Algebras of operators on Hilbert space, C^*-algebras, von Neumann algebras, non-commutative geometry

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### Strange (?) definition of the spectrum

Suppose that $A$ is a commutative, unital $C^*$-algebra. Then it is isomorphic to $C(X)$ for some compact Hausdorff topological space $X$. $X$ can be identified as the space of all unital ...

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### States and extremal states of quantum SU(2) and the Podleś sphere

Is there any description (preferably somehow related to the original generators) for the state space (as in C*-algebras) of quantum SU(2) and the Podleś sphere? If so (this is pushing my luck) are the ...

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### Lower bounds for norms of commutators

For various reasons I became interested in bounds on the norm of commutators of operators. For instance, if $B(H)$ is the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space, one may ask for a lower bound ...

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### Does anybody know if the Fourier algebra of SL(3,Z) has an approximate identity?

(Note to those who like to tidy LaTeX, or ${\rm \LaTeX}$: I kindly request that you don't put any LaTeX in the title of this question, nor change the bolds below to blackboard ...

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### A section from subfactors to transitive groups

A finite group-subgroup subfactor is a subfactor $(N \subset M)$ isomorphic to $(R^G \subset R^H)$ with $(H \subset G)$ an inclusion of finite groups acting as outer automorphism on the hyperfinite ...

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### Noncommutative geometry and category theory

The point in which one starts to talk about noncommutative geometry is the Gelfand Najmark theorem. It establishes an equivalence of the catgeories of commutative (non)unital $C^*$-algebras and the ...

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622 views

### Groups which are only defined up to conjugation

I'm trying to understand what the right way is to think about "groups which are only well-defined up to conjugation." Since this is somewhat vague let me clarify it by pointing out the main examples ...

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### On the relation between the set of extreme points of the unit ball of $M(X)$ and $M(X)^{**}$

Suppose that $X$ is a locally compact topological space. Let $M(X)$ denote the Banach space of regular Borel measures on $X$. It is known that the bidual of $C_0(X)$ is a commutative $C^*-$algebra. ...

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### Strong Morita Equivalence and Morphisms Between $ C^{*} $-Algebras

If $ A $ and $ B $ are $ C^{*} $-algebras, then they are strongly Morita equivalent if there exist a $ (B,A) $-bimodule $ E $ and an $ (A,B) $-bimodule $ F $ such that
$$
E \otimes_{A} F \cong B \quad ...

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### C* algebras of free semicircular systems

It was shown by Pimsner and Voiculescu in 1982 that the reduced group $C^{*}$-algebras $C^{*}_{r}(\mathbb{F}_{n})$ and $C^{*}_{r}(\mathbb{F}_{m})$ are isomorphic if and only if $n = m$ (here, ...

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### Extension of $C^*$ isomorphism to $W^*$ isomorphism

Let $\mathfrak{A}$ be $C^*$algebra, and $\pi$ its faithful representation on Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Bicommutant $\mathfrak{B}=\pi(\mathfrak{A})''$ is the von Neumann algebra generated by ...

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### Morita equivalence for operator algebras and tensor products, question about proof

This is a bit of a dumb question I know, but I was reading "Morita equivalence for C*-algebras and W*-algebras" by Rieffel, in this section about Morita equivalences and how they relate to forming ...

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### Realisation of the noncommutative torus as a universal $ C^{*} $-algebra

One of the most basic examples in noncommutative geometry is the so-called noncommutative torus, denoted here by $ \mathbb{T}_{\theta} $. As far as I know, there are several equivalent constructions ...

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367 views

### Example of an infinite dimensional reflexive Banach algebra

If a $C^\ast$-algebra is reflexive (as a Banach space) then it is finite dimensional. Can anyone provide (or give a reference to) a nice example of an infinite dimensional non-commutative Banach ...

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203 views

### Do all right orderable groups have the Haagerup property?

Do all right orderable groups have the Haagerup property?
Recall that a group is right orderable if there exists a total order $\leq$ on it such that $a\leq b\Rightarrow ac\leq bc$. This property is ...

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131 views

### Does noncommutative Lp-convergence respect orderings?

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra and $\tau$ a faithful (semi-finite?) normal trace on $M$; as is standard, the $L^p$-norm is defined as $||u||_p=\tau(|u|^p)^{1/p}$. Let $\{u_i\}_{i=1}^\infty$ be a ...

