The norms tag has no wiki summary.

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### A norm description for singular matrices

For $n>2$, are there norms $\parallel.\parallel_{a}$ and $\parallel.\parallel_{b}$ on $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ with the following property:
$A\in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ is singular if and only if ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Proving a certain $ C^{*} $-algebraic inequality

Let $ A $ be a non-unital $ C^{*} $-algebra. Is there an ‘elementary’ way to prove, for all $ (a,\lambda) \in A \times \mathbb{C} $, the inequality
$$
|\lambda| \leq \sup_{b \in A, ~ \| b \| \leq 1} ...

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votes

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741 views

### Under what conditions $\|x-y\|=n\iff\|f(x)-f(y)\|=n.$ for $n\in\mathbf{N}$ implies isometry?

Let $X, Y$ be normed space and $f:X\to Y$ be a mapping. Assume that for all $n\in\mathbf{N}$, $$\|x-y\|=n\iff\|f(x)-f(y)\|=n.$$
Under what conditions this map will be an isometry?
Thanks

**3**

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102 views

### Norm condition in a Banach lattice

Consider the following "condition (J)" on the norm of a (real or complex) Banach lattice $E$: whenever $x$ and $y$ are disjoint (i.e., $|x|\wedge |y|=0$) then
$\|x+y\|+\|x-y\|=2\|x\|+2\|y\|$.
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### $2$-D Hlawka inequality

The classical counter-example to Hlawka inequality
$$|a+b|+|b+c|+|c+a|\le|a+b+c|+|a|+|b|+|c|$$
is the $l^\infty$-norm in dimension $3$, with vectors
$$a=\begin{pmatrix} 1 \\ 1 \\0 \end{pmatrix},\quad ...

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31 views

### Estimate bounds on Minkowski distance from point to a segment in Lp space

Assumptions
Let
$L_p(x,y)=(\sum_i|x_i - y_i|^p)^{1/p}$ (Minkowski metric),
$a,b$ be arbitrary $n$-dimensional points,
$c$ be a point that satisfies $L_p(a,b) = L_p(a,c) + L_p(c,b)$, i.e., a point ...

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47 views

### Best s-term approximation and unit balls in weak $\ell^p$ norm

In the book "A Mathematical Introduction to Compressive Sensing" by Foucart and Rauhut there is the following asymptotic estimate at page 332, equation (11.1):
$$\sup_{\mathbf{x}\in B^N_{r,\infty}} ...

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36 views

### Modified Orthonormal Procrustes Problem

In the general orthonormal Procrustes problem, we want to find an orthonormal matrix $C$ to minimize $\|Y-XC\|_F^2$, where $Y$ is a known $n\times q$ matrix, $X$ is a known $n \times m$ matrix, and ...

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398 views

### Pathological product space norm

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two normed vector spaces and $n(\cdot, \cdot)$ be any norm on $\mathbb{R}^2$. Is it always possible to define a norm on the product vector space $X \times Y$ as $||(x, y)||_{X ...

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votes

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127 views

### On the induced matrix norm $\| \cdot \|_{2,\infty}$

The induced norm of the matrix $A$ as a map from $(\mathbb R^n , \| \cdot \|_p)$ to $(\mathbb R^m, \| \cdot \|_q)$ is given by
$$ \| A \|_{p,q} = \sup_{x\in\mathbb{R}^n\setminus \{0\}} ...

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vote

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81 views

### RKHS norm and posterior of Gaussian process

In Srinivas et al (2010) [appendix B], the authors claim the following "easy to see" property relating the norm of a function in a RKHS induced by a kernel $k(\cdot,\cdot)$, and its norm in the RKHS ...

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votes

**1**answer

325 views

### Counting norms on an infinite dimensional vector space

It is known that whenever E is a finite dimensional real vector space, there is only one norm on E up to equivalence (actually one non discrete vector space topology).
Is it known what happens when E ...

