**0**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### More on Vojta's exceptional set for a more general abc conjecture

Likely a mistake, but got very large exceptional set in Vojta's
more general abc conjecture.
In A more general abc conjecture, p. 7 Paul Vojta conjectures:
If $x_0,\ldots x_{n-1}$ are nonzero ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Is the set of numbers $\{ [n^{3/2}] \mid n\text{ an integer}\}$ a basis of order 3?

A set of integers is called a basis of order h if every nonnegative integer can be written as the sum of h not necessarily distinct elements of the set.(Nathanson, Additive Number Theory, page 7)
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Abscissa of absolute convergence of the product of two Dirichlet series

I first asked the following question on Mathematics StackExchange (a few weeks ago), since the content of MathOverflow is mostly above my academic level. I didn't want to bother people on this forum ...

**28**

votes

**0**answers

474 views

### Mod sequences that seem to become constant; and the number 316

Define a "mod sequence" of nonnegative integers
based on one start parameter $s$, its first term,
as follows.
$A(s)=(a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n,\ldots)$
with $a_1 = s$
and
$$ a_n = \left(\sum_{k=1}^{n-1} a_k ...

**2**

votes

**5**answers

321 views

### Mean of a vector

Be a set of numbers $v=(a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n)$
I want to form the following average vector $\mu = (\frac{\sum a_i}{n}, \frac{\sum a_i}{n}, \ldots, \frac{\sum a_i}{n})$.
If I do it iteratively step ...

**-6**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Can the divisibility-by-7 test be extended to preserve the remainder? [on hold]

The divisibility-by-7 test (in base 10) performs iterations whereby the last digit is doubled and subtracted from the number formed by all other digits. If the original number is divisible by 7, then ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

460 views

### Any way to prove Prime Number Theorem using Hyperbolic Geometry? [on hold]

The prime number theorem says that the density of prime numbers is inverse as the number of digits of $n$:
$$\displaystyle \frac{\{1 \leq k \leq n : \text{ prime } \}}{n} \approx \frac{1}{\log n}$$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

138 views

### Prime divisors of $p^n+1$

Let $p$ be a rational prime and $n$ be a positive integer.
It can be easily deduced from Zsigmondy's theorem that $p^n+1$ has a prime divisor greater than $2n$ except when $(p,n)=(2,3)$ or ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Over which fields is a $G$-module reducible?

I have asked this question at math.stackexchange, but have not received an answer so far. Also, I'm not entirely sure that this is a suitable question for mathoverflow... See this link for the ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Algorithm Involving Quadratic Diophantine Equation

Let $a,b,c,d\in\Bbb Z$.
$abcd\neq 0$ and $a>0$.
What is the best standard low complexity procedure to find the set of solutions for $x,y,t\in\Bbb Z$ such that:
$$-axy+bx+cy+d=t^2$$
where ...

**19**

votes

**3**answers

670 views

### Number of elements of “$\mathrm{SL}_n(\mathbb{F}_p^\times)$” mod $p$

How many elements of $\mathrm{SL}_n(\mathbb{F}_p)$ have all nonzero entries? Just the answer mod $p$ would be fine as well. This seems like it should be easy/in the literature but I couldn't find it.

**0**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### $\zeta$ function for ambiguous class group

Let $K$ be a Galoisian number field with ring of integers $O_K$. I consider $\zeta_{A,K}(s)$ the function defined by
$$\zeta_{A,K}(s)=\prod_{\substack{p\in\mathbb N\\p\text{ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

291 views

### Ruth-Aaron triples, etc

A Ruth-Aaron pair is two numbers $(n,n+1)$ such that
their sum of prime factors is equal, counting repeated prime factors.
(The name refers to Hank Aaron's 715 homeruns surpassing Babe Ruth's 714!)
So
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Chebyshev polynomials factoring uniformly modulo all primes

Consider the Chebyshev polynomial of the first kind $T_n(x)$ and its factorization in $\mathbb F_p$ for a given prime $p$. Most often, this factorization is not uniform (meaning that the irreducible ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

345 views

### Tate's thesis for Artin L-functions

As far as I know, Tate's thesis has been successfully applied in two fronts:
Hecke L-functions, by Tate and Iwasawa (and Teichmüller, Witt, Schmid)
Automorphic L-functions, by Jacquet, Shalika, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Relation between cyclotomic character and fundamental character of level

The question I have is the following: is it true that the $p+1$ exponentiation of the fundamental character of level $2$ gives us the reduction (mod $p$) of the cyclotomic character?
For a review of ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

247 views

### Growth of $r_{2}(n)$

Let $n$ be a positive integer. From Jacobi's two-square theorem we know that the number $r_{2}(n)$ of representations of $n$ as a sum of two squares is given by
$$
r_{2}(n)=4(d_{1}(n)-d_{3}(n)),
$$
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### what is the intersection of all congruence subgroups of the profinite completion of SL(2,Z)?

