**1**

vote

**0**answers

79 views

### Sparse sets of numbers with the Goldbach property

Let's say that a subset $A$ of $\mathbb{N}$ has the Goldbach property if every even number $\geq4$ is the sum of two numbers of $A$.
Are there any results and examples of low density sets with these ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### integral basis for the Lie algebra of the Neron model of an abelian variety

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a number field $K$. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be the Neron model of $A$ over $O_K$. Let $\Omega_{\mathcal{A}/O_K}$ be the sheaf of invariant differential forms on ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

190 views

### Are there integral representations of the Mertens constant?

It is well-known that the Euler constant $\gamma=\lim\limits_{n\to \infty}\biggl( \sum\limits_{k\le n}\dfrac{1}{k}-\ln{n}\biggr ) $ has a bunch of integral representations, e.g. ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### Permutation polynomials mod $p$ of the form $(x+1)^n-x^n$

Among some permutation polynomials I've been studying, $f(x)=(x+1)^n-x^n$ is one of the polynomials that I cannot grasp.
Question : For a given odd prime $p$, how can we find every positive ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Polynomial congruences with respect to a large prime (power)

Suppose that $f(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ is a polynomial of degree $d$ such that for all primes $p$, there exists $x_0 \in \mathbb{N}$ such that $p^2 \nmid f(x_0)$. Further, suppose that $f$ is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

289 views

### A set of integers whose factorial can be written as a product of two factorials

I am trying to collect informations concerning the set
$$\mathcal{A}=\left\{n\in\mathbb{N} \mid (\exists k,l\in\{2,3,\dots,n-2\})(n!=k!l!)\right\}.$$
It seems not much is known about the set ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

537 views

### Numbers greater than Skewes's whose existence can be found in number theoretic proofs

Skewes has proved (without assuming RH) that $\pi(x)<Li(x)$ is violated below $e^{e^{e^{e^{7.705}}}}$ which is clearly a very large number.I was wondering if somewhere else some greater number than ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

223 views

### Most discriminants are almost squarefree

Write, for $f(x) = x^d + a_2 x^{d-2} + \cdots + a_d\in \mathbb{Z}[x]$, $H(f) := \max(|a_i|^{\frac{1}{i}})$.
Does anyone know of a reference that would allow me to show that the proportion of $f$ with ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### Asymptotic formula for $\prod_{p\leq x} (1-p^{-1})$ [closed]

Does there exists a good asymptotic formula for
$$A(x) := \prod_{p\leq x}(1-\frac 1p).$$
By using a heuristic argument one can guess:
$$A(x) \sim \frac{1}{2\,\mathrm{ln}(x)}.$$
Here is the ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

571 views

### Sum of consecutive cubes

I'm investigating when the sum of $n$ consecutive cubes equals a cube, i.e., for which $n$ does
$$\sum_{i=0}^{n-1} (k+i)^3 = k^3 + (k+1)^3 + \cdots + (k+n-1)^3 = Y^3 $$
have nontrivial solutions ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

359 views

### Averages over integer points of the sphere

A paper of William Duke proves that integer points on the sphere are equidistributed:
$$ V_n = \{ (x,y,z) \in \mathbb{Z}^2 : x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = n \}. $$
Up to reflections across the $x$, $y$ and $z$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Dihedral extension of 2-adic number field

Sorry if the question is too long and maybe elementary.
I am reading a paper by Hirotada Naito on "Dihedral extensions of degree 8 over the rational p-adic fields". To generate dihedral extension ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

414 views

### Variety acquiring rational point over any quadratic extension

Does there exist a variety $X$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ (or a number field) such that it has no rational points over $\mathbb{Q}$ but acquires points over any quadratic extension $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$?
If ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Degenerate linear recurrence sequences

Let $(u_n)_{n \geq 0}$ be a linear recurrence given by
$$u_n = a_1 u_{n-1} + \cdots + a_k u_{n-k} \quad \forall n \geq k ,$$
where $u_0, \ldots, u_{k-1}, a_1, \ldots, a_k \in \mathbb{Z}$. We recall ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

99 views

### dimension of a scheme and degree of an L-function [closed]

I try to understand correctly the notion of scheme, as Serre in the second volume of his Oeuvres defines zeta and L-functions in this context. What seems interesting to me is that he states a theorem ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

164 views

### On Descartes / spoof odd perfect numbers

Descartes, Frenicle, and subsequently Sorli, conjectured that $k = 1$, if $N = {q^k}{n^2}$ is an odd perfect number given in Eulerian form (i.e., $q$ is prime with $q \equiv k \equiv 1 \pmod 4$ and ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Asymptotics of the multipartition function

Recall that the multipartition function $p_k(n)$ counts the number of $k$-tuples of partitions $\lambda^1,\ldots,\lambda^k$ of numbers $a_1,\ldots,a_k$ with $a_1+\cdots+a_k=n$. It has a generating ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

