Algebras of operators on Hilbert space, $C^*-$algebras, von Neumann algebras, non-commutative geometry

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4
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1answer
88 views

Commutator representation of certain smoothing operators

I have a question regarding the classical trace $\text{Tr} \colon \Psi^{-\infty}(S^1)\to \mathbb C$ on pseudodifferential operators of infinite negative order (i.e. smoothing operators), defined over ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Is the generated subalgebra of a subset of pairwise operator-commuting element in a JB-algebra associative?

In a Jordan algebra elements $a$ and $b$ are said to operator-commute, whenever $a \circ (b \circ x) = b \circ (a \circ x)$ for every other element $x$. (That is: $T_aT_b = T_bT_a$, writing $T_x(y) = ...
5
votes
0answers
120 views

Functoriality of $\mathsf{Cu}$

I have always been happy with the proof of the functoriality of the Cuntz semigroup $\mathsf{Cu}$ given in arXiv:0902.3381, where the isomorphism $$\mathsf{Cu}(A)\cong W(A\otimes K)$$ is used, $A$ ...
5
votes
1answer
210 views

$C^{*}$-correspondences viewed as generalized endomorphisms

I've heard that $C^{*}$-correspondences (over a $C^{*}$-algebra) can be viewed as generalized endomorphisms of the algebra. I would like to understand this, and be pointed towards books or papers ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

Group which is not MF or AF

Does someone know example of group (countable, discrete) which can not be embedded (monomorphism) into $$ U(\prod M_n/\oplus M_n)$$ unitary group of universal MF-algebra? Or example of group which can ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

How do we know the map is $w^{*}$-continuous?

I am reading a paper by David Blecher, which contains the following: " If $T: Y \to Z$ is a surjective isometric module map between $W^{*}$-modules over $M$, then $T$ is unitary. Also, $T$ is a $w^{*}...
2
votes
0answers
120 views

Integral representation of the complex homogeneous polynomial $z_1\cdots z_n$

Consider the transform (see e.g., (5.1) in this paper): \begin{equation*} \Lambda_\mu(q)(z) := \int_{\Delta_n} q(\zeta)\,\Re\left(\frac{1+\langle\zeta,z\rangle}{1-\langle\zeta,z\rangle}\right)d\mu(\...
0
votes
0answers
84 views

semifinite projection

Let $M$ be von Neumann algebra, $p$ be semiefinite projection and $q$ be projection in $M$ such that $Z(q)=Z(p)$. ( $p$ is semifinite projection if every nonzero subprojection of $p$ contains a ...
4
votes
1answer
183 views

An inequality for Fuchsian groups?

Let $G$ be a finitely generated Fuchsian group. (i.e. a discrete subgroup of $\mathrm{PSL}_2(\mathbb{R})$). Is it true that $d(G) < 2\beta_{2}^1(G) + 1$ ? Here, $\beta_{2}^1(G)$ stands for ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Approximation of the central support

Let $(M,\tau)$ be a tracial von Neumann algebra, i.e. a unital subalgebra $M=M''\subset \mathbb{B}(H)$; a finite (faithful) trace $\tau: M\to \mathbb{C}$ (faithful means that $\tau(x^*x)=0$ ...
7
votes
0answers
210 views

Commutation preserving operators

Let $A$ and $B$ be unital $C$*-algebras and let $T\colon A\to B$ be a bounded linear bijection that preserves commuting elements, i.e., $ab=ba$ implies $TaTb=TbTa$. Does $T^{**}$ then also preserve ...
8
votes
2answers
168 views

States and left ideals

Given a nontrivial left ideal $J$ of a unital $C^*$ algebra $A$, is there a state on $A$ which vanishes on all elements of $J$? (Left or right doesn't matter, just not 2-sided.) The problem came ...
4
votes
0answers
144 views

Connectivity of the group of invertible elements of $C(S^{2})\otimes A$

For what type of $C^{*}$ algebras $A$, the group of invertible elements of $C(S^{2}) \otimes A$ is a connected group? All finite dimensional $A$ satisfy this property. Is it true to say ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Comparison between spectra

Let $G$ be a normal operator with compact resolvent on a Hilbert space $H$ such that ${\rm ker}(G) \neq {0}$. Further let $P$ be the orthogonal projection onto ${\rm ker}(G)$, and let $G_{0}:=G+P$. ...
3
votes
0answers
104 views

Extending Akemann's Non-Commutative Urysohn Lemma

Assume $A$ is a C*-algebra and $p,q\in A^{**}$ are compact projections. Can we always find $a,b\in A^1_+$ with $p\leq a$, $q\leq b$ and $||pq||=||ab||$? Note if $||pq||=1$ this is immediate, ...
4
votes
1answer
227 views

A question on complex line bundle over $S^{2}$

Consider the trivial bundle $\epsilon_{2}=S^{2}\times \mathbb{C}^{2}$ with the standard Hermitian inner product $<(a,b), (c,d)>=a\bar{c}+b\bar{d}$. Assume that $\ell$ is a sub line bundle of ...
12
votes
1answer
266 views

Almost idempotent approximate units in C*-algebras

As in Blackadar's "Operator Algebras" Definition II.4.1.1., call an approximate unit $(a_\lambda)$ in the positive unit ball of a C*-algebra almost idempotent if $a_\lambda a_\gamma=a_\lambda$ ...
4
votes
0answers
182 views

Discrete groups G whose full C*-algebra C*(G) is not MF?

