Algebras of operators on Hilbert space, C^*-algebras, von Neumann algebras, non-commutative geometry

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**1**answer

445 views

### Operator Valued Kadison--Singer Problem

The Paving Conjecture, which is equivalent to the famous Kadison--Singer Problem, was spectacularly settled in the affirmative by Marcus--Spielman--Srivastava (arxiv:1306.3969). Let $E$ denote the ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

382 views

### Is $\mathcal{B}^{\mathbb{Z}}(l^\infty(\mathbb{Z}))$ a commutative algebra?

Consider $l^\infty(\mathbb{Z})$ the Banach space of bounded complex valued functions on the abelian group $\mathbb{Z}$ with the supremum norm. It has a natural action by $\mathbb{Z}$ given by ...

**8**

votes

**5**answers

308 views

### Observables and dimensional analysis

Here is a simple question about physical units that I hope has a simple satisfying answer. In mathematically sophisticated treatments of both quantum and classical physics one often speaks of an ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### example of a compact quantum group at a root of unity?

In Woronowicz's theory of compact quantum groups, the most well-known example is $SU_q(2)$, for $q$ a real number. Moreover, all the other examples of compact quantum groups, based some ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### ‘Non-Induced’ Left Regular Representations of $ C^{*} $-Dynamical Systems

In what follows, a ‘$ * $-representation’ always means a non-degenerate $ * $-representation.
Let $ (\mathscr{A},G,\alpha) $ be a $ C^{*} $-dynamical system, and let $ \pi: \mathscr{A} \to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

160 views

### The groupoid VN algebra of the transversal to a uniquely ergodic action

I have a uniquely ergodic dynamical system preserving a finite ergodic measure (specifically, I have a nice aperiodic tiling space with an action of $\mathbb{R}^d$). Thus the transformation group von ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Question on structure of von Neumann algebras, clarification in Conway's “A course in operator theory”

I was reading the section on the structure of type I von Neumann algebras in John B. Conway's "A course in operator theory" and a few questions about certain definitions and references arose, I was ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Reference request for a type III action of a group on a manifold

Let an action of a group $\Gamma$ on a manifold $M$ such that $L^{∞}(M)⋊Γ$ is a type $III$ factor.
André Henriques posted here the following comment :
I don't know the literature, so I can't ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### is this von Neumann algebra a tensor product?

Let $H_1$ and $H_2$ be Hilbert spaces. Let $A\subset B(H_1)$ be a factor and $A'$ its commutant.
If a von Neumann algebra $M\subset B(H_1\otimes H_2)$ contains $A\otimes 1$ and commutes with ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Passing automorphism group through a representation

This is a very general question-- I'm really after any references to anything similar...
Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra equipped with a continuous one-parameter group of automorphisms ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

202 views

### A version of the spectral theorem for group actions

Suppose $G$ is a sufficiently nice (maybe locally compact and abelian) group which acts on the separable Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$ by unitary transformations. Is there a generalization of the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### Existence of a Kac algebra for a given fusion ring in a particular class

A $n$-dimensional Kac algebra (i.e., a Hopf C*-algebra), admits finitely many irreducible representations, whose cardinal $r$ is called its rank, the increasing sequence $(d_{1},d_{2},d_{3}, ..., ...

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vote

**0**answers

105 views

### How simplify the pentagonal equation from two fusion rings?

A semi-simple finite dimensional Hopf algebra $\mathbb{A}$, and its dual $\mathbb{A}^{*}$ produce two fusion categories $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{C}^{*}$ and then two fusion rings $\mathcal{R}_{1}$ ...

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**0**answers

195 views

### A non-hyperfinite type III factor from an action of the free group on the circle

We define below a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{M}$ from an action of the free group on the circle, and we prove that $\mathcal{M}$ is a non-hyperfinite type III factor.
Question : Is ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### Formal series convergence in deformation quantization and $C^*$-condition

A link between formal series convergence in deformation quantization (strict deformation quantization) and producing $C^*$-algebras instead of mere $*$-algebras (which ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

215 views

### When is a groupoid the path groupoid of a graph?

I am actually interested in the $C^*$-algebras, so perhaps my question should be: How can you recognize whether a $C^*$-algebra $A$ is isomorphic to $C^*(\Lambda)$ for some (higher-rank) graph ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