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136 views

### Bounds on the effect of a matrix product on the Frobenius norm

I was wondering if there was a way to put upper and lower bounds on the Frobenius norm of a matrix product in relation to the Frobenios norm of one of the individual matrices, i.e,
...

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46 views

### Image of the typenorm contains the squares

I am having a look at the paper Explicit CM-theory for level 2-structures on abelian surfaces by Bröker, Gruenewald and Lauter, and there is an argument which I don't understand. The main reason being ...

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77 views

### Characterize the set of roots of cubics with certain properties

Let $P(x)\in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ be an irreducible polynomial of degree $3$. Suppose that $\alpha_1, \alpha_2, \alpha_3$ are roots of $P(x)$. For what such $P(x)$ is it the case that the ring of integers ...

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**1**answer

74 views

### Relation between the subordinate norm and the spectral radius of a matrix

Let's define the following subordinate norm of a $(NM \times NM)$ matrix A norm as follows
\begin{eqnarray*}
||A||_{2,b} = \mathrm{max}_{x \in \mathbb{C}^{NM}} \left \{ \frac{||A x||_b}{||x||_2} ...

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76 views

### Relation between the block maximum norm and the Euclidean norm of a matrix

I am trying to give answer to the following question:
Let's define de block maximum norm of a $N*M \times N*M$ matrix as
\begin{eqnarray*}
\parallel A \parallel_b = max_{x \neq 0} [ \parallel A x ...

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52 views

### Reducing $\ell_1$ norm of non-full-rank matrices

I have two matrices ${\bf{X}}_{p\times r}$ and ${\bf{Y}}_{r\times q}$ with $r<\min(p,q)$. Matrix ${\bf Y}$ does not have full row rank (i.e., rank$({\bf Y})<r$). Can I build two new matrices ...

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votes

**2**answers

144 views

### Uniqueness of solution of a nonconvex optimization problem

What conditions need to be hold for a nonconvex optimization problem to have a unique solution?
Specifically, I have the following minimization problem that I'd like to know whether it has a unique ...

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52 views

### König-Wittstock norm on Banach space

Let $(E,\Vert.\Vert)$ be a real Banach space and $\ell\ne 0$
an non-continuous linear form on $E$.
Let $a\in E$ be such that $\ell(a)=1$.
König-Wittstock [Non-equivalent complete norms
and would-be ...

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42 views

### Invexity of the $L_2$ norm

I have the following function:
$ f({\bf A,b}) = \| {\bf y - XAb} \|_2^2$
where ${\bf y}_{n \times 1}$ and ${\bf X}_{n \times p}$ are fixed, and ${\bf A}_{p \times r}$ and ${\bf b}_{r,1}$ are the ...

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163 views

### Convexity of the Frobenius norm of the product of two matrices

I have the following function for two matrices ${\bf A}$ and ${\bf B}$:
$f({\bf A}, {\bf B}) = \| {\bf Y - XAB} \|_F^2 = trace\{({\bf Y - XAB)}^T({\bf Y - XAB)}\}$
where matrices ${\bf X}_{n \times ...

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votes

**1**answer

86 views

### Approximation with a rank-$1$ matrix

Given a matrix $A$ (generally speaking, complex and non-square), I want to find an identically-sized matrix $D$ with ${\rm rk} D\le 1$ to minimize the induced operator norm $\|A-D\|_2$. From the ...

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150 views

### relation between of uniformly rotund in every direction and uniformly rotund and locally uniformly rotund

The norm of a Banach space $X$ is said to be uniformly rotund in every direction if $$\lim_{n→∞}\|x_n−y_n\|=0$$ whenever $$x_n,y_n∈SX$$ are such that $$\lim_{n→∞}\|x_n+y_n\|=2$$ and there is a $z∈X$ ...

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208 views

### What is the most ``diverse'' $k$-subset of $[0, 1]^m$?

Given a non-negative integer $m$, let $\Omega_m$ denote the set of vectors $\omega = (\omega_1, \dots, \omega_m) \in [0, 1]^m$ such that $\sum_i{\omega_i} = 1$.
The set $\Omega_m$ is together with a ...

