6
votes
0answers
67 views

Newton polygons of modular polynomials

This is pretty much straightforward curiosity. Is there anything known about Newton polygons of classical modular polynomials (polynomial relations between $j(\tau)$ and $j(n\tau)$)? I understand that ...
9
votes
1answer
157 views

Borel-Serre compactification of $\mathbb{H}^3 / SL_2(\mathcal{O}_K)$

Let $\mathbb{H}^3$ be the three-dimensional hyperbolic space. Let $K$ be an imaginary quadratic number field and $\mathcal{O}_K$ its ring of integers. Then $SL_2(\mathcal{O}_K)$ acts on $\mathbb{H}^3$ ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Weil's Riemann Hypothesis for dummies?

Weil's Riemann Hypothesis is a deep result that I don't fully understand, but it has understandable corollaries which interest me. For example: (a) For any projective curve $X$ satisfying certain ...
0
votes
0answers
408 views

A letter from J. P. Serre

Which is the letter where J. P. Serre present "Analogues Kählériens de certaines conjectures de Weil" to Weil?
4
votes
2answers
264 views

Time-line until the publicaton of Weil of “Numbers of solutions of equations in finite fields”

In "On the history of the Weil Conjectures" Dieudonné says: "Appropriately enough, the story, as with so many problems in number theory, begins with Gauss...". C. F. Gauss, Disquisitiones ...
11
votes
0answers
166 views

What is the lowest-weight non-cyclotomic Galois representation in $\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}$?

I want to know about low-weight Galois representations in $H^i(\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}, \overline{\mathbb Q}_\ell)$ that aren't cyclotomic. This should be equivalent to finding $p,q$ such that ...
5
votes
1answer
269 views

Connection of Galois representation and arithmetic geometry

This is might be a dumb question. There are lots of Galois representations which arise naturally from geometric objects, for example, Galois representations attached to elliptic curves. I know that ...
1
vote
0answers
151 views

Number of Orbits of symmetric group acting on $(\mathbb{Z}/n)^{l}$ [migrated]

I have encountered a problem that I suspect has been thoroughly studied but I have not been able to find references. Can anyone point me to a published reference dealing with this or a closely related ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Bloch Kato Exponential as formal lie group exponential

Let $K$ be a $p$-adic field and $V$ a $p$-adic representation. In their paper on tamagawa numbers of motives, Bloch and Kato define an exponential map as the connecting homomorphism $$DR(V) ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

Regular singularities and the infinitesimal site

Suppose I have a smooth non-proper algebraic variety $X/\mathbb{C}$. A vector bundle with flat connection (``differential equation'') on $X$ extends, as was noted by Grothendieck, to a coherent ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

rank of Abelian schemes under ample hypersurface section

Let $k$ be an algebraic closure of a finite field, $\ell \neq \mathrm{Char}(k)$ be prime, $S/k$ a smooth projective geometrically connected surface and $C/k$ a smooth ample connected hypersurface ...
1
vote
2answers
281 views

Non-hyperelliptic curves of genus at least two

A hyperelliptic curve can be understood as the set of points satisfying an equation of the form $$\displaystyle z^2 = f(x,y),$$ where $f(x,y)$ is a binary form of degree $d = 2g+2$. In this case, $g$ ...
4
votes
0answers
94 views

Complexes of arithmetic $\mathcal{D}$-modules with Frobenius structure

This is a question about the category $F\text{-}D^b_\mathrm{coh}(\mathscr{D}^\dagger_{\mathscr{X},\mathbb{Q}})$ of complexes of arithmetic $\mathscr{D}$-modules with Frobenius structure on a smooth ...
15
votes
0answers
283 views

$\zeta(n)$ as a mixed Tate motive

I am trying to understand why there exists, for each $n \geq 2$, a mixed Tate motive $M$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ such that $M \in Ext^1_{MT(\mathbb{Q})}(\mathbb{Q}(0), \mathbb{Q}(n))$ and $\zeta(n)$, ...
6
votes
1answer
340 views

Elliptic curve and Galois representation

For an elliptic curve $E$ over ${\Bbb{Q}}$, let us consider Serre's mod $l$ representation by $\rho_{E,l} \colon {\mathrm{Gal}}({\overline{\Bbb{Q}}}/{\Bbb{Q}}) \to {\mathrm{Aut}}(\phantom{}_lE) = ...
2
votes
0answers
188 views

vanishing of étale cohomology of affine surface

Let $U$ be an affine smooth surface over an algebraic closure of a finite field. Let $\mathscr{A}/U$ be an Abelian scheme and $\ell \neq \mathrm{char}(k)$ be prime. Are there vanishing results for ...
4
votes
1answer
429 views

A weak version of Bass' conjecture

Let $A$ be a finitely generated $\mathbb{Z}$-algebra which is a UFD. Then (a special case of) the Bass conjecture states that $K_0(A)$ is a finitely generated abelian group. As far as I am aware, this ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

Some questions related to Iwasawa invariants of elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ with good ordinary reduction at an odd prime $p$. Let $\mathbb{Z}_{p}$ denote the ring of $p$-adic integers, and $\mathbb{Q}^{cyc}$ be the ...
2
votes
2answers
268 views

Local factors of Hasse-Weil zeta function - what do they have in common?