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### When are two C*-algebras isomorphic as Banach spaces?

We may consider each $C^*$-algebra as a Banach space (by forgetting the multiplication and adjoint). I wonder how drastic this step is, i.e., which properties of the $C^*$-algebra are reflected by its ...

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361 views

### Computing noncommutative geometries

I find myself needing to construct some noncommutative geometries. I want to take various (algeba-) geometric objects and look at their noncommutative analogs. Is there a constructive way to do this? ...

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### Abelian subfactors, a relevant concept?

Through the questions below, this post asks whether the concept of abelian subfactor is relevant.
Remark : here abelian qualifies an inclusion of II$_1$ factors $(N \subset M)$, $N$ is not an abelian ...

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243 views

### A generalized K- theory via generalized idempotents

Edit After the answer by Neil Strickland, I add the word "a ring" in this new version.
In the literature, there is a concept of generalized idempotent: an n- idempotent is an element $a$ of a Banach ...

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### Jordan-Hölder theorem for subfactors?

All the subfactors $(N\subset M)$ are irreducible and finite index inclusions of II$_1$ factors.
First recall that in this paper, D. Bisch characterizes the Jones projections $e_K$ of the ...

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194 views

### Jordan-Hölder theorem for planar algebras?

First recall the Jordan-Hölder theorem for groups:
Theorem (Jordan-Hölder): Let $G$ be a group, and let $$ G=G_1 \supset G_2 \supset \dots \supset G_r = \{ e \} $$ be a normal tower such that ...

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### A Question About the Elliott-Natsume-Nest Proof of Bott Periodicity

In Wegge-Olsen’s book K-Theory and C$ ^{*} $-Algebras, there is an outline of a proof of Bott Periodicity (the proof is due to George Elliott, Toshikazu Natsume and Ryszard Nest). The first step of ...

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### The category of subfactors extending the category of groups?

This post was inspired by this answer of Dave Penneys.
In the category of (irreducible hyperfinite II$_1$) subfactors, the morphisms of $(N \subset M)$ to $(N' \subset M')$ are usually defined as ...

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192 views

### Isomorphism theorem for subfactors?

It's about the existence of a generalization of the first isomorphism theorem for groups, for subfactors :
Let $(N \subset M)$ and $(N' \subset M')$ be irreducible inclusions of hyperfinite $II_1$ ...

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484 views

### Can non-central projections still commute with all other projections?

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra and let $\mathcal{P}(A)$ denote the set of projections in $A$. If $p\in\mathcal{P}(A)$ commutes with everything in $\mathcal{P}(A)$ does it necessarily commute with everything ...

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### Examples of special isometries

Are there examples of (distinct) Hilbert spaces $H_1$=$(H,\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle_1)$, $H_2 $=$(H,\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle_2)$ and a linear operator $V: H_1\to H_2$ such that $V^n: H_1\to H_2$ is ...

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### Does the group of compact perturbations of the identity act transitively on the compact operators?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional (separable if necessary) complex Hilbert space, and denote by $K(H)$ the ideal (in $B(H)$) of compact operators on $H$. Let $G_c=\{I+K\in B(H): I+K \text{ is ...

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190 views

### Fusion categories with permutation “associativity matrices”

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a fusion category and let $(H_1,...,H_r)$ be its simple objects.
$\mathcal{C}$ is non-pointed if at least one of its simple object has Perron-Frobenius dimension $ \neq 1$.
...

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### Which Sigma-Ideals in a Sigma-Algebra are Ideals of Null Sets?

My question is motivated, to be somewhat vague, by an attempt to see how much a measure space is defined by the set of null sets. In other words, assume we are not given a concrete measure on a space ...

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### K-Theory of Algebra of Zeroth Order Pseudo differential operators

Any one knows a reference for computing K_0 of Algebra of zeroth order Pseudo's on a closed manifold in terms of explicit generators?
Thanx!

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### Which groups are the unitary group of a $C^*$-algebra

Which groups are the unitary group of a $C^*$-algebra?
Does anyone know anything in this direction?

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### Metrics on the space of $C^{*}$ algebras

I think that there is a metric on the huge space of all $C^{*}$ algebras. What is the explicit
definition of this metric?may you introduce me a reference?
Moreover is the restriction of this ...

