Algebras of operators on Hilbert space, C^*-algebras, von Neumann algebras, non-commutative geometry

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434 views

### If two projections are close, then they are unitarily equivalent

Given two projections $p,q\in B(H)$, it is well-known that if $\|p-q\|<1$, then there exists a unitary $u\in B(H)$ with $q=upu^*$.
The proof that immediately occurs to me uses comparison of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### Planar algebraic translation of a subfactor property

Let $N \subset M$ be an irreducible finite depth and finite index subfactor.
$M$ is a completely reducible (algebraic) $N$-$N$ bimodule, it decomposes into irreducibles as follows :
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### A Question About Pure States, Support Projections and Central Covers

I am trying to study the paper Consistency of a Counterexample to Naimark’s Problem by Charles Akemann and Nik Weaver, and there is a claim in Lemma 1 of the paper that I am stuck at, which is as ...

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votes

**0**answers

212 views

### Weakly amenability and exactness for discrete groups

A countable discrete group $\Gamma$ is said to be weakly amenable with Cowling-Haagerup constant 1 if there exists a sequence of finitely supported functions $(\phi_n)$ on $\Gamma$ such that ...

**2**

votes

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385 views

### the spectrum of matrix with positive entries

It is well known that a matrix which all entries are positive real numbers, has a positive eigenvalue.(see algebraic topology, by Allen Hatcher). Now is the following generalization, true?
Let A ...

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votes

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201 views

### Essential unitary equivalence

Let us agree that heuristic meaning of the word "essential" is: up to compact operator. There is clear notion of unitary equivalent operators. What is the proper notion of two operators being ...

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votes

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207 views

### Finding the commutant of a von Neumann algebra

Suppose you have a von Neumann algebra $A$ of operators on $H$ and would like to compute its commutant. You have constructed a collection $B\subset A'$ which you suspect generates it (i.e. you think ...

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votes

**1**answer

313 views

### Are all the R-R-bimodules completely reducible?

Let $R$ be the hyperfinite $II_1$ factor and let $X$ be any $R$-$R$-bimodule.
Question: Is $X$ completely reducible (i.e. a direct integral of irreducible $R$-$R$-bimodules)?
Example: If $(N ...

**3**

votes

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311 views

### Are the finite dimensional von Neumann algebras, singly generated?

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a finite dimensional von Neumann algebra, then :
$$\mathcal{M} \simeq \bigoplus_i M_{n_i}(\mathbb{C})$$
Question : Is it singly generated (as von Neumann algebra)? how ?
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Are every finitely generated planar algebras, also singly generated?

Let $\mathcal{P}$ be a finitely generated planar algebra.
Question : Is it also singly generated ?
I ask this question, because, on one hand I've read on this paper of V. Jones and D. Bisch :
...

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votes

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147 views

### Replacing commutative C*-algebras by simple ones

I am looking for functorial ways of replacing a commutative $C^*$-algebra $C$ by a simple one, say $A$ , such that the $K$-theory remains unchanged, i.e. $K_*(C) \cong K_*(A)$.
I am particularly ...

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134 views

### How a unitary corepresentation of a Hopf C*-algebra, deals with the antipode?

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a Kac algebra (Hopf C*-algebra), with comultiplication $\delta$, counit $\epsilon$ and antipode $S$.
The following definition comes from this paper (p51-52) of ...

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votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Sets $E$ in $\mathbb{Z}$ such that any $l^2$ function with support on $E$ comes from Fourier of a continuous function

Are there infinite sets $E\subset\mathbb{Z}$ such that any $f\in l^2(\mathbb{Z})$ with support on $E$ comes from the Fourier transform of a continuous function on $\mathbb{T}$ ? If yes, is there a ...

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263 views

### Expression of a non-orthogonal projection in a $C^*$ algebra via an orthogonal one

A paper I'm currently reading uses the following fact. If $A$ is a unital $C^*$-algebra, $P=P^2\in A$, then there are $T, F\in A$ s.t. $F$ is an orthogonal projection ($F=F^*=F^2$) and
...

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**1**answer

283 views

### Extending a $ * $-Representation of $ ({C_{c}}(G,\mathscr{A}),\star,^{*}) $ to a $ * $-Representation of $ \mathscr{A} \rtimes_{\alpha} G $

Let $ (\mathscr{A},G,\alpha) $ be a $ C^{*} $-dynamical system, and consider the twisted convolution $ * $-algebra $ ({L^{1}}(G,\mathscr{A}),\star,^{*}) $ defined by
\begin{align*}
\forall \phi,\psi ...