Let $X$ be a regular scheme, flat and of finite type over $Spec(\mathbb{Z})$ (add "projective" if you want). Then the Hasse-Weil zeta function of $X$ is defined as a product over all prime numbers of ...
12
votes
1answer
487 views

Curves on K3 and modular forms

The paper of Bryan and Leung "The enumerative geometry of $K3$ surfaces and modular forms" provides the following formula. Let $S$ be a $K3$ surface and $C$ be a holomorphic curve in $S$ representing ...
18
votes
0answers
299 views

Bounding failures of the integral Hodge and Tate conjectures

It is well know that the integral versions of the Hodge and Tate conjectures can fail. I once heard an off hand comment however that they should only fail by a "bounded amount". My question is what ...
1
vote
0answers
207 views

Where can I find the article of A. Borel: “Values of zeta-functions at integers, cohomology and polylogarithms”? [closed]

Where on the internet can I find this article? I know that it is in this book: Current trends in mathematics and physics, Narosa, New Delhi, 1995.
7
votes
1answer
306 views

is there a p-adic Borel theorem?

Let $F$ be a number field. Denote, as usual, $\mathcal{O}_F$ the ring of integers and $r_1$, $r_2$ the number of real and complex embeddings. Let $\zeta_F(s)$ be the Dedekind zeta function of $F$. ...
8
votes
1answer
351 views

Variant of Hilbert 90 for Galois extensions

Let $K/\mathbb F_q(x)$ be a finite Galois extension with Galois group $G$. Let $Aut(K)$ be the group of $\mathbb F_q$-automorphisms of $K$. Obviously, $G\subseteq Aut(K)$. It is well known that ...
6
votes
1answer
310 views

Serre's 1987 letter to Tate about mod p modular forms

In what follows, we have a level $N \geq 3$, and the modular curve $X(N)$, and the invertible sheaf $\omega$ on $X(N)$ such that the global sections of $\omega^{\otimes k}$ correspond to modular forms ...
3
votes
1answer
150 views

Galois representation attached to $3$-torsion points of an elliptic curve

Let $ E $ - Elliptic curve defined over $ {\mathbb{Q}} $. $G_{\mathbb{Q}}$ - The absolute Galois group, $\text{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q}) $ of $\mathbb{Q}$. $ E[3] $ - $3$-torsion points ...
10
votes
1answer
211 views

What is our current knowledge on the structure of J_0(N)(Q) and J_1(N)(Q)

The question in the title naturally breaks up in two parts, namely the torsion part and the rank part. I already read about some results on both the torsion and the rank part. And I want to know ...
10
votes
0answers
145 views

Degeneration of etale Hochschild--Serre exact sequence

Let $k$ be a field, $X$ a smooth $K$-variety and $\ell$ a prime not dividing the characteristic of $K$. Then one can make sense of continuous $\ell$-adic etale cohomology (in the sense of Jannsen), ...
1
vote
0answers
153 views

Reference for Local class field theory via witt vectors

I would like to find some books or lecture notes on geometric local class field theory via Witt vectors. I can't find any good paper on this subject.All approaches in the books to local class field ...
8
votes
3answers
261 views

Quadratic twist of curve defined over finite field

I was reading the paper on "curves of every genus with many points II" by: Elkies, Howe, et al. And some of the terms are not clear to me. Is there any elaborate exposition on these stuffs? In ...
3
votes
0answers
102 views

Lattice with trivial spinor norm

Let $\Lambda$ be a non-degenerate lattice (over $\mathbb{Z}$) with quadratic form $q$. I define the spinor norm $\theta \colon O(\Lambda_\mathbb{R} )\to \lbrace\pm 1\rbrace$ as follows: For a ...
9
votes
1answer
251 views

Motives over finite field not generated by hyperelliptic curves

So the question is that, over a finite field, does there exist an abelian variety $A$ for which there does not exist a generically one-to-one morphism from a hyperelliptic curve $C$ to $A$. p.s. A ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

Main conjecture for elliptic curves invariant under a $\mathbb{Q}$-isogeny

Suppose $E$ is an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ with good ordinary reduction at a prime $p$. Then one can define nonnegative integers $ \lambda_{E}^{alg} $, $ \mu_{E}^{alg} $, $ ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

Confusion regarding the definition of semistable reduction of an elliptic curve at a prime $p$

