Algebras of operators on Hilbert space, C^*-algebras, von Neumann algebras, non-commutative geometry

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169 views

A matrix trace inequality

The well-known Powers-Stormer inequality says the following: for positive semidefinite operators $A, B$, we have that $\mathrm{Tr}((A - B)(A - B)^\dagger) \leq \| A^2 - B^2 \|_1$, where $\| \cdot ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Comparing cardinalities of the spectrum of two masas in $B(H)$

If I imagine that (the self-adjoint part of) a C*-algebra $A$ represents the algebra of observables of some quantum system, then certain perspectives on algebraic quantum theory would ask me to ...
0
votes
1answer
142 views

Totally non hereditary $C^{*}$-subalgebras

Assume that $B$ is a $C^{*}$ subalgebra of $A$. We say $B$ is totally non hereditary subalgebra of $A$ if not only $B$ is not a hereditary subalgebra but also it is not isomorphic to any ...
18
votes
2answers
801 views

Commutators in the reduced C*-algebra of the free group

Is it known whether any element of trace 0 in the reduced $C^*$-algebra of a non-abelian free group, is a limit of sums of (additive) commutators?
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Is there an irreducible subfactor with an infinite homogeneous single chain lattice?

We know that we can build an irreducible subfactor realizing a finite single chain lattice containing any finite index irreducible maximal subfactors, by using the free composition (see here). Is ...
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0answers
89 views

A continuous choice of invertible elements

Let $A$ be a simple unital $C^{*}$ algebra with invertible elements $G(A)$. Assume that $A^{*}$ is its dual space, which is equipped with the weak star topology. Is there a continuous map ...
12
votes
2answers
460 views

Realisation of the noncommutative torus as a universal $ C^{*} $-algebra

One of the most basic examples in noncommutative geometry is the so-called noncommutative torus, denoted here by $ \mathbb{T}_{\theta} $. As far as I know, there are several equivalent constructions ...
3
votes
2answers
175 views

Does this C*-algebra embed into a simple nuclear C*-algebra?

Let $\mathcal K$ denote the C*-algebra of compact operators, and fix an embedding $\phi_n:M_n(\mathbb C) \to \mathcal K$ for each $n\in \mathbb N$. Define the C*-algebra $A := \{(a_n)_{n=1}^\infty ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Specific optimization problem solution procedures

Is there a standard procedure to solve following two optimization problems? $$\mathsf{Problem\mbox{ }I}:\mbox{ }\min_{A\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}:rk(A)=r}\mbox{ }\max_{R,S\in\Bbb R^{n\times ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Generalising the $L^2$-Norm to Compact Quantum Groups

For a compact quantum group (in the sense) of Woronowicz, we have a noncommutative $C^*$-algebra replacing ${\mathbb C}(G)$. This $C^*$-algebra is endowed with a linear functional generalizing the ...
8
votes
1answer
191 views

Embedding the group von Neumann algebra into an injective von Neumann algebra on the same Hilbert space

Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete group, $\newcommand{\VN}{\rm VN}$ and let $\VN(\Gamma)$ denote its von Neumann algebra, regarded as a subalgebra of ${\sf B}(\ell^2(\Gamma))$. It is well known that ...
5
votes
2answers
163 views

Two-sided ideals of $B(H)$ are hereditary

I seem to recall that (not necessarily closed) two-sided ideals of $B(H)$ are hereditary. Is that true? If it is, can anyone post a proof/reference?
2
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0answers
132 views

Has a subfactor with lattice $B_3$, a singly generated identity biprojection?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be an irreducible finite index subfactor. If its lattice of intermediate subfactors is equivalent to $B_3$ (the lattice of divisors of $n=p_1p_2p_3$ square free): ...
3
votes
3answers
309 views

Are the finite dimensional von Neumann algebras, singly generated?

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a finite dimensional von Neumann algebra, then : $$\mathcal{M} \simeq \bigoplus_i M_{n_i}(\mathbb{C})$$ Question : Is it singly generated (as von Neumann algebra)? how ? ...
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0answers
123 views

The planar algebra generated by the biprojections

Let $(N_1 \subset M_1)$ and $(N_2 \subset M_2)$ be two irreducible finite index subfactors. Let $\mathcal{B}_i$ be the set of all the biprojections of $\mathcal{P}_{2+}(N_i \subset M_i)$. Let ...
2
votes
0answers
142 views

Finite codimensional subvector space of $C^{*}$ algebras which contains no invertible elements

Assume that $A$ is a unital $C^{*}$ algebra. Is there a subvector space $Y\subset A$ of finite codimension which does not contain any invertible element? Let $n(A)$ be the infimum of such ...
3
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0answers
88 views

