5
votes
1answer
297 views

Are the Szpiro ratios of 37b1 over certain number fields {33,39,42,48,51,66}?

Related to this question. According to Hindry p.7 Conj 3.1 and Stein's notes Szpiro's conjecture over number fields states that the Szpiro ratio is: $$ ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Go I Know Not Whither and Fetch I Know Not What

Next day: apparently my original question is harder, by far, than the other bits. So: it is a finite check, I was able to confirm by computer that, if the polynomial below satisfies $$ f(a,b,c,d) ...
1
vote
0answers
152 views

Is it trivial to get $200$ algebraic abc triples of equal quality $1.6978…$ over isomorphic number fields?

Got $200$ algebraic abc triples over distinct though isomorphic number fields of equal quality $1.6978...$ Strongly suspect I can get as many as I like (assuming the computations are correct). Is ...
9
votes
2answers
445 views

Can there be a power basis for a totally real field of high degree?

A number field $K$ is said to have a power basis if there is an $\alpha \in K$ such that the full ring of integers $O_K$ is the $\mathbb{Z}$-linear span of ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

lattice in number field already a fractional ideal?

Let $K=\mathbb{Q}[\alpha]$ where $\alpha$ is integral over $\mathbb{Z}$ such that the Galois hull of $K$ can be embedded in $\mathbb{R}$. Let $S=\mathbb{Z}[\alpha]$. Let $x_1, \ldots , x_n$ be a ...
7
votes
2answers
380 views

Is realness of number fields exponentially bounded?

In a given non-real algebraic number field (say, given by an irreducible polynomial over $\mathbb{Q}$) is there a complexity bound on the summands $x,\dots,t$ that make $-1$ a sum of squares? So ...
6
votes
1answer
245 views

Degree of Kummer extensions of number fields

Let $K$ be a number field and $a\in K^*$ of infinite order in $K^*$. How do I show that $$[K(\sqrt[n]{a},\zeta_n):K]\geq C\cdot n\cdot\varphi(n)$$ holds for all positive integers $n$, with a positive ...
1
vote
1answer
277 views

Number field of degree 5

I am interested in field extensions of the rationals. About degree 3 extensions there are many refrences including the famous paper of Shanks "The Simplest Cubic Fields". In particular he gave ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Aurifeuillean factorization with number fields

Basically the question is if number fields can be used in Aurifeuillean factorization. Probably this is easy and the answer is "no". Let $f,g \in \mathbb{Z}[x], a \in \mathbb{N}$. Let $f(x)$ and ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Definability of orderings on a formally real number field

For vector basis $b_1,..,b_n$ on a finite extension $F$ of $\mathbb{Q}$, where $-1$ is not a sum of squares, each linear order on $F$ is determined by an order on the basis. This uses information ...
4
votes
2answers
328 views

On class numbers $h(-d)$ and the diophantine equation $x^2+dy^2 = 2^{2+h(-d)}$

Given fundamental discriminant $d \equiv -1 \bmod 8$ such that the quadratic imaginary number field $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-d})$ has odd class number $h(-d)$. Is it true that one can always solve the ...
7
votes
2answers
324 views

Number of ways to write an integer as a product of irreducibles

Is there any way to tell the number of distinct ways to factor $a\in\mathcal{O}_k$ (up to units, of course) when $k$ is not a PID? A simple investigation in $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-5})$ with integer ring ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Divisor bounds of ideals in number fields

Let $K$ be an algebraic number field and let $I$ be an ideal in $O_K$ (the ring of integers). Denote by $d(I)$ the number of ideals that divide $I$. So if $I= \prod_{i=1}^k p_i^{e_i}$ is the ...
6
votes
2answers
520 views

Simultaneous Powers Far From 1

I'm looking for a reference or proof of the following. Let $K/\mathbb{Q}$ be a finite Galois extension of degree $n$. Let $a_1,\ldots,a_n$ be Galois conjugate elements in the ring of integers of $K$ ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Lower Degree Elements in an Algebraic Number Field

Fix an algebraic integer $\alpha$ of degree $n$ such that the extension $K=\mathbf{Q}(\alpha)/\mathbf{Q}$ has intermediate fields. (We can assume $K$ is Galois with non-simple Galois group.) This ...
1
vote
0answers
131 views

Full $n$-torsion of elliptic curves and the cyclotomic field of order $n$

Hi, overflowers. I have a question concerning the torsion of elliptic curves over number fields. Let us consider an elliptic curve $E$ defined over ${\mathbb Q}$. From the Weil pairing one can ...
20
votes
0answers
932 views

