**1**

vote

**0**answers

58 views

### dimension of a scheme and degree of an L-function [on hold]

I try to understand correctly the notion of scheme, as Serre in the third volume of his Oeuvres defines zeta and L-functions in this context. What seems interesting to me is that he states a theorem ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

127 views

### On Descartes / spoof odd perfect numbers

Descartes, Frenicle, and subsequently Sorli, conjectured that $k = 1$, if $N = {q^k}{n^2}$ is an odd perfect number given in Eulerian form (i.e., $q$ is prime with $q \equiv k \equiv 1 \pmod 4$ and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

25 views

### How to find integer solution for bilinear transformation? [migrated]

Let y = (ax + b)/(cx + d), where a, b, c, d integer constants, is there any technique to find integer solution of x & y?

**4**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Asymptotics of the multipartition function

Recall that the multipartition function $p_k(n)$ counts the number of $k$-tuples of partitions $\lambda^1,\ldots,\lambda^k$ of numbers $a_1,\ldots,a_k$ with $a_1+\cdots+a_k=n$. It has a generating ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Fermat's Theorem on p = a^2 + b^2 [migrated]

I have read that Fermat predicted that for an odd prime $p$, $p = a^2 + b^2$ iff $p = 1$ mod 4.
I heard that such a criterion could be possible for a given integer $n$ like
$p = a^2 + n b^2$
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

103 views

### Experimentation with partial Euler products

Richard Mathar $[1]\& [2]$ shows that
\begin{align}
&\zeta_{2}(s)\equiv\prod_{\Omega(n)=2}^{}\left(\dfrac{1}{1 - n^{s}}\right)^{-1}=\exp \left(\sum _{k=1}^n \frac{P(k s)^2+P(2 k s)}{2 ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Primes in integral domains

Let $\mathcal O_{\mathbb K}$ be the ring of integers in a number field $\mathbb K$. It is easy to prove that the number of (non-associated) primes in $\mathcal O_{\mathbb K}$ is infinite.
On the other ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

119 views

### Density of numbers whose prime factors all come from a fixed congruence class

Let $q$ be a positive integer greater than one, and let $a$ be an integer such that $\gcd(a,q) = 1$. Define
$$D(a,q) = \{n \in \mathbb{N} : p | n \Rightarrow p \equiv a \pmod{q} \}.$$
Do we know the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Embedding rational simple algebras in the real quaternions [duplicate]

Is there any way to embed a rational division algebra of dimension higher than 4 over its center in the real quaternions ?
I think not, but I cannot prove it.

**7**

votes

**1**answer

329 views

### Regularized sums of Mobius sequence

Do $\lim_{s \rightarrow \infty} \sum_{n \geq 1} \mu(n) e^{-n/s}$ and $\lim_{s \rightarrow \infty} \sum_{n \geq 1} \mu(n) e^{-n^2/s^2}$ both equal $-2$?
Experimentally this seems plausible (up through ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### Group laws in class field theory

In the case of a quadratic imaginary number field one can construct its maximal abelian extension using torsion points of an elliptic curve with complex multiplication by this field.
In the case of a ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

401 views

### Adding sets not containing arithmetic progressions of length three by forcing

Consider the following forcing notion: conditions in $\mathbb{P}$ are pairs $(s, N),$ where:
1) $s\in 2^{<\omega}$,
2) $N\in \mathbb{N}$,
3) (by identifying $s$ with a subset of $lh(s)$) $s$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### separating parameters in generalized quadratic Gauss sum

The normalized generalized quadratic Gauss sum is defined by
$$
G(a,b,c)=\frac{1}{c}\sum_{n=1}^ce\left(\frac{an^2+bn}{c}\right)
$$
where $e(x)=\exp(2\pi ix)$.
Under what conditions on $c$ can we ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### Application of Stickelberger's Theorem to Quadratic field

I am trying to understand a proof of the Kronecker-Weber Theorem by Franz Lemmermeyer,[http://arxiv.org/pdf/1108.5671.pdf] in which he uses Stickelberger's Theorem applied to Kummer extensions. I can ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

225 views

### Can an abelian variety/Q have no points over Q_sol?

Let $A/\mathbb{Q}$ be an abelian variety. Must there be a finite solvable
extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $A(K)$ is nontrivial?
This follows from the conjecture that the maximal ...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### Prove an equation is always false [closed]

How can I prove an equation is always false?
For example:
b = b + 1
is false for all values of b. Very simple to see.
Now given a more complicated equation, such as:
b = sin(sin(b) - .56))
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Symmetry type of non-cohomological automorphic forms

By Katz-Sarnak philosophy a family of $L$-functions would have a symmetry type which would reflect the statistics of $L$-functions, such as low lying zeros and moments. Shin-Templier's paper on ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

539 views

### How close to an integer can a polynomial root be?

Suppose I have a polynomial $p(x) = a_n x^n + ... + a_0$ where $a_n, \dots, a_0$ are integers. I would like to show that any root of this polynomial is either an integer or is far from an integer. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### Is anything like $\phi(n)>\dfrac n{e^\gamma\log\log n},\ \sigma(n)<e^\gamma n\log\log n$ known/conjectured for the generalizations of these functions?

