**6**

votes

**1**answer

96 views

### A strengthening of base 2 Fermat pseudoprime

If $n$ is a prime then for all $k$ with $1 \le k \le [n/2]$,
$k$ divides ${n-1 \choose 2k-1}$ because of the identity
${n-1 \choose 2k-1} \frac{n}{k}=2{n \choose 2k}$. My question is whether
an ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### a question on sum of Gaussian binomial coefficients

I was trying to calculate something and at some point I get the following sum:
\begin{equation}
\sum_{t=0}^{s}{s+3n \brack s-t}\sum_{i = 0}^{t/2}q^{2i^2}{t/2+2n-i \brack t/2-i}{n \brack 2i}x^t
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

108 views

### Subset of the integers with certain properties

How would one find the maximal $n$ such that there exists an $n$-subset $S$ of $\mathbb{Z}^+$ such that $\forall A\subseteq S, \sum_{a\in A}a$ is either a perfect square or a perfect cube, or can one ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

274 views

### The lonely molecule

Suppose $n$ air molecules (infinitesimal points) are bouncing around in
a unit $d$-dimensional cube, with perfectly elastic wall collisions.
Let $k=n^{\frac{1}{d}}$.
For example, in 3D, $d=3$, with ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Does the set of automorphisms of a cyclic group exhibit some sense of randomness?

I prefer to proceed with a concrete example if I may. I appreciate that the answer might well be better explained with group theory, geometry and/or notions from probability theory, which I welcome.
...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Newton polygons of modular polynomials

This is pretty much straightforward curiosity. Is there anything known about Newton polygons of classical modular polynomials (polynomial relations between $j(\tau)$ and $j(n\tau)$)? I understand that ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Rationally building bridges from Jacquet-Langlands to Langlands functoriality conjectures

For now I mainly worked on very classical proofs (viz. Bolte & Johansson, Bergeron) of the Jacquet-Langlands correspondence, but I hope to be able to understand in what this special case lead ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### Lower bound for a prime gap occurring infinitely often

In his striking paper of may 2013, Zhang showed the existence of an even integer $g\lt 70,000,000$ such that $g$ is a prime gap occurring infinitely often. What is the best unconditional lower bound ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

467 views

### Tight prime bounds

This is a cross-post of this question on MSE. I would not usually do this, but have decided to in this case since it has had no responses having been posted as a bounty question. I did not delete the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

169 views

### Integer points on $y^2=x^2-x^3+x^4$

Does the Diophantine equation $y^2=x^2-x^3+x^4$ have solutions other than
$x=1,y=1$? Interestingly, the Diophantine equation $y^2=x^2-x^3+x^5$ has such solutions: $x=3,y=15$, $x=5,y=55$, ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Borel-Serre compactification of $\mathbb{H}^3 / SL_2(\mathcal{O}_K)$

Let $\mathbb{H}^3$ be the three-dimensional hyperbolic space. Let $K$ be an imaginary quadratic number field and $\mathcal{O}_K$ its ring of integers. Then $SL_2(\mathcal{O}_K)$ acts on $\mathbb{H}^3$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

92 views

### Modular form, number of divisors [duplicate]

The Fourier expansion of Eisenstein series $E_k$ $(k \ge 4)$, which are modular forms, as well as the quasimodular $E_2$, involves powers-of-divisors $\sigma_{k-1}(n) = \sum_{d|n} d^{k-1}$.
Is there ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### Factors of the polynomial $X^n-a$

I am interested in the polynomial $X^n-a$ in $\mathbb{Q}[X]$, for some $a\in \mathbb{Q}^*$, and would like to know the irreducible factors of it. Is there something in the literature which gives a ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

819 views

### Not-lonely runners

The lonely runner conjecture
has several formulations.
They all involve a number $n$ runners running on a circular track,
each with a different speeds, and the conjecture is that each runner is ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

271 views

### function field analogy and global/absolute geometry

The "function field analogy" seems to be a topic that is considerably bigger than any one existing writeup conveys. There are several old question on MO and and MathSE that ask for details. One of the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

51 views

### How to test whether a distribution follows a power law? [on hold]

I have the data of how many users post how many questions.
For example,
[UserCount, QuestionCount]
[2, 100]
[9, 10]
[3, 80]
... ...
it means each of the 2 users posts 100 questions, each of the 9 ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### Which of the following conversion is wrong in the number system? [on hold]

Here is a diagram.
which of the 2 boxes' conversion is wrong and please provide me a reason for it. I am doing the same conversion in 2 different procedure. where am i making the mistake.Please help ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

