7
votes
1answer
231 views

How much does the absolute value of an operator behave like an absolute value?

Recall that the absolute value of a bounded operator $T$ on a Hilbert space $H$ is the unique positive operator $|T|$ such that $$\||T|x\|=\|Tx\|$$ for all $x\in H$. It can be defined using the ...
18
votes
1answer
438 views

“Minimal” group C*-algebra?

Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete group (though this could be asked for general locally compact groups) and consider the Banach $*$-algebra $\ell^1(\Gamma)$. We have two natural $C^*$-algebra completions: ...
5
votes
2answers
163 views

Characterization of ideals in the bounded operators

Let $\mathcal{B}(H)$ denote the C*-algebra of all bounded operators on a separable infinite dimensional complex Hilbert space $H$. It is a well-known fact that $\mathcal{B}_0(H)$, the ideal of compact ...
7
votes
1answer
172 views

Why do the projections in the Calkin algebra not form a lattice?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable complex Hilbert space. Denote by $\mathcal{B}(H)$ the C*-algebra of bounded operators on $H$, $\mathcal{K}(H)$ the ideal of compact operators on $H$, and ...
8
votes
2answers
298 views

Continuity of the product map

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra. Is it possible to characterize $A$ for which the product map defined by $$\sum\limits_{i=1}^n a_i\otimes b_i \mapsto \sum\limits_{i=1}^n a_i b_i$$ is continuous with ...
1
vote
2answers
152 views

Continuous linear functionals in strong operator and $\sigma$-strong topologies

It was mentioned in the comments to http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/517369/comparison-of-strong-operator-and-weak-topologies-on-bh that continuous linear functionals on ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Differentiable Path of Operators and their Inverses

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separable Hilbert space. Consider a differentiable map $\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H}), t \mapsto A(t)$, where $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ is the space of ...
7
votes
0answers
179 views

How many ideals are there in $B(H)^{**}$?

It is well-known (and easy to prove) that the only closed ideals of $B(\ell_2)$ are $\{0\}$, $B(\ell_2)$ and $K(\ell_2)$, the ideal of compact operators on $\ell_2$. I am curious whether we know what ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Predual of a von Neumann algebra in terms of trace class operators

For a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{A} \subseteq \mathcal{B(H)}$ where $\mathcal{B(H)}$ is the space of all bounded linear operators on the Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$, there is a Banach space $ ...
0
votes
0answers
136 views

Can I define Fredholm Index using $\dim \ker ST - \dim \ker TS$?

$X$, $Y$ are Banach spaces. Let $S \in L(X, Y)$, $T \in L(Y, X)$, where $L(X, Y)$ denotes the Banach algebra of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$. If we have that $Id_Y - ST \in \mathbb{K}(Y)$ ...
7
votes
1answer
184 views

What is the general form of the duality transform for the Fock space?

I am interested in properties of the symmetric Fock space, looked at via the associated Wiener space. It is well known that for a Hilbert space $k$, the symmetric Fock space ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Existence of orthogonal projections generating Von Neumann algebras

Let $V$ and $V'$ be Abelian Von Neumann algebras of projections on some Hilbert space $H$, and let $V_{1}$ and $V_{2}$ be minimal sub-algebras of $V$ and $V'$ generated by projections $P_{1} \in V$ ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Closure of pseudodifferential operators of order 0 on compact manifolds

Let $M$ be a compact manifold. If we have a pseudodifferential operator $P$ of order $0$ on $M$, then $P$ is pseudolocal, i.e., every commutator $[f,P]$ with a continuous function $f \in C(M)$ is a ...
7
votes
2answers
216 views

Literature on “real” $C^*$-algebras

I am trying to get a better understanding of "real" $C^*$-algebras. I encountered them in the paper D. Voiculescu, Dual algebraic structures, J. Operator Theory 17(1987), 85-98, which cites G.G. ...
6
votes
1answer
211 views

Infinite tensor product of states

Tensor products of finite number of different objects are always well described in the literature. However, the situation of infinite tensor products seems to be much tougher. Even in the simplest ...
4
votes
0answers
102 views

When is an inner derivation a Fredholm operator?

Let $\mathcal{B}(H)$ denote the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space $H$. I'm interested in inner derivations acting on the Schatten ideals $L^p\subseteq\mathcal{B}(H)$ (defined by ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Continuous depedence of the spectrum on elements

Suppose $a_n \to a$ in a unital C*-algebra $A$. If $\lambda_n \in \sigma(a_n)$ and $\lambda_n \to \lambda$, then $\lambda \in \sigma(a)$. Does the converse hold? So if $\lambda \in \sigma(a)$, does ...
2
votes
2answers
182 views

Lower bounds for norms of commutators

For various reasons I became interested in bounds on the norm of commutators of operators. For instance, if $B(H)$ is the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space, one may ask for a lower bound ...
11
votes
0answers
333 views

Does anybody know if the Fourier algebra of SL(3,Z) has an approximate identity?