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492 views

### Are norms intrinsically $\mathbb{R}$-valued?

Another way of phrasing this: are there any viable definitions of something which is norm-like but whose range is in a linearly ordered rig (for example) rather than $\mathbb{R}$?
I have searched a ...

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votes

**2**answers

323 views

### $\|T\|_2 \le \sqrt{\|T\|_1\|T\|_\infty}$

Let $T$ be a linear operator acting on a finite-dimensional real or complex
vector space. As a direct consequence (or rather a particular case) of the
Riesz-Thorin theorem, we have
$$ \|T\|_2 \le ...

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vote

**1**answer

85 views

### Bound on the 2-norm of a “special” matrix

Let $S\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be such that $\|S\|_2\leq 1$, $P\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times m}$, $m<n$, with orthogonal columns ($P^TP=I$) so that $PP^T$ and $I-PP^T$ are orthogonal projectors, and ...

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646 views

### On bi-invariant metrics on groups

I'm looking for a quick, snap-your-fingers proof of the following result:
A continuous length metric on $\mathbb{R}^n$ that is invariant under translations comes from a norm.
To be clear about ...

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votes

**1**answer

199 views

### Estimate infinity norm with Lp and W1p norm

Let $p \in [1,\infty)$. Does there exist $C>0$ such that for every $f \in W^{1,p}([0,1],\mathbb{R})$ we have
$$\|f\|_{L^\infty}\leq C\|f\|_{L^p}^{1-\frac{1}{p}}\|f\|_{W^{1,p}}^{\frac{1}{p}}?$$
My ...

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266 views

### Symmetric matrices with $\rho(A)\gg\|A\|_\infty$

For a symmetric real matrix $A$, denote by $\rho(A)$ the spectral radius of $A$, and by $\sigma(A)$ the largest absolute row sum of $A$; that is, $\sigma(A)=\max_i \sum_j |a_{ij}|$, where $a_{ij}$ are ...

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161 views

### Norm bound of a complex resolvent

A well known result by Varah states that if $A$ is a strictly diagonally dominant matrix of dimension $n$, then
$\|A^{-1}\|_{\infty} \le \max_i\frac{1}{|a_{kk}|-\sum_{j \neq k}|a_{kj}|}$, where the ...

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**1**answer

182 views

### An inequality involving the spectral norm of a complex matrix

Let $A,B \in {M_n}(R)$ be real $n \times n$ matrices and let matrices $|A|$ and $|B|$ contain the absolute values of the elements of $A$ and $B$ respectively. Construct the complex matrices $C = A + j ...

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**2**answers

532 views

### An equivalence relation for norms

Let us say that two norms $\|\cdot\|_1$ and $\|\cdot\|_2$ on a real vector space $V$ are strongly equivalent if there exists a constant $\lambda \geq 1$ such that
$$
\frac{1}{\lambda} \left( \|x\|_1 ...

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votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Estimating the probability that $\|Av\| \ge \|v\|$

Given a diagonalizable matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ with real eigenvalues, satisfying $1+c_1 \le \rho(A) \le 1+c_2$ $(0<c_1 \le c_2)$, obviously there exists a $v \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ such ...

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149 views

### Bounding the norm of the Dirichlet kernel as a matrix function

Consider the Dirichlet kerel:
$f(x) = 1+2\sum_{k=1}^{N}\cos(kx)$.
Now, given a diagonalizable real matrix $A$, one can consider $f(A)$, using the standard notation of matrix functions. Namely, $f(A) ...

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119 views

### Norms and distributions

Question 1. Is there a nice or explicit way to describe the class of all distributions (generalized functions) $\mu$ on the $n$-sphere $S^n \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ for which the function
$$
F(v) := ...

