Algebras of operators on Hilbert space, $C^*-$algebras, von Neumann algebras, non-commutative geometry

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Can we solve the FGF problem by finding an appropriate action?

If we can find an action of the free group $\mathbb{F}_2$ on a measure space $X$ such that the crossed product $M=L^∞(X)⋊\mathbb{F}_2$ is a ${\rm III}_1$ factor with core isomorphic to ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Choi type matrix condition for completely positivity on a certain operator system spanned by some unitaries

Let $B_1$ and $B_2$ be $C^*$-algebras. Let $U_1, \ldots, U_n$ be some unitaries in $B_1.$ We consider the operator system $S$ spanned by $U_iU_j^*.$ Let $\phi: S \rightarrow B_2.$ Given that the ...
6
votes
2answers
349 views

Kazhdan's property (T) vs. residual finiteness

I have asked this question already on mathstackexchange but got no answer (see http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1795795/kazhdans-property-t-vs-residual-finiteness) and it was suggested that I ...
3
votes
3answers
467 views

Are the finite dimensional von Neumann algebras, singly generated?

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a finite dimensional von Neumann algebra, then : $$\mathcal{M} \simeq \bigoplus_i M_{n_i}(\mathbb{C})$$ Question : Is it singly generated (as von Neumann algebra)? how ? ...
1
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1answer
57 views

Multiplier algebra of $A \otimes \mathcal{K}$

If $A$ is unital C$^*$-algebra, is it true that the multiplier algebra of $A \otimes \mathcal{K} $ is $ A \otimes \mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$? Where $\mathcal{K}$ is C$^*$-algebra of compact operators ...
2
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0answers
84 views

Orthogonality relations for unitary representations of infinite (finitely generated) groups

Let $G$ be a group, and consider the matrix elements of finite dimensional irreducible unitary representations of $G$ over $\mathbb{C}$ as functions $f:G\to \mathbb{C}$. If $G$ is finite, any two ...
5
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2answers
208 views

$id:A\to A^{op}$ is completely positive iff $A$ is abelian

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra and $A^{op}$ it's opposite $C^*$-algebra. Let $id:A\to A^{op}$ be the identity map. $id$ is positive. The claim is: $id$ is completely positive iff $A$ is abelian. I need ...
6
votes
1answer
284 views

Decomposability of positive maps

By results of Størmer and Woronowicz, every positive map $\Phi \colon \mathcal{M}_{d \times d} \rightarrow \mathcal{M}_{d' \times d'}$ for $dd' \leq 6$ can be decomposed as a convex combination ...
7
votes
1answer
165 views

K theory for pre $C^*$-algebras

In noncommutative geometry when one want to go to the differentiable level, one is forced to work with algebras which are no longer $C^*$. It is nice if we don't loose much information by the ...
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49 views

Tor functor in the case of algebra of smooth functions

Let $A=C^{\infty}(\mathbb{S}^{1})$, let $B$ be the sub-algebra $C^{\infty}(0,1)$. Here we identify $\mathbb{S}^{1}$ by $\mathbb{R}/2\pi \mathbb{Z}$. I want to ask if there is a way I can decompose $A$ ...
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61 views

Group actions on principal groupoids

Suppose that $\mathcal{G}$ is etale principal groupoid and that $G$ is a discrete (or finite) group acting freely on the locally compact unit space $\mathcal{G}^0$ (or assuming compactness, if ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Terminology: jointly completely bounded?

This question has a subjective component but I would like answers that try to stick to concrete observable facts, such as which papers use which terminology. However, the informed impressions of those ...
1
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1answer
140 views

Uniform Roe algebras and exact groups

Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete group. Q: If $l^\infty(\Gamma)\rtimes \Gamma=l^\infty(\Gamma)\rtimes_r \Gamma$ canonically, can we conclude that $\Gamma$ is an exact group? The converse implication is ...
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95 views

Sums of hermitian squares in free abelian group algebras and real positive semidefinite matrices

A little context for the following question, first. As Noah Stein notes in a comment below, the present question is closely related to the free semialgebraic geometry studied by Helton and his ...
3
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0answers
56 views

Algebras involved to define spectral triple

A spectral triple consist from $(A,H,D)$ where $A$ is some unital $*$-subalgebra of $B(H)$ and $D$ is unbounded operator with compact resolvent such that for all $a\in A$ the commutatot $[D,a]$ is ...
3
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50 views

Isometry from a representation to the representation tensored with itself

Suppose, the group $ G=S(2^{\infty})$ has a unitary representation $ \pi $ on a separable infinite dimensional Hilbert space $ H $. (The group $ S(2^{\infty}) $ is the direct limit of the following ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

is the maximal tensor product of compact operators an essential ideal?

