sample range

Let $\mathcal{F}$ denote the set of all "concave probability distributions" on the unit interval, that is, all functions $f:[0,1]\to \mathbb{R}$ such that $f$ is concave, $f(x)\geq 0$ for all $x\in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

815 views

### Difference between 'generalized gradient' and 'subgradient' ?

Hi, I am wondering what the difference between 'generalized gradient' and 'subgradient' of a (potentially non-differentiable) convex function 'f' is.
The generalized gradient I am interested in is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

67 views

### (A)periodicity and (In)dependence on the boundary condition for optimization problem related to ODE

The question is pair to MO117505 and translates some problem on error-correction codes to similar problem about differential operators. (See also If “force” is periodic does it imply “velocity” is ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

421 views

### Minimum eigenvalue of a Affine Combination of two Hermitian matrices

Consider two $N \times N$ hermitian indefinite matrices $A_1$ and $A_2$. Consider their affine combination
\begin{align}
M(t)=(1-t)A_1+tA_2
\end{align}
I am interested in the minimum eigenvalue of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### maximum of the sum of polynomials

Hi
I have $n$ polynomials, each one is positive over a certain range and the maximum value each can attain is 1. Also each polynomial has atmost one peak(maximum). Is there some way that I can show ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

244 views

### If “force” is periodic does it imply “velocity” is periodic ? (or decoding tail-bited conv. codes)

I'll try to translate certain problem about convolutional codes to more common language of ODE, hope my translation is correct, but welcome to criticize.
Consider two given functions periodic ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

75 views

### Numerical optimisation for multivariate Gaussians

Hi,
I want to calculate
$
f_{\mathbf x}(x_1,\ldots,x_k)\, =
\frac{1}{(2\pi)^{k/2}|\boldsymbol\Sigma|^{1/2}}
\exp\left(-\frac{1}{2}({\mathbf x}-{\boldsymbol\mu})^T{\boldsymbol\Sigma}^{-1}({\mathbf ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Numerical linear algebra: how to compute $B^TC^{−1}B$ efficiently

Hi,
my question is similar to this one. I have to compute $B^TC^{−1}B$, where $C$ is a strictly positive definite $n\times n$ matrix and $B$ is $n\times m$.
The matrix $C$ is huge ($n$ up to a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Rayleight Ritz Ratio and smallest eigenvalue for a set of given matrices

I am familiar with Rayleigh Ritz Ratio for hermitian matrices. Let $A_1$ be a given $N \times N$ hermitian matrix. Then the smallest eigenvalue of $A_1$ is given by
\begin{align}
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

251 views

### An optimization problem, non complete bipartite graph and hungarian algorithm

I have two tables at my disposal, one work dataset and one reference dataset. Each dataset has got two columns, lets say these are fields A and B. I would like the rows in reference dataset with the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

331 views

### Solve equation with matrix variable

I want to solve a matrix $\Omega$ from a equation $\sum_k (\Omega + \Theta_k)^{-1} = Q$. The $Q$ and $\Theta, \forall k=1...K$ are known, and are positive definite matrices. $\Omega$ also has to be ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

303 views

### Is unconstrained integer convex optimization problem NP-hard?

Does anyone know a reference to the answer if unconstrained integer convex optimization problem (i.e. $\min_{x\in \mathbb{Z}^N} F(x)$, $F$ is convex and $N$ is NOT fixed) is NP-hard?
Thank you in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Choice of Lipschitz constant for proximal gradient optimization

I'm trying to use proximal gradient methods (Forward-Backwards Splitting and FISTA) to minimize a function
$f(B) = \frac{1}{2}|| XB - Y||_F^2 + \frac{\gamma}{2}||B C^T||_F^2$, where $X \in ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

349 views

### An S-lemma for polynomials of degree 4 in three variables

Might the following be true:
Let $p,q\in\mathbb{R}[x,y,z]$ be homogeneous polynomials, with $\deg(p)\leq 4$ and $\deg(q)= 2$. Suppose $q(x,y,z)>0$ for some $x,y,z\in\mathbb{R}$. Then the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

285 views

### Simultaneous maximization of two Generalized Rayleigh Ritz Ratios

Consider hermitian positive semi-definite matrices $A_1$ and $A_2$. Consider also positive definite matrices $B_1$ and $B_2$. I want to maximize the minimum of the two Generalized Rayleigh Ritz ratios ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

152 views

### Stochastic optimal control with no diffusion

Classical stochastic optimal control problem is to minimize functional
$$
J(u) = \mathbf E \int_0^T f(t,x_t,u_t)dt,
\tag{1}
$$
subject to SDE
$$
dx_t = b(t,x_t,u_t)dt + \sigma(t,x_t,u_t)dW_t, \quad ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

403 views

### Can you maximize the spectral norm of a matrix in a semidefinite program?

Consider the following optimization problem: Maximize $||X||$, subject to $X$ being Hermitian (or symmetric, if you prefer) and a bunch of semidefinite constraints on $X$. I want to know if this can ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Honeycomb-type properties of the Delaunay triangulation and Voronoi diagram

