Algebras of operators on Hilbert space, $C^*-$algebras, von Neumann algebras, non-commutative geometry

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7
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1answer
208 views

When does a $C^*$-algebra have no nonzero projection?

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra and $\hat{A}$ its spectrum of $A$,the set of classes of non-zero irreducible representation of $A$ endowed with hull-kernel topology. suppose $\hat{A}$ is a non-compact ...
5
votes
2answers
181 views

Help in understanding result from publication on operator theory

in my research on dilations of contractions on Hilbert spaces and manifolds I have come across this nice publication concerning the classic Sz-Nagy theorem on the Arxiv by Levy and Shalit which states ...
1
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0answers
59 views

Finding the infimum of the range of a certain non-negative function associated to a $ C^{*} $-algebra

Let $ A $ be a non-trivial $ C^{*} $-algebra and $ n \in \mathbb{N} $. Setting $ \mathcal{D} \stackrel{\text{df}}{=} A^{n} \setminus \{ (0_{A},\ldots,0_{A}) \} $, we can define a function $ f: \...
7
votes
1answer
191 views

Is this a characterization of commutative $C^{*}$ algebras?

Assume that $A$ is a $C^{*}$ algebra with self adjoint elements $A_{sa}$. Assume that for all $a,b\in A$ we have $$ab\in A_{sa} \iff ba \in A_{sa}$$ Is $A$ necessarily a commutative ...
11
votes
1answer
170 views

What does it tell us, if we know a unital C*-algebra has approximately inner (half-)flip?

This is a somewhat vague question, but I think it is not too open-ended and should admit well-circumscribed answers by specialists in operator algebras.$\newcommand{\Cst}{{\rm C}^*}$ It arises from ...
9
votes
3answers
473 views

Separable von Neumann algebra

What is the simplest argument which shows that each infinite dimensional von Neumann algebra is not separable (in the norm topology)? It seems that this is a kind of folklore: at least I never saw the ...
6
votes
1answer
125 views

The quantum group SUq(n) as von Neumann algebra

i have a question about a "presentation" of the quantum $SU(n)$. Here presentation means the following. Let $(M,\Delta)$ be a quantum group in the sense of Kustermanns and Vaes. One can show that the ...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

Uniform Roe algebras and exact groups

Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete group. Q: If $l^\infty(\Gamma)\rtimes \Gamma=l^\infty(\Gamma)\rtimes_r \Gamma$ canonically, can we conclude that $\Gamma$ is an exact group? The converse implication is ...
2
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0answers
112 views

Connecting homomorphism in generalized cohomology theory

I have some compact manifold with boundary $(M,\partial M)$, and there is a long exact sequence $$\cdots\to KO^{-1}(\partial M)\xrightarrow{\partial} KO^{0}(M,\partial M)\to KO^0(M)\to KO^0(\partial ...
13
votes
2answers
452 views

A matrix norm inequality

Suppose that $A, B$ are Hermitian positive definite matrices of the same order and $0\le p\le 1$. Using a standard approach in matrix analysis, one can show that $\|A^{1-p}B^p\|\ge \|A\sharp_p B\|$, ...
1
vote
1answer
213 views

Diagonalizable unitary operators [closed]

Let $u\colon H\to H$ be a unitary operator on a separable Hilbert space $H$ and let $(e_n)_n$ be a fixed orthonormal basis in $H$. Is it possible to decompose $u$ as $u=v^*dv$ where $v$ is a unitary ...
8
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1answer
104 views

$\mathcal{O}_{\infty}$ and $\mathcal{Z}$ stable isomorphism as equivalence

If $O$ is a (strongly ?) self absorbing $C^*$-algebra, one has an equivalence relation on (separable) $C^*$-algebras: "being $O$-stably isomorphic" i.e. $A$ and $B$ are $O$-stably isomorphic if and ...
4
votes
0answers
67 views

$p$-operator space structure on Banach algebras

There is an abstract characterization of operator algebras, which says that if $A$ is an operator space that is also an approximately unital Banach algebra, then the following are equivalent: For ...
1
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0answers
167 views

A functor on the category of rings, algebras or compact Hausdorff topological space

Assume that $R$ is a unital ring or a complex or real (Banach or $C^{*}$) algebra. We define a relation $M$ on $R$ as follows: $$a\;M b \;\;\; \text{iff}\;\; a=xy,\;b=yx \;\; \text{for ...
3
votes
1answer
203 views

Generators K-theory of Cuntz algebras

The Cuntz algebra $O_n$ is the C*-algebra generated by n isometries $S_1$, ..., $S_n$ such that $S_i^* S_j=\delta_{i,j}$ and $\sum_{i=1}^nS_iS_i^*=1$. Cuntz proved that this algebra has the following ...
7
votes
1answer
753 views

The saturation of Murray von Neumann relation

Edit: According to comment of Pace Nielsen, I remove question 2 of the previous version: Let $R$ be a unital ring. We define Murray Von Neumann relation $M$ on $R$ as follows: We say $a M b$ iff $...
3
votes
0answers
135 views

isomorphism of Chern character in kk-theory

Suppose we work with Fréchet algebras. Cuntz defined kk-theory for those algebras and hence we have the notions of K-theory and K-homology for those algebras. Now suppose Chern character is ...
8
votes
1answer
170 views

Real rank zero of group $C^*$-algebras

The concept of real rank zero of a $C^*$-algebra is introduced as non-commutative analogue of dimension ( topological dimension ). For example, it shown (by Brown-Pedersen) such that, if $X$ is a ...
4
votes
0answers
143 views

Quantization of $S^2$ as $C^*$-algebra?