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257 views

### characterization of commutative Banach algebras

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra with the following property:
For every two nets $ x_{\alpha}$ and $y_{\alpha}$ in $A$, $x_{\alpha}y_{\alpha}$ converges if and only if $y_{\alpha}x_{\alpha}$ converges.
...

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### Functors with an epi-mono factorization property

This is a simple question about terminology and a request for any related references. Specifically, what would you call a functor $F:\mathbf{D}\rightarrow\mathbf{C}$ with the following property?
...

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### Connected component of the identity in graded banach algebras

I search for a noncommutative idempotent less Banach algebra $A$ which is graded by a finite Abelian group $G$ such that a nontrivial homogenous element lies in the same connected component ...

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### Automorphisms of “rational” Kirchberg algebras

Let $M_{\mathbb{Q}}$ be the universal UHF-algebra and let $\mathcal{O}_{\infty}$ be the infinite Cuntz algebra. Let $A$ be a Kirchberg algebra that satisfies the UCT with $K_0(A) \cong \mathbb{Q}^n$ ...

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### Crossed Products by Permutation Groups

What can be said about the following crossed product $C^*$-algebra?
Let $A$ be a Kirchberg algebra with $K_0(A) = \mathbb{Q}$ and $K_1(A) = 0$. Consider the direct sum of $n$ copies of $A$, i.e. $B = ...

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### $Z_{2}$- graded structures for $C_{red} ^{*} (F_{2})$

Let $F_{2}$ be the free group with two generators.
Then $F_{2}=\{\text{odd words}\}\sqcup\{\text{even words}\}$. This gives us a $Z_{2}$ graded structure for $C^{*}_{red} (F_{2})$, in a natural way.
...

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### Free C^*-algebra

Let $A_0$ be a set of all polynomials with complex coefficients of infinitely many noncommuting (free) variables, denoted by $X_1,X_2,...,X_1^*,X_2^*,...$. We equip $A_0$ with the operation $*:A_0 \to ...

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### Type III factor representation

Does there exist any theorem which permits, under suitable hypotheses, to represent a particular complete orthomodular lattice as the projection lattice of a Type III von Neumann factor?

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### Who first identified the universal $C^*$-algebra generated by an idempotent of norm at most $C$?

So much is known about hermitian and non-hermitian idempotents in a $C^*$-algebra, that someone must have written down the following.
Theorem The universal $C^*$-algebra generated by one element ...

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### A norm one projection

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be Hilbert space and $\mathfrak{B(}\mathcal{H}\mathcal{)}$ of all bounded linear operators on $\mathcal{H}$. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a maximal commutative sub-algebra of ...

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### modul projection map

Let H be a Hilbert space and B(H)be space bounded linear operators on H. Let A be a commutative maximal sub-algebra of B(H). Is there a conditional expectation ( a norm one projection) from B(H) to A?
...

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### Universal $C^*$-algebra with generators and relations

We say that the $C^*$-algebra $A$ generated by $a_1,...,a_n$ is universal subject to relations $R_1,...,R_m$ if for every $C^*$-algebra $B$ with elements $b_1,...,b_n$ satisfying relations ...

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### Groups with reduced C*-algebras of stable rank 1

Let $G$ be a countable discrete group, $C_r^*(G)$ its reduced $C^*$-algebra. We say that $G$ has stable rank 1 if $C_r^*(G)$ has stable rank one, that is, the set of invertible elements is dense in ...

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### If two projections are close, then they are unitarily equivalent

Given two projections $p,q\in B(H)$, it is well-known that if $\|p-q\|<1$, then there exists a unitary $u\in B(H)$ with $q=upu^*$.
The proof that immediately occurs to me uses comparison of ...

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### Planar algebraic translation of a subfactor property

Let $N \subset M$ be an irreducible finite depth and finite index subfactor.
$M$ is a completely reducible (algebraic) $N$-$N$ bimodule, it decomposes into irreducibles as follows :
...

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### A Question About Pure States, Support Projections and Central Covers

I am trying to study the paper Consistency of a Counterexample to Naimark’s Problem by Charles Akemann and Nik Weaver, and there is a claim in Lemma 1 of the paper that I am stuck at, which is as ...

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### Weakly amenability and exactness for discrete groups

A countable discrete group $\Gamma$ is said to be weakly amenable with Cowling-Haagerup constant 1 if there exists a sequence of finitely supported functions $(\phi_n)$ on $\Gamma$ such that ...