I'm searching for a counterexample for $C^*$-algebras $A$ and $B$ and essential ideals (I assume an ideal to be closed and only two-sided ideals) $I\subseteq A$, $J\subseteq B$ , such that the ideal ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

is a linear map on an operator system into a $C^*$-algebra (+ extra conditions) positive?

First of all, sorry for my bad english. I tried to find out whether the following statement is true or not: Let $X$ be a operator system, $B$ a $C^*$-algebra and $f:X\to B$ linear such that $f(1)\ge ...
3
votes
2answers
114 views

The multiplier algebra of a Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space and its commutant

In my research in the theory of Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Spaces I was concerned with this topic which came up but I could not find a reference on: If $ \mathbb{H} $ is an RKHS and we denote the ...
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0answers
55 views

weak convergence in operator space structure

Let $M$ be von Neumann algebra and $B(H)$ be it's universal representation. Let $(e_i)$ be a Hilbert basis of $H$ and $\zeta_n\xrightarrow{w}\zeta $ in $H$. I know that $[w_{\zeta_n ,e_i}]_{1\times ...
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0answers
50 views

(Topological) K-theory for commutative $C^*$-algebras: operator and standard approaches

Let $A$ be a commutative unital $C^*$ algebra. Then $A=C(X)$ for some compact Hausdorff space $X$. Topological $K$-theory group (namely $K_0$) is defined in terms of vector bundles as a Grothendieck ...
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3answers
360 views

What is the group of automorphisms of $l^{\infty}$?

What is the group of automorphisms of $l^{\infty}$? I think it would be the permutations of the integers. Is this right?
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287 views

“Identity tensor transpose” as a map $M_n \hat{\otimes} M_n \to M_n \overline{\otimes} M_n$

Equipping $M_n$ with its usual operator space structure, $\newcommand{\ptp}{\widehat{\otimes}}$ we can form the projective tensor product of operator spaces $M_n\ptp M_n$. In particular this puts a ...
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1answer
127 views

Algebraic $K_1$ group for a $C^*$-algebra

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra: then one defines topological $K_1$ group as $GL_{\infty}(A^+)/\Big(GL_{\infty}(A^+)\Big)_0$ where $A^+$ denotes $A$ with the unit adjointed (even if $A$ already had a unit: ...
2
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1answer
219 views

Has a subfactor with lattice $B_3$, a singly generated identity biprojection?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be an irreducible finite index subfactor. If its lattice of intermediate subfactors is equivalent to $B_3$ (the lattice of divisors of $n=p_1p_2p_3$ square free): ...
16
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1answer
623 views

Explicit path in the unitary group of a $C^*$-algebra

For $G$ a discrete group, there is a canonical inclusion $g\mapsto u_g$ of $G$ into the unitary group of the reduced $C^*$-algebra $C^*_r(G)$. Denote by $[u_g]$ the class of $u_g$ in the (topological) ...
13
votes
2answers
449 views

A matrix norm inequality

Suppose that $A, B$ are Hermitian positive definite matrices of the same order and $0\le p\le 1$. Using a standard approach in matrix analysis, one can show that $\|A^{1-p}B^p\|\ge \|A\sharp_p B\|$, ...
6
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1answer
115 views

Two notions of bundle of C* algebras

One can find in the literature two notions of $C^*$-algebra over a topological space $X$. The first is as the data of an open surjection $ \pi: B \rightarrow X$ together with the structure of a ...
6
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1answer
161 views

Time-Energy Uncertainty Relation in relativistic Quantum Mechanics

There is an old intriguing result in non-relativistic QM, stating (roughly) that there is an Heisenberg Time-Energy Uncertainty Relation. Unfortunately, in QM time is not an operator like space, ...
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84 views

Primitive ideal space and unitary dual of a [SIN] group - when are they Hausdorff?

Recall that a locally compact group $G$ is said to be an $[FC]^-$ group, if each conjugacy class in $G$ has a compact closure; an $[SIN]$ group, if each neighborhood of the identity includes a ...
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129 views

The functional equation $T(x\otimes y)=T(x)\otimes T(y)$ on certain $C^{*}$ algebras

Is there a name for the following property of a $C^{*}$ algebra $A$? $$A \simeq A \otimes A\;\;\; \text{The spatial tensor product}$$ Example of this situation is $A=C(X)$ where $X$ is the ...
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1answer
119 views

Does a $W^*$ envelope exist?

