The number-fields tag has no wiki summary.

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**1**answer

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### Continued fraction expansion of an algebraic number and its conjugates

Let $w$ be an element of a Galois extension $L:\mathbb{Q}$ such that $\text{Gal}(L/\mathbb{Q})=\langle g\rangle$ is cyclic of order $n$ (here $\mathbb{Q}$ is rationals). Suppose we know the continued ...

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votes

**9**answers

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### Why are polynomials so useful in mathematics?

This is perhaps unanswerable,
or perhaps I am too algebraically ignorant to phrase it cogently, but:
Is there some identifiable reason that polynomials over
$\mathbb{C}$,
$\mathbb{R}$, ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

126 views

### unit group of biquadratic fields

In the unit group of a real biquadratic field, what is the index of the product of the unit groups of its three quadratic subfields?
Is the index 1 if discriminant of these three subfields are always ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

164 views

### lattice in number field already a fractional ideal?

Let $K=\mathbb{Q}[\alpha]$ where $\alpha$ is integral over $\mathbb{Z}$ such that the Galois hull of $K$ can be embedded in $\mathbb{R}$. Let $S=\mathbb{Z}[\alpha]$. Let $x_1, \ldots , x_n$ be a ...

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votes

**2**answers

377 views

### Is realness of number fields exponentially bounded?

In a given non-real algebraic number field (say, given by an irreducible polynomial over $\mathbb{Q}$) is there a complexity bound on the summands $x,\dots,t$ that make $-1$ a sum of squares? So ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

237 views

### Degree of Kummer extensions of number fields

Let $K$ be a number field and $a\in K^*$ of infinite order in $K^*$. How do I show that
$$[K(\sqrt[n]{a},\zeta_n):K]\geq C\cdot n\cdot\varphi(n)$$
holds for all positive integers $n$, with a positive ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

273 views

### Number field of degree 5

I am interested in field extensions of the rationals. About degree 3 extensions there are many refrences including the famous paper of Shanks "The Simplest Cubic Fields". In particular he gave ...

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votes

**1**answer

69 views

### Significance of the sign of the field norm for units in real quadratic fields

Let $k = \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{m})$, where $m \equiv 1 \pmod{8}$. Let $\epsilon$ be the fundamental unit of $k$ satisfying $\epsilon > 1$.
A paper I'm reading involves studying the 2-torsion fields ...

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**0**answers

33 views

### sufficiency of the relative discriminant to be a square of an ideal for an unramified quadratic extension

Is it sufficient for a quadratic extension of a cubic number field to have a relative discriminant as a square of an ideal for being unramified extension (excluding primes dividing 2 for the sake of ...

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votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Aurifeuillean factorization with number fields

Basically the question is if number fields can be used
in Aurifeuillean factorization.
Probably this is easy and the answer is "no".
Let $f,g \in \mathbb{Z}[x], a \in \mathbb{N}$.
Let $f(x)$ and ...

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votes

**0**answers

54 views

### existence of elements with specific norms in pure cubic fields

Is there any specific way to find an element with a given norm in pure cubic field? say for an example an element of norm 5 in pure (monogenic) cubic field of 11.
it is easy to check that 5 as an ...

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votes

**1**answer

126 views

### Definability of orderings on a formally real number field

For vector basis $b_1,..,b_n$ on a finite extension $F$ of $\mathbb{Q}$, where $-1$ is not a sum of squares, each linear order on $F$ is determined by an order on the basis. This uses information ...

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votes

**2**answers

322 views

### On class numbers $h(-d)$ and the diophantine equation $x^2+dy^2 = 2^{2+h(-d)}$

Given fundamental discriminant $d \equiv -1 \bmod 8$ such that the quadratic imaginary number field $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-d})$ has odd class number $h(-d)$. Is it true that one can always solve the ...

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votes

**2**answers

306 views

### Number of ways to write an integer as a product of irreducibles

Is there any way to tell the number of distinct ways to factor $a\in\mathcal{O}_k$ (up to units, of course) when $k$ is not a PID? A simple investigation in $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-5})$ with integer ring ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### One parameter families of elliptic curves over rings of integers of number fields

Let $A(n), B(n) \in \mathbb{Z}[n]$ be polynomials, not both constant, such that $4A^3(n) + 27B^2(n)$ is not the zero polynomial and the polynomial (in variables $x, y$) $$y^2 - x^3 - A(n)x - B(n) \in ...

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votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Irreducibility of trinomials over number fields

I wonder if the following is known or, not very difficult to see:
Let $K$ be a number field and $\alpha \in K$ be nonzero. Does there necessarily exist a positive integer $n > 1$ such that the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### Irreducibility of trinomials

I wonder if the following is known or, not very difficult to see:
Let $K$ be a number field and $A, B \in \mathcal{O}_K$ be nonzero integers of $K$. Does there necessarily exist a positive integer $n ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Divisor bounds of ideals in number fields

Let $K$ be an algebraic number field and let $I$ be an ideal in $O_K$ (the ring of integers).
Denote by $d(I)$ the number of ideals that divide $I$.
So if $I= \prod_{i=1}^k p_i^{e_i}$ is the ...