Let $\widehat{SL(2,\mathbb{Z})}$ be the profinite completion of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$. Let $\Gamma(N)$ denote the typical principal congruence subgroup of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ (ie, all matrices congruent ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

502 views

### More elliptic curves for $a^4+b^4+c^4+d^4 = (a+b+c+d)^4$?

(Note: See also the $a^4+b^4+c^4 = 1$ version in this old MSE post.)
The equation discussed in a paper by Jacobi and Madden,
$$a^4+b^4+c^4+d^4 = (a+b+c+d)^4 = z^4\tag1$$
or equivalently,
$$(p-2q + ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

546 views

### What is a totient?

In addition to the Euler totient function, there are a great many generalizations and related functions which go by the "totient", usually with some name: Jordan, Lehmer*, Schemmel, Nagell, Alder, ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

276 views

### Applications of $p$-adic Hodge theory

I am trying to learn $p$-adic Hodge theory. I found some materials explaining main theorems (or aspects) of the theory. However, I could not find references which explaining how to use the theory. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

143 views

### Bombieri-Vinogradov in short intervals

In 1985 Perelli, Pintz & Salerno proved a short-interval form of the Bombieri-Vinogradov theorem with $\theta \in (7/12, 1]$. Have there been any improvements on this, in particular with the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### The hypertriangular function of $n$

I'm looking for papers or recent results on the hypertriangular function of $n$:
$$H_t(n)= \displaystyle\sum\limits_{k=1}^{n} k^k$$
This is A001923 in the OEIS.
I don't have much experience with ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

200 views

### Sets of squares representing all squares up to $n^2$

Let $S_n=\{1,2,\ldots,n\}$ be natural numbers up to $n$.
Say that a subset $S \subseteq S_n$
square-represents $S_n^2$ if every
square $1^2,2^2,\ldots,n^2$ can be represented by adding or subtracting
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

215 views

### Primes $p=x^2+27y^2$ and Ramanujan's $x_1^{1/3} + x_2^{1/3} + x_3^{1/3}$

I was trying to generalize,
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Arithmetic functions associated with Hurwitz Zeta function raised to arbitrary complex powers, $\zeta(s,q)^z$ for $q \in \mathbb{N}$?

If $\zeta(s)$ is the Riemann Zeta function, then $\zeta(n)^z$, with $z \in \mathbb{C}$, $\Re(s)>1$, can be represented as
$$\zeta(s)^z=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{d_z(n)}{n^{-s}}$$
where $d_z(n)$ ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

359 views

### Application of the Riemann hypothesis and the ABC conjecture to independence results

In Old Home Page of Andreas Weiermann Andreas Weiermann has stated the following:
Quite recently I submitted a preprint about an application of the Riemann hypothesis and the ABC conjecture to ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

117 views

### Cardinality of the prime divisor set of a k-power sum

Let $a_{1},\dots,a_{n}$ be positive natural numbers ($n>2$) such that $a_{i}\neq a_{j}$ if $i\neq j$. I want to prove that
$$ \left\lvert \left\{ p \text{ prime} \; : \; p \mid \sum_{i=1}^n ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

729 views

### Where do Set Theory and Number Theory meet together?

As all know, by absoluteness theorems in Set Theory, most of theorems in number theory are $ZFC$-provable if and only if they are consistent with $ZFC$, it's because of absoluteness of essence of ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Prove that $\sum_{a<n\le b}\{f(n)\}=\frac{1}{2}(b-a)+O(\lambda^{1/3}(b-a)+\lambda^{-1/2})$ [closed]

Let $a,b\in\mathbb{Z}$, and $f\in C^2([a,b])$ such that $|f''(t)|\asymp \lambda$ for $a\le t\le b$. Prove that
$$\sum_{a<n\le b}\{f(n)\}=\frac{1}{2}(b-a)+O(\lambda^{1/3}(b-a)+\lambda^{-1/2}).$$
...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Height of a tripod [closed]

I am trying to determine the height of a tripod when the length on the tripod's legs (81") and the distance between the ends that touch the ground are 57" apart.
My thought process so far: When the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Pathological behavior of Lie algebra under a map of abelian schemes

I am trying to understand Example 7.5/9 from the book "Neron models". There one has a discrete valuation ring $R'$ that is the localization of $\mathbb{Z}[\zeta_p]$ at $p$, so that the absolute ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Which criteria for “uniformly splitting” polynomials?

