# Tagged Questions

**3**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Conics over number fields

I am looking for a reference for the following fact.
Let $k$ be a number field and let $S$ be a finite set of places of $k$ of even cardinality. Then there exists a unique conic $C$ over $k$ such ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

432 views

### Galois groups and prescribed ramification

What is known about finite groups $G$ for which there exists a Galois extension $K$ of $\mathbb{Q}$ ramified only at $2$ such that $\text{Gal}(K/\mathbb{Q}) \cong G$ ? More generally, which groups can ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Theorem 7b of Serre's “Propriétés galoisiennes des points d'ordre fini des courbes elliptiques”

Could someone please point me towards a proof of the statement in the second paragraph, in the proof of Theorem 7b of Serre's Propriétés galoisiennes...? The statement is as follows:
Let $F$ and $F'$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Hilbert Class fields and Pure cubic fields

I want to know about Hilbert class field theory for pure cubic fields. Which is the best source for this? Right now I am reading book by D.A. Cox "Primes of the form $x^2+ny^2$" Fermat,Class field ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

180 views

### Cubic fields correspond to $3$-torsion ideals in quadratic fields, or to order $3$ characters of quadratic class groups?

I was watching Dick Gross's laudation for Manjul Bhargava, followed up by one of Bhargava's talks, and I realized I was confused about something.
Bhargava says (around 21 minutes) that the orbits of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Cyclotomic character in class field theory

Let $K$ be an extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$.
By local class field theory, the $p$-adic cyclotomic character $\mathrm{Gal}_K \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}_p^\times$ corresponds to a character $\chi : K^\times ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

443 views

### Ideal classes fixed by the Galois group

Let $K$ be a number field and let $G$ be the group of automorphisms of $K$ over $\mathbf Q$. The group $G$ acts in a natural way on the ideal class group of $K$. I would like to know if there are any ...

**25**

votes

**0**answers

439 views

### Degree 17 number fields ramified only at 2

The number $17$ is the smallest odd number that occurs as the degree of a number field $K/\mathbb{Q}$ for which the only finite prime that ramifies is $2$. The non-existence for $n < 17$ follows ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Global Artin reciprocity law from Local class field theory

Let $K=\mathbb F_q((t)), p -$ prime ideal in $K$, $\psi_p$ be the local Artin map$K_p^* \to Gal(K_p^{ab}/K_p)=G_p \subset Gal(K^{ab}/K)$. Then I define global Artin map $\psi_K$as product of $\psi_p$, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

154 views

### Reference for Local class field theory via witt vectors

I would like to find some books or lecture notes on geometric local class field theory via Witt vectors. I can't find any good paper on this subject.All approaches in the books to local class field ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

315 views

### Class groups of orders

In Cox's book "Primes of the form $x^2 + ny^2$", he proves that in a quadratic imaginary field $K$, if $\mathcal O$ is an order of conductor $f \in \mathbb Z$, we have that the class group ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

377 views

### Hilbert Class Field Galois over Q?

So if we have a Galois extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$, then the Hilbert Class Field $H$ of $K$ is certainly Galois over $\mathbb{Q}$. But is the converse true? I know many examples of nongalois ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

160 views

### Ring class fields of orders

The theory of ring class fields corresponding to orders in imaginary quadratic fields is introduced by, say, [1]. But I'm reading an article [2], in which ring class fields corresponding to orders in ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

178 views

### n-dimensional local fields

Recently, I hear the concept of $n$-dimensional local fields.
It is defined inductively as follows.
(1) a $0$-dimensional local field is a finite field.
(2) an $n$-dimensional local field is a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

231 views

### Unramified extension and class field theory

I am not sure this question is proper for this site, but there is no other places that I can get an answer. So if anyone can give an answer for this, it would be very helpful to me.
Let $F$ be a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

255 views

### maximal abelian extension of quadratic extension of $\mathbb Q_p$

I read this article "Local class field theory via Lubin-Tate theory" http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0606108v2.pdf. And I want to find the maximal abelian extensions for quadratic extensions of $\mathbb ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

328 views

### On class numbers $h(-d)$ and the diophantine equation $x^2+dy^2 = 2^{2+h(-d)}$

Given fundamental discriminant $d \equiv -1 \bmod 8$ such that the quadratic imaginary number field $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-d})$ has odd class number $h(-d)$. Is it true that one can always solve the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