Suppose I'd like to distribute a set of points $P=\lbrace p_1 ,\dots, p_n \rbrace$ in the unit square $S=[0,1]\times[0,1]$ to minimize a weighted sum of two things:
1) The average distance between a ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

319 views

### relation between solution of a linear program and its perturbation

I have a linear program over a finite set of points $(x_1, x_2,\ldots, x_m)\in\mathbb{R}^n$:
$$
\max_j c' x_j
$$
Suppose the solution of this LP is obtained at a point $x_{j_1}$, which is a vertex ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

1k views

### When do maximum and expectation commute?

Hi, I'm looking for conditions on $G(t,x)$ such that
$$
\sup\limits_{t\in [0,1]}E[G(t,X)]=E[\sup\limits_{t\in [0,1]}G(t,X)]
$$
where $X$ is a random variable (it's easy to see that $\sup\limits_{t\in ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

103 views

### Worst-case nearest-neighbor distances between regions

Suppose that $S_1,\dots,S_n$ is a collection of disjoint shapes in the plane, and let $\mathcal{X}$ denote the set of all $n$-tuples of points $\lbrace x_1,\dots,x_n\rbrace$ such that $x_i\in S_i$ for ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Reference Request (semidefinite relaxation)

Considering the semidefinite relaxation technique where a quadratic program is relaxed by the full-rank semidefinite programming. This is, $x^TQx$ now reads as Tr$(XQ)$ without any rank constraint in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Best constant in a convex polynomial inequality.

Let $\phi(x)$ be a convex polynomial of degree $m$ at least two. Note that for $x,q \in \mathbb{R}$
$$\phi(x) + \phi(q) - 2\phi(\frac{x+q}{2}) =
...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

779 views

### solving Lyapunov-like equation

The following matrix equation might be a Lyapunov-like equation, but it seems hard for me to develop a simpler way to solve it. From the computation effort, I need some help for solving the special ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

535 views

### Gandhi's quote formalized [closed]

Hello,
I hope this question is appropriate for Mathoverflow. Gandhi said, "Be the change that you wish to see in the world". I don't understand anything in Game/optimization theory (I don't know ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### (probably simple) optimization question

Suppose you have a concave function defined over a non-polyhedral convex cone and you are interested in the infimum. What would be standard approaches to tackle the question? (The cone is actually PSD ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

113 views

### LP/QP with not-so-constant linear constaints

I have an otherwise standard LP or PSD QP problem as below:
$\min\limits_x {c}' x$ subject to $Ax\leq b$
or
$\min\limits_x \frac{1}{2}{x}' Qx + {c}' x$ subject to $Ax\leq b$
the only exception ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### A Function with Exactly $k$ Minima in a Bounded Space

Is it possible to have a function with the following properties?
(i) The function maps a bounded $n$-dimensional space $\mathcal{X}$ (say $\left[0,1\right]^n$) onto a bounded interval $\mathcal{Y}$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

500 views

### Solutions to Heat Equations with Obstacles!

Consider a closed Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ and a positive function $\psi: M \to R$. Fix a point $p \in M$, I have been struggling to construct a solution to the heat equation, $\partial_t u = ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Minimizing action squared versus action

I have a very basic question in the calculus of variations:
Suppose I want to minimize the functional
$$A[r, r'] = \int_\Omega L(r, r') dx $$
When is it possible to say that extremals of $A$ agree ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### “You can't push a rope”

"You can't push a rope" is a wisdom saying that some engineering teachers pass along to their students. Since I'm not an engineer, I can only guess at what they mean, but it sounds to me like code ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### Going in the direction of the gradient

First, a motivating example. Suppose $f(x)$ is convex, differentiable, with a single minimum $x^*$.
Then the differential equation $$\dot{x}(t) = -\nabla f(x(t))$$ drives $x(t)$ to $x^*$.
Now my ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

132 views

### Convexified threshold of a function

Upd. The question in a nutshell: find convex set on plane which is «closest» to a given non-convex set.
It is given integrable function $0\leq f(x,y)\leq 1$ with bounded support: $f(x,y)=0$ when ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### A Lagrangian problem with a countable family of local extrema ?

Dear MO contributors,
let $r > 0, L > 0$. I am interested in maximizing the integral:
$$
\int_0^{2\pi} \frac{f(\alpha)^2 f'(\alpha)^2}{\sqrt{f(\alpha)^2 + f'(\alpha)^2}} \ \mathrm{d} \alpha
$$
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Differentiability of minimax objective function with respect to a decision variable

I have the following optimization problem:
$$\text{find } x= \min_{a} \max_{\lambda\in\Lambda} |R(h\lambda)|$$
where $\Lambda$ is some finite, fixed set of complex numbers and $R(z)$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

211 views

### Equitable division of a contiguous resource

I have come across the following result regarding equitable division of a resource, which is a simple and immediate consequence of linear programming complementarity (in the infinite-dimensional ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Geometric applications of Ekeland's variational principle

I'm looking for geometric applications of Ekeland's variational principle in order to see it at work in a context I'm familiar with. Let me recall the principle itself:
Definition. Let $(X,d)$ be a ...