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votes

**1**answer

262 views

### About generalized Minkowski inequality

For which functions $f:\mathbb{R}^+ \to \mathbb{R}^+$ does the inequality
$f^{-1}\left(\sum\limits_{k=1}^n f(x_k+y_k)\right) \leq f^{-1}\left(\sum\limits_{k=1}^n f(x_k)\right) + ...

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586 views

### Hölder's inequality for matrices

I was wondering if the Hölder's inequality was true for matrix induced norms, i.e. if
$$\|AB\|_1 \leq \|A\|_p\|B\|_q, \quad\forall p,q \in [1,\infty] \text{ s.t. } \tfrac{1}{p}+\tfrac{1}{q} = 1.$$
But ...

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125 views

### Is this function of a matrix convex?

Let $\mathcal{N}_{n}$ be the set of symmetric nonnegative irreducible matrices. For a matrix $A \in \mathcal{N}_{n}$ let $v^{A}$ be its Perron vector, normalized so that $||v^{A}||_{2}=1$.
Define the ...

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**1**answer

391 views

### How to determine the distance between two matrices under the meaning of a matrix function? [closed]

Suppose a nonlinear infinitely continous differentiable function $f:\mathbb{D}\mapsto \mathbb{R^+}$, where $\mathbb{D}\subset\left\{X|\text{rank}{X}=2,X\in\mathbb{R}^{3\times 3}\right\}$ is a ...

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votes

**1**answer

74 views

### Relating joint probability to norm of vector of probabilities

I have a set of Bernoulli random variables $X_1,X_2,\ldots, X_n$ and I would want to bound the joint probability $P(X_1=0,X_2=0,\ldots, X_n=0)$ using the norm $\lvert \lvert \mathbf{p}\rvert \rvert$, ...

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170 views

### A homogeneous but slightly asymmetric inequality

I need to prove the following inequality: for any $Z=(z_1,\dots,z_l)\in\mathbb{C}^l$ for any $p\geq 2$ and $l\geq 2$
\begin{equation}
\left|\left|\sum_{j=1}^l ...

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**1**answer

94 views

### Norm bound on eigen-vector change caused by rank-one update

Suppose $A$ is a positive semi-definite, Hermitian matrix with a unit-norm eigen vector $\textbf{v}$ corresponding to its largest eigen value $\lambda$. Let $B = A + \alpha \textbf{z}\textbf{z}^H$, ...

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82 views

### “Almost orthogonalizing” matrices using a signature matrix

Suppose $A$ and $B$ are two real symmetric $n \times n$ matrices (If simpler, consider $A$ and $B$ to be 0/1 matrices, say, adjacency matrices of d-regular graphs).
Then $||AB||_{op} \leq ...

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42 views

### Norms of B-spline coefficients

In Shumaker's book (Spline Functions: Basic Theory), we know that the $l^\infty$-norm of B-spline coefficients is bounded above and below by the $L^\infty$-norm of the spline itself. Are there similar ...

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205 views

### Closed-form expressions for dual norms of real normed vector spaces

Didn't get any biters over at MSE, so I figure this place might be more appropriate...
Say that $V$ is a finite-dimensional real normed vector space, where for some $v \in V$ the norm is notated by ...

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92 views

### Interior point optimisation using big M for L1 norm on linear system using Dikin's Affine method

I am a 4th year undergrad surveying student studying computations, specifically $L_{1}$ norm minimisation of residuals in large data sets. To start with (and probably to finish with) I'm using a set ...

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**1**answer

573 views

### A property that forces the NORM to be induced by an INNER PRODUCT

Let $(E, \|\cdot\|)$ be a real normed vector space such that for any $a,b\in E$,
$$ \|x +y\|^2 + \|x-y\|^2 \geq 4 \|x\|\cdot \|y\| $$
I want to show that the norm is induced by an inner product. Any ...

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123 views

### Diophantine approximations by norms of quadratic irrrationalities

The following problem came up on a mailing list that I subscribe to:
If $\alpha$ is irrational we can find (using continued fractions) infinitely many rational fractions $p/q$ such that $|q \alpha - ...