**2**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Are all zeros of $\xi(a\,s) \pm \xi\left(a\,(1-s)\right)$ on the critical line for $\forall a \in \mathbb{R}/0$?

This question expands on this one and seems to have a stronger result.
Take the Riemann $\xi$-function $\xi(s) =\frac12 s\,(s-1) \,\pi^{-\frac{s}{2}}\, \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s)$. We ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

283 views

### Conjectures on perfect squares

There exist infinitely many sets of three positive integers $(a,b,c)$ where $a\not=b,b\not=c$ and $c\not=a$ such that each of $$ab-1,\ bc-1,\ ca-1,\ ab-a-b+c,\ bc-b-c+a,\ ca-c-a+b$$
is a perfect ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

559 views

### How good can we approximate with algebraic curve the egg shaped vanishing of $\Re \zeta(s)$ near the origin?

Related to this question
where degree $2$ algebraic curve is good approximation to vanishing of
the real part of expression involving zeta.
Near the origin, $\Re \zeta(s)$ vanishes in egg shaped ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### How comes vanishing of the real part of function involving zeta is very well approximated by algebraic curve?

In this question
Agno asked about the zeros of $\zeta\left(\frac{s}{a}\right) \pm \zeta\left(\frac{1-s}{a}\right)$.
I fixed $a=2$ and the minus sign and defined:
$$
f(s)=\Re \left( ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### Does the Euler product converge at $s=1$ for the Dirichlet $L$ function?

For the Riemann Zeta function, the Euler product converges on $\{Re(s)=1\}$ except at $s=1$.The zeta series diverges everywhere on $\{Re(s)=1\}$. But the $L$ series converges on $\{Re(s)>0\}$. What ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

230 views

### Is the absolute Galois group of the rationals Hopfian?

Is every continuous epimorphism from the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}$ to itself injective?

**7**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### Set of integers having finite intersection with the image of any polynomial of degree $\geq 2$

Is there a set $A$ of positive integers such that
$\sum_{n \in A} \frac{1}{n} = \infty$, and
there is no polynomial $f \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ of degree at least $2$
which takes infinitely many values in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Are the complex zeros of $\zeta\left(\frac{s}{a}\right) \pm \zeta\left(\frac{1-s}{a}\right)$ all on the critical line for $a \lt 0, a \ge 1$?

With $s \in \mathbb{C}, a \in \mathbb{R}$,
numerical evidence strongly suggests that the complex zeros in the critical strip of:
$$\zeta\left(\frac{s}{a}\right) \pm ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### When do two lattices have the same stabilizer in the diagonal torus?

This is moved from MSE, where I asked and didn't receive an answer (see http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1145151/lattices-in-mathbbq-pn-with-the-same-stabilizer)
Let $T$ be the diagonal torus ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

722 views

### Primes that are sums of two squares with constraints on the squares

It is well known that there are infinitely many primes of the form $a^2+b^2$ (namely all primes congruent to $1$ modulo $4$). On the other hand, Euler raised the problem as to whether there are ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

91 views

### Limit of a simple function including a zero of the Riemann Zeta function

Lets consider :
$$F(x)= \sum_{n\in\mathbb{N}} n^{-s_0} e^{2i\pi nx}$$
This function is well defined for $x>0$ (Abel summation formula proves it) and I would like to show that if $s_0$ is a zero ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### P-depletion of Siegel modular forms

Let $F$ be a cuspidal Siegel modular form of genus 2 (of parallel weight $(k, k)$, and level some congruence subgroup $\Gamma \subseteq Sp_4(\mathbf{Z})$ of level $N$).
Then $F$ has a series ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

121 views

### Infinite sum of asymptotic expansions

I have a question about an infinite sum of asymptotic expansions:
Assume that $f_k(x)\sim a_{0k}+\dfrac{a_{1k}}{x}+\dfrac{a_{2k}}{x^2}+\cdots$
with $a_{0k}\leq \dfrac{1}{k^2}$, $a_{1k}\leq ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Is it possible the division polynomials evaluated at fixed point to be perfect powers unbounded number of times?