81 views

### Interpretation of the Gross-Zagier formula for Green function

I am reading the paper of Gross and Zagier on heights of Heegner points and would like to check with the experts whether the following (meta?)mathematical statement makes sense.
In the calculation of ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

94 views

### Asymptotics and error terms for an arithmetic function built upon $\omega$ and $\Omega$ functions

For any real number $x$, let's define $Om_{k}(x)$ as the number of positive integers $m$ below $x$ such that $\Omega(m)-\omega(m)=k$, where $\omega(n)$ is the number of distinct primes dividing $n$, ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

440 views

### Constructing quintic number fields with certain splitting behaviour

I am looking for number fields $K$ which satisfy the following properties:
$[K:\mathbb{Q}]=5$.
The Galois closure of $K$ has Galois group $S_5$.
For each prime $p$ which ramifies in $K$, there ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Suitable algorithm for selecting /matching a set of memory [on hold]

I am looking for a standard algorithm that addresses the following problem. Does any such exist? if not, is there any suitable approach for this problem.
I have a set of N memory locations available. ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Weil's Riemann Hypothesis for dummies?

Weil's Riemann Hypothesis is a deep result that I don't fully understand, but it has understandable corollaries which interest me. For example:
(a) For any projective curve $X$ satisfying certain ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

409 views

### A letter from J. P. Serre

Which is the letter where J. P. Serre present "Analogues Kählériens de certaines conjectures de Weil" to Weil?

**4**

votes

**2**answers

267 views

### Time-line until the publicaton of Weil of “Numbers of solutions of equations in finite fields”

In "On the history of the Weil Conjectures" Dieudonné says:
"Appropriately enough, the story, as with so many problems in number theory, begins with Gauss...".
C. F. Gauss, Disquisitiones ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

316 views

### Erdos multiplication problem revisited

The well-known problem is acquiring a cardinality of the set of distinct numbers in the multiplication table n x m.
The very problem has been discussed in-depth and, as such, I require no further ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Help with extension of f (mentioned below) to f: Zp -> Zp ,continuous function [closed]

This is a (different version to) question from Serre 'A Course in Arithmetic'.Let p be an odd prime number. $\forall n\geq 1$ (n positive integer), $f$ is defined by:
$$f(n)=(-1)^n\prod_{1\le k\le n ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

278 views

### How to find an integer set, s.t. the sums of at most 3 elements are all distinct?

How to find a set $A \subset \mathbb{N}$ such that any sum of at most three Elements $a_i \in A$ is different if at least one element in the sum is different.
Example with $|A|=3$: Out of the set $A ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

203 views

### overlap quadratic residues

Let $p$ be a prime number of form $4k+1$ and $M$ is its quadratic residue set.
Let $M_i=\{i+x|\forall x\in M\}$ $\forall 0<i<p$.
Does there exist a positive constant $\varepsilon$ such that ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

111 views

### General criterion to find a Z-basis in a fixed generating subset

Let $V=\mathbf{Z}^N$ be a free $\mathbf{Z}$-module of rank $N$. Let $S\subseteq V$
be a fixed finite subset.
Consider the submodule $M:=\langle S\rangle\leq V$ generated by $S$. We know form the ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### What is the use of arithmetic groups? [closed]

I want to ask a question that what is the relation between arithmetic group and number theory? We take a lot efforts to prove some kinds of lattics are arithmetic, do we get some bonus from the ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

126 views

### Proof of equidistribution theorem for exponential coefficients

Can anyone provide a proof of the equidistribution theorem using Weyl's criterion for the case of $c*a \,\,\, \text{(mod 1)}$ where $c=2^n: \,\,\, \forall n \in N_0$ for irrational algebraic $a$? The ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Bounds on horizontal minima of the Riemann zeta function

It is known that $\zeta(s)$ has an infinity of zeros in the strip $0<\sigma<1$ and that those zeros become closer together as $t\rightarrow\infty$. More precisely, Littlewood showed that there ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### On Skinner and Urban's $p$-adic L functions

We know that if $\pi$ is an automorphic representation of $GL_2$ over a number field, the most important point for its $L$-function $L(s,\pi)$ is $s=\frac{1}{2}$. More specifically, in Skiner and ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### For $x,y\ge 2$ does $x^4+x^2y^2+y^4$ ever divide $x^4y^4+x^2y^2+1$?

For a problem in combinatorics, it comes down to knowing whether there exist integers $x,y\ge 2$ such that
$$
x^4+x^2y^2+y^4\mid x^4y^4+x^2y^2+1.
$$
Note that ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### How frequently is 3 a cubic residue mod primes in an arithmetic progression?

