1
vote
0answers
126 views

Existence of homogeneous single chain compositions of a given maximal subfactor?

All the subfactors here are irreducible inclusion of hyperfinite II$_1$ factors. A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain ($HSC$) if its lattice of intermediate subfactors is a ...
2
votes
0answers
211 views

Are the homogeneous single chain subfactors, Dedekind?

Background: See here and there. Recall that a subfactor is Dedekind if all its intermediate subfactors are normal. A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain (HSC) if its lattice ...
9
votes
0answers
288 views

Does anybody know if the Fourier algebra of SL(3,Z) has an approximate identity?

(Note to those who like to tidy LaTeX, or ${\rm \LaTeX}$: I kindly request that you don't put any LaTeX in the title of this question, nor change the bolds below to blackboard ...
13
votes
2answers
584 views

Groups which are only defined up to conjugation

I'm trying to understand what the right way is to think about "groups which are only well-defined up to conjugation." Since this is somewhat vague let me clarify it by pointing out the main examples ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Do all right orderable groups have the Haagerup property?

Do all right orderable groups have the Haagerup property? Recall that a group is right orderable if there exists a total order $\leq$ on it such that $a\leq b\Rightarrow ac\leq bc$. This property is ...
1
vote
1answer
345 views

Abelian subfactors, a relevant concept?

Through the questions below, this post asks whether the concept of abelian subfactor is relevant. Remark : here abelian qualifies an inclusion of II$_1$ factors $(N \subset M)$, $N$ is not an abelian ...
4
votes
3answers
353 views

Jordan-Hölder theorem for subfactors?

All the subfactors $(N\subset M)$ are irreducible and finite index inclusions of II$_1$ factors. First recall that in this paper, D. Bisch characterizes the Jones projections $e_K$ of the ...
5
votes
1answer
173 views

Jordan-Hölder theorem for planar algebras?

First recall the Jordan-Hölder theorem for groups: Theorem (Jordan-Hölder): Let $G$ be a group, and let $$ G=G_1 \supset G_2 \supset \dots \supset G_r = \{ e \} $$ be a normal tower such that ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

The category of subfactors extending the category of groups?

This post was inspired by this answer of Dave Penneys. In the category of (irreducible hyperfinite II$_1$) subfactors, the morphisms of $(N \subset M)$ to $(N' \subset M')$ are usually defined as ...
0
votes
2answers
174 views

Isomorphism theorem for subfactors?

It's about the existence of a generalization of the first isomorphism theorem for groups, for subfactors : Let $(N \subset M)$ and $(N' \subset M')$ be irreducible inclusions of hyperfinite $II_1$ ...
18
votes
2answers
355 views

Which groups are the unitary group of a $C^*$-algebra

Which groups are the unitary group of a $C^*$-algebra? Does anyone know anything in this direction?
10
votes
0answers
191 views

Groups with reduced C*-algebras of stable rank 1

Let $G$ be a countable discrete group, $C_r^*(G)$ its reduced $C^*$-algebra. We say that $G$ has stable rank 1 if $C_r^*(G)$ has stable rank one, that is, the set of invertible elements is dense in ...
2
votes
1answer
185 views

An upper bound for the maximal subgroups at fixed index?

Let us call a subgroup an injective homomorphism between groups. I warn the reader that a subgroup designates here an inclusion $(H \subset G)$, not $H$ alone. A subgroup $H \subset G$ is ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a purely group-theoretic reformulation of an equivalence of subgroups?

There is an equivalence relation between inclusion of finite groups coming from the world of subfactors: Definition: $(H_{1} \subset G_{1}) \sim(H_{2} \subset G_{2})$ if $(R^{G_{1}} \subset ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

Nonlinear Operators(with the group property?)

Let V be a finitely generated vector space with dimension(V) = $n \in \mathbb{N}>1$. Now let T: $ V \to V$ be a map such that $\forall \hat{v},\hat{w} \in V$, $\; T(\hat{v}+\hat{w}) \neq ...
4
votes
2answers
329 views

Are the groups $C( \mathbb{R} ; U(n) )$ isomorphic?