Let $E$ be elliptic curve over the rationals and $P=(X_P,Y_P)$ point on $E$.
$\psi_n$ are the division polynomials.
Define $a_n=\psi_n(X_P,Y_P)$.
Is it possible $a_n$ to be perfect power ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

167 views

### Reference request: Research done on whether the Euler prime can be the largest factor of an odd perfect number

(Note: This was cross-posted from MSE.) I posted the following reference request in MSE three (3) days ago, but was unable to elicit any responses. I am cross-posting it to MO, hoping that it is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

235 views

### Constant group scheme and torsors

Let $X$ be a scheme and $G$ a (commutative) constant group scheme. Consider a $G$-torsor $Y$ for $X$, by which I mean that there is a canonical isomorphism:
$$g_Y \colon Y \times_X Y \cong Y ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

192 views

### On a property of Riemann Zeta function zeros

Lets consider the function : $$F(x) = \sum_{n=1} (xn)^{-s_0} e^{-nx} $$
with $s_0$ a zero of the Riemann Zeta function in the critical strip.
This sum is well defined for $x \in \mathbb{R}^{+*}$. It ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

344 views

### Waring problem for binomial coefficients (generalization of Gauss' Eureka Theorem)

Is there a number k such that every natural number can be written as $\sum_{i=1}^k \binom{a_i}{3}$ for some natural numbers $a_i$'s?

**2**

votes

**2**answers

161 views

### Relations of eisenstein series with eta quotient

Theorem 1.67 On page 19 of Ken Ono's book The Web of Modularity says:
Every modular form on $SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ may be expressed as a rational function in $\eta(z)$, $\eta(2z)$ and $\eta(4z)$.
The ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

339 views

### Generating primes with floor of a polynomial $[p(n)]$

Is there a polynomial $p(x)$ with real coefitients and degree at least one that $[p(n)]$ for everey natural number like $n$ be a prime?
If yes, what is such a polynomial $p(x)$ and if no, how to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Can we extend the twisted Poisson Summation formula with functions having a singularity in zero?

The following "twisted" Poisson Summation formula for $\chi$ primitive of conductor $q$ :
$$ \sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}\chi(n)f\left(\frac{nx}{\sqrt{q}}\right) =
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

201 views

### Automorphisms of $\mathbb F_q((\frac1T))$

I try to find the automorphisms $\sigma$ of $\mathbb F_q((\frac1T))$ with the following properties: $\sigma$ is an isometry,and $\sigma(\mathbb F_q[T])\subseteq\mathbb F_q[T]$. Almong the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### Distribution of Fourier coefficients of Maass forms

In the sense of Maass an automorphic function $\phi$ with Laplace-Beltrami eigenvalue $\frac{(d-1)^2}{4}+t^2$ on $d$-dimensional hyperbolic space which can be thought as ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### extensions of crystalline representations

Denote by $G_p$ a choice of an absolute Galois group of $Q_p$, the field of $p$-adic numbers. Consider a continuous representations of $G_p$ on a $3$-dimensional $Q_p$ vector space that is a ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### What is miraculous about the mirabolic subgroup?

I recently asked this question about Euler subgroups and generalizing the automorphic theory of $\mathrm{GL}_n$ to a more general setting. My question here is more specific.
As mentioned there, the ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

282 views

### Word complexity of primes mod 4

For an infinite binary word $w$, the word complexity $f_w(n)$ is defined as the number of different subwords of length $n$. The asymptotic behavior of this function is an important parameter of the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### Non-principal ideals in cyclotomic fields

Let $K=\mathbb Q(\xi_{39})$ be the 39-th cyclotomic field. Pari-GP told me that the prime ideals above $3$ and $13$ are not principal. Is there a way to prove that by hand (no computation made by ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Mazur secret Bourbaki report “Analyse p-adique”

Does anyone happen to know if a scan of Mazur's report exists, and, if so, where to find it? It appears in the references for Katz's "Higher congruences" and "Eisenstein measure" papers.

**3**

votes

**2**answers

519 views

### Automorphisms of $\mathbb C_p$

I am looking for a non-trivial automorphism $\sigma$ of $\mathbb C_p$ such that $\sigma(\mathbb Q_p)\subset\mathbb Q_p$.
If $\mathbb C_p$ were spherically complete, then by Hahn-Banach theorem, that ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### Euler Subgroups and Automorphic L-functions

Recently, I have read about the Whittaker expansion for $\mathrm{GL}_n$ and was struck by the utility of the mirabolic subgroup, $\mathrm{P}_n\subset \mathrm{GL}_n$ of matrices with bottom row $(0\; 0 ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Explicit records for computing multiple of $10^5\#$ (or larger) with additions, subtractions, and multiplications starting from $1$

Related to this question which
asks for the complexity of computing multiple of $k!$
with additions, subtractions, and multiplications starting from $1$.
There Elkies suggests an interesting way to ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

278 views

### Lower bound for spectral radius on $\operatorname{GL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$

Consider the group of matrices $G =\operatorname{GL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$ with integer entries and determinant $\pm 1$. For each matrix $D \in G$, the product of the eigenvalues of $D$ is equal to $\det D ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

105 views

### Explicit description/calculation of norm group of ideles of characteristic $p$ global field

I posted the same question earlier in stack exchange,
(http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1130391/algebraic-proof-of-2nd-inequality-of-global-class-field)
thinking it is most definitely not a ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### How important is Weil's decomposition theorem today?

