The nonnegative-matrices tag has no usage guidance.

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### Showing positive stability of a matrix constructed from a positive matrix

A is a positive nonsingular matrix. Let $s>\rho(A)$. We want to show that $B\equiv\left(A^{T}A\right)^{-1}\left(sI-A^{T}\right)$ is a positive stable matrix, i.e., all eigenvalues of this matrix ...

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### Bounding entries of the inverse of certain zero-one matrices

It is known that the entries of the inverse of an (invertible) $n \times n$ zero-one matrix $A$ can grow exponentially in $n$. See this MO question:
Bounding the absolute sum of entries of the ...

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### A conjecture of Blakley and Dixon about odd powers of positive matrices

In a 1966 paper Blakley and Dixon conjecture the following. Let $S$ be a symmetric matrix with nonnegative entries and let $u$ be a unit vector with nonnegative entries. For integers $k\ge j$ both ...

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### Product $PVPVP$ is elementwise nonnegative?

Let $P\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be the inverse of a positive definite M-matrix and $V\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be any diagonal matrix. Prove (or disprove) that $PVPVP$ is elementwise nonnegative.
...

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### Factor matrix ${\bf A}$ into the product ${\bf B}{\bf C}$ where ${\bf C}$ has no negative entries and ${\bf B}$ has few non-zero entries

This is a more carefully worded version of this question, here tailored to professional mathematicians.
Consider a matrix ${\bf A}\in{\bf M}_{n\times n}({\mathbb R})$ with possibly positive, negative ...

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### Nonnegative Inverse Eigenvalue Problem (NIEP),

Does the NIEP, currently open for $n\ge 5$, have any good, practical applications?
For the easy case, $n=2$, I am able to prove some of the results that agree with the current literature.
In some of ...

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### When is an selfadjoint operatorvalued matrix with positive semidefinite diagonal elements positive semidefinite as well?

It would be soo awesome if you could help!
For $ p \in \mathbb{N}$ consider the following $\mathcal{S(H)}^{p\times p}$-matrix $\boldsymbol{\Gamma}_p := (C_{i-j})_{i,j=1, ..., p}$ of nuclear operators ...

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### Encyclopedia of properties of nonnegative matrices

I'd like to buy a book that contains more or less all known properties of elementwise nonnegative nonnegative matrices, i.e. matrices $A$ such that $A_{i,j}\geq 0$ for all $i,j$.
Chapter 8 in ...

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### Product and convex combination of two stochastic matrices

Let $K_1$ and $K_2$ be two $N \times N$ stochastic matrices (hence non-negative and rows adding up to one) with zeros on the diagonal. If $\alpha \in (0,1)$, is it possible to have
$$K_1 K_2 = ...

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219 views

### A Perron-Frobenius problem

Let $A$ be an irreducible nonnegative matrix with column sums equal to 1.
Let $b\in R^n$ have components summing to 0, and let $u$ be the solution of $u=Au+b$ with components summing to 1 (unique ...

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### Polynomials with positive coefficients passing through fixed points/range of Vandermonde matrices

I'll give two equivalent statements of the setup, then give my questions.
Fix integers $M \leq N$ and define the Vandermonde-like matrix $V_{M,N}[i,j] = (1 - \frac{i}{M})^{j-1}$ for $i \in ...

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244 views

### Determinant of some covariance matrix (Gaussian kernel process)

Let $x_1,\dots,x_p$ be $p$ points in $\mathbb{R}^n$ ($n\geq 2$) with $x_1=0$. Consider the symmetric matrix $M(x)=(m_{ij}(x))_{1\leq i,j\leq p}$ where $m_{ij}(x) = \exp(-\frac{1}{2}\Vert x_i - ...

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### Eigenvalues of nonnegative integer matrices

Edit
I realized that the key piece of information that I need is question 1, and so I'd like to rephrase this post:
What are the possible eigenvalues of nonnegative integer matrices?
Any answer ...

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### An inequality concerning non-negative integer matrices with constant row and column sums

[I posted this question on math.stackexchange a few weeks back, but no luck there so far: ...

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### Likelihood convexification

I am doing constrained vector optimization using a non-convex non-linear likelihood function. My problem is of the following form:
$$\begin{align*}\hat Q &= \underset{\vec Q}{\arg\min} -\log ...

