**1**

vote

**0**answers

92 views

### How to test if the power of some algebraic number is the rational combination of two specific algebraic numbers?

Suppose we are given three algebraic numbers $\alpha,\beta,\gamma$ by presenting their minimal polynomial (degree less than $m$), the goal is to compute all positive integers $n$ such that $\alpha^n$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Bounds on imaginary parts of partial Kloosterman sums?

For a prime $p$ and integers $a,m$, $0<a,m<p$ define the (partial Kloosterman) sum
$$ S_p(a,m) = \sum_{0<k<m} \exp\left(\frac{2\pi\mathrm{i}}{p}(x + a x^{-1})\right), $$
where $x^{-1}$ is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### References to proofs of upper and lower bounds on the number of coprimes in an interval?

On the first page of the article "When the sieve works", the authors present upper and lower bounds for $S(T,T+x;\mathcal{E})$; the number of integers in the interval $(T,T+x]$ that are coprime to all ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### On the local root number(or local $\epsilon$-factor)

I want to ask some question related to the local root number.
Let $E/F$ be a quadratic extension of p-adic local fields and $\psi:E \to \mathbb{C}$ is an additive character of $E$.
Let $\phi:WD(E) ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

308 views

### Twin primes for polynomials in $\Bbb Z[X]$

The following paper provides result on an analog of twin primes conjecture for $\Bbb F_q[X]$ http://www.math.uga.edu/~pollack/twins.pdf
Is there an analog of twin primes conjecture for $\Bbb Z[X]$?
...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Find all solutions in positive integers of the diophantine equation $w^2+x^2+y^2=z^2$ [migrated]

It's an exercises of the text book Elementary Number Theory and It's Applications 6th Edition by Kenneth H.Rosen. I wanted to solve it using the method in solving the diophantine equation ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Is this $S$-birational map an open immersion on its domain of definition?

My question is about a claim on the bottom of p. 121 of the book "Neron models" by Bosch, Lutkebohmert, and Raynaud, so I will freely use the general terminology recalled in this book, but will ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

300 views

### Isomorphism problem for two radical extensions

Let $n\geq 2$ and let $a,b\in{\mathbb Q}$. Suppose that both the
polynomials $A=X^n-a$ and $B=X^n-b$ are irreducible. We want to know whether
( * ) there is a root $\alpha$ of $A$ and a root $\beta$ ...

**27**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Fermat's last theorem over larger fields

Fermat's last theorem implies that the number of solutions of $x^5 + y^5 = 1$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ is finite.
Is the number of solutions of $x^5 + y^5 = 1$ over $\mathbb{Q}^{\text{ab}}$ finite?
Here ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

73 views

### Are the natural numbers a disjoint union of infinite sets of zero asymptotic density? [on hold]

Suppose $\mathbb{N}=\bigsqcup_{i\in\mathbb{N}}E_i$ with $\#E_i=\infty$ for each $i$.
Is it possible that $\limsup_{N\to\infty}\frac{1}{N}\#(E_i\cap\{1,\ldots,N\})=0$ for all $i$, which would mean ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Adelic integral factorization

In order to calculate Tamagawa numbers, I need to justify that for a nice (say Schwartz-Bruhat) function, the following identity holds :
$$\int_{\mathbf{A}^2} f(x)dx = \int_{SL_2(\mathbf{A})/SL_2(K)} ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### Why is the finite extension field of the p-adic numbers $\mathbb{Q}_p$ spherically complete? [on hold]

Here by spherical completeness it is meant that given a non-empty nest of closed balls $\{B_\alpha|\alpha\in I\}$, that is, $\forall \alpha_1,\alpha_2\in I$ either $B_{\alpha_1}\subset B_{\alpha_2}$ ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Help me to proof Mobius-Euler equation [on hold]

Can you help me to proof that
$$
\sum_{d | n}^{\, } \left ( \mu \left ( d \right ) \times \varphi \left ( d \right ) \right ) = 0\: for\: \mathbf{n}\geq 2, \mathbf{n}\: is\: even
$$
where ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Siegel Walfisz Theorem for algebraic number fields

Is there a generalization of the Siegel Walfisz to algebraic number fields? This has been done for the prime number theorem in the prime ideal theorem.