The general context for the question - is belief that quantization of compact symplectic manifolds can be endowed with the structure of $C^*$-algebra (see MO230695). The particular question is about ...
3
votes
0answers
115 views

The weak-star closure of closed left ideals corresponding to pure states

I asked this question at math.stackexchange and received no comment. Let $A$ be a C*-algebra and $\phi$ be a positive linear functional on $A$. Let $\tilde{\phi}$ be its unique $w^*$-continuous ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

When the reduced $C^*$-algebra of $\Gamma$ admits character then $\Gamma$ is amenable [closed]

Suppose that $C^*_r(\Gamma)$ admits some character (homomorphism into $\mathbb{C}$)-here $\Gamma$ is discrete group and $C^*_r(\Gamma)$ is the closure of the image of the group ring $\mathbb{C}\Gamma$ ...
3
votes
2answers
69 views

$V(A)$ semi group of equivalent projections in $M_∞(A)$ cancelative?

I found in the book of Murphy, C*- Algebras and Operator Theory, the Theorem 7.1.2 : Let A be an unital C* algebra, the semi group $V(A)$ of equivalent projections (under Murray Von Neumann ...
8
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0answers
143 views

Existence/characterization/properties of $C^*$-algebras which “are” quantization of compact symplectic manifolds?

Understanding of "quantization" achieved much progress recent years, especially after Kontsevich breakthrough on deformation quantization, where he proved one-to-one correspondence between Poisson ...
31
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3answers
2k views

What is a foliation and why should I care?

The title says everything but while it is a little bit provocative let me elaborate a bit about my question. First time when I met the foliation it was just an isolated example in the differential ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Ideal structure of group $C^*$-agebras [closed]

Let $G$ be a locally compact groups and $C_r^*(G)$ be a reduce group $C^*$-algebra. $\ Question:$What is the ideal structure of reduce group $C_r^*(G)$?
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Is the module action $M\times M^*\to M^*$ jointly continuous?

Let $M$ be a W*-algebra and consider the following map: $$\gamma: M\times M^*\to M^*: (a,f)\to af$$ where $af(b)=f(ba)$. Let us consider $M$ under the weak topology $\sigma(M,M^*)$ and $M^*$ under ...
3
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0answers
64 views

Unitizations of Banach algebras and matrix norms

Consider the short exact sequence of Banach algebras $0\rightarrow A\rightarrow A^+\rightarrow\mathbb{C}\rightarrow 0$ where $A$ is a Banach algebra without unit and $A^+$ denotes the unitization of $...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

Relationship between group $C^\ast$-algebras $C^\ast(G)$ and graph $C^\ast$-algebras $C^\ast(E)$

Let $E=E(G,S)$ be the graph defined by a group $G$ and a subset $S$ of $G$. What is relationship between group $C^\ast$-algebras $C^\ast(G)$ and graph $C^\ast$-algebras $C^\ast(E)$?
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0answers
57 views

Can a semigroup be defined on a Banach algebra? [closed]

I simply need to know that how a semigroup of operators (say $\{T(t)\}_{t\geq 0}$) is defined on any Banach algebra (say $X$)? For $(f,g\in X)$ now the so called product is also there i.e. $f.g\in X$. ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

A relation among projections of a von Neumann algebra

This is a follow-up question on this. Let $A$ be a von Neumann algebra and $P$ be its projection lattice. For $p,s,q \in P$, let us define $ p \perp q \mid s \iff ps^\perp q = 0$ where $s^\perp = 1-...
10
votes
1answer
180 views

How “nondegenerate” are amalgamated free products of C*-algebras?

In the following, I assume all algebras are unital. Let $A$ and $B$ be C*-algebras that each contain (isomorphic copies of) a common C*-subalgebra $C$. Let $A *_C B$ denote the amalgamated free ...
-1
votes
1answer
118 views

How should $A^α$ be defined for real $α ∈ [0,∞)$ and $A\in M_n(\mathbb C)$? [closed]

Let $A\in M_n(\mathbb C)$ be arbitrary. I'm interested to know How should $A^{\alpha}$ be defined for real $\alpha\in [0,\infty)$? When $A$ is nonsingular, we can define $A^{\alpha}=\exp(\alpha \log(A)...
5
votes
2answers
201 views

Can $C^*$-algebra of continuous functions on $R^n$ ($S^n$) be characterized alternatively?