Unital $C^{*}$ algebras which all elements have path connected spectrum

A unital $C^{*}$ algebra is called "Path connected" if the spectrum of all its elements are path connected. Is the tensor product of two path connected algebra, a path connected algebra? What ...
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64 views

A possible characterization of finite dimensional $C^{*}$ algebras

Is there an infinite dimensional unital $C^{*}$ algebra $A$ with invertible group $U$ such that for every finite dimensional subvector space $Y\subset A$, the number of connected components of ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

Integration in C^* algebra

Let $\mathfrak{A}$ be a C${}^*$ algebra and $\mathbb{R}\ni s \mapsto \alpha_s$ a continuous family of its automorphisms. Is it true that $$ \int d s \, f(s)\, \alpha_s(A) $$ is well defined as a ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

K-homology of Cantor set and abelian AF-algebras

This may be a standard question answered in a book, or article. I don't know. I know that there exist related results with $\lim^1$-sequences (Rosenberg and Schochet). What is ...
6
votes
1answer
210 views

Triangle inequality for $L^1$-norm with respect to a state

It is well-known that the naive construction of non-commutative $L^p$-spaces is performed only in tracial case. I would like to know if it is really a necessity. To wit, let $\varphi$ be a normal ...
12
votes
2answers
790 views

Range of completely positive projection

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra. Suppose that $P:A \rightarrow A$ is a contractive completely positive projection. Does the range $P(A)$ is completely order isomorphic to a $C^*$-algebra? In the case where ...
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0answers
66 views

A reasonable framework to study properties of operator $A \mapsto KAK$ on Banach space

Let $K$ be a continuous linear operator on $C[0,1]$ (more, precisely, it is a linear integral operator). Then $K$ defines a continous linear operator $\widehat K$ on $\mathcal L(C[0,1])$ by the rule ...
9
votes
1answer
573 views

Saito-Wright definition of Rickart C*-algebras

A C*-algebra is Rickart if for each $x\in A$ there is a projection $p\in A$ so that $R(x)=pA$. Here the right-annihilator $R(S)$ of $S\subset A$ is defined as $$R(S)=\{a\in A\mid xa=0\, \forall ...
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198 views

The kernel of $C^{*}(G)\to C_{r}^{*}(G)$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Put $I(G)=\ker: C^{*}(G) \to C_{r}^{*} (G)$, the kernel of the canonical morphism. What type of $C^{*}$ algebras can not be isomorphic to $I(G)$, for some ...
4
votes
2answers
190 views

The closure of all periodic homeomorphisms of circle

Let $X$ be the space of all continuous maps from $S^{1}$ to $S^{1}$. $X$ is equipped with $C^{0}$ topology. Let $Y\subset X$ be the union of all finite order homeomorphisms i.e: all ...
6
votes
0answers
143 views

Correspondences as generalized morphism between $C^*$-algebras

While reading about Morita equivalence in the category of $C^*$-algebras I met also the following notion: a correspondence between two $C^*$-algebras $A,B$ is a pair $(X,\varphi)$ where $X$ is a ...
1
vote
3answers
296 views

What's the relation between fusion and coproduct?

For an irreducible finite depth finite index subfactor $(N \subset M)$, there is a structure of fusion category given by the even part of its principal graph. The simple objects $(X_i)_{i \in I}$ of ...
3
votes
1answer
176 views

Can the full and reduced group $C^*$-algebras be “noncanonically” isomorphic?

Is there a locally compact group $G$ such that the canonical map from $C^{*}(G)$ to $C^{*}_{red} G$ is not isomorphism, hence $G$ is not amenable but these two $C^{*}$ algebras are isomorphic ...
10
votes
1answer
226 views

Inner and extendible automorphisms of C*-algebras

If an automorphism $\alpha$ of a C*-algebra $A$ is inner then whenever $A$ is a subalgebra of another C*-algebra $B$, $\alpha$ obviously extends to $B$. Is the converse true: if an automorphism ...
2
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145 views

Is there a non-trivial minimal Hopf algebra?

Let $H$ be a Hopf algebra over an algebraically closed field $\mathbb{K}$ of characteristic $0$. Minimal means without left coideal subalgebra $I$ (i.e. $\Delta(I) \subset H \otimes I$) other than ...
2
votes
0answers
138 views

A section from subfactors to transitive groups

A finite group-subgroup subfactor is a subfactor $(N \subset M)$ isomorphic to $(R^G \subset R^H)$ with $(H \subset G)$ an inclusion of finite groups acting as outer automorphism on the hyperfinite ...
6
votes
2answers
524 views

The monotone closure of a $C^*$-algebra

Related to Jon's question, I have two questions. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a concrete $C^*$-algebra on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. For any selfadjoint subset $S$ of $\mathbb{B}(\mathcal{H})$, let $S^m$ ...
2
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0answers
81 views

Are the integer index finite depth irreducible subfactors Kac-coideal?