**5**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Biquadratic reciprocity for $p\equiv 1\pmod 4$ and $q\equiv 3\pmod 4$

For a prime $p\equiv 1\pmod 4$, let $\left(\frac{\cdot}{p}\right)_4$ denote the rational biquadratic residue symbol; that is,
$$ \left(\frac{a}{p}\right)_4 =
\begin{cases}
\ \ \ ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

751 views

### Underlying idea for (automorphic) L-function?

To preface, I am a student of automorphic representation theory, and I know full well the definition of the L-function attached to an automorphic representation.
I am intending to give a talk on the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

239 views

### Decomposing adelic points using torsors

Let $k$ be a number field and $X$ be a $k$-scheme. Let $G$ be a linear algebraic group over $k$ and let $f: Z \to X$ be a $G_X$-torsor ($G_X = G \times_k X)$. We can twist the torsor $f$ by 1-cocycles ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

589 views

### Conjecture regarding closest point inside a discrete ball to a line

I'm a PhD student in image processing, where I've stumbled into a problem that seems to be essentially number theory. I've hunted around online and while I've found many results on similar problems, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Many integral points on quartic models of elliptic curve via differences of squares

Pick fourth power free integer $n$ ($p^4$ doesn't divide $n$).
Represent $n$ as difference of possibly negative integer squares
$n=v_i^2-u_i^2$.
The goal is to find quadratic polynomial with integer ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Fermat's little theorem question [closed]

I'm studying Number theory (in my spare time) and I need to prove a lemma in order to prove the exercise. The topic is Fermat's little theorem.
Well the lemma goes like this:
Let's say we have ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### A combinatorial and number theoretical problem [closed]

Given N positive integers, not necessarily distinct, how many ways you can take 4 integers from the N numbers such that their GCD is 1.
For example,N=10 and the positive integers are ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### E- and A-algorithms for finite arithmetic prime progressions and other sets

There is certain Eratosthenes spirit to my problem (See below). First of all I'd like to stress the mathematical aspect of my question. Also, my question does not amount to the divide and conquer ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Partitions with each part dividing the original number

I have a question on partitions that I have not seen being discussed. It deals with those related to divisors.
My definition of partitions I am working with is as follow: a sequence of weakly ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

311 views

### Eichler-Shimura congruence

I'm trying to understand the Eichler-Shimura congruence which relates the Hecke operator $T_p$ to Frobenius at $p$ in characteristic $p$.
Two possible ways to compute $T_p$ mod $p$ seem to be:
A) ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### reduction of elliptic curves to finite field [closed]

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve which is defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ and $p$ be a prime number.
I know we can reduced $E(\mathbb{Q})$ to $E(\mathbb{F}_p)$, is there an algorithm to reduce $E(\mathbb{Q})$ ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### elliptic curves and tower of finite fields [closed]

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve which is defined over $\mathbb{F}_{p^n}$ and $m< n$. Can we reduce $E(\mathbb{F}_{p^n})$ to $E(\mathbb{F}_{p^m})$?
Specially in the case where $m=1$?
I mean, let $A$ ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Solving for 2 numbers that both add and multiply to the same known [closed]

I started with the statement ab = a+b. I worked the solution for a and b when given ab (or a+b) and it is as follows.
$$
\textrm{ If }x = ab \textrm{ and } x=a+b\\
a = \frac{x+\sqrt{x-4}\sqrt{x}}{2} ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

177 views

### Bound on exponential sum with weights

Let $e(z)$ denote $e^{2 \pi i z}$ and let $f(z)$ a smooth real function.
I know one can bound sums of the form
$$
\sum_{x \leq X} e(f(x))
$$
via for example Van der Corputs's result, provided we make ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

69 views

### Is there a general connection between value distribution and zero distribution for functions representable by Dirichlet series?

Some time ago I read part of a book in which the author made some conjectures outlining what kind of zero distribution is expected for functions representable by Dirichlet series with completely ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

113 views

### Questions on prime integral ideal congruences

Suppose that we are given a fixed pair $a_1, a_2$ of non-zero irrational algebraic integers in some number field $K$ which are independent over $\mathbb{Q}$. Suppose that $\mathcal{P}$ is a prime ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

90 views

### Functoriality for non-split orthogonal groups

I am trying to understand the functoriality conjectures of Langlands. We know that the functoriality conjectures imply that automorphic $L$-functions of a connected reductive group are equal to ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Isomorphisms between spaces of test functions and sequence spaces

I am in the process of writing some self-contained notes on probability theory in spaces of distributions, for the purposes of statistical mechanics and quantum field theory. Perhaps the simplest ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Generating Function of distinct way of partitioned square sums of positive integers

Let's define a function $p_2(n)$ that it is total distinct way to write $n$ positive integer as sum of square of positive integers. For example, $9$ can be partitioned as sum of squares in 4 distinct ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Nilpotent differential operators