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292 views

### Are the reduced group Von Neumann algebra/ Group $C^{\ast}$ algebra functorial in the case of LCH groups

Let $G$ be a LCH group and $\mu$ be its left Haar measure. Call $\lambda_G : G \to U(L_2(G,\mu))$ the left regular representation. We can define the reduced $C^{\ast}$ algebra and reduced Von Neumann ...

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**0**answers

89 views

### Lifting triangles in K-theory to KL-groups

Let $X$ and $Y$ be finite simplicial complexes (or $CW$-complexes) so that $Y\subseteq X$. Let $s\colon C(X)\to C(Y)$ be the map given by restriction. In particular $K_{*}(C(X))$ and $K_{*}(C(Y))$ are ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

451 views

### Operator Valued Kadison--Singer Problem

The Paving Conjecture, which is equivalent to the famous Kadison--Singer Problem, was spectacularly settled in the affirmative by Marcus--Spielman--Srivastava (arxiv:1306.3969). Let $E$ denote the ...

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385 views

### Is $\mathcal{B}^{\mathbb{Z}}(l^\infty(\mathbb{Z}))$ a commutative algebra?

Consider $l^\infty(\mathbb{Z})$ the Banach space of bounded complex valued functions on the abelian group $\mathbb{Z}$ with the supremum norm. It has a natural action by $\mathbb{Z}$ given by ...

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313 views

### Observables and dimensional analysis

Here is a simple question about physical units that I hope has a simple satisfying answer. In mathematically sophisticated treatments of both quantum and classical physics one often speaks of an ...

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**1**answer

159 views

### example of a compact quantum group at a root of unity?

In Woronowicz's theory of compact quantum groups, the most well-known example is $SU_q(2)$, for $q$ a real number. Moreover, all the other examples of compact quantum groups, based some ...

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votes

**1**answer

166 views

### ‘Non-Induced’ Left Regular Representations of $ C^{*} $-Dynamical Systems

In what follows, a ‘$ * $-representation’ always means a non-degenerate $ * $-representation.
Let $ (\mathscr{A},G,\alpha) $ be a $ C^{*} $-dynamical system, and let $ \pi: \mathscr{A} \to ...

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160 views

### The groupoid VN algebra of the transversal to a uniquely ergodic action

I have a uniquely ergodic dynamical system preserving a finite ergodic measure (specifically, I have a nice aperiodic tiling space with an action of $\mathbb{R}^d$). Thus the transformation group von ...

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**1**answer

272 views

### Question on structure of von Neumann algebras, clarification in Conway's “A course in operator theory”

I was reading the section on the structure of type I von Neumann algebras in John B. Conway's "A course in operator theory" and a few questions about certain definitions and references arose, I was ...

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votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Reference request for a type III action of a group on a manifold

Let an action of a group $\Gamma$ on a manifold $M$ such that $L^{∞}(M)⋊Γ$ is a type $III$ factor.
André Henriques posted here the following comment :
I don't know the literature, so I can't ...

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votes

**1**answer

290 views

### is this von Neumann algebra a tensor product?

Let $H_1$ and $H_2$ be Hilbert spaces. Let $A\subset B(H_1)$ be a factor and $A'$ its commutant.
If a von Neumann algebra $M\subset B(H_1\otimes H_2)$ contains $A\otimes 1$ and commutes with ...

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votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Passing automorphism group through a representation

This is a very general question-- I'm really after any references to anything similar...
Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra equipped with a continuous one-parameter group of automorphisms ...

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204 views

### A version of the spectral theorem for group actions

Suppose $G$ is a sufficiently nice (maybe locally compact and abelian) group which acts on the separable Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$ by unitary transformations. Is there a generalization of the ...

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174 views

### Existence of a Kac algebra for a given fusion ring in a particular class

A $n$-dimensional Kac algebra (i.e., a Hopf C*-algebra), admits finitely many irreducible representations, whose cardinal $r$ is called its rank, the increasing sequence $(d_{1},d_{2},d_{3}, ..., ...

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106 views

### How simplify the pentagonal equation from two fusion rings?

A semi-simple finite dimensional Hopf algebra $\mathbb{A}$, and its dual $\mathbb{A}^{*}$ produce two fusion categories $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{C}^{*}$ and then two fusion rings $\mathcal{R}_{1}$ ...

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195 views

### A non-hyperfinite type III factor from an action of the free group on the circle

We define below a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{M}$ from an action of the free group on the circle, and we prove that $\mathcal{M}$ is a non-hyperfinite type III factor.
Question : Is ...