Dictionary between algebra and geometry is somewhat one of the main concepts in modern mathematics. So commutative $C^*$ algebras are one-to-one with locally compact Hausdorff spaces. So it is ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Support vectors and relative modular operator

I'm studying the relative modular operator and I'm looking for o good text to do it. Until now I'm using Araki's papers but I don't know how to deal with the support of a vector, $s^M(\xi)$, which is ...
3
votes
1answer
227 views

$K$-Theory of finite dimensional Banach algebras

Is there a finite dimensional Banach algebra $A$ for which $K_{0}(A)$ is a finite group? I asked this question in MSE but I received no answer http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1624250/...
4
votes
0answers
112 views

References for a lemma about compact operators on a Hilbert module

I am looking for a reference for the following result: If $A$ and $B$ are C* algebras, $H$ is a right Hilbert $A$-modules, $\phi :A \rightarrow B$ is a morphism, and assume that there is a map $\eta :...
6
votes
1answer
380 views

Who gave the generalized Stone-Weierstrass Theorem?

Let $X$ be a compact Hausdorff space and $\mathcal{A}$ be a closed self-adjoint subalgebra of $C(X)$ which contains the constants. Then $\mathcal{A}$ is the collection of continuous functions on $X$ ...
6
votes
1answer
157 views

Spectral mapping theorem for polynomials in $z,\overline{z}$ and direct construction of the function calculus for a normal operator

Suppose that $A$ is an element in Banach algebra and $p$ is a polynomial. Then we have an equality $p(\sigma(A))=\sigma(p(A))$ where $p(A)$ has an elementary meaning. This theorem (the spectral ...
7
votes
2answers
422 views

States in C*-algebras and their origin in physics?

in $C^*-$algebras with unit element, there is the definition of a state, as a functional $\omega$ with $\omega(e)=||\omega||=1.$ Now, of course there is also in classical physics and quantum ...
3
votes
2answers
229 views

Weak convergence implies norm convergence for trace class operators?

It is known that weak convergence implies norm convergence in $\ell^1(\mathbb{N})$, see e.g. here. Because of the typical analogies of the Schatten ideals $C_p \subset B(H)$ (where $H$ is a Hilbert ...
7
votes
1answer
148 views

The positive cone of the standard representation of a Von Neumann algebra

Let $A$ be a von Neumann algebra, let $L^2(A)$ be the underlying Hilbert space of the standard form of $A$, and $P \subset L^2(A)$ the canonical positive cone (see for example this paper by Haagerup). ...
2
votes
1answer
227 views

Is there a link between $H_2(G,\mathbb{Z})$, the Schur Multiplier of a group, and the “other” Schur multipliers of a group?

The name for the the following 2 mathematical objects: $$H_2(G,\mathbb{Z})$$ and $$\{K:G\times G\longrightarrow\mathbb{C}\ |\ \forall T\in B(l^2(G))\text{we have that}~S:G\times G\longrightarrow\...
4
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0answers
130 views

Submodules of a Hilbert space with finite Jones index with respect to a von Neumann algebra

While studying some basic theory of Cartan subalgebras of von Neumann algebras I found the following fact that I couldn't prove: Let $H$ be a Hilbert space, $A$ and $B$ trace von Neumann subalgebras ...
3
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0answers
108 views

The left regular representation of the Jacobi groups over local fields of characteristic >2 is type I?

Let $K$ be a non-archimedean local field of characteristic $>2$. Consider the Jacobi group $G=H_{2n+1}(K)\rtimes Sp_{2n}(K)$, which is the semidirect product of the Heisenberg group $H_{2n+1}(K)$ ...
3
votes
0answers
159 views

Uniqueness of the reduced free product of unital completely positive maps

For $1\leq i\leq n$, let $\psi_i$ be a faithful state on the C$^*$-algebra $A_i$ and $\phi_i$ be a faithful state on the C$^*$-algebra $B_i$. Let $(A,\psi) = *_{i=1}^n (A_i,\psi_i)$ and $(B, \phi) = *...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

Polar decomposition

Let $x$ be a trace class operator on a Hilbert space $H$. Then $x$ induces unique normal functional on $B(H)$, which we denote it by $f_x$. Let us consider the polar decomposition $x=u|x|$ and $f_x=...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Commutator representation of certain smoothing operators

I have a question regarding the classical trace $\text{Tr} \colon \Psi^{-\infty}(S^1)\to \mathbb C$ on pseudodifferential operators of infinite negative order (i.e. smoothing operators), defined over ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Is the generated subalgebra of a subset of pairwise operator-commuting element in a JB-algebra associative?

In a Jordan algebra elements $a$ and $b$ are said to operator-commute, whenever $a \circ (b \circ x) = b \circ (a \circ x)$ for every other element $x$. (That is: $T_aT_b = T_bT_a$, writing $T_x(y) = ...
5
votes
0answers
120 views

Functoriality of $\mathsf{Cu}$

I have always been happy with the proof of the functoriality of the Cuntz semigroup $\mathsf{Cu}$ given in arXiv:0902.3381, where the isomorphism $$\mathsf{Cu}(A)\cong W(A\otimes K)$$ is used, $A$ ...
5
votes
1answer
210 views

$C^{*}$-correspondences viewed as generalized endomorphisms

I've heard that $C^{*}$-correspondences (over a $C^{*}$-algebra) can be viewed as generalized endomorphisms of the algebra. I would like to understand this, and be pointed towards books or papers ...