365 views

### About principal ideal theorem in number fields

I usually consider a cyclic extension $K$ of degree an odd prime $p$ over the rational field $\mathbf{Q}$.
In this case, there is a well-known result that "every ambiguous class in the class group ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

286 views

### How does Tate cohomology fit into a derived categories framework?

I've read through one class field theory text after another, but there's something very non-intuitive for me about cohomology that makes it hard for me to understand why Tate cohomology was invented.
...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

296 views

### 2-class group of a quadratic imaginary extension

Let $p\equiv 5 [8]$ be a prime number, and consider $K=\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-p})$.
I would like to check that the $2$-Sylow subgroup of the class group $C_K$ has order $2$ (I'm pretty sure it's true).
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

240 views

### Ray class field and ring class field

Let $K$ be quadratic number field and let $O$ be an order of $K$. A modulus $m$ of $K$ is a formal product $m_0\cdot m_\infty$ of finitely many finite primes $m_0$ and finitely many infinite real ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

311 views

### Fields whose embeddings into the complex numbers are invariant under complex conjugation

Is there a general notion/description of fields $K$ such that the image of any embedding $K \hookrightarrow \mathbb{C}$ is invariant under complex conjugation, thus inducing an involution on $K$ which ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

368 views

### the global m-th power reciprocity law and Quartic Reciprocity Law

I'm reading Cox "Primes of the form $x^2+ny^2$". And I read a chapter about the global m-th power reciprocity law. Now I'm not able to prove the quartic and cubic reciprocity laws. Where can i find ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

464 views

### Numbers integrally represented by a ternary cubic form

Given integers $a,b,c,$ and cubic form
$$ f(a,b,c) = a^3 + b^3 + c^3 + a^2 b - a b^2 + 3 a^2 c - a c^2 + b^2 c - b c^2 - 4 a b c $$
$$ f(a,b,c) =
\det \left( \begin{array}{ccc}
a & b ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

549 views

### How did Takagi prove Kronecker's Jugendtraum for Q(i)?

In Noah Snyder's historical undergraduate thesis on Artin L-Functions, it mentions that Takagi proved Kronecker's Jugendtraum in the case of Q(i) in his doctoral thesis. Since I don't know how to get ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

491 views

### Characterizing primes that split completely vs. primes with a given splitting behavior

Given a finite abelian extension of number fields $L/K$, the prime ideals $\mathfrak{p}$ in $O_K$ split into primes $\mathfrak{P}$ in $O_L$. The number of primes $\mathfrak{p}$ splits into is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

399 views

### Non-cyclotomic abelian extensions

Suppose $L|\mathbb{Q}$ is an abelian extension of number fields. Then, all the roots of unity are certainly contained in the maximal abelian extension $L^{ab}$ of $L$. Why is it obvious that if $L \ne ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

251 views

### Abelian cubic extensions of Q[i],

Recently I was considering cubic extensions $K/Q$ that have discriminant negative of a perfect square. Classifying these curves reduces to solving a Diophatine equation of the form $4a^3+27b^2=c^2$ ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

356 views

### Intersection of Hilbert class fields of imaginary quadratic fields

In this question Hilbert class field of Quadratic fields it is mentioned that if $d\equiv 1 \mod 4$ then the Hilbert class field of $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-d})$ contains $\mathbb{Q}(i,\sqrt{d})$.
Could ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

650 views

### The Class Number One Problem for Real Quadratic Fields

An approach to the Gauß class number one problem for imaginary quadratic fields is to determine the integral points on the modular curve $Y_{nonsplit}(n)$ for a suitable $n$. Here follows a quick ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

907 views

### Elliptic Curves with CM and Class Field Theory

Let $K$ be an imaginary quadratic field with Hilbert class field $H$, and let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $H$ with complex multiplication by the ring of integers $O_K$ of $K$. It is known ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

611 views

### What numbers are integrally represented by $4 x^2 + 2 x y + 7 y^2 - z^3$

This is related to my first MO question and Kevin Buzzard's conjecture at
Integers not represented by $ 2 x^2 + x y + 3 y^2 + z^3 - z $
In December 2010 my question appeared in the M.A.A. Monthly, ...