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votes

**2**answers

518 views

### Simultaneous Powers Far From 1

I'm looking for a reference or proof of the following. Let $K/\mathbb{Q}$ be a finite Galois extension of degree $n$. Let $a_1,\ldots,a_n$ be Galois conjugate elements in the ring of integers of $K$ ...

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**1**answer

340 views

### Irreducibility of the trinomial over Q

I'm trying to find an algebraic proof of irreducibility of the polynomial $x^n-x-1$ over rational numbers (or integers, which the same). I've read the Selmer's paper "On the irreducibility of certain ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

156 views

### Lower Degree Elements in an Algebraic Number Field

Fix an algebraic integer $\alpha$ of degree $n$
such that the extension $K=\mathbf{Q}(\alpha)/\mathbf{Q}$ has intermediate fields.
(We can assume $K$ is Galois with non-simple Galois group.)
This ...

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votes

**2**answers

507 views

### Quintic polynomial solution by Jacobi Theta function.

Does someone have a good and rigorous reference for the solution of quintic ploynomial equation with Jacobi Theta function, in English?
Mathworld and Wikipedia don't give a good English reference, at ...

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**0**answers

127 views

### Full $n$-torsion of elliptic curves and the cyclotomic field of order $n$

Hi, overflowers.
I have a question concerning the torsion of elliptic curves over number fields.
Let us consider an elliptic curve $E$ defined over ${\mathbb Q}$. From the Weil pairing one can ...

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**0**answers

912 views

### Orders in number fields

Let $K$ be a degree $n$ extension of ${\mathbb Q}$ with ring of integers $R$. An order in $K$ is a subring with identity of $R$ which is a ${\mathbb Z}$-module of rank $n$.
Question: Let $p$ be an ...

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votes

**1**answer

130 views

### ramification of discrete valuation field

Let $K$ be a discrete valuation field with valuation $v:K\rightarrow \mathbb Z\cup \{\infty\}$ which is normalized by $v(\pi)=1$ for a prime element $\pi$. Let $v:\overline K\rightarrow \mathbb ...

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votes

**4**answers

900 views

### The “interplay” between additive and multiplicative structure in a field

A field is an ordered triple $(F, +,\cdot)$ of a set $F$ and binary operations $+,\times$ on $F$ such that $(F,+)$ and $(F\backslash 0,\times)$ are abelian groups satisfying the distributive laws
...

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votes

**3**answers

333 views

### Useful notion of unramified Galois representation

Let $\mathbf C(t)$ be the field of rational functions and let $\overline{\mathbf C(t)}$ be an algebraic closure. Let $G$ be the Galois group of $\overline {\mathbf C(t)}$ over $\mathbf C(t)$.
Let ...

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**2**answers

555 views

### Is it known if the absolute Galois group is “divisible”?

The definitions of a divisible group that I have seen all seem to assume abelian is an a priori property of the group. My question is as to whether or not it is known that--given a non-torsion element ...

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**0**answers

110 views

### Comparing ideal class numbers of different orders

Let $P$ be a monic irreducible integral polynomial. Let $K=\mathbf Q[X]/(P)$ be the associated number field, $\mathcal O$ be its ring of integers and $R$ be the order $\mathbf Z[X]/(P)$.
(In general, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

552 views

### A question on Cebotarev's density theorem

Let $K$ be a number field, $d$ a positive integer and $S$ a finite set of places of $K$.
By Cebotarev, there exists a finite set of finite places $T$ disjoint from $S$ such that the conjugacy classes ...

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vote

**0**answers

216 views

### The field $\mathbb{Q}(\cos \frac {2\pi} {n})$ [closed]

Let $x$ be $\cos \displaystyle \frac {2\pi} {n}$ for some natural number $n$.
Then is there an integer $n$ such that $\mathbb{Q}(x^2+x)\neq \mathbb{Q}(x)$?
I also would like to know if there is some ...

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votes

**1**answer

254 views

### Is there a Dirichlet Unitary Unit Theorem?

Dirichlet's unit theorem computes the group of units of the algebraic numbers of a number field. There are a few generalisations for orders available.
Assume the order has an involution. For example, ...

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**2**answers

337 views

### Subject to some conditions, is it possible to conclude a subfield of an abelian extension generated by a unit is a cyclic extension

My research is mostly in the area of modular categories. In the course of my research I came across a constraining set of number theoretic conditions that I'd like to exploit. It has been pointed out ...