Let $C(\mathbb{R};{U}(n))$ denote the topological group of continuous functions $\mathbb{R}\to {U}(n)$ with pointwise multiplication and compact-open topology. My question is: Are these groups ...
5
votes
0answers
207 views

Find a lower bound for a pre-invariant $Fol(L(F_m), X_m)$

In the paper of Bannon and Ravichandran, A Folner invariant for type $\rm{II}_1$ factors, they defined an invariant $Fol(M)$ for a separable type $\rm{II}_1$ factor $M$, especially for the free group ...
6
votes
2answers
229 views

Quasinilpotent elements of group C-star algebras

If $G$ is a discrete torsion-free group, can its (reduced or full) group C-star algebra contain non-zero quasinilpotent elements? I've seen various examples in the group von Neumann algebra setting ...
5
votes
0answers
244 views

What information about a locally compact group $G$ is encoded in $C_r^\ast(G)$ which is not in $L^1(G)$?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and let $ C_r^\ast(G) $ denote its reduced group $C^\ast$-algebra. Many features of a $G$ can be realized from $L^1(G)$ or $C_r^\ast(G)$. For example, $G$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
252 views

Reference request (or otherwise): Adjoint action

I am interested in clearing up a confusion of mine. I will try to make my question as clear as I can but I apologize in advance if this is not the case. Given a unitary group of some unital ...
8
votes
2answers
362 views

Dimensions of unitary representations of group extensions

Is the property of having a bound on the dimensions of irreducible representations preserved by an extension? For example $G_1=\mathbb{Z}$ and $G_2=\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$ are discrete abelian ...
13
votes
2answers
736 views

Regarding Cayley Graphs of Property (T) Groups

A well-known application of Kazhdan's Property (T) is the construction of expander graphs. Background on this is discussed, for example, in this post on Terry Tao's blog. Essentially, Cayley graphs of ...
2
votes
2answers
508 views

When a name is used for two different notions!

What would you do if you see a notion which you used to work with has two names and the same name you use for this notion is used for another notion too. For example, after the work of J.B. Bost, A. ...
10
votes
1answer
487 views

Strong Atiyah conjecture

Who introduced the Strong Atiyah Conjecture? Recall that the conjecture says the following. Let $G$ be a group, $A$ a $n\times n$-matrix over ${\mathbb Z}G$. We view $A$ as a bounded operator ...
4
votes
2answers
472 views

“Uncertainty principle” for self-adjoint operators in a finite von Neumann algebra

Let $M\subset B(\mathcal H)$ be a finite von Neumann algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space $\mathcal H$., let $P\in M$ be a self-adjoint operator with a pure-point spectrum (for example a ...
9
votes
0answers
316 views

Lacunary hyperbolic groups and weak amenability

In the paper called Lacunary Hyperbolic group, Y. Ol'shanskii, D. Osin and M. Sapir define and characterize the lacunary hyperbolic groups, which contains the hyperbolic groups but also Tarski's ...
10
votes
0answers
447 views

Centralizers of group actions

Let a locally compact group $G$ act on a probability space $(X,\mu)$. Define the centralizer by $C(G)=\{\Delta\in Aut(X,\mu)\mid \Delta(gx)=g\Delta(x)\text{ almost everywhere}\}$. $Aut(X,\mu)$ denotes ...
7
votes
2answers
613 views

Induced representations of topological groups

Sorry if this is a naive question-- I'm trying to learn this stuff (cross-posted from http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/89248/induced-representations-of-topological-groups) If $G$ is a group ...
12
votes
2answers
673 views

Connes' embedding conjecture for uncountable groups

In this topic, I will use the word uncountable group referring to groups whose cardinality is $\leq|\mathbb R|$. Notation: $R$ is the hyperfinite $II_1$-factor, $\omega$ is a free ultrafilter on the ...
6
votes
1answer
351 views

How big are the ultrapowers of the hyperfinite $II_1$-factor?

Let $R$ be the hyperfinite $II_1$-factor. It is well-known that it is the smallest $II_1$-factor, in the sense that every $II_1$-factor contains a copy of $R$. Now, let $\omega$ be a free ...
7
votes
0answers
272 views

Residual finite dimensionality of surface groups

Alex Lubotzky and Yehuda Shalom have shown in Finite representations in the unitary dual and Ramanujan groups., (Discrete geometric analysis, 173–189, Contemp. Math., 347, Amer. Math. Soc., ...
6
votes
1answer
522 views

Actions orbit equivalent to profinite ones

Let $G$ be a countable discrete residually finite group. Is there a way to characterise the actions of $G$ that are orbit-equivalent to profinite ones? Ozawa and Popa introduced the concept of ...
6
votes
0answers
290 views

“topological” conjugacy of group automorphisms

In the paper "Orbit Equivalence and Topological Conjugacy of Affine Actions on Compact Abelian Groups", S. Bhattacharya shows (Theorem 3) the following: Theorem. Given two actions $\alpha$ and ...
9
votes
2answers
846 views

Property (T) for pseudogroups

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space, $S(H)$ be the inverse semigroup (pseudogroup) of linear maps between (closed) subspaces of $H$ preserving the dot product (the operation is composition of partial maps). ...
10
votes
3answers
961 views

Group ring and left zero divisor.

