Tagged Questions

398 views

Constructing quintic number fields with certain splitting behaviour

I am looking for number fields $K$ which satisfy the following properties: $[K:\mathbb{Q}]=5$. The Galois closure of $K$ has Galois group $S_5$. For each prime $p$ which ramifies in $K$, there ...
319 views

Degree 17 number fields ramified only at 2

The number $17$ is the smallest odd number that occurs as the degree of a number field $K/\mathbb{Q}$ for which the only finite prime that ramifies is $2$. The non-existence for $n < 17$ follows ...
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Is there an infinite field of characteristic 2 whose multiplicative group is torsion free and (direct-sum) indecomposable?

Let $F$ be a infinite field of characteristic 2 whose multiplicative group $F^*$ is torsion free. I would like to conclude that $F^*$ is decomposable or find an example where $F^*$ is indecomposable. ...
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Maximal unramified extension and inertia group for separable closure

I have a problem in understanding the inertia group of an infinite extension. I am studying it in this context. Let $K$ be a field, $v$ a discrete valuation on $K$, and $\mathcal{O}_v$ the discrete ...
351 views

Variant of Hilbert 90 for Galois extensions

Let $K/\mathbb F_q(x)$ be a finite Galois extension with Galois group $G$. Let $Aut(K)$ be the group of $\mathbb F_q$-automorphisms of $K$. Obviously, $G\subseteq Aut(K)$. It is well known that ...
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Maximal separable extension of $\mathbb F_q((t))$

Let $K=\mathbb F_q((t))$. I want to prove that $K^{sep}$ is composite of $K^{sep}(p)$ and $K^{sep}(not \ p)$, where $K^{sep}(p)$ is maximal Galois extension of $K$ of exponent $p$, $K^{sep}(not \ p)$ ...
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Isomorphism related to the first cohomology group

I would like to prove the following: Let $K_1$, (resp. $K_2$) be a finite Galoisian extension of $\mathbb Q$ of degree $[K_1:\mathbb Q]=n_1$ with ring of integers $\mathcal O_{K_1}$ and Galois group ...
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How to prove that every polynomial in an infinite family is irreducible over Q?

Consider the bivariate polynomial $$p(X,Y) = X^5 - (2 Y + 1) X^3 - (Y^2 + 2) X^2 + Y (Y-1) X + Y^3.$$ For every integer $y \ge 4$, I conjecture that $p(X,y)$ is irreducible in $\mathbb{Q}[X]$. How can ...
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Degree of Kummer extensions of number fields

Let $K$ be a number field and $a\in K^*$ of infinite order in $K^*$. How do I show that $$[K(\sqrt[n]{a},\zeta_n):K]\geq C\cdot n\cdot\varphi(n)$$ holds for all positive integers $n$, with a positive ...
1k views

An algebraic number is not a root of unity?

This problem is related to my study of the Burau representation of the braid group $B_3$: I was trying to show that certain "congruence subgroups" are of infinite index. There is an approach that ...
273 views

Number field of degree 5

I am interested in field extensions of the rationals. About degree 3 extensions there are many refrences including the famous paper of Shanks "The Simplest Cubic Fields". In particular he gave ...
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On the solvable octic $x^8-x^7+29x^2+29=0$

The irreducible but solvable octic, $$x^8-x^7+29x^2+29=0\tag{1}$$ was first mentioned by Igor Schein in this 1999 sci.math post. This does not factor over a quadratic or quartic extension, but over ...
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on the Galois cohomology of reductive groups

Let $G$ a simply connected group over an algebraically closed field. $F=k((t))$ and $\mathcal{O}=k[[t]]$. Let $\gamma\in G(\mathcal{O})\cap G(F)^{rs}$. Let $E=k((t^{1/n}))$ with $n$ prime to the ...
275 views

I just read an article of Ram Murty about transcendence of special values of L-functions, and it seems that Schanuel's conjecture plays a crucial role in it. So given a positive integer $n$, let's ...
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Generalization of Kummer isomorphism?

This is a question I asked on math.stackexchange without success. Let $p$ be a prime number and denote by $\mathbb{F}_p(1)$ the one dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{F}_p$ endowed with an action ...
586 views

Embeddings of $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$ into $\mathbf{C}$

Keenan Kidwell's answer to Place stabilizers for the absolute Galois Group mentions that "choosing a complex conjugation" in $G_{\mathbf{Q}}$ means choosing an embedding ...
276 views

Rigidity, moduli space, and moduli field

In his comment to the question Algebraic numbers and the complex projective line minus three points JSE says that for algebro-geometric objects defined over the complex numbers "in practice, 'the ...
345 views

Least prime $p$ such that an irreducible polynomial of degree $n$ has no root modulo $p$?