Is anything like $\dfrac n{\phi(n)}<\dfrac{\sigma(n)}n<e^\gamma\log\log n$ known/conjectured for the generalizations of these functions?
Let $n=p_1^{a_1}\cdots p_t^{a_t}$ be the canonical prime ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Find all integers x, y, and z such that 1/x + 1/y = 1/z [migrated]

Characterize all positive integers x, y, and z such that $\frac{1}{x} + \frac{1}{y} = \frac{1}{z}$. For example, $\frac{1}{x+1} + \frac{1}{x(x+1)} = \frac{1}{x}$

**1**

vote

**0**answers

98 views

### Averages of $L(s,\chi)$

Let $(\frac{m}{n})$ denote the usual quadratic Jacobi symbol.
What is the
abscissa of convergence
of the double Dirichlet series ?
$$
\sum_{\substack{m,n \in \mathbb{N} \\ \gcd(m,n)=1 \\m,n\equiv 1 ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

91 views

### Q(\sqrt{-l_0}) satisfies Heegner hypothesis for an Elliptic curve of conductor C implies C is a square

Trying to understand the proof of Corollary 2.3 in the following paper,
http://arxiv.org/pdf/1312.3884.pdf
I would like to be able to justify that the root number of the quadratic twist ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Integer points on Elliptic Curves [closed]

It's easy to prove that equation
y^2=x(x-a)(x-b)
with a and b integer has integer solution, other than (0,0), (a,0) and (b,0), if a and b jointly admits the representation
a=(r-s)r (1)
b=(r-t)t ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Geometric interpretation of Cusps for general groups?

Let $\mathrm{G}$ be a reductive group over a number field $F$, but for simplicity we can think about $\mathrm{G}=\mathrm{GL_n}$ for $n>2$ and $F =\mathbb{Q}$.
Then for an automorphic form,
...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### Quadratic residue [closed]

P is prime. Prove -1 is a quadratic residue mod p if and only if either p = 2 or else p =1(mod4)
I tried using quadratic reciprocity proofs to solve, but am unable to discover the answer.

**3**

votes

**0**answers

207 views

### The $\ell = p$ case of Ihara's lemma

Let $N \ge 1$ and let $\ell$ and $p$ be primes not dividing $N$.
The classical Ihara lemma says that if $Y_1(N, \ell)$ is the modular curve attached to the subgroup $\Gamma_1(N) \cap \Gamma_0(\ell)$, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### irrationality of Dedekind zeta values

For Riemann's zeta function, one knows that
$\zeta(2n)$ is irrational (because $\pi$ is)
$\zeta(3)$ is irrational (proved by Apéry)
and a few other results like "there are infinitely many ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Euler series with milder divergence

Theorema 19 in Euler's memoir "Variae observationes circa series inﬁnitas" says
The sum of the reciprocals of the prime numbers is inﬁnitely great but is inﬁnitely times less than the sum of the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

210 views

### Bound on a scaled sum of the Liouville function

Terence Tao has shown see his blog post that
$$\left| \sum_{n\leq x} \frac{\mu(n)}{n} \right|\leq 1,$$
for $x$ a positive real number, where $\mu(n)$ is the Möbius function. Let $\lambda(n)$ denote ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

509 views

### Most dense subset of numbers that avoids arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions

The famous Green-Tao theorem says that there exist arbitrarily long sequences of primes in arithmetic progression.
I am wondering: How dense can a subset $S \subset \mathbb{N}$ be and still avoid
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### injective homogeneous polynomial functions $p(x,y) \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]:{\mathbb{N}}^2 \to \mathbb{N}$

Related to this question Coefficients of $f(t)=(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2\pi im^4t})(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2 \pi inm^4t})$
I have the following question:
What is the set of homogeneous polynomials ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

128 views

### Coefficients of $f(t)=(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2\pi im^4t})(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2 \pi inm^4t})$

I want to prove that $\forall n \in \mathbb{N}$ at least one of the Fourier coefficients of $f(t)=(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2\pi im^4t})(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2 \pi inm^4t})$ is striclty greater than ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

403 views

### What is the Hausdorff dimension of this fractal?

Let $\sum_{i=h}^\infty d_i/b^i $ be the base $b$ representation of $x \geq 0,$ where $b>1$ and the $d_i$ are uniquely determined by the greedy algorithm. For fixed $c>1,$ let $f(x)= ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

80 views

### Best constant for Maier's theorem?

Maier proved that, for fixed $\lambda>1,$
$$
\limsup_{x\to\infty}\frac{\pi(x+\log^\lambda x)-\pi(x)}{\log^{\lambda-1}x}>1
$$
and in particular
$$
\limsup_{x\to\infty}\frac{\pi(x+\log^\lambda ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

588 views

### Why would the roots of the generating functions of the number of k-almost primes less than x have negative real parts?

