# Tagged Questions

**4**

votes

**2**answers

220 views

### Reference for $p$-adic Hodge theory with coefficients

Let $K$ be a $p$-adic field and $L$ be a finite or infinite extension (maybe algebraic ?) of $\mathbb{Q}_p$.
Is there a reference for $p$-Hodge theory for representations $\rho : Gal_K \rightarrow ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

378 views

+50

### Continued fraction representation of Zeta

A question at math.SE is asking for references. The fraction is quite nice! Check it out and post some references if you know of any.
I found this at arxiv, but it doesn't apply to Zeta.

**1**

vote

**2**answers

252 views

### How to prove $\mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to \infty } \sum\limits_{{f_x}(p) = 1} {\frac{1}{p}} = \ln 2$ for $p \le x$?

Let ${f_x}(m) = \sum\limits_{\left. p \right|m} {{f_x}(p)}$ be a
strongly additive function on positive integer number $m$, where $p$ is a prime number. Set
$${f_x}(p) = \left\{ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Looking for paper: Weil's original 1952 “Sur les formules explicites de la théorie des nombres premiers”

I am looking for a source (preferably online) for Weil's original 1952 paper on the explicit formula. I am aware of an english translation available here, but would like to have access to the original ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### Is there a version of Serre's modularity conjecture for projective representations?

Serre's modularity conjecture asserts that a continuous odd irreducible representation $$\overline{\rho} : G_\mathbb{Q} \rightarrow \mathrm{GL}_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$$ must be modular, in the sense that ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

160 views

### Looking for a reference to a classical formula for the sum of the base-$b$ digits of an integer

Pick an integer $b \ge 2$, and for $n \in \mathbf N$ let $s_b(n)$ denote the sum of the base-$b$ digits of $n$. It is a nice exercise to prove that $$s_b(n) = (b-1) \sum_{i=1}^\infty ...

**21**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Was Vinogradov's 1937 proof of the three-prime theorem effective?

Was Vinogradov's first proof of the three-prime theorem effective?
Reasons for my question: Vinogradov presented his proof in 1937 in a monograph; the English translation by K.F. Roth and A. ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

171 views

### equivalence of quadratic forms over finitely generated fields

Over number fields, two quadratic forms are equivalent iff they have the same dimension, signature, discriminant and Hasse invariant.
How is the situation like over finitely generated fields?

**4**

votes

**2**answers

172 views

### Asymptotics of special square-free numbers

What is the asymptotic number of square-free numbers less than $x$ with exactly $k$ prime divisors?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

160 views

### Ideals with norm in arithmetic progression

Let K/Q be a number field extention. Is there an asymptotic formular for the numer of ideals $\sum\limits_{\substack{N(A)\leq x\\N(A)\equiv k(q)}}1$,where $(k,q)=1$ and $A$ runs over ideals in $O_K$. ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

153 views

### $\mathfrak{q}$-ideal class bound

Let $K$ be a number field, $\mathcal{O}_K$ be its ring of integers. Let $\mathfrak{q}$ be a nonzero ideal in $\mathcal{O}_K$.
The $\mathfrak{q}$-ideal class group consists of equivalence classes of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### Higher dimensional analogue of Thue's equation

The classical Thue equation is
$$\displaystyle F(x,y) = h,$$
for a binary form $F(x,y) \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]$. Recall that a binary form is a polynomial in two variables which is homogeneous, and $h$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

275 views

### Integer numbers of the form $m = x^n + y^n$

First of all, I am no number theorist, so this question may be a little dummy.
The two squares theorem imply that $m = x^2 + y^2$ for some (possible zero) integer numbers $x,y$ iff $m$ factors as $m ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### The number of different lattice triangles

Two convex lattice polygons are equivalent if there is a lattice-preserving affine transformation mapping one of them to the other. Equivalent polygons have the same area. Let $H(A)$ denote the number ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

124 views

### Proofs for almost prime limits

A number $n$ with prime factorization $$n=\prod_{i=1}^rp_i^{a_i}$$
is a k-almost prime if it has a sum of exponents $$\sum_{i=1}^{r}a_i=k$$ i.e., when the prime factor (multiprimality) function ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

399 views

### Looking for a paper of Hartshorne

In a famous paper
Hartshorne - Varieties of small codimension,
Hartshorne formulates a conjecture, which roughly says that varieties of small codimension in projective space are complete ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