Orders in number fields

Let $K$ be a degree $n$ extension of ${\mathbb Q}$ with ring of integers $R$. An order in $K$ is a subring with identity of $R$ which is a ${\mathbb Z}$-module of rank $n$. Question: Let $p$ be an ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

ramification of discrete valuation field

Let $K$ be a discrete valuation field with valuation $v:K\rightarrow \mathbb Z\cup \{\infty\}$ which is normalized by $v(\pi)=1$ for a prime element $\pi$. Let $v:\overline K\rightarrow \mathbb ...
0
votes
1answer
556 views

A question on Cebotarev's density theorem

Let $K$ be a number field, $d$ a positive integer and $S$ a finite set of places of $K$. By Cebotarev, there exists a finite set of finite places $T$ disjoint from $S$ such that the conjugacy classes ...
1
vote
0answers
218 views

The field $\mathbb{Q}(\cos \frac {2\pi} {n})$ [closed]

Let $x$ be $\cos \displaystyle \frac {2\pi} {n}$ for some natural number $n$. Then is there an integer $n$ such that $\mathbb{Q}(x^2+x)\neq \mathbb{Q}(x)$? I also would like to know if there is some ...
2
votes
1answer
255 views

Is there a Dirichlet Unitary Unit Theorem?

Dirichlet's unit theorem computes the group of units of the algebraic numbers of a number field. There are a few generalisations for orders available. Assume the order has an involution. For example, ...
4
votes
2answers
340 views

Subject to some conditions, is it possible to conclude a subfield of an abelian extension generated by a unit is a cyclic extension

My research is mostly in the area of modular categories. In the course of my research I came across a constraining set of number theoretic conditions that I'd like to exploit. It has been pointed out ...
11
votes
2answers
346 views

Records for low-height points on elliptic curves over number fields

Elkies maintains a list of nontorsion points of low height on elliptic curves over Q; does anyone know of anything similar for curves over number fields? Everest and Ward give examples of points of ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

$Q(\sqrt{2})=Q((\sqrt{2}+1)^n)$

Observe that we have $Q(\sqrt{2})=Q((\sqrt{2}+1)^n)$. More generally, assume that $K$ is a finite extension of Q. Is there any $\alpha \in K$ such that $K=Q(\alpha^n)$ for every $n \in N$?
1
vote
1answer
305 views

The union of the totally split primes

Let $R$ be a Dedekind domain with quotient field $K$, let $L$ be a finite separable extension of $K$, and let $S$ be the integral closure of $R$ in $L$. If $\mathfrak{p}$ is a nonzero prime ideal of ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

The divisor bound in number fields

The divisor bound asserts that for a large (rational) integer $n \in {\bf Z}$, the number of divisors of $n$ is at most $n^{o(1)}$ as $n \to \infty$. It is not difficult to prove this bound using the ...
10
votes
1answer
564 views

local-global principle for units

Say that $L/K$ is a quadratic extension of number fields with $K$ totally real and $L$ totally imaginary. Then the Hasse norm theorem says that an element of $K$ that is everywhere a local norm is ...
0
votes
2answers
492 views

Which numbers appear as discriminants of cubics?

I'm trying to show that all possible splitting fields occur for a class of cubic polynomials, so have started by looking at the discriminants. Clearly, given that they are products of squares, all ...
9
votes
2answers
425 views

Which polynomials arise as formulas for a conjugate

For any integer $r \geq 2$, et $V_r$ be the set of polynomials $Q \in {\mathbb Q}[X]$ of degree $r-1$ such that there is an algebraic number $\alpha$ of degree $r$ , such that $Q(\alpha)$ is a ...
2
votes
1answer
642 views

A subring question (revised)

Hello, Let $K/{\mathbb Q}$ be a finite extension which is not necessarily Galois, and ${\mathcal O}$ be the ring of integers of $K$. Let $p$ be a prime in ${\mathbb Q}$ and let $p {\mathcal ...
8
votes
2answers
459 views

If the n-th root of unity exists locally, does it exist globally?

My question is: is it true that $\zeta_n$ is in $K$ (a number field) iff $\zeta_n$ is in all but finitely many of the $K_{\mathfrak{p}}$?
18
votes
1answer
1k views

Are class numbers encoded in the absolute Galois group of ${\mathbb Q}$?

The absolute Galois group $G_{\mathbb Q}=\text{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb Q}/\mathbb Q)$, as a profinite group, encodes a lot of things: the whole lattice of number fields (closed subgroups of finite index), ...
0
votes
1answer
248 views

extensions of number fields

Let $k$ be a number field, and $F/k$ a finite extension. I would like to find a countable family of extensions $k_i/k$ of degree 2 and a place $v_i$ of $k_i$ such that if $v$ is the place of $k$ ...
18
votes
1answer
663 views

How random are unit lattices in number fields?

