**3**

votes

**2**answers

268 views

### Is it normal surface of general type to have infinitely many positive rank elliptic curves?

Cross-posted from MSE.
I am not good at algebraic geometry and almost surely am
misunderstanding something.
Got an alleged argument against Bombieri-Lang conjecture and
would like to know what the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

87 views

### Question about expression of a sum of two Hecke eigenvalues

I did some computations but I am stuck in finding the exression of the sum
$$\lambda_f(n^2)+\lambda_f(n)^2 $$ in terms of $\lambda_f(n),$ where $f$ is a modular form for the full modular group. Any ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

325 views

### Finding the inertia group

Set $h(x) = x^5+x^4+x^3+x^2+x-1$, let $L$ be the splitting field of $h$ over $\mathbb{Q}$, and let $p$ be a prime of $L$ lying over $2$.
What is the isomorphism class of the inertia group $I_p$, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

155 views

### The sum of greatest common divisors

Let
$$
G_n=\sum_{i=1}^n\sum_{j=1}^n \gcd(i,j).
$$
What is the asymptotics of $G_n$? (As much of it as it's known to date, preferably.)

**7**

votes

**0**answers

190 views

### The p-adic valuation of a linear recurrence

Let $(u_n)_{n \geq 0}$ be an integer-valued linear recurrence of order $k \geq 1$. Precisely,
$$u_n = a_1 u_{n-1} + \cdots + a_k u_{n - k} \quad \forall n \geq k ,$$
for some $a_1, \ldots, a_k \in ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

288 views

### Prime divisors of values of a polynomial on an infinite set

This may be a well known problem:
Let $f$ be a polynomial with integer coefficients. Is it possible for the set of prime divisors of values of $f$ on an infinite set of integers, to be finite?
I ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

239 views

### Will a tilting sheaf over Z which is a generator over Q be a generator modulo every prime?

Assume you have a smooth quasi-projective scheme $X$ (you can actually assume $X$ is projective over an affine scheme of finite type) defined over $\mathbb Z$ (or if you prefer, a discrete valuation ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

244 views

### Motivic fundamental group of the moduli space of curves?

Suppose I have a smooth projective family of varieties of varieties over $\mathcal M_g$ - i.e. a universal functor, commuting with deformations, from curves to smooth projective varieties. Can I ...

**18**

votes

**0**answers

450 views

### Which sets of roots of unity give a polynomial with nonnegative coefficients?

The question in brief: When does a subset $S$ of the complex $n$th roots of unity have the property that
$$\prod_{\alpha\, \in \,S} (z-\alpha)$$
gives a polynomial in $\mathbb R[z]$ with ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### Table of LCM's vs. table of products

In 2004 Kevin Ford established sharp asymptotics on Erdős' problem on the number of different products $a\cdot b$, $a,b\in \{1,\dots,n\}$.
(http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0401223, see also discussion ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Discussion for the sign of a specific sum

Given a modular form $f$ of an even weight $k$ for the full modular group. Let $\lambda_f(n)$ the $n$-th normalized Fourier coefficient of $f.$ For a fixed positive integers $a$ and $b,$
I want to ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

379 views

### Unexpectedly prime rich cubic polynomial

We got a cubic polynomial which is unexpectedly prime rich.
Let $f(x)=29160 x^3 + 30132 x^2 + 8046 x + 643$ and
$\pi_f(n)$ the number of primes values of $f(x)$ for $x \in [1,n]$.
Let ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

122 views

### Values of the Kronecker symbol of recursvie sequences

Is there something known about the values of the Kronecker symbol $\left(\frac{a_n}{a_{n+1}}\right)$ if $a_n$ is a recursive sequence? I know something about this if $a_n$ is the Fibonacci sequence or ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

68 views

### Expression of a sum of Hecke eigenvalues in terms of one Hecke eigenvalue

Let $f$ be a modular form of an even weight $k$ over the modular group $SL_2(Z).$ Denote $\lambda_f(n)$ the $n$-th normalized Fourier coefficient of $f.$ I am doing some calculations and I am stack in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Expressing every algebraic number using roots of trinomials?

