**7**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Does bounded-degree base extension yield Zariski-dense Mordell-Weil group?

If $d$ and $n$ are positive integers, does there exist a constant $B=B(d,n)$ with the following property?
For any $n$-dimensional abelian variety $A$ over a degree-$d$ number field $K$, there is an ...

**17**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Relaxed Collatz 3x+1 conjecture

The Collatz $3x+1$ conjecture claims that any positive integer can be eventually reduced to 1 by iterative application of the maps $x\mapsto 3x+1$ whenever $x$ is odd and $x\mapsto x/2$ whenever $x$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

52 views

### Effective Realization of GCD of middle binomials?

So, it is well-known that
$$ \gcd \left(\binom{m}{k}\mid 1\leq k\lt m \right) = e^{\Lambda(m)}$$
which can incidentally be sparsified for prime $p$
$$ \gcd ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Minimal number for sums and differences of primes

Let $\mathbb{N}$ denote the set of positive integers. Let ${\cal P}_{\text{fin}}(\mathbb{N})$ denote the set of finite subsets of $\mathbb{N}$. If $m\in\mathbb{N}$ and $F\in{\cal ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

83 views

### Asymptotic of the sum of squared primes [on hold]

I have a rather simple question of number theory which I can't seem to be able to find a good reference for. I am not a specialist and I don't really know where to look. I would like to show that the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

44 views

### Mestre-type algorithm for higher-genus curves?

Is there an analogous algorithm for genus $g>2$ curves that, given a complete set of invariants, outputs a curve with those invariants?
(I'm interested in particular in $g=3$.)
Any references ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Functional equation/analytic continuation of approximation to powers of the zeta function?

Let $z$ be a complex number and $\omega(n)$ denote the number of distinct prime factors of the natural number $n$. I am considering the arithmetic functions $|\mu(n)|z^{\omega(n)}$ and their ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Negative coefficient in an almost cyclotomic polynomial

Let $a,b,c,d$ be four prime numbers. We set the polynomial :
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### Questions about holomorphy and zeros of the symmetric power $L$-function

Let $f$ be a primitive form of an even weight $k$ for the full modular group and let $L(Sym^rf,s)$ be the symmetric $r$th $(r\geq 2)$ power $L$-function associated to $f.$ I have three questions ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

686 views

### Can I find Fermat's complete works anywhere?

I admire the mathematician very much and want to look at his writings. Is there anywhere in book or web form that has a collection of his writings?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### Probability that an integer contains no $1\bmod 4$ prime factor

$n$ represents integer variable.
What is the probability that and integer contains at most $r(n)$ prime factors of form $1\bmod 4$ where $r(n)$ is a function of $\omega(n)$ (number of distinct prime ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### Counting number of primorial factors

Denote $$P(n)=\prod_{p\in\mathsf{Primes}\leq n}p$$ signifying $n^{\mbox{th}}$ primorial.
We know that $P(n)$ has approximately $n/\log2$ bits ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

407 views

### A road to inter-universal Teichmuller theory

What would be a study path for someone in the level of Hartshorne's Algebraic Geometry to understand and study inter-universal Teichmuller (IUT) theory? I know that it heavily relies on anabelian ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Sums of reciprocals involving divisor sums

This question was asked at MSE but never received an answer.
Let $A\subset\mathbb{N}$ be a subset of the natural numbers, and let $\sigma(n)$
denote the sum of divisors of $n$. Recall that we have ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### Conjectured new primality test for Mersenne numbers

How to prove that this conjecture about a new primality test for Mersenne numbers is true ?
Definition: Let $M_{q}=2^{q}-1 , S_{0} = 3^{2} + 1/3^{2} , \ and: \ S_{i+1} = S_{i}^{2}-2 \pmod{M_{q}}$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

97 views

### Need an explanation of a deduction

When I was reading the paper of Winfried Kohnen, Yuk-Kam Lau and Igore E. Shparlinski (ON THE NUMBER OF SIGN CHANGES OF HECKE EIGENVALUES OF NEWFORMS), I found this result (which is Theorem 2 of the ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

340 views

### Are there open problems for primes which are known for probable primes?

Define "probable prime" (PP) to be natural $n>1$ satisfying $2^{n-1} \equiv 1 \pmod{n}$ or $n=2$.
Probable primes are the union of the primes and base two pseudoprimes.
This definition is much ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

404 views

### Sums of unique squares

Let $\mathbb{N}$ denote the positive integers and let $S = \{n^2: n\in \mathbb{N}\}$. For any positive integer $k$ we define $$\text{sq}(k) = |\{F\subseteq S: F\neq \emptyset, F\text{ is finite and } ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Statements generalizing representability of integers by binary quadratic forms to $n$-variable higher homogeneous forms?