This question is inspired by an old question of Greg Kuperberg, about how small is the first prime $p$ which makes a given monic polynomial $P$ with integral coefficient have a (simple) root modulo ...
593 views

Frobenius density theorem

As mentioned by @MichaelZieve in his comment re Quadratic residue, Chebotarev's density theorem was preceded by an allegedly much easier theorem of Frobenius (Mike Zieve is certainly not the only one ...
191 views

a question of local field

Let $K$ be a local field with mix char, $k$ residue field. We have an exact sequence $0 \longrightarrow I \longrightarrow G_{K} \longrightarrow G_{k} \longrightarrow 0$ Then we obtain an action of ...
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Galois group of constructible numbers

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be the field of constructible numbers, that is, the complex numbers constructible by compass and straightedge. It can be shown that it consists of all the numbers obtainable by ...
554 views

Embeddings of finite groups into GL(n,Q_p)

This question is inspired by some interesting comments on this recent question. Fix an integer $n \geq 1$ and a finite subgroup $G$ of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbf{C})$. It is known that there are ...
283 views

Galois descent for semilinear endomorphisms

Let $K \subset L$ be a finite Galois extension, $\sigma$ an automorphism of $L$ (not necessarily fixing $K$) and let $E$ be a finite-dimensional vector space over $L$ together with an $\sigma$-linear ...
336 views

How does an irreducible polynomial of prime power order split over an extension of prime power degree

I asked this question in a similar form on math.se here, where it has been unanswered for a little over a week some work on it can be found there. The motivation for this question was another ...
270 views

Primitive Elements for $S_n$ Galois Extensions?

This is an offshoot of my other question two days ago. How to apply Hilbert's Irreducibilty theorem? But it is of independent interest. Solutions of Inverse Galois Problem for a finite group ...
162 views

power sums are enough for rationality? [closed]

If I have k algebraic integers like a_1, ..., a_k such that the sum of their n-power are integer for n=1, ...m can we deduce that a_1, ..., a_k are integers? how large m should be? (how many power ...
478 views

When does a polynomial split over Q?

If P(x) is a polynomial in Q[X], is there any iff theorem that states all the roots of P(x) are rational based on the coefficients?! In another words, what could you impose on the coefficients to ...
664 views

Could unramified Galois groups satisfy a version of property tau?

This is an experiment: there is a question I want to mention in an article I'm writing, and I am not sure it's a sensible question, so I will ask it here first, in the hopes that if it's insensible ...
333 views

Place stabilizers for the absolute Galois Group

Fix an algebraic closure, $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ for the rationals and consider the set, $B_p$, of all places of $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ over a fixed (possibly infinite) prime, $p$, of $\mathbb{Q}$. ...
94 views

Explicit defining equations for the Leopoldt locus

Let $F$ be a number field, which we assume for simplicity to be Galois and totally real. Set $\mathcal{O}_p=\mathcal{O}_F\otimes_{\mathbf{Z}}\mathbf{Z}_p$. The norm map on $\mathcal{O}_F$ extends ...
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Rationality conditions for determining Galois groups

Let $F$ be a field and $h \in F[x]$ be an irreducible, degree $n$ monic polynomial. Let $G$ denote the Galois group of $h$. It is well known that $G \subset A_n$ if and only if the discriminant of ...
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Solving polynomial equations in radicals provided all roots are rational

This question is related to this question of Joseph O'Rourke and this question of mine. Question. Let $f$ be a polynomial with integer coefficients. Suppose that all roots of $f$ are rational. ...
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Subject to some conditions, is it possible to conclude a subfield of an abelian extension generated by a unit is a cyclic extension

My research is mostly in the area of modular categories. In the course of my research I came across a constraining set of number theoretic conditions that I'd like to exploit. It has been pointed out ...
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For which fields is the inverse Galois problem known?

The inverse Galois problem is known for (or in Jarden's and Fried's terminology, the following fields are universally admissible) function fields over henselian fields (like $\mathbb{Q}_p(x)$); ...
899 views

Is every finite group a quotient of the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group?

The Grothendieck-Teichmuller conjecture asserts that the absolute Galois group $Gal(\mathbb{Q})$ is isomorphic to the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group. I was wondering, would this conjecture imply the ...
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minimal polynomials of trig functions of ($k \pi/p$) and divisibility of coefficients by p

Take an odd prime $p$ and put $x_0:=\sum\limits_{j=0}^{p-1}\left(a_{j}\sqrt{p}\cos\dfrac{j\pi}p+b_{j}\sin\dfrac{j\pi}p +c_{j}\tan\dfrac{j\pi}p\right)$, where the $a_{ij}$ are integers. If $f$ denotes ...
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Cubic polynomials with “nice” roots, which can be expressed by trig functions of rational angles

Consider the cubic polynomial $x^3-ax+b$ for $a,b\in\mathbb N$. It has three real roots which, by Cardano's formula, can of course be written in closed form using thirds of angles or cube roots of ...
201 views

Is the other extreme of Hilbert Irreducibility true?

Let $K$ be a number field (or perhaps more generally a Hilbertian field). Let $X_K\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1_K$ be a regular (i.e. without extension of scalars) $G$-Galois branched cover. Hilbert's ...
“The Galois group of $\pi$ is $\mathbb{Z}$.”
Last year, in a talk of Michel Waldschmidt's, I remember hearing a statement along the lines of the title of this question, that is, "The Galois group of $\pi$ is $\mathbb{Z}$.". In what ...