**14**

votes

**5**answers

985 views

### What is the “ray” in ray class group?

I have never seen any algebraic number theory book discuss the origin of the term "ray class group." Does anyone know where the word "ray" comes from in this context? I always thought it might be a ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

581 views

### How does one understand geometric CFT in terms of modularity?

I have recently asked a question in a similar vein:
What makes Geometric CFT easier than CFT?
but I'm afraid I wasn't quite ripe to ask it yet. I have since consulted with the following sources:
...

**20**

votes

**1**answer

926 views

### Can one prove complex multiplication without assuming CFT?

The Kronecker-Weber Theorem, stating that any abelian extension of $\mathbb Q$ is contained in a cyclotomic extension, is a fairly easy consequence of Artin reciprocity in class field theory (one just ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Formal non-CM in local fields

An elliptic curve $E$ with complex multiplication by an imaginary quadratic field $F$ has $\ell$-adic Galois representations that essentially encode the class field theory of $F$ - in other words, the ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

365 views

### Lubin-Tate vs cohomological approach to local CFT

Local class field theory ("local CFT") can be developed in various ways, among them is a cohomological approach and an explicit approach due to Lubin and Tate (both can be found in Milne's CFT notes ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

447 views

### Embedding number fields in fields with class number 1

(Apologies if this question isn't quite research-level: a colleague came across it while preparing a non-examinable bonus lecture on class field theory for an undergraduate algebraic number theory ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

497 views

### class numbers of $\mathbf{Q}(2^{1/n})$

Calculating the class numbers of $\mathbf{Q}(2^{1/n})$ for small $n$ always yields $1$. Is it true for an infinite number of $n$s? Does applying Iwasawa theory to the false Tate curve tower ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

424 views

### Parity of class number of pure cubic fields

A pure cubic field is an algebraic number field of the form $K = \mathbb{Q}(\theta)$ with $\theta^3 = m$, $m \neq \pm 1$.
What can be said about the parity (odd or even) of the class number of a pure ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

458 views

### How do Brauer groups relate to zeta functions?

There are two approaches to class field theory that I was taught. The first, is the theory of $L$-functions, Dirichlet characters and so forth (which I described succintly in the question What are the ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Primes of the form $x^2+ny^2$ and congruences.

The answer of following classical problem is surely known, but I can't find a reference
For which positive integer $n$ is the set $S_n$ of primes of the form $x^2+n y^2$ ($x$, $y$ integers) ...

**13**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### What is the “reason” for modularity results?

The question is a little wishy-washy, but I take my cues from other popular questions that relate to the philosophy behind the mathematics as Why do Groups and Abelian Groups feel so different? .
I ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

493 views

### Class groups in dihedral extensions - some sort of Spiegelungssatz?

Let $p$ be an odd prime and let $F/\mathbb{Q}$ be a Galois extension with Galois group $D_{2p}$, let $K$ be the intermediate quadratic extension of $\mathbb{Q}$, and $L$ an intermediate degree $p$ ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

792 views

### Class number parity in pure cubic number fields

Consider the family of pure cubic number fields
$K = {\mathbb Q}(\sqrt[3]{m})$ for $m = a^3 \pm 3$.
Proposition. If $4 \mid a$ and $m$ is cubefree, then the
class number of $K$ is even.
Proof. Let ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

869 views

### number of galois extensions of local fields of fixed degree

Let $K$ be a local field (of characteristic 0) with (finite) residue field of characteristic $l$ and let $p$ be a prime.
Considering the cases, whether the $p$-th roots of unity are in $K$ and ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

787 views

### Decomposition of Artin L functions

The Dedekind zeta function of an abelian extension $E$ of $\mathbb{Q}$ factors as a product of Artin L function $L(s, \chi)$, where the product runs over all irreducible representations $\chi$ of ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

565 views

### Recovering Hecke L-series from Artin L-functions

Let $K$ be a number field, $\chi : C_K \to \mathbb{C}^\ast$ a Hecke character (that is, a character of the idèle class group), and $L(\chi,s)$ the corresponding Hecke $L$-series. I wish to understand ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

537 views

### What are the roots of unity in abelian extensions of imaginary quadratic fields?

What roots of unity can be contained in the abelian extensions of an imaginary quadratic number field $K = \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-d})$? In particular, I would like to know:
Is $K(\zeta_n)/K$ an abelian ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Why is Class Field Theory the same as Langlands for GL_1?

I've heard many people say that class field theory is the same as the Langlands conjectures for GL_1 (and more specifically, that local Langlands for GL_1 is the same as local class field theory). ...