(Note to those who like to tidy LaTeX, or ${\rm \LaTeX}$: I kindly request that you don't put any LaTeX in the title of this question, nor change the bolds below to blackboard ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

On the relation between the set of extreme points of the unit ball of $M(X)$ and $M(X)^{**}$

Suppose that $X$ is a locally compact topological space. Let $M(X)$ denote the Banach space of regular Borel measures on $X$. It is known that the bidual of $C_0(X)$ is a commutative $C^*-$algebra. ...
7
votes
1answer
233 views

Realisation of noncommutative torus

One of the most basic examples in noncommutative geometry is the so called noncommutative torus to be denoted by $\mathbb{T}_{\theta}$. As far as I know, there are several equivalent constructions of ...
3
votes
1answer
323 views

Example of an infinite dimensional reflexive Banach algebra

If a $C^\ast$-algebra is reflexive (as a Banach space) then it is finite dimensional. Can anyone provide (or give a reference to) a nice example of an infinite dimensional non-commutative Banach ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Does noncommutative Lp-convergence respect orderings?

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra and $\tau$ a faithful (semi-finite?) normal trace on $M$; as is standard, the $L^p$-norm is defined as $||u||_p=\tau(|u|^p)^{1/p}$. Let $\{u_i\}_{i=1}^\infty$ be a ...
20
votes
0answers
436 views

When are two C*-algebras isomorphic as Banach spaces?

We may consider each $C^*$-algebra as a Banach space (by forgetting the multiplication and adjoint). I wonder how drastic this step is, i.e., which properties of the $C^*$-algebra are reflected by its ...
0
votes
2answers
186 views

Isomorphism theorem for subfactors?

It's about the existence of a generalization of the first isomorphism theorem for groups, for subfactors : Let $(N \subset M)$ and $(N' \subset M')$ be irreducible inclusions of hyperfinite $II_1$ ...
11
votes
2answers
418 views

Can non-central projections still commute with all other projections?

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra and let $\mathcal{P}(A)$ denote the set of projections in $A$. If $p\in\mathcal{P}(A)$ commutes with everything in $\mathcal{P}(A)$ does it necessarily commute with everything ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Examples of special isometries

Are there examples of (distinct) Hilbert spaces $H_1$=$(H,\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle_1)$, $H_2 $=$(H,\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle_2)$ and a linear operator $V: H_1\to H_2$ such that $V^n: H_1\to H_2$ is ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

Does the group of compact perturbations of the identity act transitively on the compact operators?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional (separable if necessary) complex Hilbert space, and denote by $K(H)$ the ideal (in $B(H)$) of compact operators on $H$. Let $G_c=\{I+K\in B(H): I+K \text{ is ...
7
votes
3answers
332 views

Which Sigma-Ideals in a Sigma-Algebra are Ideals of Null Sets?

My question is motivated, to be somewhat vague, by an attempt to see how much a measure space is defined by the set of null sets. In other words, assume we are not given a concrete measure on a space ...
4
votes
1answer
149 views

K-Theory of Algebra of Zeroth Order Pseudo differential operators

Any one knows a reference for computing K_0 of Algebra of zeroth order Pseudo's on a closed manifold in terms of explicit generators? Thanx!
7
votes
1answer
245 views

characterization of commutative Banach algebras

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra with the following property: For every two nets $ x_{\alpha}$ and $y_{\alpha}$ in $A$, $x_{\alpha}y_{\alpha}$ converges if and only if $y_{\alpha}x_{\alpha}$ converges. ...
5
votes
1answer
143 views

Free C^*-algebra

Let $A_0$ be a set of all polynomials with complex coefficients of infinitely many noncommuting (free) variables, denoted by $X_1,X_2,...,X_1^*,X_2^*,...$. We equip $A_0$ with the operation $*:A_0 \to ...
7
votes
3answers
439 views

Universal $C^*$-algebra with generators and relations

We say that the $C^*$-algebra $A$ generated by $a_1,...,a_n$ is universal subject to relations $R_1,...,R_m$ if for every $C^*$-algebra $B$ with elements $b_1,...,b_n$ satisfying relations ...
5
votes
1answer
167 views