210 views

### Versions of the spectral theorem

Since any $C^*$-algebra can be represented as an algebra of bounded operators $\mathcal{B(H)}$ on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$, the spectral theorem applies to all $C^*$-algebras:
($*$) ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

262 views

### Folium in GNS construction and von Neumann algebras

The GNS construction allows one to represent a $C^*$-algebra as the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space when a state is fixed, this state being represented as a vector on the Hilbert ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

325 views

### The approximation property of group C*-algebras

Let $G$ be a discrete group. Then the group C*-algebra $C^*(G)$ is nuclear if and only if $G$ is amenable. I am wondering whether nuclearity of $C^*(G)$ can fail for a Banach-space reason, namely due ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

402 views

### C*-algebras and quantum fields

One can represent a quantum system by the Weyl algebra (which is a C*-algebra). For instance, a 1 degree of freedom system can be represented by the algebra generated by $e^{\imath t Q}, e^{\imath s ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

377 views

### What is the significance of matrix ordered algebras?

I am trying to grok matrix ordered operator algebras, but I am having a hard time understanding their significance from the definition. Here is the definition (or at least, one way of stating it):
...

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votes

**2**answers

396 views

### C*-algebraic representation of observables vs self-adjoint operators one

I am trying to reconcile the "physicist" definition of an observable: self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space, and the operational one as given by Strocchi in "An introduction to the mathematical ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

515 views

### Is there a proof that the $C^{*}$-algebras don't see the invariant subspace problem?

This post is an appendix of this one.
Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

209 views

### Bohr topos and quantization

Bohrification is a natural way to construct a quantum "phase space" (with some nice insights on foundational problems like non-contextuality through Kochen-Specker etc). I was wondering, since we get ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

160 views

### Bound on number of multiplications required to generate a matrix algebra from generators?

I've got a question about matrices and matrix algebras that offhand seems difficult, I'm wondering there is any sharp solution? Or perhaps it's known to not have any solution at all?
Suppose you have ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

366 views

### About generator and isomorphism problems for free groups operator algebras

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space.
The $C^{*}$-algebras and von Neumann here unital and subalgebras of $B(H)$.
Definition : Let $\mathcal{A}$ be $C^{*}$-algebra (resp. a ...

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votes

**2**answers

433 views

### automorphisms of C*-algebras and partial isometries

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra, let $p$ and $q$ be Murray-von Neumann equivalent projections in $A$, i.e. there is a partial isometry $v$ such that $v^*v = p$ and
$vv^* = q$. Suppose $\alpha \in Aut(A)$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

338 views

### Is there an operator algebraic reformulation of the invariant subspace problem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is there a non-trivial closed $T$-invariant ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### “Generators” of one-parameter groups of isometries

Let $E$ be a Banach space, and let $(\sigma_t)$ be a strongly continuous one-parameter group on $E$: so for $t\in\mathbb R$, we have that $\sigma_t$ is a contraction on $E$, $\sigma_t ...

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votes

**1**answer

277 views

### Is the fundamental group of $II_{1}$ factors invariant under a relation?

This issue is in continuation of an answer I gave here about
noncommutative sets.
In order to define the equivalence relation, let's first recall the Tomita-Takesaki modular theory and ...

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votes

**2**answers

378 views

### von neumann algebras and measurable spaces

I've read some pages on links between von neumann (VN) algebras and measurable spaces (Spectra of $C^*$ algebras and Non-commutative geometry from von Neumann algebras?), but I can't get the ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### What's a noncommutative set?

This issue is for logicians and operator algebraists (but also for anyone who is interested).
Let's start by short reminders on von Neumann algebra (for more details, see [J], [T], [W]):
Let $H$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Is there a Fourier transform for principal r-discrete groupoids?

I have been looking for an analog of the Fourier transform for groupoids coming from tilings (which are generally principal and r-discrete), however all the generalizations I have found assume that ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

353 views

### Is there an irreducible, noncompact commuting, nonnormal operator, with spectrum strictly continuous?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space.
Definition: The commutant $\mathcal{S}'$ of a subset $\mathcal{S} \subset B(H)$ is $ \{A \in B(H) : AB=BA \ , \ \forall B \in \mathcal{S} ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### $K_0$ group of graph underlying an approximately finite (AF) C* algebra

Say we have an AF C* algebra $A$ described by some Bratteli diagram $E$. If $M_\infty (A)=\displaystyle{\lim_\rightarrow M_n(A)}$ and $P(A)$ are the projections in this algebra, we know that ...