I know that an operator algebra $A$ has a "minimal" $C^*$-algebra $C$ containing $A$, which is known as the $C^*$ envelope of $A$. The existence of such a minimal $C^*$-algebra generated by $A$ (a ...
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155 views

K theory as the fundamental group

There are several ways in which one can define $K$-theory for $C^*$-algebras: for $K_0(A)$ group two aproaches: algebraic (using idempotents) and topological (using projections, i.e. self-adjoint ...
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1answer
83 views

About eigen-functions of the Gaussian kernel

If I look at the Guassian kernel function $e^{- \frac {\vert x - y\vert_2^2 }{2 w^2 } }$ for $x, y \in \mathbb{R}$. Then w.r.t the Gaussian measure $N(\mu,\sigma)$ I believe it is true that this has a ...
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107 views

Automorphisms of Cuntz algebra

Suppose, $ O_{\infty} $ is the cuntz algebra generated by the orthogonal isometries $ \{S_i\}_{i\in \mathbb{N}} $,i.e. $ S_i^*S_j=\delta_{ij}$ and $ O_{\infty}=C^*(\{S_i\}_{i\in \mathbb{N}}) $. Then ...
4
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1answer
71 views

Operator space structures on CB(H,K) where H and K are Hilbertian operator spaces?

(I'd be grateful if anyone thinking of putting MathJax in the question title refrains from doing so.) By consulting various standard sources (Effros-Ruan's book, Pisier's book, the lexicon of ...
3
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0answers
60 views

A continuous functional calculus on/positive elements in a Fréchet algebra?

I am trying to understand what (minimal) conditions one would need in order to obtain a functional calculus on a Fréchet algebra, which we demand to be equipped with an involution that leaves all ...
6
votes
1answer
138 views

Morita equivalence base equivalence relation for discrete groups

In the context of "discrete groups", is there an equivalence relation that implies the Morita equivalence of their reduced group C*-algebras? We define $G \sim H$ for discrete groups $G$ and $H$, ...
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51 views

Is the domain of an operator valued weight closed under Hahn-Jordan decomposition?

Let $N\subseteq M$ be an inclusion of semi-finite factors with normal faithful semi-finite traces $\operatorname{Tr}_N$ and $\operatorname{Tr}_M$ respectively. Let $T: M^+\to \widehat{N^+}$ be the ...
7
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3answers
865 views

Generalizations and relative applications of Fekete's subadditive lemma

Fekete's (subadditive) lemma takes its name from a 1923 paper by the Hungarian mathematician Michael Fekete [1]. A historical overview and references to (a couple of) generalizations and applications ...
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1answer
463 views

Trace vs. state in von Neumann algebras

The question may be not appropriate with the title, since I do not know how to name it. I apologize. Let $M$ be a finite $II_1$ factor, $\tau$ be the canonical trace. Let $p, q$ be two projections ...
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1answer
214 views

On the second dual of $C[0,1]$

I have two questions on the second dual of $C[0,1]$: R. D. Mauldin ([1]) proved that: For a given bounded linear functional $T: C[0,1]^*\to \mathbb{C}$ there is a bounded function $\psi$ defined on ...
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1answer
210 views

Weak topology restricted to the unitary group of a von Neumann algebra

Consider the weak topology in a von Neumann algebra (weak in the sense of Banach spaces). Does this topology coincide with the rest of the "weak" topologies when restricted to the unitary group?
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318 views

Does every commutative $*$-algebra of operators on a prehilbert space have a character?

My question can be equivalently stated as follows: Let $A$ be a complex commutative algebra with involution, and assume there exists a non-zero homomorphism $\pi:A\to L(V)$ to the algebra of ...
13
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1answer
535 views

A left inverse for the comultiplication on a Hopf von Neumann algebra

Edit: incorrect claim at end of earlier version; thanks to Matthew Daws for pointing this out in comments. $\newcommand{\cM}{{\mathcal M}}\newcommand{\stp}{{\overline{\otimes}}}$The following ...
3
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140 views

A strongly open set which is not measurable in the weak operator topology

Let $H$ be a non-separable Hilbert space and $\{e_i\}_{i\in I}$ be an orthonormal basis for $H$. Let $J$ be a uncountable proper subset in $I$. Let us put $$E=\{x\in B(H): \lVert xe_j\rVert <1: ...
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1answer
117 views

Representations of Calkin algebra

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space and consider the Calkin algebra $C(H)=\frac{B(H)}{K(H)}$. Q) True or false: Any representation of $C(H)$ is a direct sum of irreducible representations.
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1answer
144 views

Most natural equivalence between $C^*$-algebras in NCG

I have listen or read that, in the context of noncommutative geometry, Morita equivalence is a more natural equivalence for $C^*$-algebras than $*$-isomorphism. Can someone explain this sentence or ...
6
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1answer
522 views

Approximate units from strictly positive elements in $C^{*}$-algebras.

The existence of a countable approximate unit in a $C^{*}$-algebra $B$ is equivalent to the existence of a strictly positive element $h\in B$. There are several ways to construct an approximate unit ...
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1answer
119 views

A point-wise separation Hahn-Banach theorem in C*-algebras

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space. We denote $K(H)$ by the space of compact operators on $H$ which is a two sided ideal in $B(H)$. Let $E$ be a norm closed convex subset of positive operators in $K(H)$ ...