Andre Weil's Apprenticeship of a Mathematician (p. 46) tells how he as a student realized that all of Fermat's uses of descent are unified in one principle: "If $P(x,y)$ and $Q(x,y)$ are homogeneous ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

168 views

### Heegner points on elliptic curves

I want to know about Heegner point computations for a CM elliptic curve. What is the best reference book/paper for reading?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### ramified principal prime ideals in Artin-Schreier extension

Let $q$ be a power of $2$ and $K$ be the quadratic extension of $\mathbb F_q(T)$ defined by $K:=\mathbb F_q(T)[y]$ where $y^2+y=f(T)\in\mathbb F_q(T)$.
Put $\mathcal O_K$ the integral closure of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

131 views

### Is there a Poisson Summation formula for imprimitive Dirichlet characters?

I was wondering if there exists a Poisson Summation formula (like the one existing with primitive character) for imprimitive Dirichlet characters ?
For a primitive Dirichlet character $\chi$ we have:
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

191 views

### Legendre polynomials and formal groups

Let $P_n(x)$ be Legendre polynomials:
$$\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-2tx+t^2}}=\sum\limits_{n=0}^{\infty}P_n(x)t^n.$$
Usual arguments from the theory of formal groups allow to
prove that for any $n$
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

138 views

### Fourier expansions at the cusps of $\Gamma_0(N)$

My question may be basic but I can't find any answer. Let $N$ be a positive integer. I need to find the constant term (of the Fourier series) at each cusps of a modular form
...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

369 views

### Can there be arbitrarily many cubic fields unramified outside $\{p,\infty\}$?

Observe, trivially, that since quadratic fields correspond to rational integers modulo squares (viz. discriminants), there are (roughly about, but certainly at most) $2^{|S|+1}$ quadratic fields ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Linear forms with best approximation vectors lying in a subspace

Setup: For $u \in \mathbb{R}^n$, let $\rho(u)$ be the Euclidean length, $\sqrt{u_1^2 + \ldots + u_n^2}$. For $x \in \mathbb{R}$ let $\|x\| = \min_{k \in \mathbb{Z}} |x - k|$, and for $x \in ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

116 views

### asymptotic for a sequence coming from multiplicative sets

Let $a,b$ two multiplicatively independant positive integers with $1<a<b$
that is $a^mb^n\ne1$ for all $m,n\in\mathbb N\setminus\{0\}$
We sort out the set $E=\{a^mb^n\mid m,n\in \mathbb ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

129 views

### Consequences failure of $\tau$ conjecture

A question Bounds for constructing $n!$ with additions, subtractions, and multiplications starting from $1$ was asked on constructing $ak!$ with ring operations.
$\tau$ conjecture states if $\exists$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Ring of integers in Artin-Schreier extension

Question put in mathstackexchange but received no answer.
It is well-known( see Goldschmidt book: Algebraic Functions and Projective Curves)
that for $q$ a power of $2$ a quadratic separable ...

**94**

votes

**1**answer

4k views

### What is a Frobenioid?

Since there will be a long digression in a moment, let me start by reassuring you that my intention really is to ask the question in the title.
Recently, there has been a flurry of new discussion ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

550 views

### Formal group law over $\mathbb{F}_p$

Let $p$ be a prime. For each $n > 0$ there is a unique 1-dimensional commutative formal group law $F$ over $\mathbf{Z}$, $F(X, Y) = X + Y + \dots \in \mathbf{Z}[[X, Y]]$, whose logarithm function ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

450 views

### How to calculate the sum of remainders of N?

I'm trying to sum the remainders when dividing N by numbers from 1 up to N
$$\sum_{i = 1}^{N} N \bmod i$$
It's easy to write a program to evaluate the sum if N is small in O(N) but what if N is large ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### Question regarding a theorem of Erdos and Renyi on $B_2(g)$ sequence

Let $S \subset \mathbb{N}$. We say $S$ is of type $B_2(g)$ if the number of representation
of the form $n = s_1 + s_2 \ (s_1 \leq s_2)$ is bounded by $g$ for every $n \in \mathbb{N}$.
Let $S(n)$ be ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

202 views

### Sum of two squares - Number of steps in Fermat descent

If a prime $p$ can be written as the sum of two squares, then one can construct this representation via Fermat descent if we know an $x$ such that $x^2 \equiv −1 \mod p$. Is there a possibility to say ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

698 views

### Primes and Parity

This problem is motivated by the polymath4 project. There, the aim was to find an efficient deterministic algorithm for finding a prime larger than $N$. The hope was to find a polynomial algorithm in ...