125 views

### Experimentation with partial Euler products

Richard Mathar $[1]\& [2]$ shows that
\begin{align}
&\zeta_{2}(s)\equiv\prod_{\Omega(n)=2}^{}\left(\dfrac{1}{1 - n^{s}}\right)^{-1}=\exp \left(\sum _{k=1}^n \frac{P(k s)^2+P(2 k s)}{2 ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

168 views

### Primes in integral domains

Let $\mathcal O_{\mathbb K}$ be the ring of integers in a number field $\mathbb K$. It is easy to prove that the number of (non-associated) primes in $\mathcal O_{\mathbb K}$ is infinite.
On the other ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

149 views

### Density of numbers whose prime factors all come from a fixed congruence class

Let $q$ be a positive integer greater than one, and let $a$ be an integer such that $\gcd(a,q) = 1$. Define
$$D(a,q) = \{n \in \mathbb{N} : p | n \Rightarrow p \equiv a \pmod{q} \}.$$
Do we know the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Embedding rational simple algebras in the real quaternions [duplicate]

Is there any way to embed a rational division algebra of dimension higher than 4 over its center in the real quaternions ?
I think not, but I cannot prove it.

**9**

votes

**1**answer

421 views

### Regularized sums of Mobius sequence

Do $\lim_{s \rightarrow \infty} \sum_{n \geq 1} \mu(n) e^{-n/s}$ and $\lim_{s \rightarrow \infty} \sum_{n \geq 1} \mu(n) e^{-n^2/s^2}$ both equal $-2$?
Experimentally this seems plausible (up through ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

433 views

### Group laws in class field theory

In the case of a quadratic imaginary number field one can construct its maximal abelian extension using torsion points of an elliptic curve with complex multiplication by this field.
In the case of a ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

436 views

### Adding sets not containing arithmetic progressions of length three by forcing

Consider the following forcing notion: conditions in $\mathbb{P}$ are pairs $(s, N),$ where:
1) $s\in 2^{<\omega}$,
2) $N\in \mathbb{N}$,
3) (by identifying $s$ with a subset of $lh(s)$) $s$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### separating parameters in generalized quadratic Gauss sum

The normalized generalized quadratic Gauss sum is defined by
$$
G(a,b,c)=\frac{1}{c}\sum_{n=1}^ce\left(\frac{an^2+bn}{c}\right)
$$
where $e(x)=\exp(2\pi ix)$.
Under what conditions on $c$ can we ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### Application of Stickelberger's Theorem to Quadratic field

I am trying to understand a proof of the Kronecker-Weber Theorem by Franz Lemmermeyer,[http://arxiv.org/pdf/1108.5671.pdf] in which he uses Stickelberger's Theorem applied to Kummer extensions. I can ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

312 views

### Can an abelian variety/Q have no non-trivial points over Q_sol?

Let $A/\mathbb{Q}$ be an abelian variety. Must there be a finite solvable
extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $A(K)$ is nontrivial?
This follows from the conjecture that the maximal ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Symmetry type of non-cohomological automorphic forms

By Katz-Sarnak philosophy a family of $L$-functions would have a symmetry type which would reflect the statistics of $L$-functions, such as low lying zeros and moments. Shin-Templier's paper on ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

553 views

### How close to an integer can a polynomial root be?

Suppose I have a polynomial $p(x) = a_n x^n + ... + a_0$ where $a_n, \dots, a_0$ are integers. I would like to show that any root of this polynomial is either an integer or is far from an integer. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### Is anything like $\phi(n)>\dfrac n{e^\gamma\log\log n},\ \sigma(n)<e^\gamma n\log\log n$ known/conjectured for the generalizations of these functions?

Is anything like $\dfrac n{\phi(n)}<\dfrac{\sigma(n)}n<e^\gamma\log\log n$ known/conjectured for the generalizations of these functions?
Let $n=p_1^{a_1}\cdots p_t^{a_t}$ be the canonical prime ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

115 views

### Averages of $L(s,\chi)$

Let $(\frac{m}{n})$ denote the usual quadratic Jacobi symbol.
What is the
abscissa of convergence
of the double Dirichlet series ?
$$
\sum_{\substack{m,n \in \mathbb{N} \\ \gcd(m,n)=1 \\m,n\equiv 1 ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

98 views

### Q(\sqrt{-l_0}) satisfies Heegner hypothesis for an Elliptic curve of conductor C implies C is a square

Trying to understand the proof of Corollary 2.3 in the following paper,
http://arxiv.org/pdf/1312.3884.pdf
I would like to be able to justify that the root number of the quadratic twist ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

229 views

### Geometric interpretation of Cusps for general groups?

Let $\mathrm{G}$ be a reductive group over a number field $F$, but for simplicity we can think about $\mathrm{G}=\mathrm{GL_n}$ for $n>2$ and $F =\mathbb{Q}$.
Then for an automorphic form,
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

241 views

### The $\ell = p$ case of Ihara's lemma

Let $N \ge 1$ and let $\ell$ and $p$ be primes not dividing $N$.
The classical Ihara lemma says that if $Y_1(N, \ell)$ is the modular curve attached to the subgroup $\Gamma_1(N) \cap \Gamma_0(\ell)$, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### Irrationality of Dedekind zeta values