This is a cheap rip-off of this question, but I am genuinely interested in an answer. Is there a known example of a countable discrete group G whose full group C*-algebra C*(G) is not MF? Let us ...
3
votes
0answers
118 views

Closed containment of open projections in C*-algebras

For a C*-algebra $A$ and open projections $p,q\in A^{**}$, consider the following statements. $\overline{p}\leq q$ $p\leq q$ and there exists open $r\in A^{**}$ with $rp=0$ and $r\vee q=1$ $p\leq q$ ...
7
votes
2answers
512 views

$H^{*}$ algebras as a generalization of $C^{*}$ algebras

Let $H$ be the quaternions algebra. An $H^{*}$ algebra is a normed ring $A$ which is simultaneously a unital left $H$ module and has an involution $*$ with the following properties: $\forall \lambda ...
4
votes
1answer
211 views

simple and non nuclear $C^*$-algebra

Is there an example of simple and non-nuclear(non-amenable) $C^*$-algebra?
3
votes
0answers
231 views

Graded structures for simple $C^{*}$ algebras without nontrivial idempotent

Edit(A confession): I just realized that the question is trivial: Since one can easily prove that the convex hull of the spectrum of every nontrivial homogeneous element of a $\mathbb{Z}_{n}$-graded $...
11
votes
1answer
261 views

Are free positive operators equivalent to almost-commuting operators?

Set $A:=C_0((0,1]) * C_0((0,1])$ (the free product C*-algebra), with canonical generators $a,b$ (positive contractions). Does there exists some $\gamma>0$ such that, for any $x,y \in A$ if $x^*x=a$ ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

second dual of minimal tensor products of $C^*$-algebras

Let $A$ be a unital $C^*$-algebras and $K(H)$ is $C^*$-algebras of compact operators on separable Hilbert space $H$. Is it true that $(A \otimes K(H))^{**}= A^{**} \overline{\otimes}B(H)$?
6
votes
1answer
188 views

Fundamental class in $KO[1/2]$

Let $M^m$ be an oriented Riemannian manifold. The signature operator associates to $M$ a class $\Delta_M\in KO_m(M)[1/2]$. I have two questions about this class $\Delta_M$: Rationally, $\Delta_M$ is ...
5
votes
1answer
194 views

Power's Theorem for irreducible representations

Let $A_{\alpha}\subset B(H)$ be a bunch of unital C*-algebras acting on a Hilbert space $H$ given together with their character spaces $M(A_{\alpha})$'s. A very nice theorem of Stephen C. Power ...
9
votes
2answers
299 views

Groups without property (T) but all finite quotients are expanders

What is an example of a group $G$ which 1- is finitely generated by $S$, 2- does not have property (T), 3- admits infinitely many finite quotients which do not factor through an homomorphism $G \...
12
votes
1answer
216 views

Equivariant Fredholm operators classify equivariant K-theory

Let $\mathcal{F}$ be the space of Fredholm operators on a separable Hilbert space $H$ with the topology induced by the operator norm. If $X$ is compact, Atiyah-Jänich proved that $$[X,\mathcal{F}]\...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Existence of free operators, independent and with given distributions

Excuse me if the question is not appropriate for Mathoverflow. I havs asked it in math.stackexchange, but did not get any response. And so, I dared to put it here. I am trying to learn free ...
3
votes
0answers
138 views

Deformation and Representations

Let $\widetilde{U_q(sl_n)}$ denote a deformation of the algebra $U_q(sl_n)$. In particular, $\widetilde{U_q(sl_n)}$ is defined by the same generators and relations and $*$-operations as $U_q(sl_n)$ ...
10
votes
2answers
280 views

Is this a functor on the category of $C^{*}$ algebras?

The category of $C^{*}$ algebras is denoted by $\mathcal{A}$. Is there a functor $\mathcal{F}$ on $\mathcal{A}$ which send each object $A\in \mathcal{A}$ to its center $Z(A)$. In the other words, ...
11
votes
1answer
249 views

q-Virasoro and q-Heisenberg algebras

The literature has definitions (seemingly plural, though they might be linked) of a $q$-deformed Virasoro algebra. But is there any link of these to a $q$-deformed Heisenberg algebra? (Classically ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Isometric domain of a unital completely positive map with respect to $L_p$-norms

This question can be formulated for general ($\sigma$-finite) von Neumann algebras, but for me it is enough to consider matrix algebras. So let $M$ be a matrix algebra and $\rho$ a faithful state (...
11
votes
0answers
341 views