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### Spectrum of primitive nonnegative integer matrices

Let $P(X) = a_nX^n + \cdots + a_1X + a_0$ with $a_i \in \mathbb Z$.
Question 1. Is there an efficient criterion on the $a_i$ to decide if there exists a primitive nonnegative integer matrix with ...

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### Are certain normal matrices circulant? (Part 2)

Let $\mathcal{F}$ denote the family of real normal matrices $A$ such that $
A^TA=\begin{pmatrix}
a & b \\
b & \ddots
\end{pmatrix}$, for $b>0$.
As a user observed in the solution of Part 1 ...

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### Is a normal matrix satisfying $A^TA=…$ circulant?

Let $A=\{a_{ij}\}$ be a normal matrix such that $a_{ij}\geq 0$ with equality iff $i=j$. Suppose that
$$
A^TA=\begin{pmatrix}
a & b & \cdots & b\\
b & a & \ddots & \vdots\\
...

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### Which nonnegative matrices have exact nonnegative matrix factors of smaller dimensionality?

The nonnegative matrix
$V = \left( \begin{array}{cc}
1 & 1 \\
1 & 1 \end{array} \right)$
has nonnegative matrix factors $W = \left( \begin{array}{c} 1 \\ 1 \end{array} \right)$ and $H = ...

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### Characterizing invertible nonnegative matrices with bounded sums

Almost a year ago, I asked in this question about obtaining a tight bound on the sum of the entries of the inverse of a strictly positive definite matrix. Denis Serre gave a nice counterexample ...

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### Matrix inequality $(A-B)^2 \leq c (A+B)^2$ ?

Let A and B be positive semidefinite matrices. It is not hard to see that $(A-B)^2 \leq 2A^2 + 2B^2$. In fact, $2A^2 + 2B^2 - (A-B)^2 = (A+B)^2$ is positive semidefinite.
My question is: Is there a ...

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### An extension of the Golden Thompson inequality

For three symmetric positive-semidefinite matrices $A,B,C$ I am trying to figure out if the following inequality holds, at least in some cases:
$$tr(Ae^{B+C})≤tr(Ae^Be^C)$$
Note that if $A=I$ then ...

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### Eigenvectors and eigenvalues of Tridiagonal matrix with varying diagonal elements

is it possible to analytically evaluate the eigenvectors and the eigenvalues of a tridiagonal $n\times n$ matrix of the form :
\begin{pmatrix}
1 & b & 0 & ... & 0 \\\
b & 2 ...

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### non negative solution of the matrix equation $A^T U A = U - C$ if C is non-negative

Given $A$ a matrix with spectral radius smaller than 1 and a matrix $C$ symmetric.
It can be shown that $U=\sum_{k=0}^\infty (A^T)^k C A^k$ converges, is symmetric and is the solution of the equation ...

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### A - B is semidefinite, what the relationship about their eigenvalues? [closed]

$A, B$ are two symmetric matrices, if $ A-B $ is semidefinite (i.e.$ A - B \geq 0$), if we rearrange the eigenvalues of two matrices, $\lambda_1 (A) \geq \lambda_2 (A) \geq ... \geq \lambda_n (A)$, ...

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### An optimization problem over real symmetric matrices

Given an $n\times s$ matrix $P$ of positive real numbers and $T\geq n$, find (either by a formula or an algorithm) the real symmetric $n\times n$ Z-matrix $A$ which maximizes $\min\limits_{1\leq ...

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### When is a matrix similar to a non-negative matrix?

Consider a real square matrix $A$ of size $n\times n$. Under which conditions on $A$ does there exist a row-stochastic matrix $U$ (non-negative, rowsums = 1), such that $A'=U^{-1}AU$ is a non-negative ...

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### Finding all local maximum points of a function?

Let ${\boldsymbol \theta}=(\theta_1,\theta_2,\ldots,\theta_n) \in{\mathbb T}^n$ and $P:{\mathbb T}^n\rightarrow {\mathbb R}$ be a function defined on $n$-torus as
$$
P({\boldsymbol \theta}) = ...

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### numerical range of a column-zero-sum matrix

I am trying to produce an example of a (necessarily non-normal) matrix that has only eigenvalues with positive real part, but whose numerical range contains elements with strictly negative real part. ...

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### Positive definite to nonnegative

A simple question that I was pondering on while examining some algorithms that work similarly for positive definite and nonnegative matrices.
Let $\mathcal{H}$ be the space of (let's say for now ...