Representing integers through the theory of binary quadratic forms is a well studied topic. We know that given $a,b,c\in\Bbb N$, based on discrimant $b^2-4ac$, we can study the representability of ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

393 views

### Number of distinct factors

Denote $\omega(m)$ to be number of distinct factors of $m$ as defined in http://mathworld.wolfram.com/DistinctPrimeFactors.html.
At every $c>0$, given $n\in\Bbb N$ define $$S(n,c)=\big\{m\in\Bbb ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### Irreducible cubics modulo primes

Is there a small finite (perhaps of cardinality two or three) collection of cubic polynomials $p_1, \dotsc, p_k \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ such that for every prime $p$ at least one of these is irreducible?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

96 views

### Odds of residue being small

Given $\mathsf{c\geq1}$, what is the probability that if you choose $\mathsf{A,B,\alpha\in\Bbb N}$ such that $\mathsf{A,B<\alpha<AB}$ holds we will have both ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Question about sign change of Hecke eigenvalues

I want to write a survey on the subject 'Sign changes for coefficients of symmetric power $L$-functions'. So, I browse the Web and I got some papers. I read it and I gave special interest to the paper ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### A quadrant of residues

Assume that following inequality holds $$\mathsf{w,x,y,z<AB,AC,AD,BC,BD,CD<ABC,ABD,ACD,BCD<wx,wy,wz,xy,xz,yz}$$ with $$\mathsf{gcd(A,B)=gcd(A,C)=gcd(A,D)=gcd(B,C)=gcd(B,D)=gcd(C,D)=1}$$
...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### $\mathsf{GCD}$ in arithmetic progression

Given $\mathsf{M\in\Bbb N}$, pick $\mathsf{r,s,A,B\in\Bbb N}$ randomly with $\mathsf{0<r<s<A<B<M}$ satisfying $\mathsf{gcd(A,B)=1}$.
Given $\mathsf{c\geq1}$, what is the probability ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

809 views

### Remark on Fermat's Last Theorem by Darmon, Diamond and Taylor

In their paper, Darmon, Diamond and Taylor remarked the following :
(the previous paragraph of Section 2.2 (p. 55), https://www.math.wisc.edu/~boston/ddt.pdf)
If $\rho : G \rightarrow ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

378 views

### Lower bounding the multiplicative order of 2 modulo p

For $p$ prime denote by $\mathsf{ord}_p(2)$ the multiplicative order of $2$ modulo $p$.
Does there exist $N > 0$ such that, for ALL primes $p$, $\mathsf{ord}_p(2)$ is at least $\frac{(p-1)}{N}$?
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### A factorial related statement

Is statement $\mathsf{S}$ below in $\mathsf{NP}$ or in $\mathsf{coNP}$?
$$\mathsf{S}:\mathsf{Given}\mbox{ }n,a,s,c\in\Bbb N,\mbox{ }\mathsf{with}\mbox{ }n\mbox{ }\mathsf{a}\mbox{ }\mathsf{prime}\mbox{ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

313 views

### A question on Ramanujan's $1/\pi$ formulas

It is known that Ramanujan discovered a number of formulas fo $1/\pi$. All of these formulas are of the form $$\frac{1}{\pi}=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{(1/2)_n(s)_n(1-s)_n}{(1)_n^3}(a+bn)z^n,$$where ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

405 views

### Learning the exponents in a sum of two modular roots of unity

$\newcommand{\Z}{\mathbb{Z}}$
Suppose that $n$ is a large and known integer (say, with 100 digits) and that you are given access to a function
$$f(x) = x^a + x^b$$
with unknown exponents $a,b \in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

90 views

### Rank of the Jacobian of a family of hyperelliptic curves of genus 2

Assume tha $C$ be the hyperelliptic curve $y^2 = (x-a_1)\cdots (x-a_5)$ of genus $g=2$ and $a_i \in \mathbb{Z}$ and we know that the integers $a_i$ has the form $a_i= d_1^2 - d_i^2$ for some positive ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

48 views

### Avoiding the range of a bivariate integer function or Diophantine function [on hold]

I have a bivariate integer function $f(x,y)=5+23x+7y+30xy$ where $x,y \geq 0$ and are integers. The lattice points of this function, or its range contain a large number of values. I'm trying to see if ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

268 views

### Trivial zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function are simple

The trivial zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function are located on $-2\mathbb N^*$ and they are simple. It is not difficult to see that, but the proof I have in mind is using the fact that ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Elementary question of Group cohomology [closed]

Let $G$ be a finite group.
Assume $G$ acts on finite abelian module $M$ such that $(|G|,|M|)=1$.
Question: Why $H^i(G,M) = 0$ for $i > 0$?
Pierre MATSUMI

**4**

votes

**3**answers

365 views

### Bateman-Horn, continued even further

As before, consider the "singular series", which shows up in the Bateman-Horn conjecture: for an irreducible polynomial $f,$ this is equal to
$$
s(f) = \prod_p \frac{1-\frac{n_f(p)}p}{1-\frac1p},
$$
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