Let $P(x)$ be an irreducible monic polynomial of degree $\ge4$ with integer coefficients. We all know that over a finite field $\mathbb F_p$, $P$ will often split, and I am interested in polynomials ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### When is $\vartheta(x)>x$? [Skewes number analog]

Let $\vartheta(x)=\sum_{p\le x}\log p$. What is known about the first time $\vartheta(x)>x?$
Bays & Hudson give good upper bounds (slightly improved by Chao & Plymen) on the first crossing ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### Shimura reciprocity law

I have spent quite some time understanding class fields generated by Kummer extensions and class fields generated by modular forms. Now, I am turning the notch of sophistication a bit to study class ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

351 views

### Numerical evidence and argument against Littlewood conjecture

This is joint work with someone. We got numerical evidence and argument
against Littlewood conjecture, though mistakes are certainly possible.
Littlewood conjecture states that for any two real ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### abelian $\ell$-adic representations in $\widehat{SL(2,Z)}$

In Grothendieck's Esquisse he claims that the action of
$$\text{Gal}(\mathbb Q)\to\text{Out}(\pi_1(M_{1,1})=\text{Out}(\widehat{SL(2,Z)})$$
obtained from the homotopy exact sequence of the étale ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

426 views

### Modular forms and “too many symmetries”

How do we interpret Barry Mazur's quote of
Modular forms are functions on the complex plane that are inordinately symmetric. They satisfy so many internal symmetries that their mere existence ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Varieties with few monomials and the n-conjecture

The n-conjecture
is a generalization of abc and basically says that the if
$a_1 + \ldots + a_n=0$, no proper subsum vanishes and $a_i$
are coprime, then the radical of $a_1\cdots a_n$ can't be
too ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### p-adic Stein spaces

The higher cohomology of coherent sheaves vanish on Stein spaces (both complex and p-adic). In the case when the space ($X$) is a curve and we're working in the complex world, this shows that all ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

85 views

### Does the Lehmer quintic parameterize certain minimal polynomials of the $p$th root of unity for infinitely many $p$?

The solvable Emma Lehmer quintic is given by,
$$F(y) = y^5 + n^2y^4 - (2n^3 + 6n^2 + 10n + 10)y^3 + (n^4 + 5n^3 + 11n^2 + 15n + 5)y^2 + (n^3 + 4n^2 + 10n + 10)y + 1 = 0$$
with discriminant $D = (7 + ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

510 views

### Zeta function double product

Is it possible to write the following double product in terms of the zeta function?
\begin{align}
&\prod_{i=1}^{\infty}\prod_{j=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{1-(p_i\ p_j)^{-s}}
\end{align}
Extending the ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

310 views

### Least supersingular prime

Given an elliptic curve over the rationals, what can one say about the size of the smallest supersingular prime?

**11**

votes

**4**answers

579 views

### Zeros of the derivative of Riemann's $\xi$-function

The Riemann xi function $\xi(s)$ is defined as
$$
\xi(s)=\frac12 s(s-1)\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma(s/2)\zeta(s).
$$
It is an entire function whose zeros are precisely those of $\zeta(s)$.
Since $\xi$ is real ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

304 views

### Numbers with all N-digit prefixes divisible by N

In base 10, the number 3816547290 contains every digit exactly once. When I take the first N digits, that substring is divisible by N. For example, 381 is divisible by 3, 38165 is divisible by 5, etc. ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Short arithmetic progressions in quadratic residues

Let p be a prime number of form 4k+1.
I guess that there are c(d) number of 3-terms arithmetic progressions (AP) in the set of quadratic residues modulo p, where c(d) is an integer constant depending ...

**-2**

votes

**2**answers

164 views

### Time estimate to determine if a number is prime [closed]

How long does it take to verify that a given number is a prime number, as a function of its number of digits, in a personal computer, say? How computationally hard is this?

**11**

votes

**1**answer

476 views

### Is there a known primitive recursive upper bound on the nth “Zhang prime”

(This question is pure curiosity. Feel free to close it if you feel it is not appropriate for mathoverflow.)
In 2013 Zhang showed that there are infinitely many pairs of primes which are less that ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### “Weight-mondoromy” for open varieties

Suppose that $X/\mathbb{Q}_p$ is a smooth, projective variety, and choose a prime $\ell\neq p$. Then the weight-monodromy conjecture says that the graded pieces $\mathrm{Gr}_k^M$ of the monodromy ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Special values of Hecke L-function

The Dedekind zeta function for a number field $K$ is defined as
$\zeta_K(s)=\sum_{I\subset O_K} (N_{K/\mathbb{Q}}(I))^{-s}$.
By attaching a Hecke character $\psi$, we can define ...