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**0**answers

138 views

### Is a circle action on M_n necessarily inner?

An action $\alpha$ of a locally compact topological group G on a unital $C^*$-algebra $A$ is called inner if there exists a continuous group homomorphism $u\colon G\to U(A)$ such that ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### Is the fundamental group of a maximal subfactor always $\mathbb{R}_{+}^{*}$?

The fundamental group $\mathcal{F}(N \subset M)$ of an inclusion of $II_{1}$ factors $N \subset M$ is defined as : $\mathcal{F}(N \subset M) =\{t >0 \ | \ (N \subset M)^{t} \simeq (N \subset M) ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

264 views

### What's the natural equivalence of subfactors in general?

Let $A$ be a factor and $\mathcal{C}_{A}$ be the category of all the subfactors $(M \subset N)$ such that $M$ and $N$ are isomorphic to $A$. The most famous of them is perhaps $\mathcal{C}_{R}$ with ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

299 views

### positive elements in tensor product

Let x be a positive element in the spatial tensor product of two non unital C* algebras
A and B. Is there a single element $a \otimes b \geq x$?
How can we noncommutativize the following proof, in ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Can you tell if a subfactor is finite depth by the growth rate of the standard invariant?

Let $N\subset M$ be a finite index inclusion of $II_1$ factors. To the inclusion we associate the tower of higher relative commutants
$\begin{array}{ccccccc}
\mathbb{C} = N'\cap N & \subset ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### An upper bound for the maximal subgroups at fixed index?

Let us call a subgroup an injective homomorphism between groups.
I warn the reader that a subgroup designates here an inclusion $(H \subset G)$, not $H$ alone.
A subgroup $H \subset G$ is ...

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votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is there a purely group-theoretic reformulation of an equivalence of subgroups?

There is an equivalence relation between inclusion of finite groups coming from the world of subfactors:
Definition: $(H_{1} \subset G_{1}) \sim(H_{2} \subset G_{2})$ if $(R^{G_{1}} \subset ...

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votes

**2**answers

289 views

### Are subfactor planar algebras hard to classify at index 6?

Given a finite index inclusion, $N\subset M$, of $II_1$ factors we can construct two towers of finite dimensional algebras known as the $\textit{standard invariant}$. For low index, this has allowed ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

489 views

### On complemented von Neumann algebras

Edit: according to Narutaka Ozawa, question 3) is still open in the type $\mathrm{II}_1$ case. In other terms, it is not known whether every topologically complemented type $\mathrm{II}_1$ factor in ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

283 views

### What are the intermediate subfactors of the tensor product of two maximal subfactors?

Let $(N_1 \subset M_1)$ and $(N_2 \subset M_2)$ be two maximal subfactors.
Their tensor product, the subfactor $(N_1 \otimes N_2 \subset M_1 \otimes M_2)$, admits four obvious intermediate ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

175 views

### not commutative symmetric vs strong symmetric spaces

Let M be a von Neumann algebra with semi-finite normal faithful trace $\tau$, $S(M)$ is space of all measurable operators introduced by I.Segal.
For the self-adjoint measurable operator $X\eta M$ ...

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votes

**2**answers

544 views

### Why did Voiculescu develop free probability?

I was recently asked why Voiculescu developed free probability theory. I am not very expert in this and the only answer I was able to provide is the classical one: he was challenging the isomorphism ...

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votes

**1**answer

249 views

### Is a C* completion of a nuclear Fréchet algebra a nuclear C* algebra?

I am sure that this is well known in the right places, but: Is the C* completion of a star nuclear Fréchet algebra a nuclear C* algebra? (Suppose that the C* norm is continuous with respect to the ...

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votes

**0**answers

218 views

### How to determine there exists a unique invariant subspace for a set of matrices

Hi everyone,
Ive been looking at the following problem, but its not entirely in my area and some potential solutions seem to rely on algebraic geometry. Maybe thats just a complicated way to solve ...

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**0**answers

99 views

### Reduced C*-algebras of locally compact etale Hausdorff groupoids

Let $G$ be an étale locally compact Hausdorff groupoid (possibly second-countable) and let $a\in C_{\textrm{red}}^*(G)$. Is it true that for all $\varepsilon>0$ there is $s\in C_c(G)$ satisfying ...