91 views

### System of congruences

I have a system of $n$ congruences.
the generic $m$_th congruence of the system ($m = 1,\dots,n$) is in the form:
$(p_n\#)^2(\displaystyle\sum_{\substack{i=1\\i\neq ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

121 views

### Does the Bombieri-Lang conjecture imply severe restrictions on rational points on twists of hyperelliptic curves?

According to Silverman, the Bombieri-Lang conjecture implies
that the rational points of surface on general type lie on
finite set of curves, except for a finite set of points.
Let $f$ be univariate ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Listing all Lattice Points in a Box

Let $B := [-1,1]^n$ be an $n$-dimensional box. Moreover, let $v_1,\ldots,v_n \in \mathbb{R}^n$ form a basis of $\mathbb{R}^n$, where the entries of the $v_i$ are explicitly irrational. We can assume ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### $\frac{1}{2}<\sigma<1$, is $f(n) = \Bigl| \,1+ \frac{1}{2^{\sigma + i n}} + \cdots + \frac{1}{n^{\sigma + i n}} \Bigr|$ from $O(\log n)$?

We have $\frac{1}{2} < \sigma < 1$ and
$$
f(n) = \Bigl|\, 1+ \frac{1}{2^{\sigma + i n}} + \cdots + \frac{1}{n^{\sigma + i n}} \Bigr|
$$
. My goal is proving this statement that $|f(n)|$ is ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

161 views

### Congruences involving binary forms and primes of the form $x^2+y^2$

Let $a_s$ be
\begin{align*}
a_s=\sum_{k=0}^s{s+k\choose k}2^k,
\end{align*}
which is the coefficient of $x^s$ in
\begin{align*}
\frac{3-\sqrt{1-8x}}{2(x+1)\sqrt{1-8x}}.
\end{align*}
( see ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

424 views

### Continued Fractions from Digit Streams

let $x=\sum_{i=1}^{\infty}\delta_i2^{-i},\ \delta_i\in\{0,1\}$.
Is there an algorithm that converts the sequence $(\delta_0,\ \delta_1,\ ...)$ of the binary digits of $x$ to the sequence ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Bounds on sum of reciprocal of logarithm of primes [duplicate]

Are upper/lower bounds known for the following quantity?
$$S(n,a)\stackrel{\triangle}{=}\sum_{p_k \leq n}\frac{1}{(\log p_k)^a}.$$
I am mainly interested in the case, $a=1$. I suppose with the ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

297 views

+300

### 2-dimensional sublattices with all vectors having very big square (in absolute value)

QUESTION: Let $\Lambda\times\Lambda\rightarrow {\Bbb Z}$ be a lattice,
that is, ${\Bbb Z}^n$ with a non-degenerate integer quadratic form, not
definite, not necessarily unimodular, $n>2$. I want ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Smallness in modular condition

Given coprime $\mathsf{a_1,a_2\in\Bbb N}$ with $\mathsf{\mathsf{\max(a_1,a_2)\leq2\min(a_1,a_2)}}$, is there pair $\mathsf{(x_1,x_2)\in\Bbb N^2}$ such that
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

42 views

### For a given $n$, under what condition(s) there exists (at least) two different $c$ and $c′$ such that $X_n^c=X_n^{c'}$

Let $X_n^c=\{\cos\left((4k-c)\frac{\pi}{2n}+\frac{\pi}{4}\right): k=0, 1, \dots, n-1\}$ where $c\in\{0, 1, \ldots, \lfloor\frac{n}{2}\rfloor\}$ and $n$ is any positive integer greater than 3. I want ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

756 views

### Which algebraic relations are possible between algebraic conjugates?

For which non-constant rational functions $f(x)$ in $\mathbb{Q}(x)$ is there $\alpha$, algebraic over $\mathbb{Q}$, such that $\alpha$ and $f(\alpha) \neq \alpha$ are algebraic conjugates? More ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Numerically double-checking formula with L-values

I'm working with a special case of Ichino's triple product formula, which for classical holomorphic newforms $f$, $g$ ,$h$ of weights $k$, $m-k$, $m$ (and central characters satisfying $\chi_f \chi_g ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

152 views

### Morphism of Shimura varieties and differential equations

Is there a way of constructing a morphism between Shimura varieties using differential equations? Maybe, this looks like a completely ridiculous question, so I think that I should explain the context ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

501 views

### Does the Galois group of a Pisot polynomial contain the alternating group?

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, and let $p(X) \in \mathbb{Z}[X]$ be a monic polynomial of degree $n$. Suppose that exactly one complex root of $p$ is of modulus $> 1$, and that the remaining $n-1$ roots of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

301 views

### Bounded gaps between primes in arithmetic progressions

Has Zhang's work on bounded gaps between primes been extended to the following theorem?
For any arithmetic progression $an+b,\gcd(a,b)=1$, there is a constant $H$ (depending only on $a$) such that ...