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### Inequalities for Hadamard products of complex symmetric matrices

Consider a complex symmetric matrix $$ C= C_R + i C_I $$ with $C_R,C_I \in \text{Mat}_{n\times n}(\mathbb R)$ symmetric, and assume that the eigenvalues of $C_R$ are all strictly positive. Then, $C$ ...

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### similarity transformation into symmetric matrices

I want to determine some structures of matrices that can be transformed into a symmetric matrices using similarity transformation, i.e.,
$B=T^{-1}AT$
where $T$ is the similarity transformation ...

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### spectral radius monotonicity

I encountered an inequality when reading a paper. Can someone help to show how to prove it?
Let be the spectral radius of matrix $A$ or $\rho(A)=\max\{|\lambda|, \lambda \text{ are eigenvalues of ...

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### A spectral radius inequality

Define $\rho(A)$ to be the spectral radius of a square matrix $A$. Let $S$ and $T$ be two non-negative square matrices and $h$ a real number such that $\rho(S+T) < h$. Show that $\rho((hI-S)^{-1}T) ...

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### eigenvalues of two nonnegative matrices

Let $A$ and $B$ be symmetric non-negative matrices. If $A\geq B$ (i.e., $A-B$ is a nonnegative matrix), can we say that $\lambda_i(A) \geq \lambda_i(B)$ for all $i$, where $\lambda_i$ denotes the ...

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### Non symmetric matrices with real eigenvalues

Consider the following block matrix
$A=\pmatrix{A_1 & A_2\cr kA_2^\top & A_3}$
where $A_1$ is a symmetric matrix, $A_3$ is diagonal matrix and all entries of $A$ are real and non-negative.
...

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### A matrix inequality involving the Hilbert-Schmidt norm

This question comes from a problem in PDEs on which I'm currently working. Let $a$ be a $3\times 3$ matrix, real symmetric and positive definite. Denote with $\|a\|^2 _ 2=\sum a_{ij}^2$ the square of ...

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### When does a real-valued function of a matrix depend only on eigenvalues?

Let $\mathcal{N}$ be the space of all $n \times n$ matrices that are similar to some nonnegative matrix with zero diagonal and let $f: \mathcal{N} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuously differentiable ...

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### Properties of eigenvalues of general nonnegative matrices

I am aware, that an answer to this question can be found via Perron-Frobenius theory or something very similar, but unfortunately I am far from being an expert in the field and I am unable to find the ...

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### Extreme points of transportation polytope

I'm interested in $n \times m$ joint probability tables with prescribed row and column marginals. Such tables form a convex set known as the transportation polytope. What are the extreme points of ...

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### Doubly stochastic matrices as squares of entires of unitary matrices

Given a unitary matrix $A$ with entries $a_{ii}$, it's clear that the matrix $B$ with entries $b_{ii} = |a_{ii}|^2$ is doubly stochastic. Is the inverse of this statement true? Namely, given a ...

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### Eigenvectors and eigenvalues of Tridiagonal matrix

Hi, is it possible to analytically evaluate the eigenvectors and the eigenvalues of a tridiagonal matrix of the form :
$$
\mathcal{T}^{a}_n(p,q) = \begin{pmatrix}
0 & q & 0 & 0 ...

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### Bounding the Schur's complement of similiar matrices

Assume the following:
• $L\leq K$
.
• $\Gamma\in M_{K,L}$ is a $L$ rank ${ 0,1} $ matrix, without identical rows or the zeros row.
• $N\in M_{K,K}$ is a diagonal matrix, whose diagonal is a ...

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### When is a matrix power nonnegative

The following question came up today during a discussion:
Suppose $A$ is an $n \times n$ real matrix. Is there some way to tell whether there exists an integer $q > 0$ such that $A^q$ is ...

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### How much can a diagonal matrix change the eigenvalues of a symmetric matrix?

Suppose that we have a symmetric matrix ${\bf S}$ with eigenvalue decomposition ${\bf S} = {\bf Q}{\bf \Lambda}{\bf Q}^T$. Assume that we have two diagonal matrices ${\bf D}_1$ and ${\bf D}_2$ that ...

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### Sampling from the Birkhoff polytope

The set of $n\times n$ real, nonnegative matrices whose rows and columns sum to one forms the well-known Birkhoff polytope
Recently someone asked me if I knew
How to sample (in polynomial time) ...