Let $K$ be a finite field and $G$ be a discrete group. Is it true that for every $a,b\in K[G]$ the condition $ab=0$ implies $ba=0$? It does not seem to be related to zero divisor problem, any ...
13
votes
1answer
349 views

Self map of unitary group

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space and let $u_1 \in U(H)$ be a unitary operator on $H$. Consider the self-map $w: U(H) \to U(H)$ which is given by $$w(v) := v^2 u_1 v^{-1}.$$ Since $U(H)$ is connected, there ...
7
votes
1answer
747 views

Ping Pong and Free Group Factors

This question concerns alternative characterizations of free group factors. The ping pong lemma is a well-known criteria for the freeness of a group. I've often wondered if there is a ping pong like ...
4
votes
2answers
327 views

Is every bounded representation of Z unitarisable when all sets are measurable?

For the purpuse of this question, a group is amenable iff there exists a Foelner sequence. Dixmier unitarisability problem asks whether a (countable discrete) group G is amenable iff every bounded ...
13
votes
1answer
584 views

Amenability of groups in terms of a perturbation condition

Let $G$ be a countable group and $\lambda \colon G \to U(\ell^2 G)$ its left-regular representation. Suppose that there exists a constant $C>0$ such that for all $T \in B(\ell^2 G)$ $$\inf ...
3
votes
2answers
540 views

Is Deligne's central extension sofic?

In P. Deligne. Extensions centrales non r´esiduellement finies de groupes arithm´etiques. CR Acad. Sci. Paris, s´erie A-B, 287, 203–208, 1978. Deligne proves the existence of a certain central ...
7
votes
0answers
207 views

Is the “Laplacian” a MASA in a Burnside Factor?

It is a basic fact that every type $II_{1}$ factor posesses a maximal abelian $*$-subalgebra (MASA). My question concerns the concrete realization of such subalgebras. For example, in the free group ...
9
votes
1answer
516 views

Do Burnside Group Factors have Gamma?

The Free Burnside group $G=B(2,665)=\langle a,b|g^{665} \rangle$ is infinite, by the work of Adyan and Novikov. Furthermore, the centralizer of any nonidentity element in $G$ is finite cyclic, and so ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Conjugacy classes and reduced group $C^*$-algebra of an amenable group

The reduced $C^*$-algebra of a non-abelian free group $G$ has a unique trace. Hence, there is no chance to separate conjugacy classes of group elements using traces on $C^\star_{red} G$. On the other ...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

Finite subgroups of unitary groups

Let $n$ be an integer. Camille Jordan showed that there exists some $m \in {\mathbb N}$ (depending on $n$), such that for any pair of $n \times n$-unitaries $u,v \in U(n)$ which generate a finite ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Zero divisor conjecture and idempotent conjecture

Let $G$ be a torsion-free group and $C$ the ring of complex numbers. The zero divisor (idempotent, resp.) conjecture is that there is no nontrivial zerodivisor (idempotent, resp.) in $CG$. The wiki ...
10
votes
1answer
579 views

Examples of groups without the n-positive approximation property

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and let $A(G)$ be the http://eom.springer.de/f/f120080.htm>Fourier algebra of $G$, which we view as the predual of the group von Neumann algebra $\mathcal M(G)$. ...
5
votes
1answer
352 views

Does a crossed product R⋊_α F_n of the hyperfinite factor of type II_1 and a free group have the QWEP?

Let $\mathcal{R}$ be the hyperfinite factor of type $\rm{II}_1$ and let $\mathbb{F}_n$ be a free group with $n$ generators. Let $\alpha$ be an action of $\mathbb{F}_n$ on $\mathcal{R}$. Does the von ...
7
votes
4answers
873 views

Is there an i.c.c. nonamenable simple group that is inner amenable?

A finitely presented, countable discrete group $G$ is amenable if there is a finitely additive measure $m$ on the subsets of $G \backslash${$e$} with total mass 1 and satisfying $m(gX)=mX$ for all ...
6
votes
2answers
439 views

Telling group algebras apart

It's a big, famous, hard problem in operator algebras to determine if the von Neumann algebras $L(F_2)$ and $L(F_3)$ are isomorphic, or not. Here $F_n$ is the free group on n generators and $L(F_n)$ ...
3
votes
2answers
405 views

Reference for von Neumann algebras coming from a group algebra twisted by a 2-cocycle?

I am looking at a von Neumann algebra constructed from a discrete group and a 2-cocylce. Does someone know some good references (article, book)? It would be very helpful for me. To be more precise, ...