230 views

### Number of solutions of linear homogenous Diophantine equation inside a box

Let $a_1, ..., a_d$ be positive reals and consider the linear Diophantine equation
$$
\sum_i a_in_i = 0.
$$
I am interested in estimating the number of integer solutions of this equation inside a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

312 views

### Basics on anabelian geometry and Grothendieck's section conjecture

Even I can find similar questions and some answers on that questions, most of them are not quite unsatisfactory to me. Maybe this is a very stupid question, but there is no other place that I can ask ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

317 views

### Differential Galois number theory

Following http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/635659/can-the-error-term-involved-in-the-pnt-be-expressed-in-a-galois-theoretic-framew?noredirect=1#comment1341143_635659, I vainly tried to find ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### On one class of Euclidean lattices

Let $\Lambda\subset \mathbb Z^3$ be 3D lattice with a basis
$$a_1=\left(\begin{smallmatrix} a_{11} \\ a_{21}\\
a_{31}
\end{smallmatrix}\right),a_2=\left(\begin{smallmatrix} a_{12} \\ a_{22}\\
a_{32}
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

290 views

### Are primes of density 0 in $a\cdot b^n+c$?

Hooley proves in Applications of Sieves to the Theory of Numbers that there are only $o(x)$ numbers $n\le x$ such that $n\cdot2^n+1$ is a (Cullen) prime. The proof generalizes to forms ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

277 views

### Reference and best bounds of $\sum_{n\leq x}\frac{\mu(n)}{n}$

Could someone please provide information about the best possible known bounds of the sum $$A(x)=\sum_{n\leq x}\frac{\mu(n)}{n}?$$ Unconditionally, $A(x)=O(e^{-c\sqrt{\log x}})$ is known to me. Does ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Does the modified Szpiro conjecture require minimal model?

The modified Szpiro conjecture is described in
Wikipedia
and here and here.
The modified Szpiro conjecture states that: given $\varepsilon > 0$, there exists a constant $C(\varepsilon)$ such ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### On a sum involving Euler totient function

Let
$$S_a(N)=\sum_{n\le N}\frac{\varphi(an)}{n^2}.$$
The usual machinery gives an asymptotic formula
$$S_a(N)=\frac1{\zeta(2)}\cdot\frac{a^2}{\varphi_+(a)}\log ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Reference Request: Properties of the Integer Factorization Polytope

The complexity of Integer Factorization is to my knowledge still an open problem, whereas deciding, whether a given integer is a prime number is known to be in $P$ and a proof is available online ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### A problem on the finiteness of solutions to a Diophantine equations

Given two positive integers $a,b$, and an odd prime $p$, I want to know whether the number of solutions to the following equation is finite:
$X^2=a+bp^{Y}$
where $X,Y$ are variables and are ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

373 views

### The implicit constant in GRH

One particularity of the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis seems to deserve some clarification. In particular, what is included in the commonly accepted version of the conjecture?
GRH states that
...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

289 views

### (Non-)Existence of curves of low degree on affine and projective varieties

I am interested in papers that investigates the existence or non-existence of curves of low degree (relative to the degree of the ambient variety). The starting example is that of surfaces and ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### Reference request: on sums of the form $ax^m + by^n = h$

I know that equations of the form
$$\displaystyle ax^d + by^d = h$$
with $a,b,h \in \mathbb{Z}$ have been thoroughly investigated as a special (and interesting) case of the Thue-Mahler equation, for ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Definability of orderings on a formally real number field

For vector basis $b_1,..,b_n$ on a finite extension $F$ of $\mathbb{Q}$, where $-1$ is not a sum of squares, each linear order on $F$ is determined by an order on the basis. This uses information ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

386 views

### runs of consecutive non squarefree integers

This question gained no attention at Math SE.
Call a sequence of $k$ consecutive naturals squary if each one of them is divided by a square > 1. The Chinese Remainder theorem trivially guarantees us ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### Name or references for minimal $N$ such that $\left(\frac{a}{b}\right)_n = \left(\frac{a}{b'}\right)_n$ whenever $b \equiv b' \bmod (N)$

Let $\left( \dfrac{a}{b} \right)_n$ denote the nth power residue symbol, a generalization of the Legendre symbol. I have recently seen it quoted that there is a minimal ideal $N$ (minimal by ideal ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### Fermat-quotient of “order” 3: I found $68^{112} \equiv 1 \pmod {113^3}$ - are there bigger examples known?