This question is a continuation of Is every polynomial a factor of a trinomial?
We say that $T(X) \in \mathbb{Q}[X]$ is a trinomial if there exist $A,B,C \in \mathbb{Q}$ such that $T(X) = AX^n + BX^m ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Help for reference of moduli stack of fake elliptic curve

I see everywhere says the following:
Let $B$ be an indefinite quaternion algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$ of discriminant $D$, $\mathcal{O}_B$ be a maximal order, $N$ be an positive integer coprime to $D$. ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

371 views

### Inverse Galois problem for $GL_2$ of a compact local ring

Let $A$ be complete noetherian local ring with maximal ideal $m$ and residue field $A/m$ a finite field (in other words, $A$ is a noetherian compact local ring)
For which $A$ as above is there a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

385 views

### Is every polynomial a factor of a trinomial?

We say that $T(X) \in \mathbb{Q}[X]$ is a trinomial if there exist $A,B,C \in \mathbb{Q}$ such that $T(X) = AX^n + BX^m + C$ for some $n \geq m \in \mathbb{N}$.
Is it true that for each ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

334 views

### How simple does a $\mathbb{Q}$-simple group remain after base change to $\mathbb{Q}_{\ell}$?

Of course the general answer to the question in the title is: not very simple.
I could not think of a better title, so let me explain my question in more detail.
I have a number field $E/\mathbb{Q}$, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Polynomial identities for congruent numbers and Bunyakovsky's conjecture

Bunyakovsky's conjecture states that polynomial with integer coefficients
takes infinitely many prime values unless there are obvious reasons not
to.
It appears to imply something about polynomial ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

346 views

### Between Fermat's primes and the twin primes

Let me start with a curiosity. The integers $11,13,17,19$ are prime numbers, and $101,103,107,109$ are prime as well. One might wonder whether there is another occurrence where $10^m+1,10^m+3,10^m+7$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

184 views

### On $a+b+c= abc = n$, elliptic curves, and solvable Galois groups

Solving $a+b+c = abc = 6$ in the rationals entails solving,
$$-24a+36a^2-12a^3+a^4=z^2\tag1$$
which is birationally equivalent to an elliptic curve. It can be shown that if $a$ is a solution, then ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Representation as sum of squares

Given $N\in\Bbb N$ such that $\prod_{i=1}^mp_i=N$ with $p_i$ being similar sized primes such that $p_i\neq p_j$ if $i\neq j$ where $m\in[1,\log\log N]$, consider ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### Relation between $\Gamma$-percuspidal parabolic subgroups and split parabolic subgroups of real semisimple Lie groups

Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. Let $\Gamma$ be a lattice in $\mathcal{G}:= G(\mathbb{R})$. I am interested in knowing under what conditions on either of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

98 views

### In how many ways can one extend the zero section of the affine line with a double origin

Let $X$ be the affine line with a double origin over Spec $\mathbb Z$. Let $X_\eta$ be its generic fibre, the affine line with a double origin over Spec $\mathbb Q$.
Let $0$ be one of the origins of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Minimal possible cardinality of a $(a_1, …, a_k)$-distributable multiset

Suppose we have a multiset $M$ of positive rational numbers. Sum of $M$ equals $1$. We'll call this multiset $n$-distributable for some $n\in \mathbb{N}$, if there exists a partition $M_1 \sqcup ... ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

161 views

### Central binomials and irrationals

I suppose this is une cause perdue, but it would be nice if the following held.
Let $\theta$ be an irrational, and let $c_m = {{2m}\choose m}$, the central binomial. For a real number, and let $d(r)$ ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

508 views

### Explicit Chebotarev and Langlands - irreducibility of X^5-X-1 mod primes

Is there an explicit infinite set of primes, modulo which $X^5 - X - 1$ is irreducible?
Since our polynomial's Galois group over $\mathbb{Q}$ is $S_5$, Chebotarev's density theorem implies that ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

457 views

### Fermat's Last Theorem “$\pm k$”

Let $\mathbb{N}=\{1,2,3,\ldots\}$ be the set of positive integers. For $n,k\in\mathbb{N}$ we define $$\text{Sol}(n,k) = \{(a,b,c)\in \mathbb{N}^3: |a^n + b^n - c^n| \leq k\}.$$ (The set ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Explicit formula for the product of three Hecke eigenvalues

I am interested in Hecke eigenvalues $\lambda_f(n)$ which are normalized Fourier coefficients of modular forms of an even weight $k$ for the full modular group. I often know that these coefficients ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

424 views

### Partitioning $2p$, subject to a divisibility condition.

Let $p$ be a prime number and $l$ be the greatest prime number less than $2p$. Moreover, let $m,t_i<p$ be positive integer numbers such that $\sum_{i=1}^mit_i=2p$. Is it possible that ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

63 views

### Exists $n$ where multisets of nonzero digits of $n$, $2n$, …, $2000n$ are equal?

As the question title suggests, does there exist a positive integer $n$ such that the multisets of nonzero digits of each of the numbers $n$, $2n$, ..., $2000n$ are equal?