Is it known whether or not the integer index finite depth irreducible subfactors (planar algebra) are Kac-coideal subfactors: $(R^{\mathbb{A}} \subset R^{\mathbb{I}})$, with $\mathbb{A}$ a finite ...
13
votes
0answers
254 views

$C^*$-algebra generated by those operators that are bounded on every $\ell_p$

Suppose $T: c_{00} \to c_{00}$ is a linear map such that, when regarded as an infinite matrix, there is a uniform bound on the $\ell_1$-norms of its columns, and a uniform bound on the $\ell_1$-norms ...
2
votes
1answer
490 views

Abelian subfactors, a relevant concept?

Through the questions below, this post asks whether the concept of abelian subfactor is relevant. Remark : here abelian qualifies an inclusion of II$_1$ factors $(N \subset M)$, $N$ is not an abelian ...
5
votes
1answer
108 views

Isomorphism of Hilbert modules

In Hilbert space theory if we have a linear bijection $U:H \to K$ which is an isometry, then it preserves inner products. Suppose now that you have two (right) Hilbert modules $X,Y$ (say, over the ...
7
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560 views

Faa di Bruno and Free Probability?

It is possible to glean many combinatorial identities using Faa di Bruno’s formula for the coefficients of higher derivatives of a composite function. For many examples, see David Vella’s paper. The ...
8
votes
0answers
140 views

Commutative spectral triples not coming from manifolds

There is a very deep and remarkable theorem by Connes (the so called reconstruction theorem) which states that from a commutative spectral triple obeying certain axioms one can reconstruct a smooth ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Is the coproduct of central operators, also central?

Let $\mathcal{P}$ be an irreducible finite index-depth subfactor planar algebra. The $2$-boxes space $\mathcal{P}_{2,+}$ is equipped with the coproduct $(a,b) \mapsto a*b = ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

The coproduct on the 2-boxes space of the group-subgroup subfactor planar algebras

Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups. Let the subfactor $(\mathcal{R} \rtimes H \subset \mathcal{R} \rtimes G)$ with $\mathcal{R}$ the hyperfinite ${\rm II}_1$ factor, and its planar ...
15
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0answers
444 views

Noncommutative arithmetic mean geometric mean inequality and symmetric polynomials

While analyzing convergence speed of stochastic-gradient methods for convex optimization problems, Recht et al (2011) posed a tantalizing conjecture. It seems quite tricky, so after having struggled a ...
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vote
1answer
97 views

Is there a Frobenius reciprocity for the coproduct?

Let $\mathcal{P}$ be an irreducible finite index-depth subfactor planar algebra. The $2$-boxes space $\mathcal{P}_{2,+}$ is equipped with the coproduct $(a,b) \mapsto a*b = ...
3
votes
1answer
240 views

Strong Morita equivalence and representation theory

In the context of pure algebra we say that two algebras (in general: rings) $A,B$ are Morita equivalence when there are bimodules $_AP_B,_BQ_A$ such that $P \otimes_B Q \cong _AA_A$ and $Q \otimes_A P ...
15
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2answers
1k views

The letters of the word “ART”

Edit: According to the Gelfand duality between topological spaces and commutative $C^{*}$algebras, I add some new tags. So the question is that what is the structure of $ Ext (A,A)$ where $A$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

Murray–von Neumann equivalence on C$^*$-algebra and von Neumann algebra

Let $H$ be a separable infinite dimensional Hilbert space, $M \subset B(H)$ a von Neumann algebra and $A \subset M$ a separable $C^*$-algebra such that $A''=M$. Let $p,q \in M_{\infty}(A)$ be ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

How the modular theory of von Neumann algebras, deal with generating C*-algebras?

Let $H$ be a separable infinite dimensional Hilbert space, $M \subset B(H)$ a von Neumann algebra and $A \subset M$ a separable $C^*$-algebra such that $A''=M$. Suppose the existence of a bicyclic ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Invertible unbounded linear maps defined on a Hilbert space

It is well-known that, assuming the axiom of choice, there are unbounded linear maps defined not only on a dense subset but on all of Hilbert space. Is it possible that such a map is invertible?
6
votes
2answers
312 views

Can the boundedness of $A^2$ imply the boundedness of $A$?

Given an operator $A \in \mathcal L(B)$, $B$ being a Banach space, I came across the following question: assume $\mathrm{dom}(A)=\mathrm{range}(A)$, $\mathrm{dom}(A)$ dense in $B$. Under which ...
8
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1answer
1k views

The cyclic subfactors theory: a quantum arithmetic?

Context: First recall some results: - Actions of finite groups on the hyperfinite type $II_{1}$ factor $R$ (Jones 1980). - A Galois correspondence for depth 2 irreducible subfactors ...