(I've taken this from MSE, it seems to be more appropriate here)
I'm rereading an older text on fermat-quotients (see wikipedia) from which I have now the
Question for
$$ b^{p-1} \equiv 1 \pmod{ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### Abel-Jacobi map isomorphism galois representations

Let $X/\mathbb{Q}$ be an irreducible smooth projective curve with a $\mathbb{Q}$-rational point $p$. Then there is a map $\phi: X \rightarrow \textrm{Pic}^{0}(X)$ with the property that $q \mapsto ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

405 views

### The Theory of Transfinite Diophantine Equations [closed]

The theory of Diophantine equations is one of the main stream research areas in number theory. There are many known results and unknown conjectures about the existence of non-trivial solutions for ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Who is attributed with the conjecture that every multiply-perfect number greater than $1$ is even?

I know that Descartes is considered to be the first to ask whether or not odd perfect numbers exist ($n$ such that $\sigma(n)=2n$, where $\sigma(n)$ is the sum of divisors of $n$), and he also ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

466 views

### Reference for a conjecture on the first primes congruent to 1 modulo other primes

Given a prime $p$, define $f(p)$ to be the smallest prime congruent to $1$ modulo $p$. For example, $f(7)=29$. It has been conjectured that $f(p)<p^2$ always: by Schinzel in his "Hypothesis H" ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Is there a generalization of Granville-Langevin conjecture for number fields?

According to Wikipedia and other sources the Granville-Langevin conjecture
states:
If $f$ is a square-free binary form of degree $n > 2$, then for every real $\beta > 2$ there is a constant ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

712 views

### The origin of Discrete `Liouville's theorem'

It is known that discrete Liouville's theorem for harmonic functions on $\mathbb{Z}^2$ was proved by Heilbronn (On discrete harmonic functions. - Proc. Camb. Philos. Soc. , 1949, 45, 194-206).
If ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

491 views

### Order of magnitude of $\sum \frac{1}{\log{p}}$

Question: What is the order of magnitude of the following sum?
$$ \sum_{p<n}_{p\ \ prime} \frac{1}{\log{p}} $$
Additional information: Since
$$ \sum_{p<n}_{p\ \ prime} \frac{1}{\log{n}} ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

139 views

### Reference request for Frobenius numbers

The Frobenius number of a set of coprime integers is the largest number that not can be written as the sum of integer multiples of numbers in that set.
I'm looking for a general reference on ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Interactions of number theoretic conjectures and other fields of mathematics

There are many interesting open conjectures in number theory. My question is not about partial results or possible ways to prove them. It is about their interactions with the other fields of ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

243 views

### What should I read if I want to learn about integral structures on classical algebraic groups?

I'm looking to learn about integral structures (or models?) on classical algebraic groups.
To begin with I have been learning about algebraic groups, quadratic forms and lattices. And also looking at ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

159 views

### Numbers with balanced diophantine approximations

This is a follow-up to Question 146635, namely Expected symmetry in the diophantine approximations of an irrational number, which I will refer to for notation and terminology used here without ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Order of non-trivial zeros of an L-function and topological dimension

Let $F$ be a primitive element of the Selberg class of degree $d_{F}>0$, and let's consider the group $G$ of complex isometries of finite order that preserve the critical strip ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### Expected symmetry in the diophantine approximations of an irrational number

Given $x \in \mathbb{R}$ we will write $\{x\}$ for the fractional part of $x$ and $\|x\|$ for the distance of $x$ from the nearest integer, in such a way that $\{x\} = x - \lfloor x \rfloor$ and ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

302 views

### Cohen-Lenstra Heuristics reference

I am looking for good references (preferably, books) on Cohen-Lenstra Heuristics (on Real Quadratic fields) which explain in detail the reasons behind its fundamental assumption (higher the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

187 views

### 'etale topology

Could you recommend me please some basic, self-contained books on 'etale topology. I read Yoshida's article "local class field theory via lubin-tate theory" and some people said that it is somehow ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

238 views

### Koch's “Extendible functions”

For more than a year now, I have been looking for a copy of the following CICMA Concordia preprint :
Author : Helmut Koch
Title : Extendible functions
Preprint, CICMA Concordia University Department ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

263 views

### To which automorphic forms/rep's over a function field can we associate a Galois representation?

As far as I understand it, by the work of Lafforgue (cf. Laumon, "Cohom. of Drinfeld ... II", Thm 12.4.1) there is a Galois representation associated to an irreducible cuspidal automorphic ...