Sums of squares via semidefinite programming for the complex free group algebra

In the algebra of real noncommutative polynomials (the “free monoid algebra” over the real field) it is possible to reduce the question of whether an element is a sum of hermitian squares and ...
15
votes
2answers
560 views

formula for Eta invariant

Hirzebruch's signature formula is not valid for manifolds with boundary. An error term is introduced by Atiyah-Patodi-Singer to fix it.More precisely: $$sign (M)=L(M)[M]+\eta(\partial M)$$ Yet ...
3
votes
2answers
602 views

Banach algebraic proof of the Borsuk Ulam theorem

I am wondering whether there exists a proof of the classical Borsuk Ulam theorem for the Euclidean n-sphere, $n>2$ that is based only on the theory of Banach algebras. I checked on MR but had no ...
7
votes
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204 views

Verifying Woronowicz’s proof that all $ {\text{SU}_{q}}(2) $’s are isomorphic as $ C^{*} $-algebras, where $ -1 < q < 1 $

This question is related to one that I asked some time ago. Definition 1. Let $ q \in (-1,1) $. Let $ A $ be a unital $ C^{*} $-algebra and $ (x,y) $ a pair of elements of $ A $. Then define the ...
3
votes
0answers
191 views

Infinite number of non-isomorphic von Neumann algebras with property Gamma?

A II$_1$ factor $\mathcal M$ with trace $\tau$ has property Gamma if for every $\epsilon > 0$ and finite set $\{x_1,\cdots, x_n\} \subset \mathcal M$ there exists a trace 0 unitary element $y\in\...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Point-ultraweak limit of *-homomorphisms/cpc order zero maps

Suppose we have the following: A C*-algebra $A$ and a von Neumann algebra $M$ (we can assume that $M$ is $\mathcal B(H)$). A sequence of *-homomorphisms $\phi_i\colon A\to M$ an ultrafilter $\...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

What are the applications of the depth 2 reduction to the subfactors theory?

Let $(N \subset M)$ be an irreducible finite depth ($>2$) finite index inclusion of hyperfinite ${\rm II}_1$ factors, then for $n$ sufficiently large the subfactor $(N \subset M_n)$ is depth $2$ (...
7
votes
1answer
166 views

Hopf Galois extensions and conditional expectations for C* algebras

Suppose that $H$ is a Hopf algebra with normalised invariant integral (appropriate side) $\int:H\to \mathbb{C}$. The $H$ right comodule algebra $P$ is a Hopf Galois extension, so the canonical map $P\...
8
votes
2answers
293 views

Complete regularity in C*-algebras

It is clear that commutative C*-algebras correspond to locally compact Hausdorff spaces. And locally compact Hausdorff spaces are completely regular. Now, does the complete regularity statement have ...
5
votes
1answer
171 views

Kernel of the natural map between group $C^*$-algebras

Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete group. We can form two $C^*$-algebras: the universal (or full) and reduced, to be denoted by $C^*_u(\Gamma)$ and $C^*_r(\Gamma)$ (respectively). Both of them are completions ...
7
votes
2answers
201 views

An extension of $K$-theory to topological $^*$-algebras

What I have in mind is the following: a (sequence of) functor(s) $K_\bullet$ on the category of topological $^*$-algebras (with values in the category of commutative groups) that satisfies (among ...
4
votes
1answer
232 views

Fredholm subvector spaces of $B(\mathcal{H})$

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separable Hilbert space with orthonormal base $\{e_i\}\;\;i\in \mathbb{N}$. Definition: We say a subvector space $W\subset B(\mathcal{H})$ is a Fredholm subspace if ...
6
votes
1answer
510 views

An equivalence relation on the space of polynomials in one complex variable

Let $P(z)$ be a polynomial with complex variable $z$. We consider the following distribution for the roots of $P(z)=0$: the distribution is a triple $(n_{1},n_{2},n_{3})$ where these integers are ...
5
votes
0answers
237 views

C$^*$-algebras isomorphic after tensoring

From the negative answer to this question we know that C$^*$-algebras that are isomorphic after tensoring with $M_n$ for all $n\geq 2$ need not be isomorphic. So what happens when we strengthen this? ...
10
votes
2answers
613 views

Schur's Lemma for Hilbert spaces

Let $H$ be a complex Hilbert space and let a group $G$ act on $H$ such that there are no invariant closed subspaces besides $H$ and $(0)$. Let $D$ be the ring of bounded operators which commute with ...
7
votes
1answer
365 views

Fredholm operators in $K$-theory?

Do Fredholm operators show up in K-theory? Why or why not? The idea of infinite Grassmannians classifying vector bundles is pretty straightforward, but why would adding in additive inverses and what ...
16
votes
2answers
482 views

C$^*$-algebras isomorphic after tensoring with $M_n(\mathbb C)$

In 1977, Joan Plastiras gave a striking example of two non $*$-isomorphic C$^*$-algebras $\mathcal A$ and $\mathcal B$ such that $$\mathcal A \otimes M_2(\mathbb C) \simeq \mathcal B\otimes M_2(\...