# Tagged Questions

Prime numbers, diophantine equations, analytic or algebraic number theory, arithmetic geometry, Galois theory, transcendental number theory, continued fractions

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### How many integer solutions of $a^2+b^2=c^2+d^2+n$ are there?

Are there any references to study the integer solutions (existence and how many) of Diophantine equations like $a^2+b^2=c^2+d^2+2$, $a^2+b^2=c^2+d^2+3$, $a^2+b^2=c^2+d^2+5$...? Actually, I can prove ...
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### Is the analogue of the Simple Continued Fraction in p-adic number fields useful?

Is there an analogue of the Simple Continued Fraction in p-adic number fields? Is it useful and does it have relations to best rational approximation in the p-adic sense? In the analytic case there is ...
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### Clarification on the weak BSD conjecture

It is usually told that Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer developped their famous conjecture after studying the growth of the function $$f_E(x) = \prod_{p \le x}\frac{|E(\mathbb{F}_p)|}{p}$$ as $x$ tends to ...
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### Clarification request on sign changes of Hecke eigenvalues

In their paper 'Sign changes of Hecke eigenvalues', Matomaki and Radziwill established in Lemma 6.2 the following result: There exists absolute positive constants $c$ and $\eta$ such that uniformly in ...
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### On progress towards inverse Galois problem over rationals

I have heard that Progress towards the Inverse Galois problem over $\mathbb{Q}$ is very well documented for sporadic groups ($M_{23}$ is the only case open) and for $PSL_n(q)$. From where I can read ...
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### Simultaneous $\pmod{p}$ congruences of two ternary quadratic forms

Let $$\displaystyle f(x_1,x_2,x_3) = a_1 x_1^2 + a_2 x_2^2 + a_3 x_3^2,$$ $$\displaystyle g(x_1, x_2, x_3) = b_1 x_1^2 + b_2 x_2^2 + b_3 x_3^2$$ be two integral ternary quadratic forms with $f$ ...
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### Effective prime number theorem

The prime number theorem implies that for every $ϵ>0$, there is $n_\epsilon$ such that for all $n≥n_\epsilon$ the number of primes in $[n,cn]$ is at least $\frac{(c−1−\epsilon)n}{\log n}$ and at ...
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### Proof for new deterministic primality test possible?

Conjecture: Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$ and $n$ odd. Then the number $N=2^2 + n^2$ is prime, if and only if $N$ divides $2^{(N-1)/2} + 1$. Thanks.
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### Infiniteness of the Galois cohomology over a number field with coefficients in a finite Galois module

Let $k$ be a number field and $M$ be a nonzero finite discrete $\mathrm{Gal}(\bar k/k)$-module. Is it true that $H^1(k,M)$ is infinite? This would complete the answer of Daniel Loughran. There is a ...
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### Primitive element for a number field, and ramification

Let $K=\mathbb Q(\theta)$ be a number field with integral primitive element $\theta$, and let $f(x)$ be the minimal polynomial of $\theta$. Let $p$ be a rational prime. It's well known that if $p$ ...
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### Globalizing local field extensions with controlled ramification

Let $K_1/k_1, \ldots, K_r/k_r$ be "separable cyclic" extensions of degree $n$ where each $k_i$ is a local field of characteristic 0 (archimedean or not). By separable cyclic of degree $n$, I mean the ...
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### What interesting information can be deduced from knowledge of how deep a geodesic ventures into the cusp

First of all I have to apologise as I am not a geometer and my knowledge of geometry is poor. Let $M$ be the modular surface and $\gamma$ to denote a geodesic in $M$. In the the following paper by ...
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### Characters of simply connected semsimple algebraic groups over local fields

Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group over $\mathbb{Q}_p$. Then by definition $G$ admits no non-trivial algebraic characters, i.e. homomorphisms $G \to \mathbb{G}_m$. However, it is quite possible ...
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### Uniform bound on the Mordell-Weil rank of elliptic curves

I want to know that if there is an uniform upper bound for the rank of elliptic curves over $\mathbb{C}(t)$, the rational function field over complex numbers, and generaly over the function field of ...
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### Estimating exponential sum of the form $\sum e( \alpha_1 f + \alpha_2 L)$, where $f$ is quadratic and $L$ is linear, on the minor arcs

Let $f(x_1, x_2, x_3)$ be a degree two homogeneous polynomial with coefficients in $\mathbb{Z}$. Let $L(x_1, x_2, x_3)$ be a linear homogeneous polynomial with with coefficients in $\mathbb{Z}$. Let ...
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### “Algebrazing” canonical subgroups of elliptic curves

I'm puzzled by a part of the construction of the canonical subgroup of a "not too supersingular" elliptic curve. In Katz's paper, one produces a subgroup of the formal group of the elliptic curve but ...
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### On attempting a proof for $r > 1$, if $M = {2^r}{b^2}$ is an even almost perfect number which is not a power of two

(Preamble: I first thought that this question might be more appropriate for MSE. However, I posted it here nonetheless in the hope that someone with that brilliant idea can help with answering my ...
### Is every Polish ring topology on $\mathbb{C}$ defined by an absolute value?
There is a unique up to isomorphism algebraically closed field of characteristic 0 and cardinality of the continuum. Let's call it $K$. We usually call it $\mathbb{C}$, but by this we impose a ...