Specifically, I find it appealing to count only squarefree numbers having $k$ prime factors, so I define
$$\pi_k(x)=\#\{n\leq x: \omega(n)=k;\mu(n)\neq0 \}$$
and consider the generating functions
...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

309 views

### Examples that the Fermat-Catalan conjecture does not cover

The Fermat-Catalan conjecture states that there are only finitely many sex-tuples $(a, b, c, d, e, f)$ of positive integers such that
(1) $a^d + b^e = c^f$,
(2) $\gcd(a, b, c) =1$,
(3) ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Irreducibility of Faulhaber-like Polynomials over $\mathbb Q[x]$

Motivation: Inspired by the famous Faulhaber polynomials $F_k(N)=\displaystyle\sum_{n=0}^Nn^k,$ I decided to study their alternating versions, $\Phi_k(M)=\displaystyle\sum_{n=0}^M(-1)^nn^k$.
For ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### Square-free grows as $6n/\pi^2$: $k$-th free?

The asymptotic number of
square-free numbers
$\le n$ is $Q(n) = 6n/\pi^2 + O(\sqrt{n})$.
Because
$\zeta(2)=\pi^2/6$,
$Q(n) \approx n/\zeta(2)$.
OEIS A004709
says that cube-free numbers have ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

257 views

### Invertibility of a matrix whose entries are certain binomial coefficients

Let $l$ be a positive integer. Does the matrix
$$
M_l \ := \ \left( \binom{l-(2p+1)}{j} \right)_{0\leq p,j \leq[(l-1)/2]}
$$
have nonzero determinant?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

242 views

### Is there a non-tempered representation of U(2)?

I am wondering why the first well known example of non-tempered irreducible admissible representation of $p$-adic group $U(n)$ should be $U(3)$. Because, Gelbart and Rogawski suggested the ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

811 views

### What is $\sum_{i=0}^{n}\binom{n}{i}^3$?

We know that $$\sum_{i=0}^{n}\binom{n}{i}=2^n$$
and that
$$\sum_{i=0}^{n}\binom{n}{i}^2= \binom{2n}{n}$$
what about
$$\sum_{i=0}^{n}\binom{n}{i}^3$$ ?

**6**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### When are toral orbits in buildings the difference of fixed-sets?

Let $L$ be a $p$-adic field, let $G$ be a reductive group over $L$ (I'm even okay assuming semisimplicity for now). Let $T$ be a maximal torus of $G$. Let $B$ be the building for $G(L)$. (Edit 1: ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Counting couples of square-free polynomials over finite fields

I have a curve defined by the following equations over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ with $q=p^r$ with $p \geq 3$:
$$C_{h_1,h_2}:\begin{cases} y_1^2=h_1(t) & \\
y_2^2=h_2(t) ...

**16**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### A question on Collatz's conjecture

Let $C$ : ${\mathbb N}\longrightarrow {\mathbb N}$ be Collatz's map defined by $C(n) = 3n+1$ if $n$ is odd, and $C(n)=n/2$ if $n$ is even. Then according to Collatz's conjecture, we should have $C^k ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

691 views

### What is known about primes of the form x^2-2y^2?

David Cox's book Primes of The Form: $x^2+ny^2$ does a great job proving and motivating a lot of results for $n>0$. I was unable to find anything for negative numbers, let alone the case I am ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

214 views

### Geometric vs combinatorial motives over Spec Z

Consider the category of reduced schemes of finite type over $\mathbb{Z}$. Take the Grothendieck group of this category, i.e. the free abelian group on isomorphism classes, modulo the usual "syzygy" ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

260 views

### $n^3 | \sum_{i=1}^{n-1}\binom{n}{i}^2$ => $n | \sum_{i=1}^{n-1}\binom{n}{i}$?

For $n\in \mathbf{N}$ is $$n^3 \text{ divides } \sum_{i=1}^{n-1}\binom{n}{i}^2=\binom{n}{1}^2+\cdots +\binom{n}{n-1}^2$$ impling $$n \text{ divides } ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

69 views

### Spectrum of primitive nonnegative integer matrices

Let $P(X) = a_nX^n + \cdots + a_1X + a_0$ with $a_i \in \mathbb Z$.
Question 1. Is there an efficient criterion on the $a_i$ to decide if there exists a primitive nonnegative integer matrix with ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

265 views

### Is there a polynomial that generates only primes or semi-primes? [migrated]

I know that no non-constant polynomial function $P(n)$ with integer coefficients exists that evaluates to a prime for every integer value of $n$.
My question is - does there exist a non-constant ...

**21**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### A possibly surprising appearance of Fibonacci numbers

Let $H(n) = 1/1 + 1/2 + \dotsb + 1/n,$ and for $i \leq j,$ let $a_1$ be the least $k$ such that
$$H(k) > 2H(j) - H(i),$$
let $a_2$ be the least k such that
$$H(k) > 2H(a_1) - H(j),$$
and ...