**9**

votes

**3**answers

465 views

### Product of a Finite Number of Matrices Related to Roots of Unity

Does anyone have an idea how to prove the following identity?
$$
\mathop{\mathrm{Tr}}\left(\prod_{j=0}^{n-1}\begin{pmatrix}
x^{-2j} & -x^{2j+1} \\
1 & 0
\end{pmatrix}\right)=
\begin{cases}
...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

587 views

### Zhang's generalization of Gross-Zagier formula

I have some naive questions about Zhang's generalization of Gross-Zagier formula stated in Theorem 1.2 of Yuan-Zhang-Zhang book The Gross-Zagier formula on Shimura Curves.
I am mostly interested by ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

219 views

### What pairs of sets have additive energy?

In an abelian group, the additive energy between two sets is $$E(A,B)=|\{(a_1,a_2,b_1,b_2)
\in A\times A\times B\times B:a_1+b_1=a_2+b_2\}|$$ which is ranges from $|A||B|$ to $(|A||B|)^{3/2}$. What I ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

618 views

### Ranks of elliptic curves depend only on the field?

Let $K/\mathbb{Q}$ be an algebraic extension, and let $E_1,E_2/\mathbb{Q}$ be elliptic curves. Is it possible that the Mordell-Weil rank of $E_1(K)$ is finite while that of $E_2(K)$ is infinite?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Congruence Number of 197A1

It is reported in this paper by Zagier, as well as in Sage, that the elliptic curve $E=197A1$ has congruence number 10. (Since $E$ has prime conductor, a theorem of Ribet ensures that the congruence ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

244 views

### Application and usage of representation of integers as sum of powers?

We know that there are many articles and manuscripts from the ancient to date talking about representation of integers as sum of squares, cubes etc. I would like to know what is it the usage and ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

196 views

### Number of representations as sums of squares in rings of integers of number fields

Let $K$ be some number field, $\mathcal O_K$ denote its ring of integers, and let $n$ be a positive integer. Take $\alpha \in \mathcal O_K$, and consider the quantity $r_{n,K}(\alpha)$, which denotes ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

149 views

### An elliptic curve trivial over any extension unramified outside 7 and infinity?

Is there an elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $E(K)$ is trivial for every finite extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$ with discriminant a power of $7$ ?

**42**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### What were the main ideas and gaps in Yoichi Miyaoka's attempted proof (1988) of Fermat's Last Theorem?

Out of sheer curiosity I have been reading Stewert and Tall's "Algebraic Number Theory and Fermat's Last Theorem" (2001). As it contains various bits of history, I found out to my own shame that I was ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

118 views

### Possible counterexample to a conjecture of Granville about automorphisms of twists of hyperelliptic curves

This might be a counterexample to a conjecture of Granville
about automorphisms of twists of hyperelliptic curves.
In this paper,
the quadratic twist of $f(x)=y^2$ is denoted by
$C_d : d y^2=f(x)$ ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

248 views

### Intersection between the sums of the first positive integers, primes and non primes

Is the following conjecture true ?
$$\left\{\sum\limits_{\begin{array}{c}k=1\\k\in\mathbb{Z}\end{array}}^nk \ |\ n\in\Bbb Z\right\} \cap
\left\lbrace ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

387 views

### Polynomials vanishing modulo some integer $n$

It is well-known that a polynomial $q \in \mathbb Z[t]$ vanishes modulo $p$ only if it lies in the ideal $J_p$ generated by $p$ and $t^p-t$. This means that either the degree is large (at least $p$) ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### Minimum distance between factorials and powers of 2

Let's define for a positive integer $n$: $$a(n) = \min \{|n! - 2^m| : m \in \mathbb N \}.$$ Does there exist a good asymptotic lower bound for the values $a(n)$ for large $n$? In particular, is the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

207 views

### Is the compositum of all quadratic extensions of the rationals an ample field?

Let $K$ be the compositum of all quadratic extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$, that is $$K = \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d} \ : \ d \in \mathbb{Q}).$$
Is there a (geometrically irreducible) smooth variety ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### A particular interesting elliptic curve

Given the elliptic curve $E:y^2=x^3-4x+4$.
(a) How to prove that the group of rational points $E(\mathbb{Q})$ is generated by $P=(2,2)$.
(b) If we consider the piece of curve on the region ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

102 views

### Egyptian fractions similar to Erdos-Straus conjecture

It is known that the Erdos-Straus conjecture is about writing $4/n$ as three unit fractions.
My question is whether it is known that if $a>4$
$$
\frac an=\frac1{x_1}+\frac1{x_2}+\cdots+\frac1{x_k}
...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

196 views

### Random suborbits of a rotation

Let $u_n = x + n\alpha \pmod 1$ with $\alpha$ irrational. We know that $(u_n)_{n \geq 0}$ is dense in $\mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$ (equivalently $(u_n)_{n \geq 0}$ visits every open interval infinitely ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

221 views

### Possible $\mathsf{NP}$ complete problem from number theory

A candidate $\mathsf{NP}$ complete variant of factoring was posted in http://cstheory.stackexchange.com/questions/4769/an-np-complete-variant-of-factoring, where decision problem ...