A Question About Pure States, Support Projections and Central Covers

I am trying to study the paper Consistency of a Counterexample to Naimark’s Problem by Charles Akemann and Nik Weaver, and there is a claim in Lemma 1 of the paper that I am stuck at, which is as ...
5
votes
0answers
194 views

Essential unitary equivalence

Let us agree that heuristic meaning of the word "essential" is: up to compact operator. There is clear notion of unitary equivalent operators. What is the proper notion of two operators being ...
2
votes
2answers
176 views

Finding the commutant of a von Neumann algebra

Suppose you have a von Neumann algebra $A$ of operators on $H$ and would like to compute its commutant. You have constructed a collection $B\subset A'$ which you suspect generates it (i.e. you think ...
15
votes
1answer
406 views

Operator Valued Kadison--Singer Problem

The Paving Conjecture, which is equivalent to the famous Kadison--Singer Problem, was spectacularly settled in the affirmative by Marcus--Spielman--Srivastava (arxiv:1306.3969). Let $E$ denote the ...
9
votes
2answers
369 views

Is $\mathcal{B}^{\mathbb{Z}}(l^\infty(\mathbb{Z}))$ a commutative algebra?

Consider $l^\infty(\mathbb{Z})$ the Banach space of bounded complex valued functions on the abelian group $\mathbb{Z}$ with the supremum norm. It has a natural action by $\mathbb{Z}$ given by ...
6
votes
0answers
184 views

A non-hyperfinite type III factor from an action of the free group on the circle

We define below a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{M}$ from an action of the free group on the circle, and we prove that $\mathcal{M}$ is a non-hyperfinite type III factor. Question : Is ...
6
votes
2answers
313 views

C*-algebraic representation of observables vs self-adjoint operators one

I am trying to reconcile the "physicist" definition of an observable: self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space, and the operational one as given by Strocchi in "An introduction to the mathematical ...
10
votes
1answer
471 views

Is there a proof that the $C^{*}$-algebras don't see the invariant subspace problem?

This post is an appendix of this one. Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is ...
3
votes
0answers
334 views

About generator and isomorphism problems for free groups operator algebras

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space. The $C^{*}$-algebras and von Neumann here unital and subalgebras of $B(H)$. Definition : Let $\mathcal{A}$ be $C^{*}$-algebra (resp. a ...
2
votes
1answer
312 views

Is there an operator algebraic reformulation of the invariant subspace problem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is there a non-trivial closed $T$-invariant ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

“Generators” of one-parameter groups of isometries

Let $E$ be a Banach space, and let $(\sigma_t)$ be a strongly continuous one-parameter group on $E$: so for $t\in\mathbb R$, we have that $\sigma_t$ is a contraction on $E$, $\sigma_t ...
5
votes
1answer
267 views

Is the fundamental group of $II_{1}$ factors invariant under a relation?

This issue is in continuation of an answer I gave here about noncommutative sets. In order to define the equivalence relation, let's first recall the Tomita-Takesaki modular theory and ...
5
votes
1answer
321 views

Is there an irreducible, noncompact commuting, nonnormal operator, with spectrum strictly continuous?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space. Definition: The commutant $\mathcal{S}'$ of a subset $\mathcal{S} \subset B(H)$ is $ \{A \in B(H) : AB=BA \ , \ \forall B \in \mathcal{S} ...
3
votes
0answers
169 views

Is the fundamental group of a maximal subfactor always $\mathbb{R}_{+}^{*}$?

The fundamental group $\mathcal{F}(N \subset M)$ of an inclusion of $II_{1}$ factors $N \subset M$ is defined as : $\mathcal{F}(N \subset M) =\{t >0 \ | \ (N \subset M)^{t} \simeq (N \subset M) ...
17
votes
1answer
465 views

On complemented von Neumann algebras

Edit: according to Narutaka Ozawa, question 3) is still open in the type $\mathrm{II}_1$ case. In other terms, it is not known whether every topologically complemented type $\mathrm{II}_1$ factor in ...
7
votes
1answer
231 views

Is a C* completion of a nuclear Fréchet algebra a nuclear C* algebra?

I am sure that this is well known in the right places, but: Is the C* completion of a star nuclear Fréchet algebra a nuclear C* algebra? (Suppose that the C* norm is continuous with respect to the ...
4
votes
1answer
182 views

Fredholmness of an operator-valued Toeplitz operator

Let $f$ be an invertible element of $C({\mathbb{T}}; C_b(r,1))$, that is, there exists a $f^{-1}\in C({\mathbb{T}}; C_b(r,1))$ such that for all $z\in {\mathbb{T}}$, $f(z)f^{-1}(z)=1$ in $C_b(r,1)$. ...