For Riemann's zeta function, one knows that:
$\zeta(2n)$ is irrational (because a rational multiple of $\pi^{2n}$ is)
$\zeta(3)$ is irrational (proved by Apéry)
and a few other results like "there ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Euler series with milder divergence

Theorema 19 in Euler's memoir "Variae observationes circa series inﬁnitas" says
The sum of the reciprocals of the prime numbers is inﬁnitely great but is inﬁnitely times less than the sum of the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

241 views

### Bound on a scaled sum of the Liouville function

Terence Tao has shown see his blog post that
$$\left| \sum_{n\leq x} \frac{\mu(n)}{n} \right|\leq 1,$$
for $x$ a positive real number, where $\mu(n)$ is the Möbius function. Let $\lambda(n)$ denote ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

554 views

### Most dense subset of numbers that avoids arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions

The famous Green-Tao theorem says that there exist arbitrarily long sequences of primes in arithmetic progression.
I am wondering: How dense can a subset $S \subset \mathbb{N}$ be and still avoid
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### injective homogeneous polynomial functions $p(x,y) \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]:{\mathbb{N}}^2 \to \mathbb{N}$

Related to this question Coefficients of $f(t)=(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2\pi im^4t})(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2 \pi inm^4t})$
I have the following question:
What is the set of homogeneous polynomials ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

141 views

### Coefficients of $f(t)=(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2\pi im^4t})(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2 \pi inm^4t})$

I want to prove that $\forall n \in \mathbb{N}$ at least one of the Fourier coefficients of $f(t)=(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2\pi im^4t})(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2 \pi inm^4t})$ is striclty greater than ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

458 views

### What is the Hausdorff dimension of this fractal?

Let $\sum_{i=h}^\infty d_i/b^i $ be the base $b$ representation of $x \geq 0,$ where $b>1$ and the $d_i$ are uniquely determined by the greedy algorithm. For fixed $c>1,$ let $f(x)= ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Best constant for Maier's theorem?

Maier proved that, for fixed $\lambda>1,$
$$
\limsup_{x\to\infty}\frac{\pi(x+\log^\lambda x)-\pi(x)}{\log^{\lambda-1}x}>1
$$
and in particular
$$
\limsup_{x\to\infty}\frac{\pi(x+\log^\lambda ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

647 views

### Why would the roots of the generating functions of the number of k-almost primes less than x have negative real parts?

Specifically, I find it appealing to count only squarefree numbers having $k$ prime factors, so I define
$$\pi_k(x)=\#\{n\leq x: \omega(n)=k;\mu(n)\neq0 \}$$
and consider the generating functions
...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

332 views

### Examples that the Fermat-Catalan conjecture does not cover

The Fermat-Catalan conjecture states that there are only finitely many sex-tuples $(a, b, c, d, e, f)$ of positive integers such that
(1) $a^d + b^e = c^f$,
(2) $\gcd(a, b, c) =1$,
(3) ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Irreducibility of Faulhaber-like Polynomials over $\mathbb Q[x]$

Motivation: Inspired by the famous Faulhaber polynomials $F_k(N)=\displaystyle\sum_{n=0}^Nn^k,$ I decided to study their alternating versions, $\Phi_k(M)=\displaystyle\sum_{n=0}^M(-1)^nn^k$.
For ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

285 views

### Square-free grows as $6n/\pi^2$: $k$-th free?

The asymptotic number of
square-free numbers
$\le n$ is $Q(n) = 6n/\pi^2 + O(\sqrt{n})$.
Because
$\zeta(2)=\pi^2/6$,
$Q(n) \approx n/\zeta(2)$.
OEIS A004709
says that cube-free numbers have ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

268 views

### Invertibility of a matrix whose entries are certain binomial coefficients

Let $l$ be a positive integer. Does the matrix
$$
M_l \ := \ \left( \binom{l-(2p+1)}{j} \right)_{0\leq p,j \leq[(l-1)/2]}
$$
have nonzero determinant?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

246 views

### Is there a non-tempered representation of U(2)?

I am wondering why the first well known example of non-tempered irreducible admissible representation of $p$-adic group $U(n)$ should be $U(3)$. Because, Gelbart and Rogawski suggested the ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

836 views

### What is $\sum_{i=0}^{n}\binom{n}{i}^3$?

We know that $$\sum_{i=0}^{n}\binom{n}{i}=2^n$$
and that
$$\sum_{i=0}^{n}\binom{n}{i}^2= \binom{2n}{n}$$
what about
$$\sum_{i=0}^{n}\binom{n}{i}^3$$ ?

**6**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### When are toral orbits in buildings the difference of fixed-sets?

Let $L$ be a $p$-adic field, let $G$ be a reductive group over $L$ (I'm even okay assuming semisimplicity for now). Let $T$ be a maximal torus of $G$. Let $B$ be the building for $G(L)$. (Edit 1: ...