I was wondering how random unit lattices in number fields are. To make this more precise: If $K$ is a number field with embeddings $\sigma_1, \dots, \sigma_n, \overline{\sigma_{r+1}}, \dots, ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

Why is every quadratic subfield of a Galois extension of the rationals with the quaternions as Galois group real?

Suppose that L is a field extension of the rationals with Galois group the quaternions Q={1,-1,i,-i,j,-j,k,-k}. Furthermore assume that L contains a quadratic subfield K. I have learned from this link ...
5
votes
1answer
837 views

Dirichlet's theorem for number fields

I'd like to see a formulation of Dirichlet's theorem for number fields, i.e. some analogue of the assertion: The number of primes less than $N$ congruent to $a \pmod{m}$ where $(a,m)=1$ is ...
9
votes
2answers
613 views

Why the roots of unity are the analogs of constants ?

Hello, Joel Dogde, in a comment on his question "Roots of unity in different completions of a number field", says the following, about the analogy between number fields and function fields : ...
6
votes
1answer
453 views

Roots of unity in different completions of a number field

For any field $k$, let $\mu(k)$ denote the roots of unity in $k$. Now let $k$ be a number field and let $v, w$ be non-archimedean primes of $k$ with distinct residual characteristics. Does there ...
7
votes
2answers
765 views

number fields generated by units of number fields

Which number fields are generated by the units of some number field? That is, if $K$ is a number field and $U(K)$ its group of units, the field $k = \mathbb{Q}(U(K))$ is a subfield of $K$. But which ...
42
votes
4answers
3k views

Degree of sum of algebraic numbers

This is an elementary question (coming from an undergraduate student) about algebraic numbers, to which I don't have a complete answer. Let $a$ and $b$ be algebraic numbers, with respective degrees ...
21
votes
4answers
2k views

Which number fields are monogenic? and related questions

A number field $K$ is said to be monogenic when $\mathcal{O}_K=\mathbb{Z}[\alpha]$ for some $\alpha\in\mathcal{O}_K$. What is currently known about which $K$ are monogenic? Which are not? From ...
6
votes
1answer
593 views

Is there an analog of class field theory over an arbitrary infinite field of algebraic numbers?

Recently, I found a paper by Schilling http://www.jstor.org/pss/2371426, which mentions that for certain infinite field of algebraic numbers there is an analog of class field theory. By infinite field ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Why isn't there a structure with two primes?

I don't know whether this question is a bit too vague for MO or not, so feel free to delete it if you see fit. The p-adic integer is defined by taking the inverse limit $\ldots \mathbb{Z} / p^2 ...
1
vote
2answers
293 views

Infinite collection of elements of a number field with very similar annihilating polynomials

Hello all, let $n$ be an integer $\geq 2$ and let $\alpha$ be an algebraic number of degree $n$. Let $R$ be the ring of algebraic integers in ${\mathbb Q}(\alpha)$, and let $B$ be the subset of $R$ ...
2
votes
3answers
745 views

Unit in a number field with same absolute value at a real and a complex place

I was asked whether it was possible to produce a monic polynomial with integer coefficients, constant coefficient equal to $1$, having a real root $r > 1$ and a pair of complex roots with absolute ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Computing (on a computer) higher ramification groups and/or conductors of representations.

I am supervising an undergraduate for a project in which he's going to talk about the relationship between Galois representations and modular forms. We decided we'd figure out a few examples of weight ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

Given a number field $K$, when is its Hilbert class field an abelian extension of $\mathbb{Q}$?

Given a number field $K$, when is its Hilbert class field an abelian extension of $\mathbb{Q}$? I am going to be on the road soon, so pleas don't be offended if I don't respond quickly to a comment.
14
votes
3answers
2k views

sum of squares in ring of integers

Lagrange proved that every (positive) rational integer is a sum of 4 squares. Are there general results like this for ring of integers of a number field? Is this class field theory? Explicity, ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How many primes stay inert in a finite (non-cyclic) extension of number fields?

In the following suppose L/K is a finite Galois extension of number fields, (maybe it works for other cases also, I don't know) By the Chebotorev density theorem when Gal(L/K) is cyclic, there are ...
12
votes
5answers
1k views

Families of number fields of prime discriminant

When I am testing conjectures I have about number fields, I usually want to control the ramification, especially minimize to a single prime with tame ramification. Hence, I usually look for fields of ...