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votes

**1**answer

264 views

### Formal series convergence in deformation quantization and $C^*$-condition

A link between formal series convergence in deformation quantization (strict deformation quantization) and producing $C^*$-algebras instead of mere $*$-algebras (which ...

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votes

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218 views

### When is a groupoid the path groupoid of a graph?

I am actually interested in the $C^*$-algebras, so perhaps my question should be: How can you recognize whether a $C^*$-algebra $A$ is isomorphic to $C^*(\Lambda)$ for some (higher-rank) graph ...

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216 views

### Versions of the spectral theorem

Since any $C^*$-algebra can be represented as an algebra of bounded operators $\mathcal{B(H)}$ on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$, the spectral theorem applies to all $C^*$-algebras:
($*$) ...

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votes

**1**answer

265 views

### Folium in GNS construction and von Neumann algebras

The GNS construction allows one to represent a $C^*$-algebra as the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space when a state is fixed, this state being represented as a vector on the Hilbert ...

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335 views

### The approximation property of group C*-algebras

Let $G$ be a discrete group. Then the group C*-algebra $C^*(G)$ is nuclear if and only if $G$ is amenable. I am wondering whether nuclearity of $C^*(G)$ can fail for a Banach-space reason, namely due ...

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415 views

### C*-algebras and quantum fields

One can represent a quantum system by the Weyl algebra (which is a C*-algebra). For instance, a 1 degree of freedom system can be represented by the algebra generated by $e^{\imath t Q}, e^{\imath s ...

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**1**answer

391 views

### What is the significance of matrix ordered algebras?

I am trying to grok matrix ordered operator algebras, but I am having a hard time understanding their significance from the definition. Here is the definition (or at least, one way of stating it):
...

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votes

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406 views

### C*-algebraic representation of observables vs self-adjoint operators one

I am trying to reconcile the "physicist" definition of an observable: self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space, and the operational one as given by Strocchi in "An introduction to the mathematical ...

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**1**answer

521 views

### Is there a proof that the $C^{*}$-algebras don't see the invariant subspace problem?

This post is an appendix of this one.
Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is ...

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210 views

### Bohr topos and quantization

Bohrification is a natural way to construct a quantum "phase space" (with some nice insights on foundational problems like non-contextuality through Kochen-Specker etc). I was wondering, since we get ...

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161 views

### Bound on number of multiplications required to generate a matrix algebra from generators?

I've got a question about matrices and matrix algebras that offhand seems difficult, I'm wondering there is any sharp solution? Or perhaps it's known to not have any solution at all?
Suppose you have ...

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374 views

### About generator and isomorphism problems for free groups operator algebras

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space.
The $C^{*}$-algebras and von Neumann here unital and subalgebras of $B(H)$.
Definition : Let $\mathcal{A}$ be $C^{*}$-algebra (resp. a ...

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437 views

### automorphisms of C*-algebras and partial isometries

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra, let $p$ and $q$ be Murray-von Neumann equivalent projections in $A$, i.e. there is a partial isometry $v$ such that $v^*v = p$ and
$vv^* = q$. Suppose $\alpha \in Aut(A)$ ...

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votes

**1**answer

339 views

### Is there an operator algebraic reformulation of the invariant subspace problem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is there a non-trivial closed $T$-invariant ...

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votes

**1**answer

147 views

### “Generators” of one-parameter groups of isometries

Let $E$ be a Banach space, and let $(\sigma_t)$ be a strongly continuous one-parameter group on $E$: so for $t\in\mathbb R$, we have that $\sigma_t$ is a contraction on $E$, $\sigma_t ...

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279 views

### Is the fundamental group of $II_{1}$ factors invariant under a relation?

This issue is in continuation of an answer I gave here about
noncommutative sets.
In order to define the equivalence relation, let's first recall the Tomita-Takesaki modular theory and ...

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votes

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392 views

### von neumann algebras and measurable spaces

I've read some pages on links between von neumann (VN) algebras and measurable spaces (Spectra of $C^*$ algebras and Non-commutative geometry from von Neumann algebras?), but I can't get the ...

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1k views

### What's a noncommutative set?

This issue is for logicians and operator algebraists (but also for anyone who is interested).
Let's start by short reminders on von Neumann algebra (for more details, see [J], [T], [W]):
Let $H$ ...

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57 views

### Is there a Fourier transform for principal r-discrete groupoids?

I have been looking for an analog of the Fourier transform for groupoids coming from tilings (which are generally principal and r-discrete), however all the generalizations I have found assume that ...