Suppose $(a,3q)=1$ and $a\equiv 1\pmod 3$. Are there infinitely many primes $p\equiv a\pmod {3q}$ such that $3$ is a cubic nonresidue modulo $p$?
Or, an equivalent formulation using quadratic forms: ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

331 views

### Lebesgue measure of a set of irrational numbers

Let $I_{\lambda},$ $\lambda>0$ be a subset of all irrational numbers $\rho=[a_{1},a_{2},...,a_{n},...]\in(0,1)$ such that $a_{n}\leq \text{const}\cdot n^{\lambda}.$
Here, ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

209 views

### Are there any integers which can't be written as a sum of two fourth powers minus a cube?

To be precise, I am asking:
Does there exist an integer $k$ such that there do not exist (possibly negative) integers $x,y,z$ satisfying $x^4+y^4=z^3+k$?
Heuristically the answer must be yes, in ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### ray class field [closed]

Many texts give definition of ray class fields without actually computing them for few
base fields by way of examples. I want to explicitly see how the ray class field of
K=Q(i) with modulus 3 is ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

481 views

### Is this weak asymptotic Goldbach's conjecture open?

Let $\tau(x)$ be the number of even numbers $2<2n<x$ which can't be written as a sum of two primes.
Goldbach's conjecture: $\tau(x) = 0$
Asymptotic Goldbach's conjecture: $\tau(x) = O(1) $
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### If there are two primes at an even distance $k$ is there another disjoint pair of primes also at distance $k$?

Suppose $p,q$ are two primes at even distance $k$. Must there necessarily exist a different pair $p',q'$ composed of entirely different numbers such that $p'$ and $q'$ are also at distance $k$?
Edit: ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

136 views

### Covolume of the row span of a matrix and of the kernel of a matrix

Let $L$ be a $k$-dimensional lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$. The covolume
$\hbox{CoVol}(L)$ of $L$ is the $k$-dimensional volume of a
fundamental domain for $L$, i.e., the volume of the parallelopiped
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### minimal conductors among elliptic curves with a fixed CM type

Let $K$ be a quadratic imaginary field. To simplify my life, let us assume
that $K$ has class number one.
Consider the following infinite set:
$S_1:=$ $\{$ $E\subseteq\mathbf{P}^2(\mathbf{C})$ is an ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

130 views

### On the conductor of the Groessencharacter of a CM elliptic curve

Let $K$ be a quadratic imaginary field. Let $L$ be a number field which contains $K$ and let $E/L$ be an elliptic curve defined over $L$ with complex multiplication by $K$, i.e. such that ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

282 views

### Conjectures on fractions where each digit appears once in numerator and denominator

This is a highly redacted version of a question that was asked before. Please see Criteria of considering relevance of the question to the domain of research topics for details.
Some numerical ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

18 views

### Integer Solutions To Linear Equation [migrated]

$$a*q_1+b*q_2=c$$
$$a*q_3+b*q_4=f$$
$q_1, q_2, q_3, q_4$ rational numbers, $c,f$ integer
Given $q_1, q_2$ can you construct all solutions $(a,b)$ where $c,f$ is intenger
I made an edit since the ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

221 views

### Goldbach-type problem: the valuation of irreducible elements of a subgroup of $\mathbb{Q}_{> 0}$

Let $\phi : \mathbb{Q}_{>0} \to \mathbb{Z}$ be the group morphism defined by $\phi(p) = p$ for $p$ a prime number.
It follows that $\phi(\prod_i p_i^{n_i}) = \sum_i n_i p_i$, with $p_i$ a prime ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

230 views

### Fractional Part Problem

Suppose we have coprime integers $a$ and $b$ with $p \mid a$ but $p^2 \nmid a$ for some prime $p\geq 5$. We can write $a=px$ and $b=pr+\hat{b}$. Suppose also that $a$ and $\hat{b}$ are coprime; that ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

166 views

### What is the lowest-weight non-cyclotomic Galois representation in $\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}$?

I want to know about low-weight Galois representations in $H^i(\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}, \overline{\mathbb Q}_\ell)$ that aren't cyclotomic. This should be equivalent to finding $p,q$ such that ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Connection of Galois representation and arithmetic geometry

This is might be a dumb question. There are lots of Galois representations which arise naturally from geometric objects, for example, Galois representations attached to elliptic curves. I know that ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

227 views

### Independent units in pure number fields $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt[p]{t})$

Theorem: In this paper of Frei and Levesque, they correct the proof of a result of Halter-Koch and Stender:
Define the real pure algebraic number field $\mathbb{K}=\mathbb{Q}(\omega_n)$ for ...