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**0**answers

167 views

### Ring of Integers as subring with most irreducibles

Let $L$ be a number field. Is it possible to define its ring of integers $R$ by saying it's the subring with (in a fuzzy sense) the "most" irreducibles?

**5**

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**0**answers

457 views

### Elliptic curve with no points in a number field

The following is probably well-known (I'd appreciate a link):
for a field $K$ that is a finite extension of the field of rational numbers, give a polynomial $f(x,y) ∈ Q[x,y]$ of the form $y^2 − x^3 ...

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**0**answers

135 views

### bounds for the covering radius (or diameter of the Voronoi cell) of a lattice coming from a number field

Let $K$ be a number field and $O$ an order in $K$. Denote the real embeddings of $K$ by $\sigma_1,\dots,\sigma_s$ and the non-real complex embeddings of $K$ by ...

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**2**answers

340 views

### Records for low-height points on elliptic curves over number fields

Elkies maintains a list of nontorsion points of low height on elliptic curves over Q; does anyone know of anything similar for curves over number fields?
Everest and Ward give examples of points of ...

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**4**answers

2k views

### $Q(\sqrt{2})=Q((\sqrt{2}+1)^n)$

Observe that we have $Q(\sqrt{2})=Q((\sqrt{2}+1)^n)$.
More generally, assume that $K$ is a finite extension of Q. Is there any $\alpha \in K$ such that $K=Q(\alpha^n)$ for every $n \in N$?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

628 views

### Is there a section disjoint from 0, 1 and infinity on the projective line

Let $K$ be a number field with ring of integers $O_K$. Is there a section of $\mathbf{P}^1_{O_K}$ over $O_K$ whose image is disjoint from $0$, $1$ and $\infty$? If $K=\mathbf{Q}$ this is not possible ...

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**1**answer

296 views

### The union of the totally split primes

Let $R$ be a Dedekind domain with quotient field $K$, let $L$ be a finite separable extension of $K$, and let $S$ be the integral closure of $R$ in $L$. If $\mathfrak{p}$ is a nonzero prime ideal of ...

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**2**answers

1k views

### The divisor bound in number fields

The divisor bound asserts that for a large (rational) integer $n \in {\bf Z}$, the number of divisors of $n$ is at most $n^{o(1)}$ as $n \to \infty$. It is not difficult to prove this bound using the ...

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**1**answer

553 views

### local-global principle for units

Say that $L/K$ is a quadratic extension of number fields with $K$ totally real and $L$ totally imaginary.
Then the Hasse norm theorem says that an element of $K$ that is everywhere a local norm is ...

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votes

**2**answers

478 views

### Which numbers appear as discriminants of cubics?

I'm trying to show that all possible splitting fields occur for a class of cubic polynomials, so have started by looking at the discriminants.
Clearly, given that they are products of squares, all ...

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**2**answers

422 views

### Which polynomials arise as formulas for a conjugate

For any integer $r \geq 2$, et $V_r$ be the set of polynomials $Q \in {\mathbb Q}[X]$ of degree $r-1$ such that there is an algebraic number $\alpha$ of degree $r$ , such that
$Q(\alpha)$ is a ...

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**1**answer

639 views

### A subring question (revised)

Hello,
Let $K/{\mathbb Q}$ be a finite extension which is not necessarily Galois, and ${\mathcal O}$ be the ring of integers of $K$. Let $p$ be a prime in ${\mathbb Q}$ and let
$p {\mathcal ...

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**2**answers

459 views

### If the n-th root of unity exists locally, does it exist globally?

My question is: is it true that $\zeta_n$ is in $K$ (a number field) iff $\zeta_n$ is in all but finitely many of the $K_{\mathfrak{p}}$?

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**1**answer

1k views

### Are class numbers encoded in the absolute Galois group of ${\mathbb Q}$?

The absolute Galois group $G_{\mathbb Q}=\text{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb Q}/\mathbb Q)$, as a profinite group, encodes a lot of things: the whole lattice of number fields (closed subgroups of finite index), ...

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**1**answer

246 views

### extensions of number fields

Let $k$ be a number field, and $F/k$ a finite extension. I would like to find a countable family of extensions $k_i/k$ of degree 2 and a place $v_i$ of $k_i$ such that if $v$ is the place of $k$ ...

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**1**answer

644 views

### How random are unit lattices in number fields?

I was wondering how random unit lattices in number fields are. To make this more precise:
If $K$ is a number field with embeddings $\sigma_1, \dots, \sigma_n, \overline{\sigma_{r+1}}, \dots, ...

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votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Why is every quadratic subfield of a Galois extension of the rationals with the quaternions as Galois group real?

Suppose that L is a field extension of the rationals with Galois group the quaternions Q={1,-1,i,-i,j,-j,k,-k}. Furthermore assume that L contains a quadratic subfield K. I have learned from this link ...