I am reading Dwork's book an Introduction to G-Funcions and confronted with a problem. In section 2, chapter III (page 81), he assumes that $\mathscr F=K(X)$ the field of rational functions with ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### Sum of two squares and implication of Bunyakovsky conjecture

Bunyakovsky conjecture states that a polynomial with integer
coefficients takes infinitely many prime values at integers,
unless this is impossible for trivial reasons.
Let $a_1(x), a_2(x), a_3(x), ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

244 views

### References for $K_{4k}(\mathbb{Z})$

Weibel's "Algebraic K-theory of rings of integers in local and global fields" says $K_{4k}(\mathbb{Z})$ are known to have odd order, with no prime factors less than $10^7$, but are conjectured to be ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

297 views

### Rate of convergence of an irrational rotation

Let $\alpha, \beta \in \mathbb{R}$. Let $\{x\}$ denote the fractional part of $x$ and let $\|x\| = \min(\{x\}, 1-\{x\})$.
If we assume that $\alpha$ is irrational, then there exists an increasing ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Thin sets that are well-distributed over arithmetic progressions?

The primes do a nice job of intersecting an arithmetic progression $\{a+dn\}_{n=0}^\infty$ when $a$ and $d$ are coprime (see Dirichlet's theorem).
I would like a set of integers $S$ such that
the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### The number of solutions of a Diophantine equation [closed]

Is $\lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} |\{(x,y) \in \mathbb{Q}(\zeta_n)^2 : y^3 = x^3 + x + 1\}| < \infty ?$ where $\zeta_n$ is a primitive $n$-th root of unity.
That is, I am asking whether the number ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### Diophantine equations over cyclotomic fields

Let $\mathbb{Q}^{\text{ab}}$ be the compositum of all finite abelian extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$. Explicitly, $\mathbb{Q}^{\text{ab}}$ is the field obtained from $\mathbb{Q}$ by adjoining all roots of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Oscillatory integral moments of $L(\frac{1}{2} + it, f \times f)$

Understanding moments and subconvexity bounds for $L$-functions is a big topic with a lot of activity. I'm currently looking at a related problem, bounding
$$
\int_0^T L\left(\tfrac{1}{2} + it, f ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

241 views

### What is the expected dimension of the Zariski closure of the rational points on the moduli space of curves?

For each genus $g$, there are many curves of genus $g$ defined over $\mathbb Q$. How many? We might study this question by considering the rational points of the Deligne-Mumford moduli space of curves ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

422 views

### Disjoint images of polynomials

Are there any $f,g \in \mathbb{Q}[x]$ such that for every root of unity $\zeta$, and every $a,b \in \mathbb{Q}(\zeta)$, $f(a) \neq g(b)?$

**0**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### every arithmetic progression contains a sequence of $k$ “consecutive” primes for possibly all natural numbers $k$?

I ask the same question here:http://math.stackexchange.com/q/1019404/192097
writing a little better the previous question: it´s true that if we let $a$ and $b$ be coprime integers, then the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Voronoi formula and twists by additive characters

I was wondering if there are any references for the error term in the problem
$$\sum_{n\leq x} r(n) \exp(2\pi i\frac{a}{q}n)$$
where $r(n)$ is the number of representations of $n$ as a sum of two ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### How many Pythagorean triples are there in which every member is triangular?

How many Pythagorean triples $(a,b,c)$ are there such that $a, b$ and $c$ are triangular?
Any two solutions with only $a$ and $b$ interchanged are considered equivalent.
The question of existence ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### How to check whether a scheme of finite type over Spec Z is regular or not [duplicate]

Let $f_1, f_2, \ldots f_k$ be a set of polynomials in $n$ variables, with integer coefficients. These define an affine scheme $X$ of finite type over $Spec \mathbb{Z}$. (We could also consider ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Bound for sums of bounded multiplicative functions that are zero at primes

Let $h:\mathbb{N}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ be a bounded multiplicative function with $h(p)=0$. The motivation for this question is just a general enquiry and, since I suppose it has already been ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### The Diophantine equation $x^2 + bxy + cy^2 = p^z_1 \cdots p^{z_k}$

Let $b,c \in \mathbb{Z}$ and let $p_1,\ldots,p_k$ be given primes. Is there an effective algorithm to find all the solutions of the Diophantine equation $$x^2 + bxy + cy^2 = p_1^{z_1} \cdots ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

143 views

### Existence of arithmetic function satisfying a certain property

I was interested in an arithmetic function satisfying a certain property, I am not sure at the moment if such thing even exists or not. But I was wondering maybe I could get some hint or idea or input ...