I am consulting the recent paper ''On the Integrality of Modular Symbols and Kato's Euler system for Elliptic Curves'' by Chris Wuthrich. But I am confused regarding the definition of semistable ...
7
votes
1answer
379 views

The Tate conjecture for abelian varieties

Let $k$ be a number field. Recall that Faltings proved the famous Tate conjecture, which states that for any abelian variety $X$ over $k$ and any prime $\ell$, the natural map $$\mathrm{End}(X) ...
5
votes
0answers
102 views

Local Systems on Function fields over $\mathbb{F}_p$

Suppose $X$ is a smooth proper curve over $\mathbb{F}_p$ for some prime number $p$. Let $l\neq p$ be a prime, and suppose $L$ is a rank 2 local system over $X$ with coefficients in $\mathbb{Z}_l$ such ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Criterion for R-equivalence of two points on cubic surfaces over $\mathbb{Q}$

The definition of R-equivalence is given in the paper as Definition 4.1. Coarsely speaking, given a field $K$ and a cubic surface over $K$, two points $x,y$ are R-equivalent over $K$ if they can be ...
10
votes
0answers
220 views

Lifting Abelian Varieties to p-adic fields

Assume I have an abelian variety $A$ over a finite field $k$ of characteristic $p$. Work of Norman and Oort (1980) says I can lift $A$ to an abelian variety $\mathscr{A}$ over some characteristic ...
9
votes
4answers
357 views

Is any quadric birational to a product of Brauer-Severi varieties?

Let $k$ be a field with algebraic closure $\bar k$. Assume that $k$ is perfect and not of characteristic $2$ for simplicity. Let $$X: \quad Q(x)=0, \quad \subset \mathbb{P}^n_k,$$ be a non-singular ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Is the group of rational points of an anisotropic absolutely quasi-simple algebraic group over a non-archimedean local field known to be perfect?

Suppose that $G$ is an algebraic group defined over a non-archimedean local field $k$ which is absolutely quasi-simple and anisotropic over $k$. Is it known whether the group $G(k)$ is necessarily ...
4
votes
1answer
236 views

Fermat surface known to have very few rational integer solutions

The motivation for this question is the Selmer curve, given by $$\displaystyle 3x^3 + 4y^3 + 5z^3 = 0.$$ One can show that this curve has no rational integer solutions, despite having a solution ...
8
votes
1answer
182 views

Hasse principle and Brauer-Manin obstruction for forms of large degree

The Hasse principle is perhaps an at-first naive generalization of the Chinese remainder theorem; that if a linear equation can be solved modulo $p$ for any prime $p$, then it can be solved in the ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

degree of isogenies between Jacobians and Abelian Varieties

Let $K$ be a local field of characteristic zero and positive residual characteristic. Let $A$ be a simple abelian variety and assume we have an isogeny $f:Jac_C\rightarrow A$ with $C$ a smooth curve ...
12
votes
2answers
346 views

Existence of local sections

I would like to know when the property of "having a section" for a morphism of varieties in characteristic $0$ can be detected by spreading out to characteristic $p$. Take a number field $K$, and let ...
1
vote
1answer
183 views

Arithmetic property of a surface of general type

In my previous post I asked about the hyperbolicity of the affine surface $S'=\{zw \neq o\}$ in the projective surface $z^2 = P(x) Q(y)$ in $\mathbb{P}^3$, where $P$ and $Q$ are two general ...
0
votes
1answer
171 views

Kernel of a 3-isogeny between two elliptic curves

Suppose $E_1$ and $E_2$ are two elliptic curves defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ and there exists a 3-isogeny $\varphi$: $E_1 \longrightarrow E_2$. If $E_1$ has no $\mathbb{Q}$-rational point of order 3, ...
3
votes
1answer
215 views

What is the relation between KC and height of rational number?

Roughly speaking,Kolmogorov Complexity of a bits string or a description is the minimal length of programs outputing a bits string,and height of rational number is logarithm of the largest numerator ...
2
votes
1answer
274 views

Curves of high genus with many rational points

The seminal theorem of Faltings confirms Mordell's conjecture: that is, curves of genus at least 2 have at most finitely many rational points. The proof of Faltings' theorem is not effective, meaning ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Bounding a sum of functions defined on effective divisors

The following is from a PhD thesis "Algebraic Circle Method" by Thibaut Pugin, which I am currently reading. Let $k$ be a finite field of order $q$. Let $X \subseteq \mathbb{A}^{n+1}_k$ be the ...
3
votes
0answers
116 views

Question related to the number of rational curves on a hypersurface

The following is from a PhD thesis "Algebraic Circle Method" by Thibaut Pugin, which I am currently reading. Let $k$ be a finite field of order $q$. Let $\mathfrak{X} \subseteq \mathbb{P}^n_k$ be ...